210 years ago
Emperor Napoleon I of France and a representative of Prussia signed the second Treaty of Tilsit, the second of two treaties that ended the War of the Fourth Coalition.
140 years ago
The first All-England Championships began at Wimbledon, London.
125 years ago
Pennsylvania Governor Pattison ordered state troops into Homestead to preserve order. Conflict between striking workers at the Carnegie Steel Works and Pinkerton’s security agents in recent days had resulted in a number of deaths and many injuries.
100 years ago
Helen Gregory MacGill was appointed the first woman judge in British Columbia; she served as a judge of the Juvenile Court of Vancouver for 23 years.
90 years ago
Died on this date
John Drew, Jr., 73. U.S. actor. Mr. Drew was a stage actor and the leading matinee idol of his day, noted for his roles in Shakespearean comedy, society drama, and light comedies. He was the uncle of actors Lionel, Ethel, and John Barrymore.
80 years ago
The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation were destroyed in the 1937 Fox vault fire.
75 years ago
At the movies
The Magnificent Ambersons, written, produced, directed, and narrated by Orson Welles and starring Joseph Cotten, Dolores Costello, Anne Baxter, Tim Holt, Agnes Moorehead, and Ray Collins, received its premiere screening in Los Angeles. The version that was released had been heavily cut by RKO Radio Pictures from the version that had been filmed by Mr. Welles and shown in preview screenings.
British Imperial forces drove Axis troops northward in battle around El Alamein. German forces reached Rossosh on the Rostov-Moscow railroad line, 150 miles east of Kharkov. The Chinese government claimed that its troops had recaptured Changshu, Nancheng, Iwang, and Pyang in Kiangsi Province.
Politics and government
U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), chairman of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, apologized to David Vaughan for mistakenly naming him a sponsor of the now-defunct Communist Party League for Peace and Democracy.
The U.S. Office of Education announced that loans would be made to 10,000 students pursuing engineering, physics, chemistry, medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy degrees, who could complete the courses in less than two years and aid the war effort.
The U.S. Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry in Peoria, Illinois announced the production of a substance from soybean and corn oil which looked, smelled, and felt much like rubber.
70 years ago
King George VI announced the engagement of Princess Elizabeth to Royal Navy Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, a member of the Greek royal family.
Greek police arrested 2,800 political suspects as the government suppressed an alleged Communist coup plot and broke off recently-opened negotiations with Communist guerrillas.
A meeting in Washington, D.C. of 200 American Federation of Labor officials issued a policy statement pledging to fight the Taft-Hartley Act in court; to work for the defeat of Congressmen who supported the bill; and to omit no-strike clauses from all future AFL contracts.
Pennsylvania Governor James Duff signed laws banning jurisdictional strikes and secondary boycotts.
60 years ago
At the movies
Loving You, starring Elvis Presley, Lizabeth Scott, and Wendell Corey, received its premiere screening at the Strand Theater in Memphis.
Sultan Mohammed V of Morocco invested his oldest son Moulay Hassan as crown prince and heir to the throne.
Economics and finance
The French National Assembly voted to ratify the treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
U.S. Commerce Secretary Sinclair Weeks told a special Senate Foreign Commerce subcommittee that the United States would maintain its embargo on trade with the People's Republic of China as a matter of national security.
The French National Assembly voted to ratify the treaty establishing the European Community of Atomic Energy (Euratom).
Major League All-Star Game @ Busch Stadium, St. Louis
American League 6 @ National League 5
50 years ago
The Monkees, with the Jimi Hendrix Experience as an opening act, performed at Convention Hall in Miami Beach, Florida.
Saskatchewan (0-1) 20 @ Calgary (1-0) 27
Edmonton (0-1) 2 British Columbia (1-0) 7 @ Everett, Washington
Ted Gerela kicked a 16-yard field goal and a single, and Neal Beaumont punted for 2 singles as the Lions defeated the Eskimos before 6,248 fans in what observers said was the worst game of Canadian football they ever saw. The only Edmonton points came in the 4th quarter when B.C. centre Ken Ferguson snapped the ball over Mr. Beaumont's head into the B.C. end zone, and Mr. Beaumont conceded a safety touch. It was the last Canadian Football League game to be played in the United States until the Calgary Stampeders and Toronto Argonauts played a pre-season game in Portland, Oregon in 1992.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Maynard Ferguson (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Ma Baker--Boney M. (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland: Back Home--Dickie Rock (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): So You Win Again--Hot Chocolate (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
2 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
3 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
4 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
5 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
6 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
7 Margaritaville--Jimmy Buffett
8 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
9 Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Bill Conti
10 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
Singles entering the chart were How Much Love by Leo Sayer (#70); Don't Stop by Fleetwood Mac (#75); So You Win Again by Hot Chocolate (#82); Rock and Roll Never Forgets by Bob Seger (#83); Everybody Ought to Be in Love by Paul Anka (#91); In the Middle by Tim Moore (#92); Boogie Nights by Heatwave (#98); and Don't Worry Baby by B.J. Thomas (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
2 Calling Dr. Love--Kiss
3 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
4 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
5 Heard it in a Love Song--The Marshall Tucker Band
6 You Won't Dance with Me--April Wine
7 Fly at Night--Chilliwack
8 Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Bill Conti
9 Margaritaville--Jimmy Buffett
10 High School Dance--Sylvers
Singles entering the chart were Que Sera Sera by the Raes (#77); Timeless Love by Burton Cummings (#92); Sugar Daddy by Patsy Gallant (#93); On and On by Stephen Bishop (#94); Surprise Surprise by Sweet Blindness (#95); Sunflower by Glen Campbell (#96); Something About You by LeBlanc & Carr (#99); and Best of My Love by the Emotions (#100).
Tom Watson shot a 5-under-par 65 to win the British Open at Ailsa Course, Turnberry in Ayrshire, Scotland, finishing a stroke ahead of Jack Nicklaus, who shot a bogey-free 66 in the final round. Messrs. Watson and Nicklaus were so far ahead of the rest of the field that their final-round battle became known as the "Duel in the Sun." First prize money was £10,000 ($17,000).
30 years ago
On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Time and Teresa Golowitz, starring Paul Sand and Gene Barry; Voices in the Earth, starring Martin Balsam and Jenny Agutter.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (4th week at #1)
Died on this date
Eric Sevareid, 79. U.S. broadcaster and journalist. Mr. Sevareid worked with the Columbia Broadcasting System from 1939-1977 as a war correspondent, news broadcaster, and commentator. He was the first to report the fall of Paris to the Germans in World War II.
Politics and government
Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, presumptive Democratic party candidate for President of the United States, announced that U.S. Senator Al Gore of Tennessee would be the party’s candidate for the position of Vice-President.
Toronto (0-1) 42 @ Ottawa (1-0) 53 (OT)
Winnipeg (1-0) 36 @ Hamilton (0-1) 33 (OT)
Edmonton (1-0) 37 @ British Columbia (0-1) 26
Tom Burgess completed a 7-yard touchdown pass to James Ellingson, converted by Terry Baker, with 6 seconds left in regulation time to tie the game 36-36, and the Rough Riders exploded for 17 points in 10 minutes of overtime to defeat the defending Grey Cup champion Argonauts before 23,222 fans at Lansdowne Park. Mr. Burgess completed 23 of 42 passes for 383 passes and 4 touchdowns, the first 3 to Stephen Jones, who finished with 10 receptions for 254 yards. Reggie Barnes rushed 25 times for 161 yards, including a 13-yard touchdown 2:28 into the first overtime period. David Conrad rushed 15 yards for the final Ottawa touchdown with 2:29 remaining in the second overtime period. Toronto quarterback Rickey Foggie completed just 11 of 34 passes for 277 yards and a touchdown—53 yards to Mike “Pinball” Clemons—and 5 interceptions. Linebacker Eric Lindstrom, playing his first CFL game, returned an interception 86 yards for an Argonaut touchdown, and Paul Masotti scored another Toronto touchdown when he recovered a blocked punt in the Ottawa end zone in the 4th quarter. Raghib “Rocket” Ismail of the Argonauts rushed 6 times for 73 yards and a touchdown, and caught 1 pass for 51 yards.
Troy Westwood kicked 4 field goals, including a 9-yard kick with 2 seconds left in regulation time to tie the game 33-33, and a 39-yard kick with 27 seconds left in the second overtime period to win the game. Winnipeg quarterback Matt Dunigan completed just 23 of 52 passes, but amassed 398 yards and 2 touchdowns to Eric Streater. Mr. Dunigan also rushed 6 times for 63 yards, including a 27-yard touchdown, converted by Mr. Westwood, with 18 seconds remaining in regulation time. Mr. Westwood followed with a short kickoff, and the Blue Bombers recovered and quickly moved downfield for the tying field goal. Hamilton quarterback Damon Allen completed 22 of 41 passes for 422 yards, including touchdowns of 75 yards to Tony Champion and 80 yards to Earl Winfield. Mr. Winfield also scored a touchdown on a 74-yard punt return. 20,641 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium saw the Tiger-Cats lead 33-16 until Mr. Streater scored his second touchdown of the game with exactly 5 minutes remaining in regulation time. Winnipeg’s Larry Thompson led all receivers with 154 yards on 4 receptions. Orville Lee of the Tiger-Cats led all rushers with 17 carries for 94 yards and a touchdown.
Tracy Ham completed 17 of passes for 328 yards and touchdowns of 76 yards to Henry “Gizmo” Williams and 11 yards to Jim Sandusky to lead the Eskimos past the Lions before 23,917 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Mr. Ham and Blake Marshall each scored Edmonton touchdowns on 1-yard rushes. Sean Fleming, playing the first regular season game of a 16-year CFL career, added 3 converts and 3 field goals for the Eskimos. Jon Volpe rushed for touchdowns of 12 and 10 yards to lead the Lions, and backup quarterback Tony Kimbrough completed an 18-yard pass to Darren Flutie for a touchdown on the last play of the game. Mr. Sandusky led all receivers with 113 yards on 7 receptions. Mike Pringle, playing the first game of a Hall of Fame career, rushed 9 times for 43 yards and caught 2 passes for 28 for the Eskimos. It was also the first game of a 14-year CFL career for Edmonton offensive tackle Chris Morris. Danny Barrett, acquired in an off-season trade with the Calgary Stampeders, started at quarterback for the Lions, but completed just 3 of 15 passes for 39 yards and an interception. For the Eskimos, it was their 15th consecutive season-opening win.
20 years ago
Danielle House was forced to give up her Miss Canada International title after pleading guilty to assault against her boyfriend's former girlfriend.
Former world heavyweight champion Mike Tyson was banned from the ring and fined $3 million for biting champion Evander Holyfield's ears in their June 28 World Boxing Association title bout in Las Vegas, which had ended with Mr. Tyson being disqualified at the end of the 3rd round.
Calgary (0-3) 28 @ Montreal (3-0) 34
10 years ago
Died on this date
Charles Lane, 102. U.S. actor. Mr. Lane, born Charles Levison, was a character actor in more than 250 movies and hundreds of television programs from 1930-2006, often portraying no-nonsense authority figures.
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
2 days ago