Saturday, 30 January 2010

January 31, 2010

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Sterling Corpse Murder Case

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Want You Back--The Jackson 5

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Venus--The Shocking Blue
2 I Want You Back--The Jackson 5
3 Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head--B.J. Thomas
4 Thank You Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin--Sly and the Family Stone
5 Someday We'll Be Together--Diana Ross and the Supremes
6 Don't Cry Daddy--Elvis Presley
7 Whole Lotta Love--Led Zeppelin
8 Jingle Jangle--The Archies
9 Without Love (There is Nothing)--Tom Jones
10 I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Dionne Warwick

Politics and government
Lesotho’s Prime Minister, Chief Leabua Jonathan, declared the election of four days earlier invalid and ordered the counting of ballots stopped, saying, "I have seized power and I am not ashamed of it." This was a typical example of Winston Churchill’s description of black African politics: "One man, one vote--one time."

In a showdown with supporters of former Governor George Wallace, Alabama Democrats loyal to the national party pushed through a "statement of principles" that was seen as an effort to seek rapprochement with the state’s Negroes. The restructuring of the internal machinery of the state party’s executive was expected to open the way for Negroes to become party members.

Diplomacy
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt concluded his two-day visit to Paris, receiving approval of his "Ostpolitik" initiative from French leaders.

Defense
U.S. Senator Mike Mansfield (Democrat--Montana) said "Where the hell is it going to end?" in response to President Richard Nixon’s proposed expansion of the Safeguard antiballistic missile system. Sen. Mansfield predicted that the system would cost more than $50 billion.

Labour
A U.S. federal judge ordered the railroad shopcraft unions to end their day-old strike against the Union Pacific Railroad, and ordered the country’s railroads to postpone their planned nationwide lockout for at least 10 days.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 20 (CHED)
1 I Don’t Like Mondays--The Boomtown Rats
2 Coward of the County--Kenny Rogers
3 Video Killed the Radio Star--The Buggles
4 Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen
5 The Long Run--Eagles
6 Jane--Jefferson Starship
7 Don’t Do Me Like That--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
8 Yes I’m Ready--Teri DeSario with K.C.
9 Do That to Me One More Time--The Captain and Tennille
10 Tiny Thing--Jenson Interceptor
11 Why Me--Styx
12 Chiquitita--Abba
13 Message in a Bottle--The Police
14 Babe--Styx
15 A Night to Remember--Prism
16 Rock With You--Michael Jackson
17 Janine--Trooper
18 This is It--Kenny Loggins
19 Sara--Fleetwood Mac
20 Please Don’t Go--K.C. and the Sunshine Band

World events
Bella Akhmadulina, a leading Soviet poet, spoke out on behalf of recently-exiled dissident physicist Andrei Sakharov, as Soviet intellectuals grappled with the banishment of one of the 231 full members of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, a distinguished body relatively immune from politics.

25 years ago
1985


Music
The Beach Boys, with k.d. lang and the reclines as the opening act, performed at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton. This blogger was in attendance, and enjoyed the company of a lovely lady. I paid $15.75 for my ticket.

20 years ago
1990


Politics and government
U.S. President George Bush delivered his annual State of the Union address. He proposed a ceiling of 225,000 on the number of U.S. and Soviet troops that could be deployed in Europe. Under his plan, no more than 195,000 could be deployed by each side in the central zone of Europe. At present, the U.S. had 300,000 troops in Europe and the U.S.S.R. had 565,000.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.8% in December 1989.

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 7 Edmonton 5

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Guterres, speaking for the other 14 member nations of the European Union, warned against the emergence of the Freedom Party and its leader Joerg Haider as a force in Austrian politics. Mr. Guterres said that "behaviour of a racist or xenophobic character will not be tolerated within the European Union." He stated that Austria faced diplomatic isolation if it allowed the Freedom Party to join a new government. In October 1999 the Freedom Party had won 27% of the vote in Austrian elections, placing second behind the Social Democrats and ahead of the People’s Party. Those two parties had shared power, but the coalition had broken down after the election. Mr. Haider had then explored forming a coalition with the People’s Party. The Freedom Party was opposed to immigration, and Mr. Haider had drawn criticism for making inflammatory remarks.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that criminals who commit violent crimes should be eligible for conditional sentences, rejecting calls from the federal and provincial governments to increase prison sentences.

Business
The government of Canada approved the $8-billion takeover of Canada Trust by Toronto Dominion Bank.

Disasters
An Alaska Airlines jetliner with 88 aboard crashed while en route from Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to San Francisco. The National Transportation Safety Board reported the next day that at about 4:15 P.M. the crew had advised air traffic controllers that the plane’s stabilizer--a device that controlled the plane’s up-and-down movement--had jammed. The controllers cleared the flight to land at Los Angeles International Airport, but at 4:21 the plane disappeared from the radar screen. It went into the ocean northwest of Los Angeles, and there were no survivors.

Friday, 29 January 2010

January 30, 2010

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Why--Anthony Newley (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Running Bear--Johnny Preston (2nd week at #1)
2 Why--Frankie Avalon
3 El Paso--Marty Robbins
4 Teen Angel--Mark Dinning
5 You Got What it Takes--Marv Johnson
6 Where or When--Dion and the Belmonts
7 Go, Jimmy, Go--Jimmy Clanton
8 The Big Hurt--Miss Toni Fisher
9 Way Down Yonder in New Orleans--Freddie Cannon
10 Pretty Blue Eyes--Steve Lawrence

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10
1 Fancy--Bobbie Gentry
2 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
3 Venus--The Shocking Blue
4 Groovy Grubworm--Harlow Wilcox and the Oakies
5 Whole Lotta Love--Led Zeppelin
6 Jennifer Tomkins--Street People
7 That’s Where I Went Wrong--The Poppy Family
8 I’ll Never Fall in Love Again--Dionne Warwick
9 No Time--The Guess Who
10 I Want You Back--The Jackson 5

World events
Chief Leabua Jonathan, Prime Minister of Lesotho, suspended the constitution, declared a state of emergency, and ordered a curfew in Maseru, the capital, after Lesotho’s first election since independence. The main opposition party leader, Ntsu Mokhehle, who had been claiming victory in the election three days earlier, was arrested.

Protest
Two students were killed and more than 100 wounded after about 2,000 young people tried to storm the Philippine presidential palace. Police and army units used tear gas, bullets, rifle butts, fire hoses, nightsticks, and wicker shields in a running battle with the demonstrators, who hurled stones and gasoline bombs after the assault on the palace was repulsed.

Widespread arson and violence erupted in Haryana state after the Indian government awarded the disputed city of Chandigarh to Punjab state. Mobs in Haryana set fire to buses, trains, government offices, and the homes of government officials. The police opened fire, and at least six deaths were reported.

Diplomacy
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt began a two-day visit to Paris. Meanwhile, his State Secretary Egon Bahr met in Moscow with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko to discuss a possible mutual renunciation-of-force accord.

Economics and finance
In his first Economic Report to Congress, U.S. President Richard Nixon predicted a growth in the national economy of about $50 billion in 1970 and a drop in inflation from 1969. He said that if Congress supported his "prudent" fiscal policy, "overly long and overly severe restraint" in monetary policy could be avoided.

30 years ago
1980


World events
South African troops left Zimbabwe Rhodesia after British and Patriotic Front representatives reached an agreement.

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
After meeting with East German Premier Hans Modrow, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev indicated that German reunification was to be expected, adding, "No one casts any doubt upon it."

10 years ago
2000


Disasters
A Kenya Airways jet carrying 169 passengers and 10 crew members crashed into the sea one minute after taking off from Abidjan, Ivory Coast, bound for Lagos, Nigeria and Nairobi, Kenya. 10 survivors were pulled from the water.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XXXIV @ Georgia Dome, Atlanta
St. Louis 23 Tennessee 16

Kurt Warner passed for a Super Bowl record 414 yards to lead the Rams to their first Super Bowl win and their first NFL championship since 1951, when the team was based in Los Angeles. Tennessee quarterback Steve McNair brought the Titans back from a 16-0 deficit, and Al Del Greco’s 43-yard field goal tied the game 16-16 with 2:12 remaining in the fourth quarter. The Rams scored just 18 seconds later on a 73-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Warner to Isaac Bruce. The Titans weren’t finished, however, and they drove to the St. Louis 10-yard line with time for one more play in regulation time. Mr. McNair completed a pass to Kevin Dyson, who was tackled by Mike Jones at the 1-yard line as time expired. 72,625 were in attendance at the Georgia Dome.

January 29, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Dies!

160 years ago
1850

Politics and government

Henry Clay (Whig--Kentucky) introduced the Compromise of 1850 into the United States Senate. The compromise included: the admission of California as a free state; the organization of New Mexico and Utah territories without mention of slavery, the status of that institution to be determined by the territories themselves when they were ready to be admitted as states; the prohibition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia; a more stringent fugitive slave law; and the settlement of Texas boundary claims by federal payment of $10 million on the debt contracted by the Republic of Texas.

70 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce
Tonight’s episode: The Second Stain

50 years ago
1960


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Fever, starring Everett Sloane and Vivi Janiss

30 years ago
1980


World events
American and Canadian officials announced the successful escape from Iran the previous day of six U.S. diplomats who were not among those who had been taken hostage in the U.S. embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979. Canadian diplomats led by Ken Taylor had protected the Americans and aided in their flight.

War
A Conference of Islamic States passed a resolution calling for the immediate withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

Disasters
In the worst peacetime disaster in the history of the U.S. Coast Guard, Coast Guard vessel Blackthorn collided with the oil tanker Capricorn in Tampa Bay, off the coast of Florida, killing 23 seamen.

25 years ago
1985


Politics and government
Oxford University dons, by a vote of 738-319, voted to deny British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher an honourary degree. Academics led a campaign against honouring Mrs. Thatcher in protest against the government's cuts in funding for education.

20 years ago
1990


Canadiana
Former Progressive Conservative MP and cabinet minister Ray Hnatyshyn was sworn in as Canada’s 24th Governor General, succeeding Jeanne Sauve.

Protest
A judge investigating the violence in December 1989 in Timosoara, Romania, said that only 95 civilian deaths had been verified, contrary to earlier reports that there had been thousands of victims.

It was announced that former Bulgarian Communist Party leader Todor Zhivkov, under house arrest since January 18 on charges of malfeasance in office and misuse of government property and money, had been transferred to a prison.

Politics and government
A congress of Poland’s United Workers’ (Communist) Party in Warsaw voted overwhelmingly to disband and create at once a new Social Democracy Party. Some former Communist Party members bolted and formed yet another new group, the Social Democratic Union.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice-President Dan Quayle concluded a three-day visit to Panama, Honduras, and Jamaica. His purpose was to explain the Latin American policy of the administration of U.S. President George Bush.

Scandal
Marilyn Harrell, a private escrow agent, pled guilty in U.S. federal court to embezzling $4.5 million that was supposed to go to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. She also admitted underreporting income on her tax return for 1987. Ms. Harrell had previously claimed that she had given much of the money to charities and the poor, and had been nicknamed "Robin HUD." Prosecutors said that Ms. Harrell had been "her own biggest charity."

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush submitted a budget for the 1991 fiscal year to Congress that called for no increase in taxes. The $1.23-trillion budget included a small cut in real spending for defense--a 1.9% increase in outlays that was below the rate of inflation. Larger cuts were proposed for some domestic programs, but not for environmental programs, the war on drugs, and space projects. Overall, the budget adhered to the deficit limitation of the Gramm-Rudman law, but the Congressional Budget Office and some economists said that the deficit projections were based on economic forecasts that were far too optimistic.

Bank of Canada Governor John Crow told a Canadian Senate banking committee that any reduction in interest rates would have to be done cautiously and gradually.

10 years ago
2000


Boxing
The dismal professional boxing career of American heavyweight Isaac Poole, which had begun in 1988, ended when he was knocked out in the 1st round by Reynaldo Minus (15-5) in Nassau. Those who wish to see professional boxing abolished can use Mr. Poole as evidence for their case. In 23 professional fights he won 2 and lost 21. He was knocked out 16 times, with 8 of his knockout losses coming in the first round and 6 in the second round. One of his two wins was a 4-round decision in Hialeah, Florida on January 22, 1999 over 58-year-old Levi Forte, who was coming off a 21-year layoff, and whose six most recent fights from 1969-1977 had ended in defeat. Mr. Poole was 38 when he fought Mr. Forte.

Thursday, 28 January 2010

January 28, 2010

60 years ago
1950

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Can Dream, Can't I?--The Andrews Sisters (4th week at #1)
2 Dear Hearts and Gentle People--Bing Crosby
--Dinah Shore
3 The Old Master Painter--Dick Haymes
--Richard Hayes
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
4 A Dreamer's Holiday--Perry Como
--Buddy Clark with the Girl Friends
5 Mule Train--Frankie Laine and the Muleskinners
--Bing Crosby
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Tennessee Ernie
6 Slipping Around--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
7 There's No Tomorrow--Tony Martin
8 I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Coconuts--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
9 Don't Cry, Joe--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
10 Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo (The Magic Song)--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
--Perry Como

40 years ago
1970


Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives failed by 52 votes to override President Richard Nixon’s veto of the $19.7-billion health, education, and welfare bill. The vote in favour of the bill was 226-191.

Czechoslovakian Premier Oldrich Cernik, 49, resigned at a meeting of the Czechoslovakian Communist Party in Prague and was replaced by pro-Soviet hard-liner Lubomir Strougal, 45. Seven others resigned in a meeting regarded by many observers as a showdown between moderate conservative Gustav Husak, who had succeeded Alexander Dubcek as party leader the year before, and U.S.S.R. hard-liners, who were demanding the purge of all leaders responsible for trying to liberalize Czechoslovakian Communism. After the session, the resignation of Mr. Dubcek, who had left the country three days earlier to take up a new position as Ambassador to Turkey, of his seat on the Central Committee, was announced. Deputy Prmier Josef Kempny, who quit with Mr. Cernik, was named to succeed Mr. Strougal as head of the Czechoslovakian Bureau.

Law
A bill coupling an intensified U.S. federal attack on illicit drug traffic and use with a reduction of penalties for possession of some drugs was passed unanimously by the U.S. Senate. The bill included a modified version of the controversial "no knock" provision allowing federal agents to break into a home without warning if they had reason to believe that narcotics would be destroyed if notice were given.

Crime
Judge Julius Hoffman ruled that former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark could make "no relevant or material contribution" to the conspiracy trial of the "Chicago Seven," and refused to permit him to testify as a defense witness. Defense attorney William Kunstler said that he could recall no American criminal case in which a defense witness was barred from testifying.

A jury in Newark found reputed Mafiosos Angelo "Gyp" DeCarlo and Daniel "Red" Cecere guilty on all six charges of violations of the Extortionate Transactions Statute. Two other co-defendants, Peter Landusco and Joseph Polverino, had been granted severance and postponement of trial for medical reasons. The accused each ended up being sentenced to 12 years in prison and a $20,000 fine. The trial concerned the influence of the Mafia over every facet of business, political, and social life in New Jersey.

Society
The South African government announced that Arthur Ashe, the Negro American tennis star, would be refused a visa to play as an individual in the South African open championships, but said that it would permit him to visit as a member of an American Davis Cup team if the team should play in South Africa.

Boxing
Emile Griffith won a 10-round decision over Doyle Baird in a middleweight bout in Cleveland.

Disasters
A train and bus crash near Johannesburg killed 23 children and injured 13.

A commuter plane flying from Cleveland to Detroit plunged into Lake Erie, killing all 9 aboard.

30 years ago
1980


World events
Canadian diplomats led by Ken Taylor enabled six American diplomats in Iran, not among those being held hostage in the U.S. embassy, to fly out of the country. After hiding for three months in diplomatic residences in Tehran, the Americans posed as Canadian diplomats and carried forged Iranian visas when they boarded regular commercial flights out of Iran. Five of the diplomats had escaped out of a back door when the embassy had been taken over by student militants on November 4, 1979. The sixth, who had been with friends when the embassy was attacked, called the Canadians on November 22 and joined the others that day. As a precautionary measure, the small Canadian embassy staff remaining in Tehran also left the country.

The New York Times reported that dissident Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov, recently exiled to Gorky, was under police supervision and had been forbidden to communicate by telephone or mail with foreigners or even relatives abroad. His wife, Yelena Bonner, brought a written statement from Dr. Sakharov saying that he wanted a public and open trial and did not need a "gilded cage."

Politics and government
U.S. Senator and Democratic party presidential candidate Ted Kennedy, attempting to recover from his loss to President Jimmy Carter in the previous week’s Iowa caucuses, proposed an immediate six-month wage freeze followed by mandatory wage and price controls; immediate gasoline rationing to help free the nation from dependence on Middle East oil; and the immediate establishment of a United Nations commission to investigate Iranian grievances against the deposed Shah, to begin work as soon as the 50 U.S. hostages in the embassy in Tehran were freed.

Labour
The school system in Chicago shut down when teachers went on strike to protest proposed layoffs and delinquent paycheques. The fiscal crisis of the Chicago school board had been apparent since November 13, 1979 when its credit rating plummeted; it was estimated that the board needed $500-700 million to avoid bankruptcy.

20 years ago
1990


Protest
Tens of thousands of Romanian pro-democracy demonstrators took to the streets of Bucharest to protest against the interim government of Premier Ion Iliescu.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XXIV @ Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans
San Francisco 55 Denver 10

Joe Montana completed 22 of 29 passes (including 13 straight completions at one point) for 297 yards and 5 touchdowns in leading the 49ers to their second straight Super Bowl win, which was basically over at halftime, when the 49ers led 27-3. Mr. Montana was the game’s Most Valuable Player. Jerry Rice, who caught 7 passes for 148 yards, was on the receiving end of 3 of Mr. Montana’s touchdown passes, with the others going to Brent Jones and John Taylor. Tom Rathman rushed for 2 touchdowns on short runs, and Roger Craig rushed 1 yard for the game’s final major score. Mike Cofer was successful on 7 of 8 convert attempts. Denver quarterback John Elway scored the Broncos’ only touchdown on a 3-yard run in the third quarter. David Treadwell, who had kicked a 42-yard field goal in the first quarter, converted. Mr. Craig led all rushers with 69 yards, and caught 5 passes for 34. Mr. Rathman rushed for 38 yards and caught 4 passes for 43. Mr. Taylor caught 3 passes for 49 yards and returned 3 punts for 38. The 49ers amassed 461 yards in net offense. Mr. Elway completed just 10 of 26 passes for 108 yards and 2 interceptions. Bobby Humphrey led the Broncos with 61 yards rushing and 38 yards on 3 pass receptions. George Seifert, who had replaced the retired Bill Walsh, won the Super Bowl in his first season as an NFL head coach. 72,919 witnessed the slaughter at the Louisiana Superdome.

Tuesday, 26 January 2010

January 27, 2010

130 years ago
1880


Technology
Thomas Edison was granted a patent for his incandescent light.

75 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC

40 years ago
1970


Disasters
Snow avalanches in Iran’s Elburz Mountains killed 43 people and injured 100.

Boxing
Al Jones (29-1-2), one of the top contenders for the world heavyweight title, fought a 10-round draw with Luis Faustino Pires (13-5-1) at Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida. Mr. Jones broke his right hand in the first round; it was an injury that was to recur in later bouts and curtail a fine career.

30 years ago
1980


Abominations
Rhodesian opposition leader Robert Mugabe made a triumphant return to his home country after five years in exile. Cheering crowds greeted Mr Mugabe's arrival in the capital, Salisbury, from Mozambique where he had been gathering support for his Zimbabwe African National Union party.

Diplomacy
Newly-elected Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr took a tough stand and charged the United States with the major responsibility for ending the crisis at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, where 50 people had been held hostage by Iranian militants since November 4, 1979.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Aloha Stadium, Honolulu
NFC 37 AFC 27

This was the first Pro Bowl to be held at Aloha Stadium. New Orleans Saints’ running back Chuck Muncie was the Most Valuable Player. John McKay of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers was the winning head coach over Bum Phillips of the Houston Oilers.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 3 @ Philadelphia 5

25 years ago
1985


Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Aloha Stadium, Honolulu
AFC 22 NFC 14

New York Jets’ defensive end Mark Gastineau was the Most Valuable Player. Chuck Noll of the Pittsburgh Steelers was the winning head coach over Mike Ditka of the Chicago Bears.

20 years ago
1990


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic (2nd week at #1)
2 How am I Supposed to Live Without You--Michael Bolton
3 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
4 Downtown Train--Rod Stewart
5 Everything--Jody Watley
6 Just Between You and Me--Lou Gramm
7 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
8 Free Fallin'--Tom Petty
9 Love Song--Tesla
10 Two to Make it Right--Seduction

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle began a three-day visit to Panama, Honduras, and Jamaica to explain the policy of the administration of President George Bush on Latin America.

Politics and government
A congress of Poland’s United Workers’ (Communist) Party opened in Warsaw, with 1,600 delegates in attendance.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 5 Toronto 3

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
The Reform Party of Canada opened the convention in Ottawa that was destined to change its course (and its name) and lead to the creation of the Canadian Alliance party.

U.S. President Bill Clinton delivered his annual State of the Union address. He boasted that the country had never been in better shape, noting that crime, teen births, and welfare rolls were down, and adoptions were up. Mr. Clinton also offered various proposals for the future, including support for a limited tax cut, with special emphasis on help for married couples. He advocated state licensing for all handguns. His many spending proposals included more for Head Start; school construction; teacher salaries; and prescription drug benefits under Medicare. Mr. Clinton urged the removal of remaining trade barriers and asked Congress to establish "normal trade relations" with China by opening China’s markets to the U.S. He also made frequent mention of Vice-President Al Gore, who was seated behind him, and whom he endorsed to succeed him as President.

Weather
Northern lights were visible in Edmonton.

Monday, 25 January 2010

January 26, 2010

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Escape, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Bellhop Story, starring Jack Lescoulie, Nancy Sheridan, and Frankie Thomas

World events
The independent Republic of India was officially born, after nearly 100 years of British rule. In Delhi, the capital, the day began with the 34th and last Governor-General of India, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, reading out a proclamation announcing the birth of the Republic of India. The new President, Dr Rajendra Prasad, then took the oath of office.

50 years ago
1960


Football
NFL
Pete Rozelle, the 33-year-old general manager of the Los Angeles Rams, was elected commissioner of the NFL, succeeding Bert Bell, who had died on October 11, 1959. Mr. Rozelle was named on the 23rd ballot after others, including Marshall G. Leahy, a San Francisco lawyer, and Austin H. Gunsel, a former FBI man who had temporarily succeeded Mr. Bell, were considered and rejected.

40 years ago
1970


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: The Way Back

Politics and government
Before a nationwide television audience, U.S. President Richard Nixon signed a veto message sending the $19.7-billion health, education, and anti-poverty appropriations bill back to Congress. Mr. Nixon called the measure untimely, misdirected, and most important, inflationary.

Law
Two key points of the U.S. Selective Service law were settled when the Supreme Court ruled that students who lost their draft deferments because of antiwar activities could challenge their reclassification in court, and that the Selective Service System lacked the legal authority to declare students delinquent for turning in their draft cards.

Television
More than 120 models of colour television sets were termed extraordinary fire hazards by the U.S. National Commission on Product Safety. A federal fact-finding agency, the commission called on the 11 manufacturers of the models to repair or replace them.

Boxing
Heavyweight contender George Foreman earned his 15th win in as many professional fights (and 13th knockout) with a 5-round knockout of Jack O’Halloran (18-6-2) at Madison Square Garden in New York. On the undercard, Chuck Wepner (20-5-2) won a unanimous 10-round decision over Manuel Ramos (23-10-2) in another heavyweight bout.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rock With You--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rock With You--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Do That To Me One More Time--The Captain and Tennille
3 Coward of the County--Kenny Rogers
4 Cruisin'--Smokey Robinson
5 Escape (The Pina Colada Song)--Rupert Holmes
6 Ladies Night--Kool & the Gang
7 We Don't Talk Anymore--Cliff Richard
8 Don't Do Me Like That--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
9 Sara--Fleetwood Mac
10 This is It--Kenny Loggins

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 8 @ Toronto 3

25 years ago
1985

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Like a Virgin--Madonna (5th week at #1)
2 All I Need--Jack Wagner
3 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
4 Run to You--Bryan Adams
5 You're the Inspiration--Chicago
6 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey with Phil Collins
7 Do They Know It's Christmas?--Band Aid
8 Born in the U.S.A.--Brice Springsteen
9 Cool it Now--New Edition
10 I Would Die 4 U--Prince and the Revolution

20 years ago
1990


Law
A Canadian inquiry’s report said that the justice system that was supposed to protect him "failed Donald Marshall at every turn." Mr. Marshall, a Micmac Indian, spent 11 years in prison for a 1971 murder that he did not commit. The inquiry into his wrongful conviction and the subsequent mishandling of appeals found that Nova Scotia’s justice system was both incompetent and racist in the handling of his case. False testimony was given at Mr. Marshall’s trial by the police chief in charge of the case, who also pressured young witnesses to falsify stories. The investigation also found that crucial evidence that could have exonerated Mr. Marshall was kept from his lawyer, who was preparing an appeal. The report was also highly critical of a 1983 Nova Scotia Court of Appeal ruling which, although it found Mr. Marshall innocent of the crime, said he was partly to blame for the false conviction because he had lied to police.

World events
U.S. District Court Judge William Hoeveler ordered former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega held in custody in Florida without bail.

Politics and government
Romanian Vice-President Dumitru Mazilu resigned and accused the regime of the National Salvation Front of using "Stalinist practices."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the gross national product grew 2.9% (later revised to 3.0%) for 1989, down from 4.4% for 1988.

10 years ago
2000

Died on this date
Don Budge, 84
. U.S. tennis player. Mr. Budge was the first player to win the Grand Slam, winning in Australia, France, England (Wimbledon), and U.S.A.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Orrin Hatch withdrew from the contest for the Republican party presidential nomination for 2000 after taking just 1% of the vote in the Iowa caucuses two days earlier. Sen. Hatch endorsed Texas Governor George W. Bush. The remaining candidates in the Republican and Democratic parties debated in Manchester, New Hampshire. Senator and Democratic presidential candidate Bill Bradley criticized Vice-President Al Gore on a broad front and accused him of not telling the truth in charges he made during the campaign.

Sunday, 24 January 2010

January 25, 2010

120 years ago
1890


Adventure
Nellie Bly, a reporter for the New York World, bested Jules Verne's Around the World in 80 Days by completing her circumnavigation in 72 days.

Labour
United Mine Workers of America was founded.

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Interrupted Voyage

Crime
Four days after being convicted of two counts of perjury, U.S. diplomat and accused Soviet spy Alger Hiss was sentenced to five years in prison.

50 years ago
1960


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Zlata Antunovic!

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Running Bear--Johnny Preston (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1970


Politics and government
Former Czechoslovakian Premier Alexander Dubcek, whose "Prague Spring" reform movement had been crushed by an invasion of Soviet tanks in August 1968, left the country to take up his new position as Ambassador to Turkey.

Disasters
25 people were killed when a bus plunged into a ravine near San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

A plane carrying Mexican reporters crashed near Poza Rica, killing 19 of 20 aboard.

30 years ago
1980


World events
Two days after dissident Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov had been sent into exile, the Soviet news agency Tass reported that, "for humane considerations and taking Sakharov’s previous services into account," he would not be put on trial.

Politics and government
Finance Minister Abolhassan Bani-Sadr was elected President of Iran with 75% of the vote. He had been the only revolutionary leader to openly criticize the militants who had seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Labor Department reported that consumer prices rose 13.3% in 1979, the largest annual increase in 33 years. Since the beginning of such record-keeping in 1912, only 1917-1919 and 1946 had shown greater rises. The December increase in the Consumer Price Index was 1.2%, the highest in nearly a year. Large increases in the cost of energy and housing led the increases for both the month and the year. It was reported that the purchasing power of workers for the year had declined by 5.3%.

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush announced his support for a $1 billion package of cash, loans, and other types of aid to help rebuild the devastated economy of Panama.

Disasters
A Colombian jetliner apparently ran out of fuel over Long Island in New York and crashed into a wooded area in the community of Cove Neck. 73 of the 161 people aboard were killed and the rest injured. The plane, en route from Bogota via Medellin, was to have landed at Kennedy International Airport. The landing was delayed for more than an hour because of bad weather. About 50 minutes before the crash, the pilot told the air traffic controllers that he needed a priority landing because of low fuel.

Hurricane-force winds caused the deaths of at least 39 people in England and Wales and at least 21 people elsewhere in Europe.

10 years ago
2000


Crime
Shannon Murrin, who had spent five years in prison awaiting trial, was found not guilty in Vancouver, British Columbia of murdering 8-year-old Mindy Tran of Kelowna, B.C. in 1994.

January 24, 2010

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Music Box Murder Case

50 years ago
1960


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Diana Ganske!

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Two Little Boys--Rolf Harris (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Want You Back--The Jackson 5
2 Venus--The Shocking Blue
3 Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head--B.J. Thomas
4 Whole Lotta Love--Led Zeppelin
5 Someday We'll Be Together--Diana Ross and the Supremes
6 Don't Cry Daddy--Elvis Presley
7 Jam Up Jelly Tight--Tommy Roe
8 Jingle Jangle--The Archies
9 Without Love (There is Nothing)--Tom Jones
10 I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Dionne Warwick

Calgary’s top 10
1 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
2 Don’t Cry Daddy--Elvis Presley
3 That’s Where I Went Wrong--The Poppy Family
4 Cold Turkey--Plastic Ono Band
5 No Time--The Guess Who
6 La La La (If I Had You)--Bobby Sherman
7 Venus--The Shocking Blue
8 Jam Up Jelly Tight--Tommy Roe
9 I Want You Back--The Jackson 5
10 Fancy--Bobbie Gentry
Pick hit of the week: Sunday Mornin’--Oliver

Died on this date
James "Shep" Sheppard, 34
. U.S. singer and songwriter. Mr. Sheppard was the lead singer of the doo-wop group The Heartbeats, who released a number of singles in the 1950s, the most successful of which was A Thousand Miles Away, which reached #5 on the Billboard rhythm and blues chart in 1956, #53 on the Top 100 pop chart in 1957. The group disbanded in 1959, and two years later, Mr. Sheppard founded Shep and the Limelites, who recorded a sequel to A Thousand Miles Away: Daddy’s Home hit #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the spring of 1961. The group’s only other major chart success came with Our Anniversary, which went to #7 on the r&b chart (#59 pop) in 1962. Shep and the Limelites disbanded in 1966, but reunited in early 1970 to perform on the oldies circuit. The reunion ended when Mr. Sheppard was found shot to death in his car on the Long Island Expressway.

World events
Reports indicated that incidents of pillaging, brutality, and indiscipline among Nigerian troops in the southern portion of the former Biafran enclave had reached such proportions that they were becoming a serious problem to the Nigerian government, which was using savage punishments against the rampaging troops.

Crime
The U.S. Defense Department disclosed that another soldier was under investigation for the March 16, 1968 My Lai massacre in South Vietnam. There were now 33 men facing charges or under investigation--an increase of seven since November 1969--in the incident. Besides the four already charged, ten were still in the service and 19 had become civilians.

Diplomacy
Although they were theoretically still at war, it was announced that Greece and Albania agreed to re-establish trade relations that had been broken 30 years earlier. Details of the agreement were not disclosed.

Disasters
The explosion of an army truck carrying munitions in the Israeli port of Elath killed 18 Israeli soldiers and injured 42 others. Army authorities said that nothing had been discovered so far to indicate sabotage.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 20 (CHED)
1 I Don’t Like Mondays--The Boomtown Rats
2 Coward of the County--Kenny Rogers
3 Video Killed the Radio Star--The Buggles
4 Jane--Jefferson Starship
5 Do That to Me One More Time--The Captain and Tennille
6 Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen
7 Don’t Do Me Like That--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
8 The Long Run--Eagles
9 Chiquitita--Abba
10 Yes I’m Ready--Teri DeSario with K.C.
11 Rock With You--Michael Jackson
12 Babe--Styx
13 Tiny Thing--Jenson Interceptor
14 Message in a Bottle--The Police
15 Why Me--Styx
16 Please Don’t Go--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
17 Say Hello--April Wine
18 This is It--Kenny Loggins
19 Find Your Way--Surrender
20 A Night to Remember--Prism

Jenson Interceptor was a group from Edmonton.

Defense
In a major policy change linked to the recent Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the United States announced that it was willing to sell military equipment to China for the first time.

Business
The heirs of Joan Whitney Payson, who had owned the New York Mets since the National League team’s creation in 1962, sold the franchise to Nelson Doubleday of the book publishing family and Fred Wilpon, a Long Island real estate developer, for a reported $21.1 million, the most ever paid for a major league baseball franchise at the time.

20 years ago
1990


Abominations
The Canadian federal government introduced its Goods and Services Tax (GST) in the House of Commons. The GST, which would replace the existing 13.5% manufacturing sales tax with a 9% tax on most goods and services, had been widely criticized since Finance Minister Michael Wilson had announced it as part of the previous year’s budget. Both the Liberal and New Democratic opposition parties vowed to fight the GST, which the governing Progressive Conservatives said would take effect on January 1, 1991.

Protest
The Romanian government outlawed unauthorized demonstrations.

10 years ago
2000


World events
Thai security forces stormed a hospital and killed 10 heavily-armed insurgents from a Myanmarese rebel group who had taken 700 patients, visitors, and staff hostage.

Politics and government
The 2000 U.S. presidential race got under way with the Iowa caucuses in both the Republican and Democratic parties. Texas Governor George W. Bush won the Republican caucus with 41% of the vote, followed by publisher Steve Forbes (30%); former ambassador Alan Keyes (14%); conservative activist Gary Bauer (9%); U.S. Senator John McCain, who did not campaign in the state (5%); and Sen. Orrin Hatch (1%). Vice-President Al Gore won the Democratic caucus with 63% of the vote to 35% for Sen. Bill Bradley.

The first round of elections for the presidency of Croatia took place. Stjepan Mesic, executive vice-president of the Croatian People’s Party, led over Drazen Budisa. The election was necessitated by the death of President Franjo Tudjman on December 10, 1999.

Crime
James Kopp, an American Roman Catholic anti-abortion terrorist, was named in a Canada-wide warrant charging him with the attempted murder in 1995 of Hugh Short, an abortionist from the Hamilton, Ontario area. Mr. Kopp, a fugitive, was already wanted in the U.S.A. for the 1998 murder of Barnett Slepian, an abortionist who practiced in Buffalo, New York.

Saturday, 23 January 2010

January 23, 2010

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Why--Anthony Newley (2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Running Bear--Johnny Preston
2 Why--Frankie Avalon
3 El Paso--Marty Robbins
4 Way Down Yonder in New Orleans--Freddie Cannon
5 The Big Hurt--Miss Toni Fisher
6 Teen Angel--Mark Dinning
7 Pretty Blue Eyes--Steve Lawrence
8 You Got What it Takes--Marv Johnson
9 Go, Jimmy, Go--Jimmy Clanton
10 It's Time to Cry--Paul Anka

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10
1 Don’t Cry Daddy--Elvis Presley
2 Fancy--Bobbie Gentry
3 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
4 Cold Turkey--Plastic Ono Band
5 That’s Where I Went Wrong--The Poppy Family
6 Whole Lotta Love--Led Zeppelin
7 Up on Cripple Creek--The Band
8 Groovy Grubworm--Harlow Wilcox and the Oakies
9 Venus--The Shocking Blue
10 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary

Space
The United States launched ITOS-I, a second-generation weather satellite, carrying television, automatic picture transmission, and scanning radiometers for global cloud data and local readout both day and night.

War
Israel announced that its troops had withdrawn from Shadwan Island, an Egyptian island that guarded the entrance to the Gulf of Suez, after completely neutralizing it as a military installation. A radar base and other equipment--and 62 prisoners--were taken by the Israelis. 70 Egyptians were killed during the 30-hour operation which had begun the previous day.

World events
Human suffering and devastation in the northern area of the territory that was Biafra were reported to be widespread. Relief efforts in the region were said to be slow and inadequate, but Nigerian Army soldiers were reported to be behaving well.

Ivory Coast announced that General Odumegwu Ojukwu, who had led Biafra’s unsuccessful attempt to secede from Nigeria before fleeing the country on January 12, had been granted asylum. It was said that he would refrain from political activities.

Law
Israel’s High Court ruled, by a 5-4 vote, that Lieutenant Commander Benjamin Shalit, an Israeli naval officer, could register his children, whose mother was not Jewish, as Jewish by nationality rather than by religion. According to Jewish practice, a child’s religious affiliation is determined by that of the mother.

Religion
Building on youth, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints chose 93-year-old Joseph Fielding Smith, a grand-nephew of Mormon founder Joseph Smith, to be their new Prophet, Seer, and Revelator. Mr. Smith was the author of 20 books and was considered the church’s leading expert on theology. He succeeded David O. McKay, who had died five days earlier at the age of 96.

30 years ago
1980


Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter delivered his annual State of the Union address, saying, "It has never been more clear that the state of our union depends on the state of the world." The crises in Iran and Afghanistan dramatized how "our excessive dependence on foreign oil is a clear and present danger to our nation’s security." President Carter warned that the United States was prepared to go to war if necessary to protect the oil supply routes of the Persian Gulf region; he said he would soon submit legislation providing incentives for electric utilities to convert from oil and natural gas to other fuels, especially coal. In preparation for an emergency, an improved standby program for gasoline rationing would also be proposed. To improve the country’s readiness for international action, Mr. Carter asked Congress to remove "unwarranted restraints" on U.S. intelligence-gathering capabilities, and said that he would seek the authority to resume Selective Service registration to insure that the nation could "meet future mobilization needs rapidly if they arise." Few new domestic goals were outlined in Mr. Carter’s message. "Restraining inflation remains my highest domestic priority," he said. He proposed spending an additional $2 billion over the next two years to provide job training for unemployed young people. He said he would propose extending general revenue-sharing at the current levels for another five years. Mr. Carter said he would also ask Congress to reorganize the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and would press for a "comprehensive program" for safe disposal of nuclear waste.

World events
The U.S.S.R. government newspaper Izvestia accused dissident physicist Andrei Sakharov, who had been sent into exile in Gorky the previous day, of divulging state secrets to foreign diplomats and journalists and slandering the Soviet Union.

20 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Powers That Be

War
Three days after Soviet forces had invaded the Azerbaijani capital of Baku, the death toll stood at 93.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 4 Edmonton 3

10 years ago
2000


World events
Gustavo Noboa Bejarano, installed as Ecuador’s President the previous day in a return to civilian rule the day after President Jamil Mahuad Witt had been forced out of office, said that military officers who had taken part in the overthrow of Mr. Mahuad would face criminal charges.

Weather
Northern lights were visible in Edmonton.

Football
NFL
AFC Championship
Tennessee 33 @ Jacksonville 14

NFC Championship
Tampa Bay 6 @ St. Louis 11

Friday, 22 January 2010

January 22, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nancy Lear!

70 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Cardboard Box

50 years ago
1960


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Hitch-Hiker, starring Inger Stevens and Leonard Strong

This was the only episode of The Twilight Zone that was based on a radio play. Lucille Fletcher wrote the original drama, which was performed on The Mercury Theatre on the Air in 1941, starring Orson Welles. A shorter version was later broadcast as an episode of Suspense, again starring Mr. Welles. Rod Serling adapted The Hitch-Hiker for television.

40 years ago
1970


World events
Eight army officers and three civilians were executed in Iraq--following 16 executions the previous day--as the repercussions of an unsuccessful right-wing coup attempt began to spread. In addition, seven Iraqis convicted of spying were hanged.

Defense
The French press almost universally condemned the government’s announcement of the previous day that 100 Mirage fighter jets would be sold to Libya. The newspapers felt they had been deceived, and reacted with shock over what they interpreted as a policy of putting oil and trade above morality.

Politics and government
U.S. President Richard Nixon delivered his first State of the Union address, committing himself to achieving world peace, including a "just" settlement of the Vietnam War, saying that the chance for peace was now "far greater" than it was the previous January. He cited talks with the U.S.S.R. and Communist China as examples of the relations required to assure peace for the next generation. Mr. Nixon emphasized an improved quality of life and proposed a $10-billion program to clean up the nation’s waters--but its annual cost would be less than Congress had already authorized. He also called for a stepped-up fight against crime and pollution.

Crime
Paul Gilley, Claude Vealey, and Buddy Martin, arrested in Cleveland the day before, were formally charged with the murders of United Mine Workers of America official Jock Yablonski and his wife and daughter, whose bodies were discovered in their Clarksville, Pennsylvania home on January 5.

Disasters
Eight people were killed in a plane crash near Aspen, Colorado.

30 years ago
1980


World events
Nobel Prize-winning physicist Andrei Sakharov, one of the U.S.S.R.’s best-known dissidents, was arrested and sent from Moscow into internal exile in Gorky, an industrial city 250 miles east of Moscow. He was also stripped of his title Hero of Socialist Labour and all other Soviet awards. The Soviet news agency Tass charged that Dr. Sakharov "has been conducting subversive activities against the Soviet state for a number of years" and "lately embarked on the road of open calls to reactionary circles of imperialist states to interfere in the U.S.S.R.’s internal affairs."

Golf
The PGA's Tournament Policy Board approved plans to create a new Senior PGA Tour for players 50 years of age and over.

25 years ago
1985

Politics and government

Helen Hunley, a former cabinet minister in the Progressive Conservative provincial government of Premier Peter Lougheed, was installed as Alberta's Lieutenant-Governor, replacing Frank Lynch-Staunton.

20 years ago
1990


World events
The Azerbaijani parliament threatened to secede from the U.S.S.R. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, in a televised address, used the John Turner "I had no option" defense to justify the use of Soviet troops to invade the Azerbaijani capital of Baku, which had begun two days earlier.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
The day after a mass protest had forced Ecuadorean President Jamil Mahuad Witt out of office, General Carlos Mendoza, acting Defense Minister and leader of the three-man junta that had replaced Mr. Mahuad, dissolved the junta in order to allow Vice-President Gustavo Noboa Bejarano to take power and preserve civilian rule. Congress approved Mr. Noboa as President.

War
Russian President Vladimir Putin brought in a new commander of Interior Ministry troops attempting to clear rebels from Grozny, capital of the rebellious republic of Chechnya.

Protest
One million people gathered in Madrid to protest a car-bomb attack that had been blamed on Basque separatists.

Weather
Heavy rain and high seas, backed by gale-force winds, caused major flooding and extensive property damage on the south coast of Newfoundland. The largest of the waves was between 50 and 60 feet travelling at about 55-70 miles per hour. Environment Canada said it was the largest set of waves to strike Newfoundland since the 1929 tsunami in the Burin Peninsula.

Wednesday, 20 January 2010

January 21, 2010

60 years ago
1950

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Can Dream, Can't I?--The Andrews Sisters (3rd week at #1)
2 Mule Train--Frankie Laine and the Muleskinners
--Bing Crosby
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Tennessee Ernie
3 Dear Hearts and Gentle People--Bing Crosby
--Dinah Shore
4 A Dreamer's Holiday--Perry Como
--Buddy Clark with the Girl Friends
5 The Old Master Painter--Dick Haymes
--Richard Hayes
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
6 Slipping Around--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
7 Don't Cry, Joe--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
8 Johnson Rag--Jack Teter Trio
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Original "Dorseyland" Jazz Band
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
9 There's No Tomorrow--Tony Martin
10 Jealous Heart--Al Morgan

Died on this date
George Orwell, 46
. U.K. author. The author of Animal Farm (1945) and 1984 (1949) died after a three-year battle with tuberculosis.

Crime
Former U.S. State Department official Alger Hiss was found guilty of two counts of perjury by a jury in New York. It was his second trial, the first having ended with a hung jury in July 1949. Mr. Hiss had been accused by Time magazine editor and former Communist Whittaker Chambers, in testimony before the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities in 1948, of having been a member of a Communist Party underground and a spy for the Soviet Union. Mr. Hiss denied the charges, and since the statute of limitations on espionage had expired, Mr. Hiss was charged with perjury instead. The conviction of Hiss was a boost to the political career of California Congressman Richard Nixon, who had continued to press the case when many others wanted to give up.

40 years ago
1970


Defense
French Defense Minister Michel Debre disclosed that France was selling 100 Mirage jet fighter planes to Libya, twice the number originally announced on January 9. The deal included an additional 30 ultrasophisticated Mirage 3s. Israeli officials were bitter about the sale, particularly since the French had imposed an arms embargo and refused to ship 50 Mirages for which Israel had already paid. Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban voiced his country’s fear that the planes would be given to Egypt to use against Israel upon delivery in 1972-1973, since the Libyan government lacked pilots to fly the advanced jets. The sale also caused tension between France and the United States, where the U.S. State Department warned French Ambassador Charles Lucet that the arms deal could upset the Middle East arms balance. Both the French press and the opposition denounced the action.

World events
Peru seized an American tuna fishing boat and exacted a fine for invasion of Peru’s 200-mile "territorial waters" limit.

Crime
The December 4, 1969 slaying of Black Panther leaders Fred Hampton and Mark Clark by Chicago police in a predawn raid was ruled "justifiable" by a special coroner’s jury.

Law
U.S. Supreme Court nominee G. Harrold Carswell of Florida disavowed a speech he’d made in 1948 during a campaign for the Georgia legislature in which he’d said that he would always be governed by the "principles of white supremacy."

Business
Stockholders of American Telephone and Telegraph Company were asked to support a 30-year financing package worth a total of $3.1 billion so that the company could meet its expansion needs. If successful, it would be the largest corporate financing ever.

Aviation
The inaugural transatlantic commercial flight of the Boeing 747, the first of a new generation of jumbo jets, started almost 7 hours late. Engine trouble a few minutes before the scheduled takeoff forced Pan American World Airways to substitute a second plane for the flight from New York to London.

Disasters
A U.S. Navy cargo ship crashed through the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel after strong winds ripped the vessel from its mooring 2,500 yards away. There were no reported injuries, but damage was heavy.

30 years ago
1980


Politics and government
Precinct caucuses in Iowa gave U.S. President Jimmy Carter 59% of the vote to U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy’s 31% in the contest for the Democratic party nomination for President for 1980. In the Republican party, George Bush took 32% to 29% for Ronald Reagan and 16% for Senator Howard Baker. The votes represented the preferences of delegates chosen for the next stage of the delegate selection process, the county caucuses. The results were an unexpected blow to Sen. Kennedy and a boost to Mr. Bush.

Disasters
An Iranian jetliner on a domestic flight from the eastern city of Meshed to Tehran crashed about 20 miles northeast of Tehran, killing all 128 people aboard.

25 years ago
1985


Politics and government
The public ceremony to mark the inauguration of Ronald Reagan’s second term as 40th President of the United States took place in Washington. Since the official inauguration date of January 20 had fallen on a Sunday, Mr. Reagan had taken the oath of office privately that day.

20 years ago
1990


Hockey
NHL All-Star Game @ Pittsburgh Civic Arena
Prince of Wales Conference 12 Clarence S. Campbell Conference 7

Mario Lemieux of the hometown Penguins scored 4 goals, including 3 on his first 3 shots, and was voted the game’s Most Valuable Player. The score indicated that the All-Star Game was no longer a true hockey game, but simply a pathetic exhibition of no-body-contact offense. As a measure of how seriously it was regarded in the U.S.A., the NHL All-Star Game, which used to be televised in prime time on a Tuesday, took place on a Sunday afternoon. 17,503 were in attendance.

Tennis
John McEnroe threw his racquet and a tantrum at the Australian Open and became the first player to be disqualified from a Grand Slam event for misconduct since 1963.

10 years ago
2000


World events
A protest movement led by Ecuador’s indigenous population forced President Jamil Mahuad Witt out of office. Mr. Mahuad’s plan to end the nation’s economic crisis--inflation was 60% in 1999--included a proposal to replace the sucre, Ecuador’s plummeting currency, with the U.S. dollar. Opponents of the plan feared the move would hurt poor people. As thousands of protesters massed at the Congress building, troops allowed them to pour inside. Mr. Mahuad fled his palace, and a three-man junta was established, led by acting Defense Minister General Carlos Mendoza.

Politics and government
The government of Canada rescinded its offer of tax breaks to keep National Hockey League teams in Canada. The offer had been made on January 18 and had set off a storm of protest across the country.

Weather
Atlantic Canada was hit by almost 2 feet of snow. In Charlottetown, the combination of hurricane-force winds and the highest tides of the season caused harbour water to surge ashore, prompting city work crews to build snowbanks to hold back the rising sea water.

Tuesday, 19 January 2010

January 20, 2010

100 years ago
1910

Hockey

Stanley Cup
Edmonton (AAHA) 7 @Ottawa 13 (Ottawa won 2-game total goals series 21-11)

Bruce Stuart scored 5 goals for Ottawa, with Gordon Roberts and Bruce Ridpath scoring 3 goals each. Hamby Shore and Marty Walsh each scored a goal for Ottawa as they retained the Stanley Cup at The Arena. Fred Whitcroft scored 3 goals for Edmnton, champions of the Alberta Amateur Hockey Association. Harold Deeton and Bert Boulton each scored 2 goals for Edmonton.

75 years ago
1935


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Dual Personality

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Milt Plum!
Mr. Plum was a quarterback for the Cleveland Browns (1957-1961); Detroit Lions (1962-1967); Los Angeles Rams (1968); and New York Giants (1969). While with the Browns he became the first quarterback to receive instructions from his coach (Paul Brown) by means of a radio receiver in his helmet. Mr. Plum’s best season was 1960, when he completed 60% of his passes and threw 21 touchdown passes and just 5 interceptions. He was one of the Lions’ quarterbacks in 1963, the year George Plimpton attended the team’s training camp as a quarterback, which led to the book and movie Paper Lion.

60 years ago
1950


Football
NFL
The National Football League Rules Committee voted to allow unlimited free substitution of players, quickly opening the way for the era of two-platoon football and specialization of positions such as field goal kickers.

40 years ago
1970


Space
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced budget cuts that would result in the layoff of 50,000 workers, reduction in Saturn V rocket production, and the stretching out of lunar landing schedules. NASA Administrator Thomas O. Paine told a news conference that the program "contains the basic ingredients needed for an effective space program in the 1970s." Mr. Paine said that he had ordered: Suspension of production of the Saturn V rocket for an indefinite period after the completion of Saturn V 515; A stretching out of Apollo lunar missions to six-month launch intervals, with deferment of lunar expeditions entirely during orbital flights of the so-called AAP (Apollo Applications) space station in 1972; postponement of launch of the Viking Mars unmanned landing spacecraft from 1973 to the next Mars opportunity in 1975. Mr. Paine announced that the Apollo expeditions to the moon would continue through Apollo 19; that one Saturn V previously scheduled for an Apollo lunar flight would be used to launch the first experimental AAP space station into earth orbit in 1972; and that NASA would begin design of a reusable space shuttle. He also said that two unmanned spacecraft would be sent to orbit Mars in 1971; the first probe to Jupiter would be sent in 1972; and a spacecraft would be sent past Venus and Mercury in 1973.

Diplomacy
In what was described as a useful and businesslike meeting, the U.S.A. and Communist China resumed formal talks in Warsaw after a two-year suspension. American Ambassador Walter Stoessel said that "a number of matters of mutual interest" had been discussed.

U.S. Ambassador Charles Yost told the U.S.S.R. that the U.S.A. would stand by its latest proposals for a Middle East peace settlement and make no further concessions.

U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew met with Australian cabinet ministers in Canberra. A small crowd of anti-Vietnam war protesters gathered outside the parliament building shouting "Go home, CIA."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board authorized sizeable increases in the interest rates paid by commercial banks on both passbook and corporate accounts. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation announced similar changes for savings banks.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate, controlled by the Democratic party, challenged the administration of President Richard Nixon by voting 74-17 to pass a $19.7-billion health, education, and anti-poverty appropriations bill that Mr. Nixon said he would veto as inflationary. The bill, already passed by the House of Representatives, provided $1.1 billion more than the administration requested.

Society
U.S. Senator George McGovern (Democrat--South Dakota), a critic of President Richard Nixon’s welfare plan, said that the federal government should pay parents an allowance of $50-$65 per month for each child, regardless of the family’s income level.

30 years ago
1980


Olympics
Declaring that "it is very important for the world to realize how serious a threat the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan is," U.S. President Jimmy Carter said that if Soviet troops were not withdrawn from Afghanistan in a month, he would ask the United States Olympic Committee to urge the International Olympic Committee to transfer or cancel the summer games, scheduled to be held in Moscow. Failing that, Mr. Carter said he would suggest to the USOC that it formally withdraw American athletes from the games.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, challenging President Jimmy Carter for the 1980 Democratic party presidential nomination, suggested that Mr. Carter’s reversal of policy over a Soviet combat brigade in Cuba in September 1979 may have influenced the U.S.S.R.’s decision to invade Afghanistan. Sen. Kennedy’s comments were made the day before the Iowa caucus votes on presidential candidates of both the Democrats and Republicans.

Disasters
While 40,000 fans cheered scores of men in a bullring in Sincelejo, Colombia who were running from several bulls, five sections of overcrowded wooden bleachers collapsed, killing at least 222 people and injuring at least 500 more. Heavy rains had softened the ground beneath the bleachers until their wooden supports slipped under the weight of 3,000 spectators. "In 30 seconds the stands crashed down like a castle of cards," a newsman at the scene reported.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XIV @ Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Pittsburgh 31 Los Angeles 19

Pittsburgh quarterback Terry Bradshaw completed 14 of 21 passes for 309 yards and 2 touchdowns in leading the Steelers to their second straight Super Bowl win and fourth in the last six years. A 41-yard field goal by Matt Bahr gave the Steelers an early 3-0 lead, but the Rams came back with a 1-yard touchdown rush by Cullen Bryant, converted by Frank Corral, to take a 7-3 lead. The Steelers were driving as the first quarter ended, and the drive finished early in the second quarter with a 1-yard touchdown run by Franco Harris, converted by Mr. Bahr, to give Pittsburgh a 10-7 lead. The Rams came back with 2 field goals by Mr. Corral to take a 13-10 halftime lead. The Steelers struck early in the third quarter when Lynn Swann made a spectacular catch for a 47-yard touchdown, converted by Mr. Bahr, to give Pittsburgh a 17-13 lead. Los Angeles replied with a 24-yard touchdown pass from Vince Ferragamo to Ron Smith. Mr. Corral missed the convert, leaving the Rams with a 19-17 lead. The Steelers mounted drives deep into Los Angeles territory before the third quarter ended, but both drives ended with interceptions by the Rams. Ken Clark’s 59-yard punt backed the Steelers up at their own 25-yard line, but on a third down and 8 yards to go, Mr. Bradshaw connected with John Stallworth for a 73-yard touchdown, converted by Mr. Bahr, to go ahead 24-19. Mr. Ferragamo later brought the Rams back downfield, but Pittsburgh linebacker Jack Lambert snuffed out the drive with an interception at his own 32 with just under 6 minutes remaining. Mr. Bradshaw again connected with Mr. Stallworth for a big gain, 45 yards to the Los Angeles 22. Several plays later, Mr. Harris scored on another 1-yard run, with Mr. Bahr converting to make the score 31-19. The Rams drove to the Pittsburgh 37-yard line, but turned the ball over on downs with 39 seconds left. Mr. Stallworth finished with 121 yards on 3 receptions, while Mr. Swann caught 5 for 79. Mr. Harris caught 5 for 66 and rushed for 44 yards and 2 touchdowns. Mr. Ferragamo completed 15 of 25 passes for 212 yards. Billy Waddy led the Rams with 3 catches for 75 yards. Wendell Tyler of Los Angeles led all rushers with 60 yards. 103,985 were in attendance at the Rose Bowl.

25 years ago
1985


Politics and government
Ronald Reagan began his second term as President of the United States. Because it was a Sunday, Mr. Reagan took the oath of office in private. The public ceremony took place the next day.

Television
This year’s Super Bowl telecast marked the first time that television commercials ran for a million dollars per minute. It was the first Super Bowl to be televised on ABC: Frank Gifford called the play-by-play--the only time he did so for a Super Bowl--and Don Meredith, in his last game as a broadcaster, provided colour commentary along with Washington Redskins’ quarterback Joe Theismann.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XIX @ Stanford Stadium, Palo Alto, California
San Francisco 38 Miami 16

San Francisco quarterback Joe Montana completed 24 of 35 passes for 331 yards and 3 touchdowns, and rushed 5 times for 59 yards and a touchdown to earn the nod as the game’s Most Valuable Player. Roger Craig caught 2 of Mr. Montana’s touchdown passes, with the other going to Carl Monroe. Mr. Craig also rushed for a touchdown, becoming the first player ever to score 3 touchdowns in a Super Bowl. He finished with 58 yards rushing and 77 yards receiving. Ray Wersching kicked 5 converts and a field goal for the 49ers. Miami quarterback Dan Marino completed 29 of 50 passes for 318 yards, 1 touchdown and 2 interceptions; his touchdown pass was a 2-yard completion to Dan Johnson in the first quarter. Uwe von Schamann converted and added 3 field goals to complete the Dolphins’ scoring. Most of the action came in the first half, as the 49ers built up a 28-16 lead. 84,059 were in attendance at Stanford Stadium.

20 years ago
1990


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly
2 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
3 Don't Know Much--Linda Ronstadt (featuring Aaron Neville)
4 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
5 How am I Supposed to Live Without You--Michael Bolton
6 Just Like Jesse James--Cher
7 Just Between You and Me--Lou Gramm
8 With Every Beat of My Heart--Taylor Dayne
9 This One's for the Children--New Kids on the Block
10 Everything--Jody Watley

War
Soviet troops, led by tanks, forced their way into Baku, the capital of the dissident republic of Azerbaijan.

10 years ago
2000


At the movies
This blogger attended a preview screening of Sweet and Lowdown, written and directed by Woody Allen and starring Sean Penn and Samantha Morton. The movie was a considerable improvement over Mr. Allen’s most recent movie, Celebrity, released in 1998.

Space
There was a lunar eclipse tonight, visible in Edmonton.

January 19, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inese!

100 years ago
1910


Hockey
NHA
Montreal Canadiens 4 @ Renfrew 9
Newsy Lalonde scored 3 goals for the Canadiens in their first official game.

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Escape, on CBS

40 years ago
1970


Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General U Thant flew to Paris after a one-day visit to Nigeria, apparently satisfied that conditions of distress in the former Biafra region were not as serious as reported. He said there was "need for relief," and that the UN would help.

Health
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration urged the nation’s physicians to pay close attention to the risks said to be involved in the use of birth control pills. In letters sent to more than 300,000 doctors, he agency referred to new labelling that warned of blood clot problems and told doctors to inform their patients of the hazards.

Law
U.S. President Richard Nixon nominated Judge Harrold Carswell of Florida to fill the vacancy on the U.S. Supreme Court caused by the resignation of Abe Fortas the previous year. Judge Carswell was regarded as a conservative.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Labor Department reported that national consumer prices had risen 6.1% in 1969, by far the worst inflation since 1951.

30 years ago
1980

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rock With You--Michael Jackson

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rock With You--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)
2 Do That to Me One More Time--The Captain and Tennille
3 Escape (The Pina Colada Song)--Rupert Holmes
4 Coward of the County--Kenny Rogers
5 Ladies Night--Kool & the Gang
6 We Don't Talk Anymore-Cliff Richard
7 Cruisin'--Smokey Robinson
8 Please Don't Go--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
9 Jane--Jefferson Starship
10 Don't Do Me Like That--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers

Died on this date
William O. Douglas, 81
. U.S. Supreme Court Justice, 1939-1975. Mr. Douglas was chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission from 1937-1939 and was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He served the longest term in that court’s history, making his mark as an advocate of civil liberties. Perhaps his best-known ruling was in Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), where he invented a so-called "right to privacy." Mr. Douglas appears to have been an earlier version of Bill Clinton: an inveterate womanizer who survived impeachment attempts, and whose life story was largely fabricated--with the added feature of being a heavy drinker. For more on this slimy individual, go here.

Economics and finance
The United States government agreed to buy another 2.5 million tons of undelivered grain not affected by the decision 12 days earlier to embargo grain from delivery to the U.S.S.R., under a separate 1976 agreement to deliver 8 million tons a year to the Soviets for five years. Price levels of corn had returned to what they were before the announcement of the embargo; soybean prices were higher, and wheat prices were rapidly recovering.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 7 Toronto 2
Edmonton 5 Pittsburgh 2

25 years ago
1985

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Like a Virgin--Madonna (4th week at #1)
2 All I Need--Jack Wagner
3 Cool it Now--New Edition
4 Run to You--Bryan Adams
5 You're the Inspiration--Chicago
6 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
7 Do They Know It's Christmas?--Band Aid
8 Born in the U.S.A.--Bruce Springsteen
9 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
10 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey with Phil Collins

20 years ago
1990


Scandal
Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry was arraigned in U.S. District Court on a misdemeanour charge of wilfully possessing cocaine, the day after his arrest at the Vista International Hotel in downtown Washington.

Abominations
Eight Salvadoran military officers and soldiers plus a ninth still being sought were indicted for the murders of six Jesuit priests and two other people in San Salvador in November 1989. The eight in custody pled not guilty.

Protest
Several hundred people showed up at Jan Smuts Airport in Johannesburg to protest the arrival of rebel cricketers from England who were defying a ban on playing in South Africa.

Society
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. cancelled its plan to test-market Uptown, a new brand of cigarette aimed at Negro consumers, saying that "the unfair and biased attention the brand had received" would invalidate the results of the test. The announcement was made the day after U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan had made a speech to medical students at the University of Pennsylvania sharply criticizing the plan.

10 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Hedy Lamarr, 85
. Austrian-born U.S. actress and inventor. Miss Lamarr shot to fame with a nude appearance in the Czech film Ecstasy (1933); she made the move to Hollywood, where her movies included Samson and Delilah (1949) and My Favorite Spy (1951). In 1942 Miss Lamarr and composer George Antheil received a patent for a radio-signalling device, a forerunner of today’s "spread spectrum."

Bettino Craxi, 65. Prime Minister of Italy, 1983-1987. Mr. Craxi was Italy's first Socialist Prime Minister after World War II; he ended his career tainted by corruption.

Boxing
Lazaro Almanza (3-8) won a unanimous 4-round decision over Isaac Poole (2-20) in a heavyweight bout at the Four Ambassadors Hotel in Miami.

Sunday, 17 January 2010

January 18, 2010

175 years ago
1835

Born on this date
César Cui
. Russian military officer and composer. Mr. Cui, who rose to the rank of general, studied and wrote about military fortifications. As a composer, he wrote 15 operas, and is also remembered for songs and chamber works. He died in 1919.

100 years ago
1910

Hockey

Stanley Cup
Edmonton (AAHA) 4 @ Ottawa 8 (Game 1 of 2-game, total goals series)

The Ottawa Hockey Club, defending Stanley Cup and Canadian Hockey Association champions, were challenged by Edmonton, champions of the Alberta Amateur Hockey Association. Gordon Roberts scored 4 goals for Ottawa; Bruce Stuart scored 2, with Marty Walsh and Bruce Ridpath scoring 1 each. Fred Whitcroft scored 2 goals for Edmonton, with Harold Deeton and Hay Millar scoring 1 each. The game was played at The Arena.

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Running Bear--Johnny Preston

Running Bear was written by J.P. Richardson, better known as the Big Bopper, who was killed with Buddy Holly and Ritchie Valens in the famous plane crash of February 3, 1959. Mr. Richardson can be heard supplying some of the background vocals on the recording.

40 years ago
1970

Died on this date
David O. McKay, 96
. U.S. religious figure; President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1951-1970. During his presidency and his 64 years as one of the Mormon Church’s general authorities, Mr. McKay stressed the importance of the church’s educational institutions, and popularized the phrase "every member a missionary." During his presidency, membership in the pseudo-Christian movement of darkness increased from 1.1 million to 2.8 million. He was outspoken in opposition to Communism, and softened, but did not abolish, the prohibition on admission of Negroes of verifiable African descent to the priesthood. In fact, the ban was upheld by Mormon leaders in a statement distributed around the world just 10 days before Mr. McKay’s death.

Disasters
A truck and bus crash near Monlevade, Brazil killed 15 and injured 20.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
West 16 East 13

Gale Sayers of the Chicago Bears was voted the game’s outstanding back; George Andrie of the Dallas Cowboys was the top lineman. Norm Van Brocklin of the Atlanta Falcons was the winning head coach, while Tom Fears of the New Orleans Saints took the loss.

30 years ago
1980


World events
Lord Soames, the British Governor General of Rhodesia, extended the state of emergency in the country until the installation of a new government.

The U.S. government reaffirmed American support for "the unity, independence and territorial integrity of Yugoslavia."

Economics and finance
The price of gold closed at $802 U.S. in New York, $159 more than at the beginning of the week.

The U.S. government announced that the economy had grown a modest 1.4% during the last quarter of 1979, making the growth rate 2.3% for the year.

20 years ago
1990


Crime
The longest and costliest trial in American history concluded in Los Angeles when Peggy McMartin Buckey and her son Raymond Buckey were acquitted on 52 counts of child molestation and conspiracy. The jury was deadlocked on one remaining count against Mrs. Buckey and on 13 counts against her son. The trial lasted 33 months, filled 60,000 pages of transcript, and cost the state of California about $15 million. Based on accounts by young children, seven people had originally been indicted on child molestation charges--incidents that had allegedly occurred at the McMartin Pre-School in Manhattan Beach. Charges against the other five defendants had been dropped for lack of evidence. Raymond Buckey had spent 5 years in jail and his mother 22 months in jail. Some jurors who were interviewed after the verdict said that they had reservations about the technique used to interview children who may have been molested, especially the practice of asking them leading questions. The remaining count against Mrs. Buckey was dismissed, while a mistrial was declared on the remaining counts against David Buckey. The case took place during the era (approximately 1988-1992) of "Satanic panic," when sensationalistic media figures such as Geraldo Rivera and Bob Larson and "Christian" psychotherapists such as Richard Fluornoy were promoting the idea that there was an epidemic of satanic ritual abuse. The McMartin case helped to turn the light on "False Memory Syndrome," where alleged victims have memories planted in them by unethical psychotherapists and then recall events that couldn’t possibly have happened.

Scandal
Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry was arrested by city police and FBI agents on a drug charge. According to reports, law enforcement officials used a former model and friend of Mr. Barry’s to lure him to the Vista International Hotel in downtown Washington. There, according to the FBI, Mr. Barry bought a small amount of crack cocaine from an undercover agent, put it in a pipe, and smoked it. The incident was videotaped, and Mr. Barry was arrested.

It was reported that Todor Zhivkov, former Communist Party leader of Bulgaria, had been put under house arrest on charges of malfeasance in office and misuse of government property and money.

Society
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan criticized a plan by R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company to test-market a new cigarette brand, Uptown, to Negro Americans in Philadelphia. Mr. Sullivan, speaking to medical students at the University of Pennsylvania, said, "At a time when our people desperately need the message of health promotion, Uptown’s message is more disease, more suffering, and more death..." Surveys had found that smoking was more common among Negroes than whites.

Health
This day’s issue of the New England Journal of Medicine reported that Harvard University researchers had conducted a study that failed to show that oat bran had any special ability to lower blood serum cholesterol levels. Based on the study of 20 adults, the researchers concluded that bran or any other starchy carbohydrate was beneficial primarily because people who ate it tended to eat less high-fat food. Manufacturers of oat bran products said the Harvard study sample was too small to be accepted. The oat bran fad had caught on after a previous study had shown that it lowered cholesterol.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 4.6% in 1989, the highest rate since 1981.

The Bank of Canada allowed its trend-setting interest rate to drop 0.29%. The decline was attributed to speculation in the money markets that Bank of Canada Governor John Crow intended to let interest rates fall, reducing the large spread between Canadian and American rates.

10 years ago
2000


Business
The government of Canada offered tax breaks to keep National Hockey League clubs in Canada.