Andrew Jackson was inaugurated into his second term as 7th President of the United Statesof America. Because of cold weather and the president's poor health, the ceremony took place indoors, in the hall of the House of Representatives. Chief Justice John Marshall administered the oath of office for the ninth and final time.
Mr. Jackson's inaugural address included the following comments:
In the domestic policy of this Government there are two objects which especially deserve the attention of the people and their representatives, and which have been and will continue to be the subjects of my increasing solicitude. They are the preservation of the rights of the several States and the integrity of the Union... My experience in public concerns and the observation of a life somewhat advanced confirm the opinions long since imbibed by me, that the destruction of our State governments or the annihilation of their control over the local concerns of the people would lead directly to revolution and anarchy, and finally to despotism and military domination...100 years ago
I shall continue to exert all my faculties to maintain the just powers of the Constitution and to transmit unimpaired to posterity the blessings of our Federal Union. At the same time, it will be my aim to inculcate by my official acts the necessity of exercising by the General Government those powers only that are clearly delegated; to encourage simplicity and economy in the expenditures of the Government; to raise no more money from the people than may be requisite for these objects, and in a manner that will best promote the interests of all classes of the community and of all portions of the Union.
Fire killed 174 at a school in Collinwood, Ohio.
75 years ago
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated as the 32nd President of the United States; it was the last presidential inauguration to take place on March 4. Mr. Roosevelt was sworn in by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes at the east portico of the Capitol.
In his inaugural address, Mr. Roosevelt said: "This great nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper. So first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself--nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror, which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance."
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K.: Magic Moments--Perry Como (2nd week at #1)
40 years ago
At Madison Square Garden in New York, Joe Frazier scored a technical knockout over Buster Mathis in the 11th round to become world heavyweight champion, as recognized by the New York State Athletic Commission. On the undercard, Nino Benvenuti won a 15-round decision over Emile Griffith to regain the world middleweight title that he'd lost to Mr. Griffith 11 months earlier.
The United States launched OGO 5, the fifth in NASA's most complicated satellite series. The satellite was supposed to study a wide variety of characteristics of the space surrounding our world. All but one of its two dozen experiments were successful.
30 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Love is) Thicker Than Water--Andy Gibb
Mr. Gibb replaced his brothers, the Bee Gees, at the top of the chart. Stayin' Alive had been #1 for 4 weeks.
20 years ago
Economics and finance
Panama ordered the nation's banks to close "until the supply of dollar bills can be regularized." Although a general strike against the regime of Gen. Manuel Noriega had ended, the bank closing devastated the economy again.
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz, in an atempt to stimulate the Middle East peace process, met with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres in Jerusalem; with Syrian President Hafez al-Assad in Damascus; and with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo. Mr. Shultz was unable to report any progress.