Saturday, 21 April 2018

April 21, 2018

120 years ago
1898


War
The United States Navy began a blockade of Cuban ports. When the U.S. Congress issued a declaration of war on April 25, it declared that a state of war had existed from this date.

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies’ pitcher Bill Duggleby hit a grand slam in his first major league at bat to help the Phillies defeat the New York Giants 13-4 in one of the first games played at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. In 1968 Bobby Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit a grand slam in his first game (in his third at bat) against the Dodgers, but Mr. Duggleby's feat wasn’t accomplished again until August 31, 2005, when Jeremy Hermida of the Florida Marlins homered with the bases full against the Cardinals. Mr. Duggleby finished his career with a total of 6 home runs.

110 years ago
1908


Exploration
Frederick Cook claimed to have reached the North Pole on this date, a year ahead of U.S. Admiral Robert Peary. Dr. Cook's claim is generally disbelieved.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Manfred von Richthofen, 25
. German military aviator. Rittmeister (Cavalry captain) Richtofen, nicknamed the "Red Baron," was the leading air ace of World War I. He was credited with 80 combat victories before his death in combat on April 21, 1918, 11 days before his 26th birthday. While chasing novice Canadian pilot Wop May, Rittmeister Richthofen was shot down and killed over the Western Front during a dogfight with Captain Roy Brown of Carleton Place, Ontario, a flight leader in the 209th Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps. Either Capt. Brown or Australian ground fire struck the Red Baron.

90 years ago
1928


Aviation
Captain George H. Wilkins and Lt. Carl B. Eielson, an Alaska mail flier, landed in Spitzbergen, Norway in an airplane which they had flown "over the top of the world, south of the Pole from Point Barrow, Alaska," where they departed on April 15.

Scandal
In Washington, Harry F. Sinclair, head of the oil corporations bearing his name and co-defendant with former Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall in the criminal and civil court actions arising from the Teapot Dome oil lease scandal of 1923, was acquitted by a District of Columbia jury of conspiring with Mr. Fall to defraud the government. This was the second trial for Mr. Sinclair; the first ended in a mistrial because of allegations of jury shadowing. Mr. Sinclair and Mr. Fall were tried together in the original trial, but severance was granted for the second trial because of Mr. Fall’s illness.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced with a "feeling of deepest horror" the barbarous execution of some U.S. fliers by the Japanese, and said that these efforts of intimidation would make Americans more determined "to blot out the shameless militarism of Japan." U.K. forces repulsed a strong German counterattack by 60-80 tanks and five battalions in the Medjez el Bab sector in Tunisia. Soviet troops again repelled German assaults in the Novorissiisk area of the Kuban valley.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho inspected the naval air training station at Corpus Christi, Texas, where U.S. and Latin American officers were training.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill authorizing one million more tons of Navy auxiliary vessels.

Politics and government
A U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee investigating Un-American Activities Committee charges against federal employees reported that Goodwin B. Watson and William E. Dodd of the Federal Communications Commission were "unfit" for government employment because of their pro-Communist connections.

Economics and finance
Turkey and Germany concluded a new commercial agreement to exchange $30 million worth of goods during the next year.

70 years ago
1948


Literature
The Goebbels Diaries, 1942-43, edited and translated by Louis Lochner, was published in New York by Doubleday.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 47, a plan for a UN-supervised plebiscite in Kashmir to determine whether the territory would join India or Pakistan. The Council also established a five-nation commission to mediate Hindu-Muslim conflict in Kashmir.

The Conference on Freedom of Information and of the Press in Geneva adopted three resolutions, all opposed by the U.S.S.R., urging free access to all sources of information and elimination of censorship.

U.S. President Harry Truman named Commerce Secretary Averell Harriman as special U.S. representative to the 16 European states participating in the Marshall Plan.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King set a record of 20 years, 10 months, and 10 days of service as Prime Minister of a Commonwealth country.

Medicine
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission reported the successful use of irradiated cobalt in cancer treatment.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Philadelphia 73 @ Baltimore 88 (Baltimore won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Chick Reiser scored 16 points and Buddy Jeannette and Paul Hoffman each scored 15 to help the Bullets defeat the Warriors before 4,500 fans at Baltimore Arena to win their first Basketball Association of America championship, ending the Warrior's reign as champions. Philadelphia's Joe Fulks led all scorers with 28 points.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Twilight Time--The Platters (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1); He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1)

Space
Project Vanguard director Dr. John Hagen warned the U.S. House of Representatives Select Astronautics and Space Exploration Committee that Earth satellites could be mistaken for attacking ballistic missiles, precipitating a retaliatory war.

Politics and government
Maltese Prime Minister Dom Mintoff submitted his resignation to British Governor Sir Robert Laycock on the grounds that his government no longer wanted to "remain responsible for public peace and order" while the United Kingdom refused settlement of Malta's political status.

Economics and finance
The Chilean government reversed an earlier decision to sell copper to the U.S.S.R. after the U.S.A. protested that Inter-American agreements prohibited the sale of such strategic materials to Soviet bloc nations.

Disasters
The League of Red Cross Societies reported that a smallpox epidemic in East Pakistan had caused 15,000 deaths.

49 passengers and crew members were killed in the collision of a United Air Lines DC-7 and a United States Air Force F-110F Super Sabre jet near Las Vegas.

Baseball
Frank House of the Kansas City Athletics scored two runs as a pinch hitter in an 8-run 8th inning as the Athletics beat the Cleveland Indians 9-4 before 6,416 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Mr. House drew a base on balls to lead off the inning and came around to score on a single by Hector Lopez, and climaxed the inning with a grand slam. His feat was just the sixth such occurrence in major league history. The last 6 Kansas City runs were unearned. Cleveland right fielder Roger Maris hit his 3rd homer of the season, a 2-run blast, to open the scoring in the 6th, and the Indians added 2 runs in the top of the 7th before Woodie Held hit a solo homer in the bottom of the 7th to get the Athletics on the scoreboard.

Don Larsen pitched 5 scoreless innings and hit a 2-run homer to provide the deciding runs as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 4-1 before 10,450 fans at Yankee Stadium. Hank Bauer led off the bottom of the 1st inning with a home run to open the scoring, and Mr. Larsen hit a 2-run homer in the 2nd to make the score 3-0. He was removed from the game because of a tight arm after allowing 7 hits and 3 bases on balls, with 8 strikeouts, improving his record for the season to 2-0. Ted Williams homered in the 7th off Bob Grim for the Boston run. Whitey Ford pitched 1 2/3 scoreless innings to get his first save of the season. Boston first baseman Pete Runnels hit 3 singles in 5 at bats.

Charlie Maxwell led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a double and pinch hitter Mickey McDermott followed with a single to score pinch runner Johnny Groth with the winning run as the Detroit Tigers edged the Chicago White Sox 2-1 before 5,334 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The White Sox opened the scoring in the 6th when Detroit pitcher Frank Lary loaded the bases on walks to Nellie Fox and Earl Torgeson and a pitch that hit Sherm Lollar, and after striking out Tito Francona and Al Smith, hit Bubba Phillips to force home Mr. Fox. The Tigers tied the game when, with 2 out in the 8th and pinch runner Billy Hoeft on first base, Harvey Kuenn singled and Al Kaline followed with a single to score Mr. Hoeft.

Pinch hitter Bob Thurman singled home Dee Fondy with the go-ahead run with 2 out in the top of the 14th inning and Dutch Dotterer reached first base on an error by shortstop Roy Smalley, allowing Don Hoak to score as the Cincinnati Redlegs beat the Philadelphia Phillies 4-2 before 11,764 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia.

50 years ago
1968


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Molniya 1-H, eighth satellite in their Orbita network for domestic communications.

War
One American and at least three North Koreans were killed when a U.S. 2nd Infantry Division patrol was attacked by North Korean troops inside the Demilitarized Zone. Three Americans were wounded in the attack.

Golf
Don January won the Tournament of Champions in Las Vegas with a score of 276. First prize money was $30,000.

Steve Reid won the Azalea Open in Wilmington, North Carolina in a playoff after posting a four-round score of 271. First prize money was $5,000.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Minnesota 3 @ St. Louis 5 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 101 @ Boston 107 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M.

#1 single in France: How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees

At the movies
Silver Bears, starring Michael Caine, Cybill Shepherd, and many others, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Thomas Wyatt Turner, 101. U.S. biologist, botanist, and civil rights activist. Dr. Turner taught biology at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, and later taught at various public schools in Baltimore, Maryland before becoming a professor of botany at Howard University from 1914 to 1924. He was frequently consulted by the United States government about agricultural problems, especially plant diseases. Dr. Turner was a founding member, in 1909, of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1925 he founded Federated Colored Catholics.

Sandy Denny, 31. U.K. singer-songwriter. Miss Denny was regarded as Britain’s pre-eminent folk-rock singer in the 1960s and 1970s, as a solo performer, and, especially, as a member of the group Fairport Convention. Miss Denny was also, at various times, a member of the Strawbs, Fotheringay, and The Bunch. In both 1971 and 1972 she was voted "Best Female Singer" by Melody Maker magazine. Unfortunately, by the mid-’70s, heavy smoking and drinking had taken their toll on both her voice and her life. In March 1978, while on a vacation with her parents, Miss Denny fell down a flight of stairs at a cottage. A month later, she collapsed at a friend’s home, and died of a brain hemorrhage.

Music
American jazz trumpeter Don Ellis's last known public performance took place at the Westside Room in Century City, California. He died on December 17, 1978 of a heart attack at the age of 44.

War
U.S. president Jimmy Carter announced that only 800 troops and 2,600 support personnel would be withdrawn from South Korea in 1978. In 1977 President Carter had said that about 32,000 troops would leave over a 4- to 5-year period. The reason for the slowdown was Congressional inaction on Mr. Carter’s proposed transfer of $800 million in military equipment and $275 million in arms credits to the South Korean government.

Crime
Thieves stole the Rubens painting The Three Graces and nine other Flemish works from Pitti Palace in Florence, Italy.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Montreal 4 @ Detroit 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Boston 4 @ Chicago 3 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)
New York Islanders 0 @ Toronto 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Peter McNab scored at 10:17 of the 1st overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Black Hawks at Chicago Stadium.

Mike Palmateer posted the shutout in goal for the Maple Leafs to win the goaltending duel over Glenn Resch as they blanked the Islanders at Maple Leaf Gardens.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
New England 9 @ Edmonton 1 (New England led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Houston 0 @ Quebec 3 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Winnipeg 5 @ Birmingham 1 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
San Antonio 105 @ Washington 118 (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Milwaukee 111 @ Denver 127 (Denver led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Seattle 93 @ Portland 96 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Together Forever--Rick Astley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): On kesäyö/Viimeinen laulu--Topi Sorsakoski & J. Karjalainen (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
I.A.L. Diamond, 67
. Romanian-born U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Diamond, born Ițec Domnici, emigrated with his family to Broklyn, New York at the age of 9. He was best-known for his screenplays written with and for Billy Wilder from the late 1950s through 1981: Love in the Afternoon (1957); Some Like it Hot (1959); The Apartment (1960); One, Two, Three (1961); Irma La Douce (1963); Kiss Me, Stupid (1964); The Fortune Cookie (1966); The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970); Avanti! (1972); The Front Page (1974); Fedora (1978); and Buddy Buddy (1981). Some of these movies are regarded as classics; the screenplay for The Apartment won the Academy Award. However, Kiss Me, Stupid was a disaster that almost ended Mr. Wilder’s career, and Buddy Buddy was so bad that it did end the careers of both Mr. Wilder and Mr. Diamond. Other movies for which Mr. Diamond wrote screenplays included Murder in the Blue Room (1944); Monkey Business (1952); Merry Andrew (1958); and Cactus Flower (1969).

Politics and government
Al Gore, United States Senator from Tennessee, ended his active campaign for the 1988 Democratic Party U.S. presidential nomination after taking just 10% of the vote in the New York primary two days earlier.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 312-107 to approve a trade bill that would mandate tougher steps by the United States government to open up foreign markets and punish unfair trade practices by other countries. Some protection would be granted to industries injured by imports, and the windfall profits tax on oil would be repealed. President Ronald Reagan threatened to veto the bill because he objected to a provision requiring that workers receive 60 days’ notice of a plant closing or layoffs. Mr. Reagan argued that this would discourage the creation of jobs and the expansion of business.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Finals
St. Louis 0 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Edmonton 5 @ Calgary 4 (OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Wayne Gretzky's second goal of the game, a shorthanded goal at 7:54 of the 1st overtime period, gave the Oilers their win over the Flames at Olympic Saddledome.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Informer--Snow

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Semi-Finals
St. Louis 2 @ Chicago 0 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Toronto 2 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Winnipeg 2 @ Vancouver 3 (Vancouver led best-of-series 2-0)
Los Angeles 4 @ Calgary 9 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

IIHF World Men's Championship @ Munich
Canada 4 Sweden 1

10 years ago
2008


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Quarter-Finals
Boston 0 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Washington 4 @ Philadelphia 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Washington 86 @ Cleveland 116 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Utah 90 @ Houston 84 (Utah led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Friday, 20 April 2018

April 20, 2018

300 years ago
1718


Born on this date
David Brainerd
. U.S. missionary. Rev. Brainerd had a conversion experience at the age of 21, two months before he entered Yale University. His religious enthusiasm led to his expulsion from Yale, and after a brief time as a pastor, he embarked on missionary work among Native Americans in New York and New Jersey. From 1743-1746, Rev. Brainerd experienced success in working with the Delaware Indians in New Jersey, despite a chronic battle with an illness believe to be tuberculosis. He spent his last months as a guest of the famous revivalist Jonathan Edwards, and died of consumption on October 9, 1747 at the age of 29. Rev. Brainerd's influence was probably greater after his death than it was during his life, as Rev. Edwards' biography An Account of the Life of the Late Reverend Mr. David Brainerd (1749) influenced future missionaries such as William Carey, Jim Elliot, and Adoniram Judson.

200 years ago
1818


Law
Four days after the Court of King's Bench in England upheld murder suspect Abraham Thornton's right to trial by battle in Ashford v Thornton, the plaintiff declined to fight, allowing the defendant to go free rather than face a retrial.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Harold Lloyd
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lloyd was, in the opinion of this blogger, the greatest of the comic legends of the silent era, known for performing his own stunts. His films included Safety Last! (1923); The Freshman (1925); and Speedy (1928). Mr. Lloyd's sound films were less frequent and less successful than his silents, but he was financially successful that he was able to retire and devote his later years to Freemasonry. He died on March 8, 1971 at the age of 77.

Joan Miró. Spanish artist. Mr. Miró was a painter, sculptor, and ceramicist whose work has been described as surrealistic, and an attack on established styles of art. He died on December 25, 1983 at the age of 90.

Politics and government
Prince Edward Island amalgamated its Legislative Council with the Assembly.

120 years ago
1898


War
U.S. President William McKinley signed a joint resolution to Congress for declaration of War against Spain, beginning the Spanish–American War.

110 years ago
1908

Died on this date
Henry Chadwick, 83
. U.K.-born U.S. baseball historian. Mr. Chadwick, who moved to Brooklyn, New York with his family at the age of 12, was one of the prime movers in the rise of baseball to its unprecedented popularity at the turn of the 20th century. He devised the box score, and began publishing Beadle’s Dime Base Ball Player, the first baseball guide, in 1860; it ran through 1881. Mr. Chadwick later took over editing the Spalding Guide. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Special Veterans Committee in 1938.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Kai Siegbahn
. Swedish physicist. Dr. Siegbahn, the son of Manne Siegbahn, winner of the 1924 Nobel Prize in Physics, was awarded a share of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy." He died on July 20, 2007 at the age of 89.

Died on this date
Karl Ferdinand Braun, 67
. German physicist. Dr. Braun built the first cathode-ray tube in 1897. He and Guglielmo Marconi shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy." Dr. Braun went to the United States at the beginning of World War I to help defend the German wireless station at Sayville, New York against attacks by the British-controlled Marconi Corporation. After the U.S.A. entered the war in 1917, Dr. Braun was detained, but was allowed to move around Brooklyn, New York, where he died at his home.

War
The government of Canada called up more men from the ages of 20-22 for military service. The Canadian wartime cabinet of Prime Minister Robert Borden passed an order-in-council to remove many exemptions from the Military Service Act, leaving farming operations across Canada short of much-needed labour. Manfred von Richthofen, better known as the Red Baron, shot down his 79th and 80th victims, his final victories before his death the following day.

90 years ago
1928

Died on this date
E.E. Ries, 65
. U.S. scientist. Mr. Ries was the discoverer of alternating electric current. In 1913 he filed a patent application for recording sound on film, but the patent wasn’t granted until 1923.

75 years ago
1943


War
British forces seized Enfidaville and Takrouna near the Tunisian coast. A U.S. Navy report dislosed that ship-based helicopters were patrolling the 500-mile Atlantic gap beyond airplane range.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho met in Monterrey, Mexico and pledged the extension of the Good Neighbor Policy in the postwar period.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister General Hideki Tojo realigned his cabinet, with Mamoru Shigemitsu becoming Foreign Minister.

Business
The Third Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia found the Pullman companies and 31 officers and directors guilty of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act.

Baseball
The Washington Nationals scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning as they overcame a 3-0 deficit and defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 7-5 before 25,093 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington on opening day of the first season during which the induction of players into the armed services in World War II had a major impact on the caliber of play in the major leagues. For example, Philadelphia relief pitcher Orie Arntzen made his major league debut in this game at the age of 33, pitching the 8th inning and allowing 2 hits and 1 run--earned. Jim Tyack, 32, played his first major league game as the Athletics' left fielder, batting 2 for 5 with a double and 2 runs batted in, making 3 putouts in the field. Also making his major league debut was Philadelphia shortstop Irv Hall, 24, batting 0 for 3 with a base on balls and a run, making 2 putouts and an assist.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Fixed Prize Fight

Died on this date
Mitsumasa Yonai, 68
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1940. Admiral Yonai was a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy who served as Minister of the Navy from 1937-1938 and again from 1944-1945. He was Prime Minister from January 16-July 22, 1940. As a politician he adopted a pro-U.K. and pro-U.S. stance, but was forced to resign as Prime Minister two months before Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy. When Adm. Yonai returned as Navy Minister, he presided over the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Navy at the end of World War II. He died of pneumonia.

World events
U.K. authorities in Germany announced the suspension of water transport between Berlin and the British occupation zone, accusing the Soviets of attempting to impose new restrictions.

A Munich denazification court convicted former German American Bund leader Fritz Kuhn as a major Nazi offender and sentenced him in absentia to 10 months imprisonment and confiscation of property.

Crime
United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther was badly wounded in the arm and chest by an unidentified assailant firing a shotgun through the window of Mr. Reuther's Detroit home.

Politics and government
Speaking before the United Nations General Assembly's Political Committee, U.S. delegate Warren Austin urged that plans for a UN trusteeship over Jerusalem be extended temporarily to all of Palestine.

Michael Quill, co-founder of the American Labor Party, quit the party in New York, charging that it was Communist-dominated.

U.S. President Harry Truman named David Lilienthal to a five-year term as permanent U.S. Atomic Energy Commission chairman.

Labour
A U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. fined the United Mine Workers of America $1.4 million and UMW President John L. Lewis $20,000 in a contempt of court conviction resulting from the recent miners' strike.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Baltimore 82 @ Philadelphia 91 (Baltimore led best-of-seven series 3-2)

60 years ago
1958


On the radio
The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 3, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Fatal Figures, starring John McGiver and Vivian Nathan

World events
West German Jewish community leader Heinz Galinski charged that there were "symptoms" of an anti-Semitic Nazi revival in West Germany.

Religion
140 leading Protestant clergymen and educators called on the United States to cancel its scheduled Eniwetok nuclear tests, terming it "morally indefensible and politically disastrous to hold these tests."

Health
University of California at Los Angeles Medical School Dean Stafford Warren said that there was no conclusive evidence that atomic radiation had any genetic effect on either animals or humans.

Labour
United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther said that his union would refrain from striking for three months despite the refusal of auto makers to extend their contracts. He conceded that the UAW was in an unfavourable bargaining position because auto dealers had 850,000 unsold cars and auto unemployment was high.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 5 @ Boston 3 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Boom Boom Geoffrion's second goal of the game, with 34 seconds remaining in the 2nd period, proved to be the winner as the Canadiens beat the Bruins at Boston Garden to win their third straight Stanley Cup championship. The Bruins, down 4-1, cut the Canadiens’ lead to 4-3 with 4 minutes left in regulation time, but Doug Harvey scored into an empty net in the last minute to clinch the victory for Montreal.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles

#1 single in France: Delilah--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Words--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Chance of a Lifetime--Pat McGeegan

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Lady Madonna--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim (4th week at #1)
2 Delilah--Tom Jones
3 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
4 Kom Uit De Bedstee Mijn Liefste--Egbert Douwe
5 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
6 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
7 Rosie--Don Partridge
8 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
9 Storybook Children--Nancy & Lee
10 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich

Singles entering the chart were Theme from Up the Junction by Manfred Mann (#36); Stay Away/U.S. Male by Elvis Presley (#37); and Forever Came Today by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#40). Theme from Up the Junction was from the movie.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
2 Young Girl--The Union Gap
3 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
4 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
5 Valleri--The Monkees
6 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
7 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
8 Dance to the Music--Sly and the Family Stone
9 I Got the Feelin'--James Brown and the Famous Flames
10 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers

Singles entering the chart were If I were a Carpenter by the Four Tops (#67); I Promise to Wait My Love by Martha Reeves and the Vandellas (#72); Soul Train by the Classics IV (#86); Chain Gang by Jackie Wilson and Count Basie (#87); I am the Man for You Baby by Edwin Starr (#88); May I Take a Giant Step (Into Your Heart) by the 1910 Fruitgum Company (#93); Like to Get to Know You by Spanky & Our Gang (#94); Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While) by the Isley Brothers (#97); The Shadow of Your Love by the Five Stairsteps and Cubie (#98); and Can I Carry Your Balloon by the Swampseeds (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Young Girl--The Union Gap
2 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
3 Valleri--The Monkees
4 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
5 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
6 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
7 Scarborough Fair (/Canticle)--Simon & Garfunkel
8 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
9 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
10 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich

Singles entering the chart were Do You Know the Way to San Jose by Dionne Warwick (#71); Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#72); Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me by Tiny Tim (#73); My Girl/Hey Girl by Bobby Vee (#76); You Ain't Going Nowhere by the Byrds (#77); She's Looking Good by Wilson Pickett (#79); Wear it on Our Face by the Dells (#80); Black Day in July by Gordon Lightfoot (#83); We're Rolling On by the Impressions (#92); I Can Remember by James and Bobby Purify (#93); Baby Make Your Own Sweet Music by Jay and the Techniques (#97); I Can't Make it Alone by Bill Medley (#98); and Loving You Has Made Me Bananas by Guy Marks (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
2 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
3 Young Girl--The Union Gap
4 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
5 Call Me Lightning--The Who
6 Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles
7 Rice is Nice--The Lemon Pipers
8 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
9 Tapioca Tundra/Valleri--The Monkees
10 Black Day in July--Gordon Lightfoot

Singles entering the chart were Summertime Blues by Blue Cheer (#22); Delilah by Tom Jones (#24); Do You Know the Way to San Jose by Dionne Warwick (#25); Red Red Wine by Neil Diamond (#27); Funkystreet by Arthur Conley (#28); A Beautiful Morning by the Rascals (#29); and Look to Your Soul by Johnny Rivers (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Love is All Around--The Troggs
2 Young Girl--The Union Gap
3 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
4 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
5 Valleri--The Monkees
6 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
7 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
8 Little by Little--Gainsborough Gallery
9 Forever Came Today--Diana Ross and the Supremes
10 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
Pick hit of the week: I Can't Make it Anymore--The Original Caste

Died on this date
Rudolf Dirks, 91
. German-born U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Dirks, who moved to Chicago with his family at the age of 7, created the comic strip The Katzenjammer Kids, which was first published in the December 12, 1897 issue of American Humorist, a Sunday supplement to the New York Journal, a newspaper owned by William Randolph Hearst. After a series of legal battles with the Hearst organization between 1912 and 1914 (Mr. Dirks wanted to take a break from the strip, but the Hearst organization tried to prevent him from doing so), Mr. Dirks left The Katzenjammer Kids to be done by others at the Hearst papers, while he came up with a virtually identical strip, originally called Hanz und Fritz, and from 1918 on The Captain and the Kids, for the rival Pulitzer newspapers. Mr. Dirks continued to sign his name to that strip (although, beginning in 1946, his son John gradually assumed more of the work) until his death.

Abominations
Canada went under permanent foreign occupation when Pierre Trudeau officially took office as Prime Minister. His predecessor, Lester Pearson, wanted to leave office on April 22 in order to give him exactly five years as Prime Minister, but Mr. Trudeau, for reasons unknown (perhaps because it was Adolf Hitler’s birthday) insisted on moving the date up to April 20.

Politics and government
Former British cabinet minister Enoch Powell, addressing the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre in Birmingham, England, delivered his most famous speech, which was popularly misnamed Rivers of Blood, warning of the dangers of increased non-white immigration to Britain. The speech effectively ended Mr. Powell’s political career, but he proved to be prophetic. For the full text of Mr. Powell’s speech, go here.

Adventure
A U.S. Air Force plane, flying over Ralph Plaisted’s North Pole expeditionary party, confirmed that they were indeed at the pole. Mr. Plaisted and his associates became the first people to have their claim verified.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 1 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Jean Beliveau scored 3 goals for the Canadiens as they defeated the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum. Chicago coach Billy Reay was penalized twice with bench minors--the first for delay of game, and the second for calling referee John Ashley a "homer."

CPHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Fort Worth 1 @ Tulsa 2 (OT) (Tulsa led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Doug Barrie scored at 1:13 of the 1st overtime period to give the Oilers their win over the Wings at Assembly Center.

Basketball
ABA
Finals
New Orleans 109 @ Pittsburgh 100 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Baseball
Detroit Tigers' pitcher Jon Warden, the last man to make the team in spring training, picked up his third win in as many relief appearances as the Tigers beat the Chicago White Sox 4-1 in 10 innings before 4,067 fans at White Sox Park. The game was scoreless until Bill Freehan doubled home Mickey Stanley with 2 out in the top of the 9th, but the White Sox scored an unearned run in the bottom of the 9th when Tommy Davis led off with a single; Pete Ward reached first base on an error by Detroit pitcher Fred Lasher; Ken Berry advanced the runners to third and second bases, respectively, with a sacrifice bunt; Duane Josephson was intentionally walked; and Mr. Warden relieved Mr. Lasher and walked pinch hitter Wayne Causey to force home Mr. Davis. Dick McAuliffe singled home 2 runs in the top of the 10th and scored when Norm Cash grounded into a force play.

Ray Sadecki pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bob Veale as the San Francisco Giants edged the Pitsburgh Pirates 1-0 before 8,156 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Willie Mays led off the 2nd inning with a triple, and Mr. Veale balked him home with the game's only run. Mr. Sadecki extended his string of consecutive scoreless innings to 15 1/3.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and held on to edge the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 7,727 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Jim Maloney pitched 2 scoreless innings in relief of Gerry Arrigo to get the win.

40 years ago
1978


World events
Korean Air Lines Flight 902, a Boeing 707 passenger plane, was forced down when it strayed over Soviet territory near the Arctic Circle on a flight from Paris to Seoul. The jet, carrying 113 people, was forced to crash-land on a frozen lake when a Soviet jet fighter began firing at the plane. Two were killed and 13 injured in the landing.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance began three days of meetings with Soviet leaders in Moscow, mainly for the purpose of making progress in Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT).

Terrorism
The kidnappers of Aldo Moro released a photograph of the former Italian Prime Minister that showed that he was still alive. Mr. Moro's wife Eleonora appealed, in vain, to the government to negotiate his release.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Houston 1 @ Quebec 5 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 137 @ New York 126 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-0)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Allt som jag känner--Tone Norum and Tommy Nilsson (10th week at #1)

World events
The Washington Post reported that the 10-member inner cabinet of Israel had discussed in advance the assassination of Palestine Liberation Organization military leader Khalil al-Wazir, alias Abu Jihad, who had been gunned down on April 16.

Terrorism
Algerian officials negotiated the release of the more than 30 hostages remaining from a Kuwait Airways airliner that had been hijacked on April 5 and flown to Mashhad, Iran, and eventually to Algiers on April 13.

Scandal
U.S. President Ronald Reagan met with Deputy Attorney General Arnold Burns and William Weld, chief of the justice department's criminal division, both of whom had resigned in March in protest against the leadership of Attorney General Edwin Meese. It was reported that Mr. Weld had told President Reagan that he would have sought an indictment against Mr. Meese if he had been the independent counsel. Another blow came that day when John Shepherd withdrew as Mr. Burns's replacement. Mr. Shepherd's membership in two private clubs, one all-white and one all-male, had become an issue, and he had also been accused of improprieties, which he denied, by a former bookkeeper.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had risen 0.5% in March.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Finals
Boston 4 @ Montreal 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
New Jersey 5 @ Washington 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Baseball
Pinch hitter Claudell Washington hit the 10,000th home run in New York Yankees history in a 7-6 victory in 10 innings over the Minnesota Twins before 22,369 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Mr. Washington's homer, a solo blast with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning, gave the Yankees a 6-5 lead, but the Twins tied the score when Gene Larkin singled home Greg Gagne with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th. Jack Clark led off the top of the 10th with a home run that held up as the winning run.

The Baltimore Orioles set a major league record by losing their 14th consecutive game to start the season when they failed to hold a 5-3 lead after 4 1/2 innings, allowing 4 runs in the bottom of the 5th as they lost 8-6 to the Milwaukee Brewers before 7,284 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The loss pushed the Orioles past the 1904 Washington Senators and the 1920 Detroit Tigers for the worst start in major league history.

Ron Hassey's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning climaxed a 4-run inning as the Oakland Athletics rallied to defeat the California Angels 9-8 before 14,299 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Mike Scott pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Glavine as the Houston Astros edged the Atlanta Braves 1-0 before 13,383 fans at the Astrodome. The only run was scored with 1 out in the bottom of the 4th inning on consecutive singles by Bill Doran, Glenn Davis, and Kevin Bass.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
Cantinflas, 81
. Mexican comedian and actor. Born Fortino Mario Alfonso Moreno Reyes, Cantinflas was known as the "Charlie Chaplin of Mexico," and was a major movie star there from the late 1930s through the 1970s. His most famous role was as the co-star of Around the World in 80 Days (1956).

Adventure
The 85-foot French catamaran Commodore Explorer, skippered by Bruno Peyron of France, won the Trophy Jules Verne by breaking the 80-day round-the-world sailing barrier in 79 days 6 hours 16 minutes. Mr. Peyron started at Lizard Point on the southwestern coast of England, sailed via the Cape of Good Hope, Cape Leewin and Cape Horn, and docked at Ushant, France.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Semi-Finals
Buffalo 4 @ Boston 0 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Montreal 1 @ Quebec 4 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New Jersey 0 @ Pittsburgh 7 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New York Islanders 5 @ Washington 4 (2OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Brian Mullen scored at 14:50 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Islanders their win over the Capitals at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland. Dale Hunter scored 3 goals for the Capitals, with his third coming with 3 seconds remaining in regulation time, sending the game into overtime. Pierre Turgeon scored the first 2 goals for the Islanders.

10 years ago
2008


Auto racing
Danica Patrick became the first--and so, far, only--female winner in IndyCar history by capturing the Indy Japan 300.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
Detroit 3 @ Nashville 0 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-2)
San Jose 0 @ Calgary 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Anaheim 1 @ Dallas 4 (Dallas won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 81 @ Boston 104 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Philadelphia 90 @ Detroit 86 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Toronto 100 @ Orlando 114 (Orlando led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Denver 114 @ Los Angeles Lakers 128 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Thursday, 19 April 2018

April 19, 2018

1,175 years ago
843


Died on this date
Judith of Bavaria, 45 or 46
. Holy Roman Empress, 819-840; Queen of the Franks, 819-840. Judith was the second wife and queen consort of Holy Roman Emperor Louis I, who died in 840 and was succeeded on the throne by their son Charles the Bald. Judith died after a year of ill health.

110 years ago
1908

Born on this date
Babe Phelps
. U.S. baseball player. Ernest Gordon Phelps was a catcher in the major leagues from 1931-1942, mostly with the Brooklyn Dodgers. He had a lifetime batting average of .310 in 726 games; in 1936 he hit .367 in 115 games. In 1941 the Dodgers held spring training in Cuba; Mr. Phelps was terrified of drowning, refused to board the ship, and missed the entire spring training. He died on December 10, 1992 at the age of 84.

100 years ago
1918

Born on this date
Whitey Kurowski
. U.S. baseball player. George John Kurowski played third base for the St. Louis Cardinals from 1941-1949, and was the starting third baseman for the World Series championship teams of 1942, 1944, and 1946. His 2-run home run in the 9th inning of the fifth game of the 1942 World Series provided the winning margin as the Cardinals won the series 4 games to 1. Mr. Kurowski played in 916 career games, batting .286. His best seasons were 1945 (.323, 21 home runs, 102 runs batted in) and 1947 (.310, 27 homers, 104 RBI, 108 runs). He died on December 9, 1999 at the age of 81.

90 years ago
1928

Died on this date

Harry McCaffery, 69. U.S. baseball player. Mr. McCaffery was an outfielder and infielder with the Louisville Eclipse (1882) and St. Louis Browns (1882-1883), batting .251 with no home runs in 44 games.

Charles Birger, 47. U.S. criminal. Mr. Birger, a bootlegger, was hanged at Benton, Illinois for the murder of Joe Adams, Mayor of West City, Illinois. It was the last legal hanging in the state, as the electric chair was to succeed the noose.

World events
The Knights of Malta girded in armour, marched back into their fortress City of Rhodes which they had surrendered to the Turks 406 years earlier.

Baseball
For the first time since May 1926, the New York Yankees dropped out of first place in the American League when the Boston Red Sox overcame a 6-0 deficit with 3 runs in the 6th inning and 4 in the 8th to edge the Yankees 7-6 in the morning Patriots Day game at Fenway Park. Paul Hinson made his major league debut with the Red Sox as a pinch runner, scoring the first run of the 8th-inning rally. The afternoon game was called because of rain after 6 innings, with the Yankees winning 7-2 before 30,000 fans.

The Detroit Tigers and St. Louis Browns combined for 18 bases on balls and 6 errors as the Tigers won 9-8 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Browns drew 11 of the walks, but made 4 of the errors, leading to 4 unearned runs.

Relief pitcher Ed Brandt singled to lead off the top of the 10th inning and scored with 2 out when he beat the throw to home plate by pitcher Jim Faulkner on a ground ball by Rogers Hornsby as the Boston Braves overcame an 8-3 deficit to defeat the New York Giants 9-8 at the Polo Grounds in New York.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 5 runs in each of the 5th and 6th innings as they beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 13-10 before 30,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Jim Bottomley led th St. Louis attack with a triple, 2 singles, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while Pittsburgh third baseman Pie Traynor was 5 for 6 with a double, triple, 4 runs, and a run batted in. Walt Taushcer made his major league debut on the mound for Pittsburgh, pitching 1 1/3 perfect innings of relief. Rollie Hemsley played his first major league game, catching the 9th inning for the Pirates, with no fielding chances.

Sheriff Blake pitched a 2-hitter and batted 4 for 5 with a run as the Chicago Cubs routed the Cincinnati Reds 13-0 before 9,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago in a game that was played in 1 hour 27 minutes. Chicago center fielder Hack Wilson batted 4 for 4 with 2 home runs--including a grand slam--, a double, 4 runs, and 6 runs batted in, while first baseman Joe Kelly was 4 for 5 with a home run and 4 RBIs. Jack White played the last 6 innings at second base for the Reds, batting 0 for 3, with 5 putouts and an error in the field in the 6th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

80 years ago
1938

Baseball

Emmett Mueller of the Philadelphia Phillies and Ernie Koy of the Brooklyn Dodgers each hit a home run in their first major league at-bats as the Dodgers defeated the Phillies 12-5 before 10,000 fans on opening day at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Chuck Klein also homered for Philadelphia, while Cookie Lavagetto and Dolph Camilli homered for Brooklyn.

The New York Giants scored 4 runs in the 1st inning and 3 in the 2nd as they routed the Boston Bees 13-1 before 39,742 fans on opening day at the Polo Grounds in New York. New York third baseman Mel Ott drove in 4 runs with a home run and a double.

Ripper Collins batted 4 for 5 with a home run, double, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted to help the Chicago Cubs overcome a 5-1 deficit and edge the Cincinnati Reds 8-7 before 34,148 fans on opening day at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Willard Hershberger made his major league debut with the Reds, reaching first base on an error as a pinch hitter in the bottom of the 9th inning.

Arky Vaughan hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 9th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 4-3 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 19,865 fans on opening day at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Pittsburgh left fielder Johnny Rizzo batted 2 for 3 with a base on balls, a run, and a run batted in in his first major league game, while Bob Klinger pitched 2 scoreless innings of relief to get the win in his first major league game. Enos Slaughter made his major league debut in right field with the Cardinals, batting 3 for 5 with a double.

The Chicago White Sox scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 4th inning as they held on to edge the Detroit Tigers 4-3 on opening day at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Hank Greenberg hit a home run for Detroit, as did Chet Laabs, who came to bat as a pinch hitter with 1 out and nobody on base in the top of the 9th. Roy Cullenbine made his major league debut, leading off for the Tigers and playing left field; he batted 1 for 5, singling after Mr. Laabs' homer, and making 3 putouts in the field. It was also the first major league game for first base umpire Bill Grieve.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.K. Royal Air Force planes made a concentrated raid on the Italian naval base of Spezia in northern Italy.

Protest
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising began when police and Nazi SS auxiliary forces entered Warsaw's Jewish ghetto to complete the process of deporting Jews to death camps, and were surprised by Molotov cocktails and hand grenades thrown by Jewish insurgents.

Politics and government
Spanish refugee leaders agreed at a conference in Montevideo to meet in Mexico City to discuss the formation of a Spanish republican government in exile.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the extension of Lend-Lease aid to Saudi Arabia.

Track and field
Gérard Côté, a native of St-Barnabé, Québec, won the Boston Marathon for the second time in as many years, in 2:28:25 4/5.

70 years ago
1948


War
Fighting in Costa Rica's five-week civil war ended with the victory of rightist rebels under Colonel Jose Figueres over the government of President Teodoro Picado Michalski as Mr. Picado and Father Benjamín Núñez, an eminent labour leader in Costa Rica, signed The Pact of the Mexican Embassy. The U.S. State Department protested the last-minute intervention by Nicaraguan forces on the side of President Picado.

Defense
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission announced the successful testing of an atomic bomb on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly unanimously voted to admit Burma as the organization's 58th member.

Politics and government
The Chinese National Assembly re-elected Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek President, disregarding his disclaimer of candidacy.

A U.S. federal district court in Washington convicted screenwriter John Howard Lawson of contempt of Congress for refusing to tell the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities whether he was a Communist.

The U.S. Supreme Court refused to review a South Carolina circuit court decision barring the practice of viewing a political party as a "private club" in order to exclude Negroes from primary elections.

Track and field
Gérard Côté won the Boston Marathon for the fourth time, in 2:31:02.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies released first baseman Roy Cullenbine, ending his major league career exactly 10 years after he played his first game. He batted .276 with 110 home runs and 599 runs batted in in 1,181 games, drawing 853 bases on balls. Mr. Cullenbine was with the Detroit Tigers in 1947, batting just .224 with 24 homers and 78 RBIs, but drawing an amazing 137 bases on balls.

Stan Spence, Vern Stephens and Bobby Doerr hit consecutive home runs as the Boston Red Sox set a team record on opening day, but the long ball wasn't enough as the Philadelphia Athletics won 5-4 in 11 innings before 22,409 fans in the morning game at Fenway Park. Don White made his major league debut in right field for Philadelphia, batting 1 for 6 with a run, and driving in the eventual deciding run with an outfield fly. Lou Brissie pitched a 4-hitter and singled in 2 runs in the 4th inning as the Athletics won the afternoon game 4-2 before 33,675 fans to complete the sweep.

U.S. President Harry Truman threw out the first ball and watched the New York Yankees (7) and Washington Nationals (3) combine to score 10 runs in the 1st inning as the Yankees won 12-4 before 31,728 fans on opening day at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Allie Reynolds pitched an 11-hit complete game victory and hit a 3-run home run to climax the 1st-inning outburst. Washington second baseman Al Kozar played his first major league game, batting 1 for 4 with a base on bals and a run, with 1 putout and 3 assists in the field. Ramon Garcia made his major league debut with the Nationals, retiring the last 2 batters in the 9th inning in relief of losing pitcher Early Wynn, who allowed 16 hits and 10 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings.

Ewell Blackwell pitched a 7-hit complete game and Hank Sauer hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning to clinch the victory as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Chicago Cubs 4-1 before 32,147 fans on opening day at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Monty Basgall made his major league debut at second base for the Pirates, batting 0 for 4, with 1 putout and 4 assists in the field. Ed Fitz Gerald made his major league debut with the Pirates, batting 0 for 2 after entering the game as a pinch hitter in the 7th, with no fielding chances in 2 innings as a catcher.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Catch a Falling Star--Perry Como (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Whole Lotta Woman--Marvin Rainwater

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London
2 Tequila--The Champs
3 Twilight Time--The Platters
4 Lollipop--The Chordettes
--Ronald and Ruby
5 Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis
6 A Wonderful Time Up There--Pat Boone
7 Book of Love--The Monotones
8 Witch Doctor--David Seville
9 Are You Sincere--Andy Williams
10 Return to Me--Dean Martin

Singles entering the chart were Wear My Ring Around Your Neck by Elvis Presley (#24); Teacher, Teacher (#39)/All the Time (#56) by Johnny Mathis; All I Have to Do is Dream (#42)/Claudette (#51) by the Everly Brothers; Let the Bells Keep Ringing by Paul Anka (#48); Kathleen by Wally Lewis (#55); Groovy by Joe Dodo and the Groovers (#59); Down on My Knees by the Heartbeats (#60); and Stairway of Love by Marty Robbins (also #60).

Diplomacy
The first 420 of 2,000 Japanese repatriates and prisoners of war recently released by the People's Republic of China sailed for Japan from Tientsin.

Politics and government
North Carolina Governor Luther Hodges appointed former state Democratic Party chairman B. Everett Jordan to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the April 16 death of W. Kerr Scott.

V.E. Semichastny succeeded A.N. Shelepin as first secretary of the Soviet Komsomol (Young Communist League).

Track and field
Yugoslavian printer Franjo Mihalic won the Boston Marathon.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lady Madonna--The Beatles

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Love is All Around--The Troggs
2 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
3 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
4 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
5 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
6 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
7 Jennifer Eccles--The Hollies
8 Young Girl--The Union Gap
9 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
10 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
Pick of the Week: Look to Your Soul--Johnny Rivers
New this week: If You Were a Baby--Doug Hutton
Like to Get to Know You--Spanky & Our Gang
Follow Me--Jack Jones
Ain’t Nothin’ Like the Real Thing--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells

Died on this date
Allan Travers, 75
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Travers had a brief, but memorable, major league career. On May 18, 1912, the Detroit Tigers fielded a team of collegians and other amateurs to play the Philadelphia Athletics at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Ty Cobb had been suspended for going into the stands to attack a fan who was taunting him, and the other Tiger players had walked out in support of Mr. Cobb. The Tigers chose to fill in with amateurs rather than forfeit. The Athletics won 24-2; Mr. Travers went the distance (8 innings), giving up 26 hits, 7 bases on balls, and 14 earned runs. He did manage to strike out one batter. Mr. Travers also went 0 for 3 at bat. He became a Jesuit priest in 1926, and spent the rest of his life as a teacher.

Tommy Bridges, 61. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Bridges played with the Detroit Tigers from 1930-1946, winning 194 games and losing 138. He won 20 or more games for three straight seasons (1934-1936), leading the American League with 23 wins in 1936. Mr. Bridges also led the league in strikeouts in 1935 and 1936, and in shutouts in 1933. He pitched in four World Series with the Tigers (1934; 1935; 1940; 1945) and won two games in the 1935 Series, including the deciding sixth game. Drink got the better of Mr. Bridges in his later years, undoing his career and his life.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Cosmos 215, the first optical astronomical observatory to be operated successfully in space. It carried nine telescopes and stayed aloft for six weeks.

War
United States forces began Operation Delaware in the Ashau Valley, described as one of the Viet Cong’s "top logistical support bases" by Maj. Gen. John Tolson, commander of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Ten U.S. helicopters were reported shot down by enemy antiaircraft, while 20 Americans and 50 North Vietnamese were reported killed the first day.

Politics and government
Colonel John Bangura, in exile since a 1967 coup had removed Sierra Leone’s civilian government, returned to head a seven-man junta.

Adventure
An expedition on Bombardier Ski-Doo snowmobiles led by Ralph Plaisted, an insurance agent from Minnesota, arrived at the North Pole after a 7-week trek across the Canadian Arctic.

Disasters
A tornado hit Greenwood, Arkansas, killing 12 and injuring 48.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Division Finals
Boston 100 @ Philadelphia 96 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Sam Jones scored 22 points and John Havlicek added 21 as the Celtics defeated the 76ers at the Spectrum, ending Philadelphia's reign as champions after one season. Hal Greer led the 76ers with 22 points, while Wilt Chamberlain was held to 14 points.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Night Fever--Bee Gees

War
Canadian peacekeepers started their mission with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon in Operation Angora, providing UN communication networks and local security.

Economics and finance
The United States Treasury announced a plan to sell some of the nation’s gold reserve.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Detroit 4 @ Montreal 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Chicago 3 @ Boston 4 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Toronto 2 @ New York Islanders 3 (OT) (New York led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Buffalo 2 @ Philadelphia 3 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Nick Libett scored on a breakaway in the last minute of regulation time with Ken Dryden still in goal to clinch the Red Wings' upset win over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

Terry O'Reilly scored at 1:50 of the 1st overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Black Hawks at Boston Garden.

Mike Bossy scored at 2:50 of the 1st overtime period to give the Islanders their win over the Maple Leafs at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale in the national Hockey Night in Canada broadcast.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
New England 0 @ Edmonton 2 (New England led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Winnipeg 2 @ Birmingham 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago
1988


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Dance With Me

This was the last episode of the season, and the first I ever saw.

Died on this date
Kwon Ki-ok, 87
. Korean aviator. Ms. Kwon was the first female aviator in Korea and the first female pilot in China. After being imprisoned for taking part in the March 1, 1919 protest against Japanese control of Korea, she went into exile in China and rose to the level of Lieutenant Colonel in the Republic of China Air Force. After the end of World War II, Ms. Kwon returned to Korea, where she helped to found the Republic of Korea Air Force and served in South Korea's Ministry of National Defense.

War
Iran admitted that 15 of its sailors had been killed in a U.S. attack on its Sassan oil platform the day before. Iran jets responded by unsuccessfully attacking one of the U.S. ships, the Wainwright. Iranian boats also attacked several commercial vessels and an offshore oil field owned by United Arab Emirates. American A-6 attack planes struck back, sinking one boat and damaging two others. An Iranian frigate attacked two U.S. warships, but in turn was struck and presumed sunk; a second attacking frigate was struck and damaged. U.S. Congressional leaders backed the American military initiative.

Politics and government
Michael Dukakis won the New York Democratic Party primary for the 1988 nomination for President of the United States with 51% of the vote to 37% for Jesse Jackson and 10% for Al Gore. Rev. Jackson took 90% of the black vote, and a narrow margin in New York City, but took only a small fraction of the Jewish vote.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Finals
St. Louis 4 @ Detroit 5 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Edmonton 3 @ Calgary 1 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): All that She Wants--Ace of Base (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
George S. Mickelson, 52
. U.S. politician. Mr. Mickelson, a Republican, was Governor of South Dakota from 1987 until his death. Mr. Mickelson and all seven other people aboard a state-owned Mitsubishi MU-2 turboprop plane were killed when it crashed into a farm silo about nine miles south of Dubuque, Iowa while flying back to South Dakota after a lobbying trip to Ohio.

Joseph Wallace, 2. U.S. murder victim. Joseph and his younger brother Joshua were taken from a foster family on the orders of two circuit court judges and the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services and returned to their mother, Amanda Wallace, in Chicago despite her history of mental problems. She then hanged Joseph with an electrical cord.

Abominations
A 51-day standoff between U.S. federal authorities and residents of the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas ended with the deaths of all people in the compound when federal agents began battering the buildings and firing tear gas inside, and fire swept through the buildings. As many as 81 people may have been killed.

War
Croat nationalists and the Bosnian army began a full-scale war against each other, marked by terrorist tactics, in a dispute over the boundary proposed in the Vance-Owen peace plan.

Politics and government
In a national referendum, voters in Italy approved changing the current system of proportional representation in the Senate for one using majority voting. The country had been hit by economic recession and a growing scandal involving the Mafia and many government leaders.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Semi-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Winnipeg 2 @ Vancouver 4 (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Octavio Paz Lozano, 84
. Mexican writer. Mr. Paz wrote more than 40 volumes of poems and essays; his book-length essay The Labyrinth of Solitude (1950) is considered by many to be the seminal book on the Mexican mindset. Mr. Paz was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1990 "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity."

World events
The People’s Republic of China released Wang Dan, a leader in the Tiananmen Square democracy movement, who entered exile in the United States. The move by China was viewed as an attempt to win favour with the administration of President Bill Clinton.

Basketball
NBA
Chicago 111 New York 109

Michael Jordan scored 44 points to lead the Bulls over the Knickerbockers in the final game of the regular season, securing his record 10th National Basketball Association scoring title with a 28.7 points-per-game average.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
John Marzano, 45
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Marzano was a catcher with the Boston Red Sox (1987-1992); Texas Rangers (1995); and Seattle Mariners (1996-1998), batting .241 with 11 home runs and 72 runs batted in in 301 games. He played 11 years in the minor leagues from 1985-1999, batting .257 with 48 homers and 305 RBIs in 765 games; he was the American Association's All-Star catcher in 1995, when he batted .309 with 9 home runs and 56 runs batted in in 120 games with the Oklahoma City 89ers. Mr. Marzano was a member of the American team that won the silver medal at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. Mr. Marzano was a sportscaster after his playing days, until his death from a fall down the stairs at his home in Philadelphia.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Quarter-Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Philadelphia 2 @ Washington 3 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
Minnesota 1 @ Colorado 2 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Washington 86 @ Cleveland 93 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Dallas 92 @ New Orleans 104 (New Orleans led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Phoenix 115 @ San Antonio 117 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Wednesday, 18 April 2018

April 18, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mila Levashova!

500 years ago
1518


Married on this date
King Sigismund I of Poland and his second wife, Bona Sforza, were married in Kraków; she was crowned queen consort the same day.

280 years ago
1738


Academia
The Real Academia de la Historia (Royal Academy of History) was founded in Madrid by decree of King Philip V.

225 years ago
1793


Journalism
Ontario saw its first newspaper when Louis Roy published the first issue of his broadsheet, the Upper Canada Gazette or American Oracle in Newark. The subscription price was $3.00 per annum; the front page featured a proclamation by Governor Simcoe calling for "the suppression of Vice, Profaneness, and Immorality," and the Speech from the Throne given by King George III on December 13, 1792. Advertisements under twelve lines cost four shillings.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Violette Morris
. French athlete and spy. Miss Morris won gold medals in javelin and shot put in the Women's World Games in Monte Carlo in 1921, and repeated her gold medal performance in shot put in 1922, winning the silver medal in javelin. She became a spy for the Nazis in 1936, and continued this activity during World War II, until she was shot to death on April 26, 1944 at the age of 51 by a French resistance squad in an ambush.

110 years ago
1908


Boxing
Tommy Burns (39-2-7) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Jewey Smith (2-1) in the 5th round at Neuilly Bowling Palace in Paris.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
André Bazin
. French film critic. Mr. Bazin co-founded the magazine Cahiers du cinema in 1951. He called for objective reality, deep focus, and a lack of montage, and believed that only critics who liked a film should review it. Mr. Bazin died of leukemia on November 11, 1958 at the age of 40.

Clifton Hillegass. U.S. publisher. Mr. Hillegass bought the American rights to the Canadian study guides known as Coles Notes in 1958, with the U.S. version becoming known as CliffsNotes. Mr. Hillegass died on May 5, 2001 at the age of 83.

Tony Mottola. U.S. musician. Mr. Mottola was a jazz guitarist who released dozens of solo albums and worked on various television programs. He died on August 9, 2004 at the age of 86.

War
The Royal North-West Mounted Police started a draft for a volunteer squadron to participate in the Great War; the 200 regular police and 500 new recruits became known as RNWMP Squadron “A”.

90 years ago
1928


Aviation
After a journey with took them to Natashquan on April 16 and Sept-Iles and Clarke City on April 17, C.A. "Duke" Schiller and his passenger, Commandant James Fitzmaurice of the German Junker Bremen, which was stranded on Greenly Island after a transatlantic flight from Dublin to New York, arrived in Murray Bay, where they met Miss Herta Junkers, daughter of the Bremen's builder. Miss Junkers had flown in from New York. Mr. Schiller then flew to Quebec City.

Adventure
Japanese traveller Toichi Araki reached New York, 12 days after departing Tokyo on a trip around the world heading east. Ryvkichi Matsui left Tokyo the same day heading west.

Disasters
Earthquakes in Bulgaria at Philippopolis, Papazli, and Tchirpan, killed 50 and destroyed much property.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
George Bryant, 60
. U.S. archer. Mr. Bryant won gold medals in the Double York round and Double American round, and a bronze medal in the team round at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis. He was President of the Organizing Committee for the Summer Olympic Games for the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles.

Literature
Superman, created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, made his debut in Action Comics #1, the first true superhero comic book.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Isoroku Yamamoto, 59
. Japanese military officer. Admiral Yamamoto was Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy's combined fleet. He opposed Japan's invasion of Manuchuria in 1931, her invasion of China in 1937, and her attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. During an inspection tour of the Solomon Islands, Admiral Yamamoto was killed when his plane was shot down over Bougainville Island by U.S. P-38 fighter planes in what was known as Operation Vengeance. The death of Admiral Yamamoto was a major blow to Japanese morale in World War II.

War
Soviet forces repelled German attacks near Novorossiisk.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Very Best Butter

Politics and government
The Christian Democratic Party, led by Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi, won 305 seats in the 574-seat Chamber of Deputies and 131 of the 237 seats in the 343-seat Senate that were up for election in the Italian general election. The Popular Democratic Front, led by Palmiro Togliatti, took 183 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 72 seats in the Senate. The Socialist Unity Party, led by Ivan Matteo Lombardo, captured 33 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 10 seats in the Senate.

The Syrian Chamber of Deputies re-elected Shuri al-Kuwatly President.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Magic Moments--Perry Como (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Decoy

Died on this date
Maurice Gamelin, 85
. French military officer. General Gamelin served with distinction in the French Army during World War I, but is best remembered for his unsuccessful performance as Commander-in-chief of the French Armed Forces in World War II. Eight days after German forces invaded France on May 10, 1940, Gen. Gamelin was removed from his post by Prime Minister Paul Reynaud. He was imprisoned by the Vichy regime in 1943, and freed in 1945.

War
A U.S. Federal District Court in Washington dismissed World War II treason charges against American poet Ezra Pound after psychiatrists concluded that he would never be mentally competent to stand trial. He was released from St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C. after 12 years of incarceration.

Diplomacy
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko met in Moscow with U.K. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Patrick Reilly and French Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Maurice Dejean in talks designed to pave the way to a summit conference.

Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Faisal declared that his government would pursue policies of "positive neutrality" and would not join the United Arab Republic or the rival Arab Federation.

Politics and government
The West Indies Federation legislature elected former Barbados Prime Minister Sir Grantley Herbert Adams as the Federation's first Prime Minister.

Disasters
An underwater explosion aboard a sunken U.S. munitions ship killed 40 excavators scrapping the hulk near Naha, Okinawa.

Baseball
Dick Gray's solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning proved to be the deciding run as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the San Francisco Giants 6-5 before 78,672 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in the first major league game ever played in Los Angeles. Winning pitcher Carl Erskine allowed 10 innings and 4 runs--all earned--in 8+ innings. Hank Sauer hit 2 home runs for the Giants.

Roger Maris batted 4 for 5 with a home run to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 7-5 win over the Detroit Tigers before 46,698 fans at Briggs Stadium in the Tigers' 1958 home opener. Herb Score pitched a 5-hit complete game, allowing 4 earned runs, and hitting a single, to get his first win since being hit in the eye by a line drive on May 7, 1957.

Jim Landis, Ron Jackson, Luis Aparicio, and Bubba Phillips hit home runs to help the Chicago White Sox defeat the Kansas City Athletics 11-7 before 23,001 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Vic Power and Hal Smith homered for Kansas City.

50 years ago
1968


World events
In a successful coup d’etat, non-commissioned Sierra Leone officers replaced the military government of Colonel Andrew Juxon-Smith with a 14-member Anti-Corruption Revolutionary Movement. Charging that Col. Juxon-Smith’s National Reform Council had been "more corrupt and selfish" than the civilian regime it had replaced in March 1967, a Sierra Leone radio broadcast promised a restoration of civilian rule.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board raised its lending rate for the second time in a month, from 5% to 5 1/2%.

Labour
A nationwide strike of 200,000 telephone workers who were members of the AFL-CIO Communications Workers of America began against American Telephone & Telegraph Company-affiliated Bell Telephone firms in 15 states and Western Electric Company firms in 40 states. Automation enabled service to continue at near-normal levels.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
St. Louis 3 @ Philadelphia 1 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Minnesota 9 @ Los Angeles 4 (Minnesota won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Semi-Finals
Chicago 2 @ Montreal 9 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Parker MacDonald, Bill Goldsworthy, and Milan Marcetta each scored 2 goals as the North Stars took advantage of the shaky goaltending of Terry Sawchuk to eliminate the Kings at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Doug Robinson scored 2 goals for the Kings. For Mr. Sawchuk, it was his 100th career playoff game and probably his worst; it was his last game in a Los Angeles uniform.

CPHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Tulsa 3 @ Fort Worth 2 (Tulsa led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Basketball
ABA
Finals
New Orleans 112 @ Pittsburgh 120 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)

40 years ago
1978


Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 68-32, more than the two-thirds majority required, to turn over the Panama Canal to Panama on December 31, 1999. The margin was the same as the March 16 vote to ratify the treaty guaranteeing the neutrality of the canal after 2000. Reservations added to the treaty would allow the U.S. to use its troops to reopen the canal if necessary, but not to interfere with Panamanian sovereignty. U.S. President Jimmy Carter, who had lobbied hard for the treaties, and Panama’s head of state, Brigadier General Omar Torrijos, hailed the ratification. Brig. Gen. Torrijos added that if the treaties had been rejected, Panama would have seized the canal by force.

Terrorism
A message was found saying that former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro had been killed by his kidnappers, and his body thrown into a mountain lake near Rome. Italian troops on skis and in helicopters began a three-day search of the area in vain.

Law
The Supreme Court of the United States ruled 7-2 that broadcasters and recording companies would not have automatic access to former president Richard Nixon’s White House tapes. In a majority opinion, Justice Lewis Powell argued that the press had no "special benefits" beyond "the right to attend the trial and report what they have observed."

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Quebec 5 @ Houston 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
New York 100 @ Philadelphia 110 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Washington 121 @ San Antonio 117 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Milwaukee 103 @ Denver 119 (Denver led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Seattle 104 @ Portland 95 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Pierre Desproges, 48
. French humourist. Mr. Desproges worked on newspapers, radio, television, and stage. He was perhaps most famous for starring in the radio program Chroniques de la haine ordinaire (Chronicles of Ordinary Hatred) (1986). Mr. Desproges died of lung cancer.

War
Three U.S. warships bombarded the Sassan Iranian offshore oil platform, and after it was abandoned, U.S. Marines destroyed it. Some Iranians may have been killed during a similar bombardment of the platform off Sirri Island. During a series of Iranian reprisals, a U.S. helicopter gunship disappeared and its two-man crew was presumed lost. Two U.S. vessels repelled an attack by an Iranian missile boat and then sank it. The attacks, approved by President Ronald Reagan, were in response to the discovery of underwater mines in international waters, which President Reagan believed to be the work of Iran.

Iraq reported that it had recaptured the once-important oil port of Fao from Iran.

Diplomacy
Nicaraguan Defense Minister Humberto Ortega said that the Sandanista government would make concessions to the opposition Contras only after a final cease-fire was signed.

World events
John Demjanjuk, who had been extradited to Israel from the United States in 1986, was found guilty of war crimes by an Israeli court in Jerusalem. He had been accused by survivors of the Treblinka, Poland death camp of being "Ivan the Terrible," a guard who had assisted in the persecution of Jews. Mr. Demjanjuk claimed that he was the victim of mistaken identity. A few years after this trial, Mr. Demjanjuk was proven correct when documents released from a Soviet archive indicated that the real "Ivan the Terrible" was an Ivan Marchenko, who looked nothing like Mr. Demjanjuk.

Politics and government
In the contest for the 1988 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States, Rev. Jesse Jackson won the Delaware caucus vote.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New Jersey 1 @ Washington 3 (Washington led best-of-seven series 1-0)

A delay caused by a power failure prevented the game at the Montreal Forum from being televised, and Chris Cuthbert, who was at the Capital Center in Landover, Maryland to deliver periodic reports on the New-Jersey Washington game, suddenly found himself broadcasting an entire game by himself, including intermissions. Mr. Cuthbert's excellent impromptu performance greatly aided his career.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Give in to Me--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): All that She Wants--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: No Limit--2 Unlimited (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Young at Heart--The Bluebells (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Semi-Finals
Buffalo 5 @ Boston 4 (OT) (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Montreal 2 @ Quebec 3 (OT) (Quebec led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New Jersey 3 @ Pittsburgh 6 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New York Islanders 1 @ Washington 3 (Washington led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Semi-Finals
St. Louis 4 @ Chicago 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Los Angeles 6 @ Calgary 3 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Bob Sweeney scored at 11:03 of the 1st overtime period to give the Sabres their win over the Bruins at Boston Garden. Alexander Mogilny scored 2 goals for the Sabres.

The Canadiens led the Nordiques 2-0 with less than 2 minutes remaining in regulation time at Le Colisee, but Martin Rucinsky scored on a powerplay with 1:29 remaining to make the score 2-1, and Joe Sakic scored with 48 seconds remaining to tie the score. Scott Young scored the winning goal at 16:49 of the 1st overtime period.

Basketball
NBA
Cleveland 103 Chicago 94

20 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Terry Sanford, 80
. U.S. politician. Mr. Sanford was a Democratic politician and educator from North Carolina, where he served as a state senator from 1953-1961, Governor from 1961-1965, and United States Senator from 1986-1993. Mr. Sanford was noted for his progressive leadership in the fields of civil rights and education, and served as president of Duke University from 1969 to 1985. During his time as Governor of North Carolina, Mr. Sanford nearly doubled state spending on public schools, and created the Governor’s Schools for gifted students. He also pushed for desegregation. In recognition of Mr. Sanford's efforts in education and in countless other areas, a 1981 Harvard University survey named him one of the 10 best governors of the 20th century. Mr. Sanford was a close ally of President John F. Kennedy, and according to President Kennedy’s personal secretary Evelyn Lincoln, Mr. Kennedy would have dumped Vice-President Lyndon Johnson as his running mate in the 1964 election in favour of Mr. Sanford. According to Mrs. Lincoln, President Kennedy stated these views in a private conversation with her on November 19, 1963, just three days before his assassination. President Kennedy, according to Mrs. Lincoln, planned to emphasize government service as an honourable career in his second term, and thought that Governor Sanford believed the same things that he did. Mr. Sanford served as President Lyndon Johnson’s campaign manager in 1968 before Mr. Johnson announced his withdrawal from the race on March 31. In September he took over as Hubert Humphrey’s campaign manager. In 1972, with Alabama Governor George Wallace running for the Democratic presidential nomination, Mr. Sanford decided to challenge the idea that Governor Wallace represented southern opinion. Mr. Sanford declared his candidacy on March 8, but he received 100,000 fewer votes than Governor Wallace in the North Carolina primary, and received just 77 ½ votes at the Democratic National Convention, finishing a distant fourth behind George McGovern, George Wallace, and Shirley Chisholm. On June 1, 1975, Mr. Sanford announced his candidacy for the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination, but he withdrew on January 25, 1976, after suffering a heart murmur.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 Toronto 3

10 years ago
2008


Scandal
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrested Benoit Corbeil, director of the Liberal Party of Canada's Quebec wing from 1999-2001, on fraud and influence peddling charges. In June 2009, he pled guilty and was sentenced to 15 months in a Quebec jail, and was also fined $20,000 and ordered to pay back $117,000 to the Liberal Party.

Health
Canada became the first country to classify the controversial chemical bisphenol A as a dangerous substance, allowing Health Canada to take steps to ban the use of BPA in baby bottles.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Quarter-Finals
New York Rangers 5 @ New Jersey 3 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
Nashville 1 @ Detroit 2 (OT) (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Dallas 2 @ Anaheim 5 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Johan Franzen scored at 1:48 of the 1st overtime period to give the Red Wings their win over the Preators at Joe Louis Arena.