Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chuck Chandler and Connie LeGrand!
225 years ago
The Magic Flute by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart received its premiere performance at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna.
Politics and government
The National Constituent Assembly in Paris was dissolved; Parisians hailed Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as "incorruptible patriots."
125 years ago
Died on this date
Georges Boulanger, 54. French politician. Brigadier General Boulanger was France's Minister of War from 1886-1887. He was nicknamed Général Revanche and attracted a huge popular following for insisting that France's in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 must be avenged, and it was thought that he might seize power in a coup d'état. A warrant was issued for Mr. Boulanger's arrest for conspiracy and treasonable activity, and he fled to Brussels and then London before the warrant could be executed. Elections held later in 1889 resulted in a decisive defeat for the Boulangists. Mr. Boulanger returned to Brussels, where he shot himself in Ixelles Cemetery on the grave of his mistress, Madame de Bonnemains, who had died in his arms two months earlier. He was buried in the same grave.
80 years ago
New York Yankees 1 @ New York Giants 6 (Giants led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Carl Hubbell won the pitching duel against Red Ruffing before 39,419 fans at the Polo Grounds.
75 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Down Argentina Way--Shep Fields; West End Players (1st month at #1)
Both Japanese and Chinese forces claimed possession of Changsha, capital of the Chinese province of Hunan.
German Einsatzgruppe C completed the Babi Yar massacre of thousands of Jews in Kiev.
U.S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph Grew wrote to Washington, "[Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fujimaro] Konoye's warship is ready waiting to take him to Honolulu, Alaska or anyplace designated by the president." The Japanese Prime Minister was offering to come to the United States to talk to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a desperate effort to avoid war.
A Gallup Poll reported that 46% of American voters questioned now favoured changing the Neutrality Act to permit U.S. merchant ships to carry war materials to Britain.
U.S. President Roosevelt told a press conference that the Soviet constitution guaranteed freedom of religion in virtually the same manner as in the United States.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Roosevelt told a press conference that he would soon ask Congress to extend the social security program to include a much greater number of people than were now covered.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe--Bing Crosby; Judy Garland (2nd month at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
3 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
4 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
5 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
6 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
7 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
8 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
9 Blue Skies--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
10 I Got the Sun in the Morning--Les Brown and his Orchestra
Singles entering the chart were Aren't You Kind of Glad We Did?, with versions by Peggy Lee, and Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#24); You Keep Coming Back Like a Song, with versions by Dinah Shore and Bing Crosby (#33); and If I'm Lucky, with versions by Eddy Howard and his Orchestra, and Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#36).
On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Gregory Hood, Suspect
Died on this date
Takashi Sakai, 58. Japanese military officer and politician. Lieutenant-General Sakai led the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong in 1941, and served as Governor of Hong Kong under military occupation from December 25, 1941-February 20, 1942. The Chinese War Crimes Military Tribunal of the Ministry of National Defense in Nanking convicted him of war crimes and handed down a death sentence on August 27, 1946. Lt.-Gen. Sakai was executed by firing squad 18 days before his 59th birthday.
Roman Catholic Archbishop of Zagreb Aloysius Stepinac went on trial in Zagreb for treason, accused of collaboration with the Ustase regime during World War II.
The U.S. Army announced the termination of its Chinese Command in Shanghai. U.S. President Harry Truman conferred with Navy Secretary James Forrestal and Navy Pacific commanders on plans to convert Guam into a major U.S. base in the Pacific. Mr. Forrestal stated that U.S. naval forces would not be withdrawn from the Mediterranean Sea, but denied any U.S. intention of acquiring European shore bases.
Politics and governent
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover, speaking at an American Legion convention in San Francisco, claimed that at least 100,000 Communist were operating in the United States, in "some newspapers, magazines, books, radio and the screen...some churches, schools, colleges and even fraternal orders."
A U.S. court martial in Frankfurt sentenced Women's Army Corps Captain Kathleen Durant to dishonorable discharge and five years' hard labor for her part in the theft of jewellery and manuscripts from Friedrichshof Castle in Kronberg, Germany. Captain Durant had hidden part of the loot at her sister's home in Hudson, Wisconsin, and her husband, Colonel Jack W. Durant, had hidden hundreds of diamonds and other gems in a locker at the Illinois Central railway station in Chicago. The loot was discovered on June 4, 1946.
60 years ago
On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Wet Saturday, starring Cedric Hardwicke and John Williams
This was the first episode of the season, and was directed by Mr. Hitchcock.
Winnipeg connected to the TransCanada Telephone System's microwave radio relay via the Manitoba Telephone System, bringing the city the first same-day programming from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
French Prime Minister Guy Mollet said that the United Kingdom and France had achieved "unshakeable"unity on the Suez issue and that "the responsible men" of the United States were "in agreement with us on the objective to be reached."
Hungarian Premier Erno Gero joined Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito and U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev at Yalta for talks on relations between Yugoslavia and Hungary.
Toronto vs. Rochester @ Buffalo (cancelled)
Duke Snider and Sandy Amoros each hit 2 home runs and Jackie Robinson added another as the Brooklyn Dodgers defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-6 before 31,983 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to clinch the National League pennant for the sixth time in the past 10 years. Don Newcombe allowed 11 hits and 6 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings, but still got the win, finishing the season with a record of 27-7; he also doubled and scored a run.
Eddie Mathews batted 3 for 4 with a home run and 3 runs batted in to lead the Milwaukee Braves over the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 23,411 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Lou Burdette allowed 9 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 2/3 innings to finish the season with a record of 19-10, winning the pitchers' duel over Vinegar Bend Mizell, who allowed 7 hits and 4 earned runs in 7 innings to finish at 14-14. The Cardinals loaded the bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, but Ray Crone relieved Mr. Burdette and retired Alvin Dark on a fly ball to left field to end the game. The Braves' win left them 1 game behind the Brooklyn Dodgers in the National League pennant race on the last day of the regular season.
Frank Robinson, Gus Bell, and George Crowe each had 2 hits to help the Cincinnati Reds defeat the Chicago Cubs 4-2 before 6,046 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Reds' win left them in third place in the National League, 2 games behind the Brooklyn Dodgers and 1 game behind the Milwaukee Braves. Cincinnati pitcher Hal Jeffcoat had a shutout going until the Cubs scored 2 runs with 2 out in the 9th inning. With runners on first and second bases, Hersh Freeman relieved Mr. Jeffcoat and retired Don Hoak on a fly ball to right field to end the game. Mr. Jeffcoat allowed 9 hits in 8 2/3 innings to finish the season with an 8-2 record, while Chicago pitcher Bob Rush pitched a complete game loss, allowing 9 hits and 3 earned runs to finish at 13-10. Monte Irvin came to bat for Chicago as a pinch hitter with 2 out in the 9th inning and drew a base on balls to prolong the Cubs' rally in the 764th and last game of his 8-year major league career, which followed an eight-year Hall of Fame career in the Negro Leagues and a season in the Mexican League.
Bill White hit 2 home runs and winning pitcher Al Worthington hit his only major league home run as the New York Giants beat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,406 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Worthington also singled in a run, while allowing 6 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 innings to finish the season with a 7-14 record, winning the pitching matchup with Robin Roberts, who pitched a complete game, allowing 15 hits and 8 earned runs to finish at 19-18. In the second game, Willie Jones hit a 3-run homer in the 3rd inning to help the Phillies win 5-2. The home run was hit off Roy Wright, who allowed 8 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs in 2 2/3 innings to take the loss in his only major league game. Curt Simmons pitched a 7-hit complete game, allowing 1 earned run, while adding 2 hits of his own and driving in a run, to finish the season at 15-10.
The Boston Red Sox scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the New York Yankees 7-4 before 18,587 fans at Yankee Stadium. Boston catcher Pete Daley singled home 2 of the 10th-inning runs and scored the third; he finished the game 3 for 4 with a double and 4 runs batted in.
Joe Frazier had a double and 2 singles in the first game and added a double and his only home run of the season in the second game, playing the 216th and 217th games of his 4-year major league career, to help the Baltimore Orioles sweep a doubleheader from the Washington Nationals 4-2 and 6-3 before 3,069 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Mr. Frazier's homer, the 10th of his major league career, came in his final plate appearance, and was part of a 4-run 9th inning for the Orioles, as they withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th.
Wayne Belardi had a home run and 2 singles in the 263rd and final game of his 7-year major league career, while Harvey Kuenn added 3 singles as the Detroit Tigers beat the Cleveland Indians 8-4 before 5,910 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Ned Garver started on the mound for Detroit and pitched 3 scoreless innings before being relieved by Billy Hoeft, who allowed 5 hits and 4 runs--2 earned--in 4 innings to get the win and finish the season with a record of 20-14. Bob Feller, in the 570th and last game of his 18-year Hall of Fame major league career, pitched a complete game for Cleveland, allowing 14 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 8 earned runs, striking out none, finishing with a 1956 record of 0-4. Al Rosen played the first 5 innings at third base for Cleveland, batting 0 for 2 and making 1 putout and 2 assists in the 1,044th and last game of his 10-year major league career, and Cleveland center fielder Dave Pope batted 0 for 5 and made 1 putout in the field in the 230th and final game of his 4-year major league career. It was also the final game for Al Lopez, who had announced the previous day that he was resigning after 6 seasons as the Indians' manager.
Vic Power, Lou Skizas, and Jim Pisoni hit home runs for the Kansas City Athletics as they edged the Chicago White Sox 7-6 before 13,171 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Bill Harrington pitched 5 2/3 innings in relief of starter George Brunet, allowing 6 hits and 3 earned runs to get the win in the 58th and final game of his 3-year major league career. 16-year-old Jim Derrington started on the mound for Chicago; he allowed 9 hits, 6 bases on balls, and 6 runs--5 earned--in 6 innings to take the loss, while batting 1 for 2.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Yellow Submarine--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
2 Black is Black--Los Bravos
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 Bus Stop--The Hollies
5 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
6 Hey Joe!--The Enemys
7 Mr. Dieingly Sad--The Critters
8 With a Girl Like You--The Troggs
9 Stagecoach to Cheyenne--Wayne Newton
10 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
Pick hit of the week: Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
New this week: Spin Spin--Gordon Lightfoot
I Can't Control Myself--The Troggs
Green Hornet Theme--Al Hirt
The Goody Wagon--Billy Lange
Alright, OK, You Win--Rubin Mitchell Trio
The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declared its independence and became the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama took office as the first President.
Canadian-born tycoon Roy Thomson acquired control of The Times of London.
30 years ago
Mordechai Vanunu, who had revealed details of Israel's covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome by the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad.
Politics and government
Canadian MPs elected the Speaker of the House of Commons by secret ballot for the first time.
Lake Ontario's water outflow reached 844 billion litres per day, over 25% above normal and the greatest outflow since the start of record keeping in 1860.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses (5th week at #1)
Bernard Ostry resigned as chairman of TV Ontario after an audit showed excessive spending on dinners and travel.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stranger in Moscow--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp (4th week at #1)
2 Standing Outside a Broken Phone Booth with Money in My Hand--Primitive Radio Gods
3 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
4 Gift Shop--The Tragically Hip
5 Change the World--Eric Clapton
6 Let's Make a Night to Remember--Bryan Adams
7 Walls--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
8 E-Bow the Letter--R.E.M.
9 It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion
10 You're Makin' Me High--Toni Braxton
Singles entering the chart were You Can Make History by Elton John (#83); Lust for Life by Iggy Pop (#85); Black Cloud Rain by Corey Hart (#86); Open Up Your Eyes by Tonic (#91); Blew it Again by Blue Rodeo (#96); Aneurysm by Nirvana (#98); and Dance Into the Light by Phil Collins (#99).
Politics and government
The New Democratic Party, led by Piers McDonald, won 11 of 17 seats in the Legislative Assemby in the Yukon territorial election, up from 6 in the 1992 election. The governing Yukon Party, led by Premier John Ostashek, won 3 seats, down from 7 in 1992. The Liberal Party, led by Ken Taylor, won 3 seats, up from 1 in 1992.
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien asked the Supreme Court of Canada to rule on the legality of a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) on the part of the Province of Québec.
10 years ago
De la Concorde overpass on Autoroute 19 in Laval, Quebec collapsed, killing five people and injuring six others.
British Columbia (10-4) 28 @ Hamilton (4-12) 8
Calgary (9-6) 16 @ Toronto (8-6) 23
Edmonton (5-9) 30 @ Saskatchewan (7-7) 25
The Tiger-Cats' loss to the Lions before 24,163 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium eliminated Hamilton from the playoffs for the second straight season.
Eric England returned an interception for a touchdown and Ricky Williams added another TD as the Argonauts defeated the Stampeders before 32,410 fans at Rogers Centre to clinch a playoff spot.
Ricky Ray rushed 8 yards for a touchdown with 42 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Eskimos their win over the Roughriders before 27,894 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina. The Roughriders led 25-17 midway through the 4th quarter, but Sean Fleming kicked 2 field goals for the Eskimos to put them into position to win the game with a touchdown. Mr. Ray threw touchdown passes to Pat Woodcock and Ed Hervey in the 2nd quarter. Saskatchewan quarterback Kerry Joseph completed touchdown passes to Rob Lazeo in the 1st quarter and Chris Szarka in the 2nd quarter.
Regina (1-3) 48 @ British Columbia (2-2) 60
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
1 day ago