70 years ago
Gord Drillon scored at 5:42 of overtime to give the Toronto Maple Leafs a 5-4 win over the Detroit Red Wings in a Stanley Cup semi-final game at Maple Leaf Gardens.
60 years ago
On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Tenor, starring Julie Adams, Carol Brannon, Hugo Haas, and Lee Patrick
40 years ago
The ninth congress of the Chinese Communist Party opened in Peking, and immediately named party Chairman Mao Tse-Tung and defense Minister Lin Piao as leaders of the 176-member presidium that would direct its work. Premier Chou En-lai was elected secretary-general. Others elected to the presidium included Mao's wife, Chiang Ching; Lin's wife, Yeh Chun; Army chief of staff Huang Yung-sheng; foreign minister Chen Yi; and five army marshals, all of whom had been denounced at one time during the cultural revolution. The congress opened eight years later than scheduled.
A United States Court in Boston declared unconstitutional a section of the Selective Service Act of 1967 under which religion was the only basis for conscientious objection. The court ruled that Congress discriminated against those who were atheists, agnostics, or had deep moral objections as the basis of their beliefs.
30 years ago
The cost of mailing a letter jumped from 14c to 17c.
In the cruelest April Fool's joke ever played on the people of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini declared Iran to be an Islamic republic.
The Israeli cabinet formally ratified the peace treaty with Egypt.
U.S. President Jimmy Carter visited the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania. Mr. carter and his advisers stressed that the situation was stable, but evacuation remained a possibility.
The trucking industry in the United States locked out 300,000 Teamsters as the union called for selective nationwide strikes after rejecting a tentative three-year contract.
Former Congressman Otto Passman was found not guilty by a jury in Monroe, Louisiana of accepting bribes from South Korean rice dealer Tongsun Park.
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Buffalo Sabres 6-3 at War Memorial Auditorium in Buffalo, while the Montreal Canadiens and Boston Bruins tied 3-3 at Boston Garden.
25 years ago
Died on this date
Marvin Gaye, 44. U.S. singer, songwriter, and musician. Mr. Gaye was shot to death by his father after an argument. Mr. Gaye would have turned 45 the next day. Marvin Gaye was one of the biggest stars in pop music in the 1960s and '70s, with such hits as I Heard it Through the Grapevine; Let's Get it On; and Got to Give It Up (Part I). What's Going On, from 1971, may have been the best album ever released by Motown, and marked Mr. Gaye's high point of creativity. His career at Motown began a decade earlier as a session drummer, but he soon made a name for himself as a singer, and became the label's biggest sex symbol. He was popular not only as a solo artist (Pretty Little Baby, from 1965, is my favourite song of his), but had a number of hit singles in duets with Motown female singers, most notably Tammi Terrell (other partners included Mary Wells; Kim Weston; and Diana Ross).
Mr. Gaye left Motown at the end of the 1970s, but made a strong comeback in 1982 on Columbia with his album Midnight Love. His first single from that album, Sexual Healing, was his biggest hit in years, and earned Mr. Gaye his only Grammy Award. Unfortunately, Mr. Gaye's life, fuelled by drugs, was spinning out of control, and it culminated in that fatal argument with his father. Several albums and singles of Mr. Gaye's were released from the vaults after his death, including an album that had been recorded for Motown in 1972, but wasn't released until 1986.
20 years ago
In the national Hockey Night in Canada game, the Montreal Canadiens and Philadelphia Flyers tied 2-2 at the Montreal Forum.
10 years ago
Nunavut, formerly part of the Northwest Territories, came into existence as a separate territory. Prime Minister Jean Chretien was among those on hand to observe the event in the territorial capital of Iqaluit. The territory, whose population of 25,000 (spread throughout 820,000 square miles) was mostly Inuit, was created ostensibly for the purpose of granting the Inuit more autonomy in exchange for the Inuit dropping land claims against the federal government.
In reality, the creation of Nunavut just added another layer of bureaucracy, and the social problems that existed before were, and are, still around. Nunavut has been a disaster, which is exactly what knowledgeable people, including this blogger, predicted. The late Justice Jack Sissons criticized the first attempt at the creation of a third territory in the early 1960s as a move by the "bright boys" in Ottawa to increase their power.
The Serbian news agency reported that three captured American soldiers would be tried by a military court. Another report concluded that the Serbs had killed 800 ethnic Albanians in the past week.
The merger of British Petroleum PLC and the Amoco Corporation was announced, to be known as BP Amoco PLC, with annual revenues expected to approach $100 billion. The new company said that it now planned to acquire the American firm Atlantic Richfield Coompany. The merger was expected to cost 2,000 employees, most of them Americans, their jobs. The new company would rank first in oil and gas production in Great Britain and the United States.
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Edmonton Oilers 5-1.
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