Monday, 10 July 2017

July 10, 2017

225 years ago
1792


Born on this date
George M. Dallas
. 11th Vice President of the United States, 1845-1849. Mr. Dallas, a Democrat and a native of Philadelphia, held various offices before serving as Vice President to President James K. Polk. Mr. Dallas died of a heart attack on December 31, 1864 at the age of 72.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Reg Smythe
. U.K. cartoonist. Mr. Smythe, born Reginald Smyth, wrote and drew the comic strip Andy Capp from 1957 until his death from lung cancer on June 13, 1998 at the age of 80.

Hugh Alexander. U.S. baseball player and scout. Mr. Alexander was an outfielder who batted .348 with 28 home runs in 122 games with the Fargo-Moorhead Twins of the Class D Northern League in 1936 and .344 with 29 home runs in 79 games with the Springfield Indians of the Class C Middle Atlantic League in 1937. He played in 7 games with the Cleveland Indians in 1937, batting .091 (1 for 11) with no home runs or runs batted in. Mr. Alexander lost his left hand in an oil-drilling accident after that season and promptly became a scout for the Indians. In a 64-year career with firve major league teams, he signed such players as Allie Reynolds, Dale Mitchell, Steve Garvey, Frank Howard, Dave Lopes, and Don Sutton. Mr. Alexander was still active when he died on November 25, 2000 at the age of 83.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Kevin O'Higgins, 35
. Irish politician. Mr. O'Higgins, a member of Sinn Féin from 1918-1923 before joining Cumann na nGaedheal, was Minister from Justice and Vice-President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State from 1922 until his assassination by three members of the Irish Republican Army in retaliation for his part in the executions of IRA men during the Irish Civil War.

75 years ago
1942


War
Russian troops abandoned Rossosh, permitting German forces to cut the Moscow-Rostov railway line. An American pilot spotted a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the U.S. Navy used to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics.

Diplomacy
Dutch Ambassador to the United Kingdom E.F.M.J. Michiels Van Verduynen and Soviet Ambassador Ivan Maisky signed an agreement in London to resume diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the U.S.S.R.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed legislation providing for construction of 1.9 million tons of Navy combat ships and 1.2 million tons of auxiliary ships.

Politics and government
U.S. Office of War Information chief Elmer Davis appointed three assistant directors: Archibald MacLeish, policy development branch; Gardner Cowles, Jr., domestic information; and Robert Sherwood, overseas information.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Greek Prime Minister Emmanuel Tsouderos signed the master Lend-Lease agreement in Washington.

The U.S.A. and Peru reached agreement whereby the United States would pay 1.5% more for future Peruvian cotton crops with each 1% reduction in acreage.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
The British House of Commons passed the Indian independence bill on its second reading. U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee recommended Mohammed Ali Jinnah as the first Governor-General of Pakistan.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill placing the speaker of the House after the vice president in the line of presidential succession.

Diplomacy
Mexico and Cuba signed a cultural relations treaty providing for exchange of teachers, students, and art exhibits.

Economics and finance
After initially agreeing to attend the European economic conference in Paris, Czechoslvakia withdrew from participation as Czech Premier Klement Gottwald conferred in Moscow with Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Sholem Asch, 76
. Polish-born author. Mr. Asch, born Szalom Asz, wrote novels, plays, and essays in Yiddish in a career spanning more than 50 years.

Defense
The U.S. Air Force announced the establishment of the nation's first intercontinental missile wing, equipped with Snark missiles, at Cooke Air Force Base near Lompoc, California.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi, acting against inflationary policies identified with former Prime Minister Tanzan Ishibashi's government, dismissed his cabinet and presented a new cabinet for investiture by Emperor Hirohito.

Moscow sources reported that former opposition leader Georgi Malenkov had been appointed manager of a hydroelectric plant in Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2,000 miles from Moscow in East Kazakhstan.

Labour
The U.S. National Urban League and United Auto Workers agreed to work for elimination of racial discrimination in all industries in which the UAW had collective bargaining agreements.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Marionetas en la Cuerda (Puppet on a String)--Sandie Shaw (9th week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Faces

Music
The single Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words by the Monkees was released on Colgems Records in the U.S.A. and on RCA Victor Records in Canada.

Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth II and Queen Mother Elizabeth arrived in Halifax to start a 12-day tour of the Maritime provinces.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The ruling Liberal Democratic Party narrowly retained control of the House of Councillors, the upper house of the Japanese Diet in elections. The Liberal Democrats won 64 seats, but gained its total of 127 seats--a majority of 1 in the 252-seat house--only after gaining the support of three conservatives who had run as independents. The Socialists won 27 seats for a total of 56, a loss of five seats. The Clean Government Party won 14 seats for a total of 28, a gain of four. The Communists won 4 for a total of 16, a loss of four. The remaining seats were held by independents and members of minor parties.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Hammond, 76
. U.S. record producer. Mr. Hammond was a producer and talent scout with Columbia Records for many years, and was responsible for signing artists such as Aretha Franklin, Bob Dylan, and Bruce Springsteen to the label. He promoted the work of numerous Negro artists.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.2% in June.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-3) 22 @ Winnipeg (3-0) 38

Willard Reaves rushed 22 times for 117 yards and two 1-yard touchdowns, Tom Clements completed 20 of 29 passes for 262 yards and 2 touchdowns to Jeff Boyd while rushing for another touchdown himself, and the Winnipeg defense sacked Calgary quarterback Rick Johnson 9 times as the Blue Bombers defeated the Stampeders before 22,808 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Gary Allen rushed 1 yard for the first Calgary touchdown and caught a 15-yard pass from Mr. Johnson for the Stampeders’ last TD. Tim Petros rushed 4 yards for the other Stampeder touchdown. The 9 sacks had the effect of limiting the Stampeders’ net offense to just 92 yards.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (8th week at #1)

War
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the nine-nation European Union agreed to send warships into the Adriatic Sea to enforce the trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council against Yugoslavia.

Terrorism
A U.S. federal grand jury in New York City concluded that Pan American World Airlines was liable for damages in the 1988 terrorist bombing over Lockerbie, Scotland that had killed 270 people. The jury found Pan Am guilty of willful misconduct for neglecting to inspect the suitcase containing the bomb. Pan Am had since gone out of business, and it was estimated that the airline’s insurance companies might have to pay out $300 million in individual damage claims.

Crime
A U.S. federal judge in Miami sentenced former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega to 40 years in prison on drug and racketeering charges.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers of finished goods had risen 0.2% in June.

Business
Olympia and York announced a loss of $2.05 Canadian for the fiscal year ended January 1992.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Bailando--Paradisio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Mato--Apulanta (3rd week at #1)

Science
Scientists in London reported the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supported the "out of Africa theory" of human evolution, placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

Terrorism
Miguel Ángel Blanco, a member of Spain's Partido Popular (Popular Party), was kidnapped (and murdered three days later) in the Basque city of Ermua by members of the Basque separatist organization Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), sparking widespread protests.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-1) 41 @ Edmonton (2-1) 31

The Lions took advantage of 6 turnovers, taking a 31-3 lead and withstanding a 2nd-half comeback to defeat the Eskimos before 26,010 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus completed 20 of 35 passes for 333 yards, connecting with Eddie Brown for touchdowns of 71 and 16 yards in the 3rd quarter, and 29 yards to Darren Flutie in the 4th quarter, and handing off to Tony Burse for a TD in the 4th quarter.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Doug Marlette, 57
. U.S. cartoonist and author. Mr. Marlette was an editorial cartoonist for several newspapers, and wrote and drew the comic strip Kudzu from 1981 until his death in a car accident. He also wrote two novels, which were well-received.

Politics and government
David Onley was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario; he was a reporter, anchorman, host of "Citytv" in Toronto, and a champion of people with disabilities.

Adventure
Erden Eruç departed Bodega Bay, California to begin the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ AT&T Park, San Francisco
American League 5 @ National League 4

Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners hit a 2-run inside-the park home run--the first in All-Star Game history--in the 5th inning to help the AL defeat the NL before 43,965 fans. The NL rallied for 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th and had the bases loaded with 2 out, but Aaron Rowand flied out to right fielder Alex Rios to end the game.

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