Tuesday, 11 July 2017

July 11, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lois Morrow!

250 years ago
1767


Born on this date
John Quincy Adams
. 6th president of the United States of America, 1825-1829. Mr. Adams, a son of U.S. President John Adams, was a member of several political parties and held various positions in a diplomatic and political career that spanned more than 50 years. In the 1824 presidential election, Andrew Jackson had a plurality of the electoral vote but fell short of a majority, sending the election to the House of Representatives. The House elected Mr. Adams, much to the chagrin of Mr. Jackson, who denounced the deal as a "corrupt bargain." Mr. Jackson defeated Mr. Adams in a bitter campaign in 1828. Mr. Adams, however, continued in politics, representing Massachusetts in the House of Representatives from 1831 until his death at the age of 80 on February 23, 1848.

150 years ago
1867


World events
2,000 people were arrested in Madrid when a conspiracy against Queen Isabella of Spain was discovered.

Economics and finance
A reciprocity treaty between the United States and Hawaii was signed.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Thomas Mitchell
. U.S. actor. Mr. Mitchell was one of the best-known character actors of the 20th century, appearing in such movies as Lost Horizon (1937); The Hurricane (1937); Stagecoach (1939); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939); Gone with the Wind (1939); The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939); It's a Wonderful Life (1946); High Noon (1952); While the City Sleeps (1956); and Pocketful of Miracles (1961). He appeared in many television programs beginning in the early 1950s, and was also an experienced stage actor. Mr. Mitchell was the first actor to win the "triple crown" of an Oscar (Best Supporting Actor for Stagecoach, 1939); an Emmy (Best Lead Actor in a drama for Desk of Matthew Day, an episode of the series The Doctor, 1953); and a Tony (Best Actor in a Musical for Hazel Flagg, 1953). Mr. Mitchell's last role was on stage, playing the part of the detective Columbo, a role that Peter Falk made famous on television many years later. Mr. Mitchell died on December 17, 1962 at the age of 70.

Died on this date
Ravachol, 32
. French terrorist. An anarchist and dynamiter, Mr. Ravachol--born François Claudius Koenigstein--was guillotined in Paris after being convicted for his part in bombings in 1891 which had resulted in the deaths of three people.

Labour
Bloody riots between union and non-union workers broke out at Coeur d’Alene mines in Idaho.

120 years ago
1897


Adventure
Salomon August Andrée left Spitsbergen in an attempt to reach the North Pole by hydrogen balloon. He and his party crashed and were killed three months later.

100 years ago
1917


War
Canadian Solicitor General Arthur Meighen introduced the Conscription Act in the House of Commons.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
George Gershwin, 38
. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Gershwin, born Jacob Gershwine, was a pianist who became one of the most popular composers and songwriters in American history. His best-known orchestral compositions were Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928). He wrote many songs with his brother Ira, with Ira providing the lyrics to George's music. George collaborated with DuBose Heyward on the folk opera Porgy and Bess (1935), which included such songs as Summertime and It Ain't Necessarily So. Mr. Gershwin composed scores for several films and continued to perform, but his career and life ended with a fatal brain tumour.

Golf
Jules Huot of Canada won the General Brock tournament in Fontville, Ontario with a 72-hole total score of 280, 2 strokes ahead of Bill Melhorn of the United States. Other competitors in the tournament included Henry Cooper and Ben Hogan. First prize money was $4,000.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sleepy Lagoon--Harry James and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

War
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested 158 German aliens in New York on grounds of endangering U.S. security; they were taken to Ellis Island. British Imperial forces in Egypt consolidated their positions at Tel-el Eisa, west of El Alamein. Associated Press reported from Istanbul that 250,000 Yugoslavian troops were battling Axis forces in southern Serbia and Croatia. U.S. forces reached Port Moresby in southeastern New Guinea. Chinese troops reoccupied Futuoy Island near the Fukien seaport of Foochow, while Japanese troops occupied the Chekiang port of Wenchow.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull signed Lend-Lease agreements with Norwegian Ambassador to the United States Wilhelm Morgenstierne and Czechoslovakian Minister to the Untied States Vladimir Huban.

The Brazilian government announced that except for high officials and diplomats, all private citizens would be barred from private automobile use beginning July 17 because of a gasoline shortage.

Politics and government
The California Supreme Court ruled that a 1940 law banning the Communist Party from the state ballot was unconstitutional and discriminatory.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmoud Fahmy Pasha complained to the United Nations Security Council that continued presence of British troops in Egypt endangered world peace, and he demanded termination of the British administration in Sudan.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. denied that China's Nationalist government had any right to garrison Port Arthur, as Soviet forces began to construct fortifications in the city.

World events
The immigrant ship SS Exodus 1947 headed to Palestine from France.

Protest
Hungarian police broke up a conservative Freedom Party rally in Budapest, arresting 100 participants.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives unanimously passed and sent to the Senate a measure enabling the United States to assume trusteeship over formerly Japanese-mandated Pacific islands.

The U.S. Senate approved the appointment of Robert Jones as federal communications commissioner.

Oil
The U.S. House of Representatives and Senate completed action on a compromise bill extending export-import controls on oil and other scarce commodities until March 1, 1948.

Energy
The University of California announced the first extensive nuclear fusion attempt in its Berkeley cyclotron, which had released 22-30 particles from the arsenic atom under a force of 200 million electric volts. Previous man-made fission attempts had released only 2-5 nuclear particles.

Medicine
Biochemist Rene Dubos of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York announced the development of a method for laboratory cultivation of tuberculosis bacilli, speeding efforts to find a cure for the disease.

Economics and finance
Czechoslovakian Prime Minister Klement Gottwald and Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk signed a five-year trade agreement with the U.S.S.R. in Moscow.

Business
Radio Corporation of America President David Sarnoff succeeded retiring James Harbord as chairman of the board of directors.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Aga Khan III, 79
. 48th Imam of Shia Imami Ismai'li, 1885-1957. Aga Khan III, the leader of Ismaili Muslims worldwide, succeeded his father Aga Khan II at the age of 8. He was one of the founders and the first president of the All-India Muslim League, represented India to the League of Nations in 1932, and served as the League's president from 1937-1938. Aga Khan III was succeeded by his grandson Aga Khan IV.

Defense
U.S. disarmament negotiator Harold Stassen demanded in London that the U.S.S.R. choose between U.S. proposals for a 10-month suspension of nuclear weapons tests and indefinite continuation of the tests.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously upheld a Defense Department decision to turn Army Private William Girard over to Japanese authorities to stand trial for the fatal wounding of a Japanese woman.

Politics and government
The Soviet Foreign Ministry announced that ousted Communist Party leaders Vyacheslav Molotov, Georgi Malenkov, and Lazar Kaganovich would not be arrested or tried for their opposition tactics.

50 years ago
1967


Died on this date
Guy Favreau, 50
. Canadian politician. Mr. Favreau, a Liberal, was a lawyer and law professor before representing the Quebec riding of Papineau in the House of Commons from 1963-1967. He served in the cabinet of Prime Minister Lester Pearson as Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (1963-1964); Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (1964); Minister of Justice and Attorney General (1964-1965); President of the Privy Council (1965-1967); and Registrar General of Canada (1966-1967). Mr. Favreau was appointed a Justice of the Quebec Superior Court on April 17, 1967.

Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway inaugurated its first major unit train, shipping 3,700 tons of sulfuric acid from Copper Cliff, Ontario to CIL in Sarnia, Ontario.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Anaheim Stadium
National League 2 @ American League 1 (15 innings)

Tony Perez of the Cincinnati Reds hit a solo home run off Catfish Hunter of the Kansas City Athletics with 1 out in the top of the 15th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the NL edged the AL before 46,309 fans in the longest (by innings) All-Star Game ever played. Dick Allen of the Philadelphia Phillies led of the 2nd inning with a home run to give the NL a 1-0 lead, and Brooks Robinson of the Baltimore Orioles homered in the 6th to tie the score. Ferguson Jenkins of the Chicago Cubs pitched 3 innings of relief for the NL and tied an All-Star Game record with 6 strikeouts.





40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Walk Right In--Dr. Hook (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagisa no Sindbad--Pink Lady (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Linda--Miguel Bosé (5th week at #1)

Americana
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work to advance civil rights.

Journalism
The U.K. newspaper The Gay News and its editor, Denis Lemon, were found guilty of blasphemous libel in the first case of its kind in 56 years. The case, a private prosecution, resulted from the paper's publication of the poem The Love that Dares to Speak its Name by Professor James Kirkup, about a sodomite centurion's love for Jesus Christ at His crucifixion.

Disasters
Floods and landslides caused by heavy rains reportedly claimed at least 111 lives and left 73 persons missing in and around Seoul.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Let it Be--Ferry Aid (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Want Your Sex--George Michael

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Alone--Heart

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)
2 Alone--Heart
3 Shakedown--Bob Seger
4 Songbird--Kenny G
5 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
6 Always--Atlantic Starr
7 Just to See Her--Smokey Robinson
8 Point of No Return--Expose
9 Something so Strong--Crowded House
10 Don't Disturb this Groove--System

Singles entering the chart were Who's That Girl by Madonna (#35); Love Power by Dionne Warwick & Jeffrey Osborne (#65); Who Found Who by Jellybean with Elisa Fiorillo (#73); Wipe Out by the Fat Boys (with the Beach Boys) (#79); Stand Back by the Fabulous Thunderbirds (#81); Kiss and Tell by Breakfast Club (#83); I Heard a Rumour by Bananarama (#88); and Twistin' the Night Away by Rod Stewart (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Always--Atlantic Starr
2 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
3 Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros
4 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
5 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde
6 Alone--Heart
7 Shakedown--Bob Seger
8 Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
9 Boom Boom--Paul Lekakis
10 La Isla Bonita--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Who's That Girl by Madonna (#83); Hypnotize Me by Wang Chung (#91); Good Times by INXS and Jimmy Barnes (#92); La Bamba by Los Lobos (#95); Only in My Dreams by Debbie Gibson (#96); When Smokey Sings by ABC (#97); and Moonlighting (Theme) by Al Jarreau (#98).

Football
CFL
Toronto (0-2-1) 27 @ Ottawa (2-1) 34

Todd Dillon completed 29 of 41 passes for 402 yards and touchdown passes of 40 and 14 passes to Gerald Alphin, the latter breaking a 27-27 tie with 2:50 remaining in regulation time, to lead the Rough Riders past the Argonauts before 19,699 fans at Lansdowne Park. Cedric Minter rushed 21 times for 85 yards, including a 1-yard touchdown for Ottawa, and Dean Dorsey added 3 converts and 4 field goals. Warren Hudson rushed 1 yard for the first Toronto touchdown, Jake Vaughan recovered a blocked punt in the Ottawa end zone for another, and Gilbert Renfroe completed a 36-yard pass to Ken Joiner for a touchdown and then rushed for a 2-point convert to tie the game with 5:02 remaining in regulation time. Marc Lewis of the Rough Riders led all receivers with 9 receptions for 135 yards; Mr. Alphin had 100 yards on 7 receptions.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Jump--Kris Kross (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): if--Chage $ Aska

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sensacion de Vivir--Xuxa (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses

#1 single in France (SNEP): Smells Like Teen Spirit--Nirvana (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot
3 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
4 Jump--Kris Kross
5 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
6 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
7 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
8 Tennessee--Arrested Development
9 The Best Things in Life are Free--Luther Vandross and Janet Jackson
10 Wishing on a Star--Cover Girls

Singles entering the chart were Jam by Michael Jackson (#69); Brainstorming by M.C. Brains (#73); Stay by Shakespears Sister (#76); I Miss You by Joe Public (#82); So What 'Cha Want by the Beastie Boys (#89); and Faces of Love by Nia Peeples (#97).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
2 You Won't See Me Cry--Wilson Phillips
3 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
4 Hold on My Heart--Genesis
5 America--Kim Mitchell
6 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
7 Why--Annie Lennox
8 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
9 Do it to Me--Lionel Richie
10 Steel Bars--Michael Bolton

Singles entering the chart were Mad Mad World by Tom Cochrane (#70); Mark on My Heart by Jannetta (#83); Love Vibe by Lisa Lougheed (#84); White Lies/Black Truth by Slik Toxik (#87); The Sweater by Meryn Cadell (#88); Wishing on a Star by Cover Girls (#92); Keep on Walkin' by Ce Ce Peniston (#93); Sting Me by the Black Crowes (#94); Sleeping with the Lights On by Curtis Stigers (#98); and Warm it Up by Kris Kross (#99).

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-2) 33 @ Hamilton (0-3) 18

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Lady Bird Johnson, 94
. U.S. First Lady, 1963-1969. Claudia Alta Taylor married Lyndon Johnson in 1934, and became wealthy in her own right through the ownership of a radio station and a television station in Austin, Texas. She created the modern position of First Lady, having her own press secretary and a private liaison to Congress. Mrs. Johnson was known for her advocacy of beautification of the nation's highways and the Washington, D.C. area.

Alfonso López Michelsen, 94. 32nd President of Colombia, 1974-1978. Mr. López, a Liberal and the son of former President Alfonso López Pumarejo, was Governor of Cesar from 1967-1968 and Colombian Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1968-1970. He was the Liberal candidate for President in 1982, but was defeated by Conservative Party candidate Belisario Betancur.

Ed Mirvish, 92. U.S.-born Canadian businessman. Mr. Mirvish, a native of Colonial Beach, Virginia, moved to Toronto in 1923, and founded the discount store Honest Ed's in 1948.

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