Thursday, 17 August 2017

August 17, 2017

300 years ago
1717


War
The month-long Siege of Belgrade ended with Prince Eugene of Savoy's Austrian troops capturing the city from the Ottoman Empire.

150 years ago
1867


Defense
U.S. Army General Philip Sheridan was relieved of his command at New Orleans after being appointed to head the Department of the Missouri in order to pacify the Plains. Gen. Joseph Mower was left in command at New Orleans.

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Harry Brown, 19. Canadian soldier. Private Brown of the 10th Battalion Québec Regiment, Canadian Expeditionary Force, died of wounds near Hill 70, near Loos, France. After his company was surrounded and the signal lines cut, Pvt. Brown delivered a message across no-man's land while severely wounded. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross on October 17, 1917.

90 years ago
1927


Aviation
The Dole Air Derby from Oakland to Honolulu concluded with only two of the eight planes that had started the race landing in Hawaii. The others crashed or disappeared, with the loss of a total of 10 lives. Arthur Goebel in his modified Travel Air 5000 plane Woolaroc, with William V. Davis as navigator, won the race in a time of 26 hours 17 minutes to win the $25,000 first prize. The Breese-Wilde 5 Monoplane Aloha, piloted by Martin Jensen, with Paul Schluter as navigator, arrived after 28 hours 16 minutes, to win the second prize money of $10,000. Mr. Jensen gave Mr. Schluter only $25 for his efforts.

80 years ago
1937


Law
The Alberta Bank Employees Civil Rights Act was disallowed by the Supreme Court of Canada. The act was passed by the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, dominated by the majority Social Credit government of Premier William Aberhart.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.S. Marines raided the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin.

70 years ago
1947


Indianica
The Radcliffe Line--the border between the Dominions of India and Pakistan--was revealed.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)--Marty Robbins

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Banana Boat Song--Harry Belafonte (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tammy--Debbie Reynolds
2 I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter--Billy Williams
3 (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley
4 Bye Bye Love--The Everly Brothers
5 It's Not for Me to Say--Johnny Mathis
6 White Silver Sands--Don Rondo
7 Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone
8 Send for Me--Nat "King" Cole
9 Whispering Bells--The Dell-Vikings
10 Diana--Paul Anka

Singles entering the chart were Marching Along to the Blues (#45)/Dancin' (#52) by Perry Como; Lotta Lovin' by Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps (#51); and Soft Sand by the Chordettes (#60).

Football
WIFU
Saskatchewan (0-1) 20 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Black Velvet Band--Johnny Kelly (4th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-1) 17 @ Montreal (0-2) 16

Montreal kicker Ron Parson missed 2 short field goal attempts in the 4th quarter--hitting the goal post on one, and being wide on the other--enabling the Tiger-Cats to escape with a victory over the Alouettes at Molson Stadium. It was the last game in a Hamilton uniform for rookie defensive back Mike Law, and the last game in the 14-year Hall of Fame career of Hamilton offensive end Hal Patterson, who suffered a kidney injury when hit by Montreal linebacker Al Ecuyer.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (5th week at #1)

Exploration
The U.S.S.R. icebreaker Arktika became the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-3) 27 @ Toronto (2-4) 26
British Columbia (4-2) 25 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 17

Ron Lancaster threw a touchdown pass to Steve Mazurak with 1:04 remaining in the game, and Bob Macoritti's convert gave the Roughriders their win over the Argonauts before 49,714 fans at Exhibition Stadium. Toronto led 25-13 in the 3rd quarter.

Leon Bright returned a kickoff 100 yards for a touchdown and caught a 65-yard TD pass from Jerry Tagge to lead the Lions over the Blue Bombers before a capcacity crowd of 25,210 at Winnipeg Stadium. Winnipeg kicker Bernie Ruoff made a 95-yard kickoff, the longest of the season in the Canadian Football League.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Clarence Brown, 97
. U.S. film director. Mr. Brown directed 53 movies, including seveal that starred Greta Garbo. His films included The Eagle (1925); Flesh and the Devil (1927); A Woman of Affairs (1928); Romance (1930); Anna Christie (1930); A Free Soul (1931); Anna Karenina (1935); The Rains Came (1939); The Human Comedy (1943); The White Cliffs of Dover (1944); National Velvet (1944); The Yearling (1946); Intruder in the Dust (1949); and Angels in the Outfield (1951). Mr. Brown was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director five times, but never won.

Rudolf Hess, 93. German Nazi politician. Mr. Hess was Adolf Hitler's deputy in the Nazi regime in the 1930s and early 1940s. He was captured in Scotland in 1941 after flying solo on an apparent attempt at a peace mission. Tried at Nuremberg after World War II, he was sentenced to life in Spandau Prison in Berlin. The Soviets always refused permission for Mr. Hess to be released, and he was the prison's only inmate for the last 30 years of his life, which ended when he reportedly committed suicide.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): L.S.I.--Shamen

Died on this date
Michael Ralph, 32
. Canadian soldier. A member of 22 Field Squadron, Sergeant Ralph was killed by a land mine during operations in Croatia and became the first soldier with the United Nations Protection Force to be killed in Operation Harmony, the Canadian participation in Bosnia and Croatia.

Politics and government
The Republican National Convention opened at the Astrodome in Houston. Pat Buchanan, who had opposed President George Bush for renomination as the party’s 1992 candidate for President of the United States, endorsed Mr. Bush in a fiery speech. Former President Ronald Reagan then delivered an excellent speech in what turned out to be his last major public appearance.





Former Hull, Quebec Mayor Marcel Beaudry was appointed Chairman of Canada's National Capital Commission, replacing Jean Pigott.

Religion
Stan McKay, a Cree from Manitoba, was elected the first aboriginal Moderator of the United Church of Canada.

Scandal
U.S. Actor-director Woody Allen admitted being romantically involved with Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daughter of his longtime companion, actress Mia Farrow.

Baseball
Kevin Gross pitched a no-hitter as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the San Francisco Giants 2-0 before 25,561 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Mark Lemke doubled home David Justice with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and give the Atlanta Braves a 5-4 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 38,062 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Frank Thomas drove in 2 runs with a sacrifice fly and a single to help the Chicago White Sox edge the New York Yankees 4-3 before 38,553 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Mike Macfarlane batted 3 for 4 with a home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in to help the Kansas City Royals defeat the Detroit Tigers 6-5 before 28,927 fans at Royals Stadium. Mr. Macfarlane's 2-run homer was the key hit of a 4-run 6th inning.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Men in Black--Will Smith (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (5th week at #1)

Music
Canadian-born country singer Hank Snow was honoured as the old Canadian National train station in Liverpool, Nova Scotia reopened as the Hank Snow Country Music Centre. Mr. Snow, 83, was too ill to attend, but donated two vintage cars and one of his rhinestone suits to the centre.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Bill Deedes, 94
. U.K. journalist and politician. Mr. Deedes, a Conservative, represented Ashford in the House of Commons from 1950-1974, and was Minister Without Portfolio from 1962-1964. He joined the London Morning Post as a reporter in 1931, then with the Daily Telegraph after the latter paper acquired the former in 1937. Mr. Deedes edited the Daily Telegraph from 1974-1986, and continued his career as a journalist after being made a life peer; he was still writing a column at the time of his death.

Eddie Griffin, 25. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Griffin was a forward and center with the Houston Rockets (2001-03) and Minnesota Timberwolves (2004-07), scoring 2,171 points (7.2 per game), with 1,744 rebounds (5.8 per game) , 236 assists (0.8 per game), and 518 blocks (1.7 per game) in 303 games. He had a long history of heavy drinking, and sat out the entire 2003-04 season when he entered an alcohol rehabilitation centre after signing with the New Jersey Nets. Mr. Griffin signed with Minnesota for 2004-05, but the drinking continued, and he was released by the Timberwolves in March 2007. He was trying to get in shape in order to play in Europe when he drove drunk and was killed when he crashed his car into a moving train at 1:30 A.M. after ignoring a warning signal.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-2-1) 45 @ Calgary (3-4-1) 45

Calgary quarterback Henry Burris rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed for 4 others as the Stampeders tied the Lions before 30,826 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

August 16, 2017

240 years ago
1777


War
Amnerican forces commanded by Brigadier General John Stark and local militia forces defeated British forces led by General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Bennington, Vermont. Gen. Burgoyne had sent a detachment to Bennington to forage for much needed supplies; the Americans killed or captured nearly 1,000 of Burgoyne's 7,000-man invading army, further slowing British invasion plans.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Hal Foster
. Canadian-born U.S. artist and writer. Mr. Foster, a native of Halifax, created the Prince Valiant comic strip in 1937. He died on July 25, 1982, 22 days befoere his 90th birthday.

Otto Messmer. U.S. animator. Mr. Messmer has been credited with creating Felix the Cat, the first cartoon character created and developed for the screen. Mr. Messmer worked on the movie cartoons and also oversaw the Felix the Cat comic strip. Mr. Messmer died on October 28, 1983 at the age of 91.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Mildred Doran, 22 (?)
. U.S. aviatrix. Miss Doran and her Buhl Airsedan biplane Miss Doran disappeared during the Dole Air Race from Oakland to Honolulu. Also lost were pilot John "Auggy" Pedlar and navigator Vilas Knope.

Aviation
The Dole Air Derby from Oakland to Honolulu began. During the race, which concluded the next day, six out of the eight participating planes crashed or disappeared.

75 years ago
1942


War
The two-man crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappeared without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifted without her crew and crash-landed in Daly City, California.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)--Tex Williams and his Western Caravan (2nd week at #1)

Aviation
The de Havilland DHC-2 Beaver bush plane made its first flight at Downsview, Ontario. With its high-lift wing and flap configuration, the all-metal Beaver had very good short take-off-and-landing capability even with heavy loads; the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force late bought 980 of them for use in Korea, where it was known as The General's Jeep. A total of 1,600 were made, a record number for an aircraft designed and built in Canada.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (20th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Irving Langmuir, 76
. U.S. chemist and physicist. Dr. Langmuir was awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his discoveries and investigations in surface chemistry." He invented the gas-filled incandescent lamp and the hydrogen welding technique, and popularized the "concentric theory of atomic structure."

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
3 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
4 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
5 Theme for a New Love--Davy Jones
6 Waterloo Sunset--The Kinks
7 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
8 In the Chapel in the Moonlight--Dean Martin
9 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
10 I Take it Back--Sandy Posey

The only single entering the chart was Mr. Pleasant by the Kinks (#35). The album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles charted at #40.

Protest
200-300 Negro teenagers rioted in Syracuse, New York after a report that police had beaten a Negro man near the campus of Syracuse University.

Several Negroes went on a looting rampage in Houston after Leon Perry, Jr., 27, a Negro, was shot and wounded by a liquor store owner while trying to rob the store.

Eight white men were arrested when they charged into a crowd of civil rights demonstrators in Sastuma, Louisiana who were marching from Bogalusa to Baton Rouge, where they intended to present a list of grievances to Louisiana Governor John McKeithen. Those arrested were among about 75 white men who charged into the marchers. A reinforced police guard repelled the attacks.

Football
The British Columbia Lions fired head coach Dave Skrien, who had led them to the Grey Cup championship in 1964. The Lions had failed to make the playoffs since, and had lost their first three games in 1967. Mr. Skrien joined the club in 1959 as an assistant to Wayne Robinson and replaced Mr. Robinson midway through the 1961 season. The Lions botched Mr. Skrien's dismissal, as it became public knowledge that Jim Champion, an assistant coach under Mr. Skrien from 1962-1964 before returning to college football in the United States, had been hired as the team's new head coach before Mr. Skrien had been notified that he was being replaced. Mr. Champion wasn't yet ready to assume his new duties, so the assistant coaches took over for that night's game at home against the Toronto Argonauts.

CFL
Ottawa (2-0) 40 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 7
Toronto (2-0) 18 @ British Columbia (0-4) 17

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Elvis Presley, 42
. U.S. musician. Mr. Presley, the "King of Rock and Roll," who had 18 singles that reached the #1 position on the Billboard pop charts--15 from 1956-1960--died of a heart attack (see also here) while having a bowel movement at his Graceland mansion in Memphis. His achievements are too numerous to mention here.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-4) 17 @ Ottawa (2-3) 31
Calgary (1-4) 16 @ Edmonton (4-1) 32

Richard Holmes, playing his first game in an Ottawa uniform since being acquired from the Toronto Argonauts, rushed 20 times for 136 yards and 3 touchdowns--one of them covering 72 yards--to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats before 23,494 fans at Lansdowne Park.

The Eskimos entertained the 25,761 fans at Clarke Stadium with trick plays in defeating the Stampeders. Tom Wilkinson completed 20 of 27 passes, including touchdowns to Don Warrington and Larry Highbaugh. Angelo Santucci scored an Edmonton touchdown in the 2nd quarter when Dave Cutler was short on a 51-yard field goal attempt, and Calgary returner Scott Crawford allowed the ball to bounce off him and watched Mr. Santucci pick up the ball at the 5-yard line and go into the end zone. It was the third and final CFL game for Mr. Crawford. The trick plays included a fake punt with a pass from punter Gerald Kunyk to Mr. Santucci for a first down, and a direct snap between Mr. Wilkinson's legs to running back Jim Germany on a third down short-yardage gamble that worked for another first down. Calgary defensive back Andre Johnson, playing his first game in a Calgary uniform after one game with the Toronto Argonauts, returned 4 punts for 40 yards and 2 kickoffs for 42 yards before suffering a season-ending knee injury in the 4th quarter. John Hufnagel passed to Brian Gervais for the first Calgary touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Matthew Reed passed to Larry Leathem for the other Calgary TD on the last play of the game.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Respectable--Mel and Kim (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Joe le taxi--Vanessa Paradis (3rd week at #1)

World events
The Harmonic Convergence, the world's first globally synchronized meditation event, took place at approximately 200 sites throughout the United States and about 50 more around the world. The event was organized by José Argüelles, founder of the Whole Earth Festival and one of the originators of Earth Day. It was believed that spiritual energy was particularly strong at "power centres" such as Mount Shasta in California and Mount Fuji in Japan, and that if 144,000 people gathered at these power centres and meditated for peace, it would speed the arrival of the New Age. The timing of the Harmonic Convergence was allegedly based on the Mayan calendar, and marked an alignment of the sun, moon, and six of the eight other planets. It also coincided with the 10th anniversary of the death of Elvis Presley, and when the King of Rock and Roll failed to put in an appearance and nothing dramatic happened, the Harmonic Convergence was widely ridiculed (see, for example, Moronic Convergence: The moral and spiritual emptiness of New Age by Richard Blow, The New Republic, Vol. 198 No. 4, January 25, 1988, pp. 24-27). However, when the INF Treaty--which abolished an entire category of nuclear weapons--came into effect in 1988, and the Berlin Wall fell and the Soviet Union began to fall apart toward the end of 1989, some New Age proponents claimed that the Harmonic Convergence had brought about a more peaceful world. This spiritual power seems to have largely dissipated since September 11, 2001.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the merchandise trade deficit had risen to $15.71 billion in June.

Disasters
Northwest Airlines Flight 255, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 jet that had just taken off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport, crashed in Romulus, Michigan, killing at least 155 people in the second-highest death toll for a U.S. plane crash. The number of people on the plane was uncertain, and two were killed on the ground. There was one survivor—4-year-old Cecilia Cichan of Tempe, Arizona, whose parents and brother were killed. The cause of the crash was not immediately determined.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-5) 33 @ Saskatchewan (2-4-1) 36

Tom Burgess completed touchdown passes to Ray Elgaard and Tron Armstrong and handed off to David Conrad for another touchdown, and Dave Ridgway added 5 field goals and 3 converts as the Roughriders held off a 17-point rally by the Rough Riders in the 4th quarter before 24,346 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Tim McCray led the Saskatchewan ground game with 19 carries for 122 yards. Todd Dillon started at quarterback for Ottawa and completed a touchdown pass to Gerald Alphin in the 2nd quarter. Former Dallas Cowboys’ backup quarterback Reggie Collier, playing his first CFL game, relieved Mr. Dillon in the 4th quarter with Saskatchewan ahead 33-17, and threw an interception before producing 2 touchdowns. He threw a 7-yard touchdown pass to James Hood and Mr. Dillon completed a pass to Larry Mohr for a 2-point convert, reducing the Roughriders’ led to 33-25 with 1:41 remaining in regulation time. Mr. Ridgway’s 38-yard field goal with 33 seconds left made the score 36-25, and Mr. Collie finished the game with a 22-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Hood and a 2-point convert pass to Jim Reid on the final play. Marc Lewis led Ottawa receivers with 112 yards on 9 receptions, while Mr. Hood caught 6 for 92.

Baseball
The New York Mets set a club record for runs in a game as they beat the Chicago Cubs 23-10 before 32,731 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Darryl Strawberry led the Mets with 2 doubles, a home run, and 5 runs. Ron Darling was the winning pitcher over Greg Maddux.

Tim Raines batted 5 for 5 and hit for the cycle to lead the Montreal Expos to a 10-7 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 26,134 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 10th inning, pinch hitter Chili Davis singled and scored on a double by Eddie Milner to give the San Francisco Giants a 1-0 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 52,374 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mike LaCoss pitched a 3-hit complete game shutout. Bob Welch started on the mound for Los Angeles and allowed 4 hits in 8 inning before being relieved by Tim Leary, who took the loss.

Ron Robinson and John Franco combined on a 3-hit shutout and Nick Esasky hit 2 solo home runs as the Cincinnati Reds blanked the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 18,884 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

Rich Yett and Doug Jones combined for a 4-hit shutout as the Cleveland Indians edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 38,807 fans at Yankee Stadium. Pat Tabler scored the only run in the top of the 8th inning when he reached first base on a force play, stole second, and scored on a 2-out double by Cory Snyder. The run off losing pitcher Ron Guidry was unearned, because Brook Jaboy had led off the inning by reaching first base on an error by New York shortstop Bobby Meacham.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey featuring Trey Lorenz (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): ABBA-esque--Erasure (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (8th week at #1)

Politics and government
In Lorretteville, Québec, the Wendake Huron nation elected Jocelyne Gros-Louis (Lahontiach) as Grand Chief over Max Gros-Louis, head of the Nation for 26 years; Ms. Gros-Louis became the first woman to serve as a First Nation leader in Canada.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Oh la la la--2 Eivissa

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Alane--Wes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Men in Black--Will Smith

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (10th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
The Stanley Cup went on display in Moscow, only the second time the Cup had left North America.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-7) 26 @ Montreal (5-3) 36

10 years aago
2007


Terrorism

Jose Padilla, a U.S. citizen held for 3-1/2 years as an enemy combatant, was convicted in Miami of helping Islamic extremists and plotting overseas attacks. He was later sentenced to 17 years and 4 months in prison.

August 15, 2017

1,300 years ago
717


War
Muslim Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate commanded by Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik began the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople, which lasted for nearly a year.

500 years ago
1517


Diplomacy
Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade met Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Louis de Broglie
. French physicist. Dr. de Broglie won the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons." He made major contributions to quantum theory, and died on March 19, 1987 at the age of 94.

110 years ago
1907


Religion
Father Raphael Morgan, the first Negro American Orthodox priest, was ordained in Constantinople as "Priest-Apostolic" to America and the West Indies.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Óscar Romero
. Salvadoran clergyman. Fr. Romero was Roman Catholic Archbishop of San Salvador from 1977 until his assassination at the age of 62 on March 24, 1980 by a gunman while delivering mass at a small chapel in San Salvador. He had been an outspoken critic of human rights violations perpetrated by the Salvadoran government, and the day before his death had called on Salvadoran soldiers to refuse to carry out government repression and human rights violations.

Jack Lynch. Taoiseach of Ireland, 1966-1973, 1977-1979. Mr. Lynch was a hurling and football (soccer) star before entering politics. He was a member of Fianna Fáil, and sat as a Teachta Dála (Member of Parliament) for various Cork ridings from 1948-1981. Mr. Lynch held several cabinet posts before leading Fianna Fáil from 1966-1979; his tenure as Taoiseach was interrupted by electoral defeat in 1973, but he led the Opposition until Fianna Fáil regained power in the 1977 election. Mr. Lynch's grip on power began to slip, and he resigned as Taoiseach and party leader in 1979. He died on October 20, 1999 at the age of 82.

War
The Canadian Corps, led by newly knighted Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Currie, stormed Hill 70 north of Lens in their first major action under a Canadian commander. They held the hill during heavy German counterattacks, and moved into Lens on August 21.

90 years ago
1927


Boxing
World "colored" heavyweight champion George Godfrey (43-11-1) knocked out Jim Maloney (29-5), a white man, just 1:25 into their bout at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Mr. Maloney was revived 10 minutes after being knocked out.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King appointed Newton Wesley Rowell as Chairman of the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations, to examine the amendment of the British North America Act, and the relationship of the federal and provincial governments in Confederation.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jingle Jangle Jingle--Kay Kyser Orchestra (5th week at #1)

War
In Operation Pedestal, the U.S. Navy tanker SS Ohio reached Malta barely afloat, carrying vital fuel supplies for the island's defenses.

70 years ago
1947


Asiatica
India and Pakistan became independent after 190 years of British rule.

Politics and government
Muhammad Ali Jinnah took office in Karachi as the first Governor-General of Pakistan.

60 years ago
1957


Football
WIFU
Edmonton (1-0) 21 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 14

Johnny Bright scored 2 touchdowns and Jackie Parker added another for the Eskimos at Winnipeg Stadium as they ruined the regular season debut for Bud Grant as head coach of the Blue Bombers. Players making their regular season debuts included Winnipeg quarterback Kenny Ploen and end Ernie Pitts.

50 years ago
1967


Died on this date
René Magritte, 68
. Belgian artist. Mr. Magritte was a surrealist painter whose work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality. He died of pancreatic cancer.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-1) 10 @ Calgary (2-1) 36

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Go to Rio--Peter Allen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagisa no Sindbad--Pink Lady (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Speak Up Mambo (Cuéntame)--The Manhattan Transfer

Space
The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the Search for Extraterrestriel Intelligence (SETI) project, received a radio signal from deep space; the event was named the "Wow! signal" from the notation made by a volunteer on the project.

Canadiana
The Acadian Historical Village (Village historique acadien) opened on the Rivière-du-Nord near Caraquet, New Brunswick.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Who's That Girl--Madonna (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Who's That Girl--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Who's That Girl--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): La Bamba--Los Lobos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2 (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2 (2nd week at #1)
2 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
3 Who's That Girl--Madonna
4 Luka--Suzanne Vega
5 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
6 Shakedown--Bob Seger
7 La Bamba--Los Lobos
8 Cross My Broken Heart--The Jets
9 Rhythm is Gonna Get You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
10 Don't Mean Nothing--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Paper in Fire by John Cougar Mellencamp (#59); Who Will You Run To by Heart (#63); Casanova by Levert (#81); Let Me Be the One by Expose (#85); Don't Look Down--The Sequel by Go West (#87); Oh Yeah by Yello (#88); and One Lover at a Time by Atlantic Starr (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
2 Alone--Heart
3 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
4 Shakedown--Bob Seger
5 Who's That Girl--Madonna
6 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
7 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
8 Always--Atlantic Starr
9 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
10 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam

Singles entering the chart were Didn't We Almost Have it All by Whitney Houston (#73); Touch of Grey by the Grateful Dead (#90); Be There by the Pointer Sisters (#92); Love and Satisfaction by New Regime (#94); Paper in Fire by John Cougar Mellencamp (#95); and Running in the Family by Level 42 (#97).

Died on this date
Martha Blackburn, 47
. Canadian media magnate. Ms. Blackburn was chairman of the board of directors of The Blackburn Group, which published the London Free Press and owned CFPL radio and television stations in London. Ms. Blackburn took over the company upon her father Walter's death in 1983. She died of a heart attack after water skiing at her family's cottage on an island in Georgian Bay, Ontario.

Married on this date
Happy anniversary, Janet & Tim Sproule!

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Amigos Para Siempre--Jose Carreras and Sarah Brightman

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kiss of Tears--Southern All Stars (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sensacion de Vivir--Xuxa (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le Chat--Pow woW (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): End of the Road--Boyz II Men

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
2 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot
3 End of the Road--Boyz II Men
4 November Rain--Guns N' Roses
5 Baby-Baby-Baby--TLC
6 Giving Him Something He Can Feel--En Vogue
7 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
8 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
9 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
10 Too Funky--George Michael

Singles entering the chart were Lithium by Nirvana (#58); Symphony of Destruction by Megadeth (#60); Where Does That Leave Love by George LaMond (#64); Nobody Wins in This War by Mitch Malloy (#77); Galileo by Indigo Girls (#81); Give it Up by Wilson Phillips (#83); Jump! by Movement (#90); Mother Tone by Truce (#92); and Full Term Love by Monie Love (#96).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
2 The One--Elton John
3 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
4 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
5 Take this Heart--Richard Marx
6 Friday I'm in Love--The Cure
7 Even Better than the Real Thing--U2
8 Too Funky--George Michael
9 Lost Together--Blue Rodeo
10 Just for Tonight--Vanessa Williams

Singles entering the chart were You Don't Have to Remind Me by Sass Jordan (#73); Am I the Same Girl by Swing Out Sister (#79); Is it Really Love by Dan Hill (#81); Leap of Faith by Bruce Springsteen (#82); It's No Secret by Stan Meissner (#89); Rock You Gently by Jennifer Warnes (#91); A Penny More by Skydiggers (#95); Come to Me by Bonnie Raitt (#96); Lithium by Nirvana (#97); and Tears to Tell by Howard Jones (#98). Am I the Same Girl was a vocal version of a song originally released as an instrumental under the title Soulful Strut, a hit for Young-Holt Unlimited in late 1968-early 1969.

War
The United Nations awarded 226 Canadian peacekeepers with UN service medals for work in Yugoslavia.

Politics and government
A congress of the youth wing of the Québec Liberal Party, meeting in Sherbrooke, refused to recognize any understanding based on the Charlottetown Accord of July 7, 1992, and again demanded another referendum on Québec sovereignty.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (6th week at #1)

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-3) 39 @ Saskatchewan (4-4) 26

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Sam Pollock, 81
. Canadian hockey and baseball executive. Mr. Pollock was general manager of the Montreal Canadiens from 1964-78, leading them to nine Stanley Cup championships in that span, including his last three seasons. He was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Toronto Blue Jays from 1995-2000. Mr. Pollock was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1978 and the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1990.

Disasters
An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastated Ica and various regions of Peru, killing 514 and injuring 1,090.

Monday, 14 August 2017

August 14, 2017

200 years ago
1817


Born on this date
Alexander H. Bailey
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bailey was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1849 and the New York State Senate from 1862-1865, and then represented New York's 21st District in the United States House of Representatives from 1867-1871. He was a judge of the Oneida County Court from 1871 until his death on April 20, 1874 at the age of 56.

175 years ago
1842


War
The Second Seminole War ended, with the Seminoles forced to move from Florida to Oklahoma.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Cupid Childs
. U.S. baseball player. Clarence Childs was a second baseman with the Phialdelphia Quakers (1888); Syracuse Stars (1890); Cleveland Spiders (1891-1898); St. Louis Perfectos (1899); and Chicago Orphans (1900-1901), batting .306 with 20 home runs and 743 runs batted in in 1,457 games. He led the National League with 136 runs in 1892, and was near the top in bases on balls nearly every year, amassing a career total of 991. Mr. Childs drank himself to death at the age of 45 on November 8, 1912 at the age of 45.

John Galsworthy. U.K. author. Mr. Galsworthy was awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his distinguished art of narration, which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga," a trilogy of novels published from 1906-1921. He died of a brain tumour on January 31, 1933 at the age of 65.

140 years ago
1877


Environment
The North-West Territorial Council passed an ordinance "For the Protection of the Buffalo" in an attempt to slow the destruction of the herds. It became unlawful to drive the buffalo into ravines or pits where they could be easily killed, or to hunt or kill buffalo for amusement, or solely to secure their tongues and pelts; The ordinance closed the season on female buffalo, extending from November 15 until August 14 each year.

100 years ago
1917


War
China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I.

80 years ago
1937


War
Air-to-air combat in the Second Sino-Japanese War began when six Japanese bombers were shot down by Chinese fighters while raiding Chinese air bases.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King set up the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations--popularly known as the Rowell-Sirois Commission--to examine amendment of the British North America Act and relations of the federal and provincial governments.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics scored 4 runs in the 2nd inning and 3 in the 3rd as they defeated the New York Yankees 12-6 before 12,500 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Bud Thomas pitched an 8-hit complete game victory to improve his 1937 record to 3-11, and helped his cause with a 3-run home run in the 2nd inning. Philadelphia second baseman Rusty Peters batted 4 for 5 with a double and 4 runs.

The Detroit Tigers routed the St. Louis Browns 16-1 and 20-7 in a doubleheader sweep at Navin Field in Detroit. Eldon Auker, the winning pitcher in the first game, helped his own cause by hitting 2 home runs and batting in 5 runs. The Tigers hit 6 homers in the second game, with Charlie Gehringer batting 5 for 5 with 2 home runs, a double, 3 runs, and 6 runs batted in.

Pinch hitter Frankie Pytlak tripled home Odell Hale with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the Chicago White Sox 4-3 at League Park in Cleveland. Johnny Allen allowed 6 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings to improve his record for the season to 5-0.

Jim Turner pitched a 3-hitter to improve his 1937 record to 12-8 and scored the game's final run as the Boston Bees shut out the Brooklyn Dodgers 3-0 before 2,426 fans at National League Park in Boston.

Alex Kampouris, Ival Goodman, and Ernie Lombardi hit home runs to help the Cincinnati Reds defeat the Chicago Cubs 10-5 before 10,607 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Al Hollingsworth pitched a 10-hit complete game victory and hit 3 singles.

Paul Waner singled home pinch runner Pie Traynor to climax a 5-run 9th-inning comeback as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the St. Louis Cardinals 6-5 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Pinch hitter Don Padgett singled to lead off the bottom of the 9th and stole second base, but Pittsburgh relief pitcher Jim Tobin retired the next 3 batters to end the game. For Mr. Traynor, it was the 1,941st and last game of his 17-year Hall of Fame major league career.

70 years ago
1947


On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Lodger

Asiatica
Pakistan gained her independence from the British Empire and joined the Commonwealth of Nations.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lola--Los Brincos

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Six Months to Mars

Radio
The U.K. Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declared participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Boogie Nights--Heat Wave (2nd week at #1)

Golf
In the first major tournament played under a new sudden-death rule, Lanny Wadkins sank a six-foot putt for par on the third playoff hole at Pebble Beach Golf Links in California to defeat Gene Littler and win the PGA Championship. Mr. Littler had led after each of the first three rounds, but shot a 4-over-par 76 in the final round, while Mr. Wadkins shot a 2-under 70 to tie Mr. Littler at 6-under-par 282. First prize money was $45,000.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (5th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Philip Habib resigned as U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s special envoy to Central America, apparently unhappy at having had no major role in developing U.S. initiatives in the region.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.2% in July.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (5-2) 14 @ Hamilton (3-3) 26

Tom Porras completed touchdown passes of 69 yards to Steve Stapler and 55 yards to Tony Champion in the 1st quarter to lead the Tiger-Cats past the Blue Bombers before 18,503 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Winnipeg quarteback Tom Clements completed touchdown passes of 56 yards to Perry Tuttle in the 3rd quarter and 61 yards to James Murphy in the 4th quarter.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning as they defeated the Texas Rangers 9-3 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 33,840 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Rangers scored 5 runs in the 2nd as they won the second game 9-4.

Brook Jacoby hit a pair of solo home runs to help the Cleveland Indians edge the New York Yankees 6-5 before 35,201 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Mark McGwire set a major league record for rookies with his 39th home run of the season, off Don Sutton in the 6th inning, to help the Oakland Athletics defeat the California Angels 7-6 in 12 innings before 36,616 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The Athletics scored the winning run when Tony Bernazard doubled with 2 out and scored on a single by Mike Davis.

Shane Mack drove in 5 runs with a home run, triple, and sacrifice fly, and Randy Ready added 4 RBIs with a double and 2 singles to help the San Diego Padres defeat the Cincinnati Reds 15-8 before 32,080 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Nick Esasky hit a 3-run homer to give the Reds a 3-0 lead in the top of the 2nd inning, but the Padres scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 2nd, 4 in the 3rd, and 5 in the 4th to take an 11-2 lead.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (3rd week at #1)

John Sirica, 88. U.S. judge. Known as "Maximum John" because of his harsh sentences, Mr. Sirica was Chief Judge for the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. He became famous for presiding over the trials of many of those accused in the break-in of the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate office complex in Washington. Mr. Sirica was named Time magazine's Man of the Year for 1973.

Tony Williams, 64. U.S. singer. Mr. Williams was the lead singer of the Platters from 1953-1960, when they were one of the most popular groups in North America. Their hit singles included Only You; The Great Pretender; My Prayer; Twilight Time; and Smoke Gets in Your Eyes.

Baseball
Lonnie Smith had 5 hits and drove in 6 runs as the Atlanta Braves routed the Pittsburgh Pirates 15-0 before 38,595 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Tom Glavine pitched his 5th shutout of the season to improve his record to 18-3.

John Olerud hit a 3-run home run and Candy Maldonado followed with a homer as the Toronto Blue Jays scored 7 runs in the 3rd inning on their way to a 9-5 win over the Cleveland Indians before 41,686 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

The Chicago White Sox scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 2-2 tie and defeat the New York Yankees 6-2 before 40,001 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The Yankees loaded the bases with 1 out in the 9th, but Roberto Hernandez struck out Bernie Williams and retired Roberto Kelly on a popup to end the game.

Jim Gantner led off the bottom of the 13th inning with a home run to give the Milwaukee Brewers an 8-7 win over the Boston Red Sox in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 25,598 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The Red Sox scored 2 runs after the first 2 batters made outs in the top of the 12th and retired the first 2 batters in the bottom of the inning, but the Brewers rallied with 3 straight hits to tie the game. Robin Yount singled home Kevin Seitzer with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st in the second game, and it held up for a 1-0 Milwaukee win to complete the sweep as Cal Eldred allowed 3 hits in 8 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Greg Harris.

The Detroit Tigers scored 7 runs in the top of the 1st inning and held on to defeat the Texas Rangers 9-6 before 38,696 fans at Arlington Stadium. Texas left fielder Juan Gonzalez hit 2 solo home runs, a double, and a single, driving in 4 runs.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Mato--Apulanta (6th week at #1)

Terrorism
An unrepentant Timothy McVeigh was sentenced to death for the April 19, 1995 bombing at the Frederick P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (6-2) 14 @ Toronto (6-2) 38
Calgary (4-4) 35 @ Winnipeg (1-7) 24

The Argonauts scored the last 24 points of the game after starting Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus left the game with a shoulder injury in the 2nd quarter. Mr. McManus completed 12 of 21 passes for 169 yards and touchdowns of 47 yards to Don Blair and 8 yards to Shannon Myers, who was playing his first CFL game.

10 years ago
2007


Terrorism
At least 500 people were killed and over 1,500 injured in four suicide bomb attacks on Yazidi communities in Kahtaniya, Iraq.

Sunday, 13 August 2017

August 13, 2017

225 years ago
1792


World events

King Louis XVI of France was formally arrested by the National Tribunal, and declared an enemy of the people.

110 years ago
1907


Politics and government
Henri Bourassa addressed a crowd of 15,000 as he began a tour through Quebec to announce the creation of a third provincial party: le Parti nationaliste (Nationalist Party).

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Sid Gordon
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gordon was a left fielder and third baseman with the New York Giants (1941-1943, 1946-1949, 1955); Boston/Milwaukee Braves (1950-1953); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1954-1955), batting .283 with 202 home runs and 805 runs batted in in 1,475 games. His best season was probably 1948, when he batted .299 with 30 home runs and 107 RBIs. Mr. Gordon struck out just 356 times in his career, while drawing 731 bases on balls. He died at the age of 57 on June 17, 1975, several hours after suffering a heart attack while playing softball in Central Park in New York City.

Died on this date
Eduard Buchner, 57
. German biochemist. Dr. Buchner was awarded the 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his biochemical researches and his discovery of cell-free fermentation." He was a major in the Imperial German Army during World War I, and died 10 days after being wounded while serving in a front-line field hospital at Focşani, Romania.

80 years ago
1937


War
The Battle of Shanghai began between forces of the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs amassed 22 hits and the Cincinnati Reds made 8 errors as the Cubs routed the Reds 22-6 before 10,732 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

The Boston Bees allowed 2 runs in the top of the 1st inning but came back with 2 runs in the 3rd and 3 in the 8th to beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-2 before 1,982 fans at National League Park in Boston. Brooklyn second baseman Cookie Lavagetto made 2 errors that led to the first 2 Boston runs in the 8th, and Vince DiMaggio followed with a solo home run to close the scoring.

Carl Hubbell pitched a 6-hitter, striking out 9 batters, walking none, and hitting a single and a double to lead the New York Giants over the Philadelphia Phillies 5-0 before 10,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. New York catcher Harry Danning drove in 3 runs with a home run and an outfield fly.

Pete Appleton pitched a 6-hitter, striking out 4 batters, walking none, and hitting a single and scoring a run as the Washington Nationals shut out the Boston Red Sox 3-0 before 4,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington in a game that was played in 1 hour 45 minutes.

Hank Greenberg hit a 3-run home run in the 1st inning and added a single and double and 2 more runs to help the Detroit Tigers defeat the St. Louis Browns 7-6 at Navin Field in Detroit.

Pinch hitter Jack Rothrock singled home 2 runs and Wally Berger followed with a run-scoring single as the Philadelphia Athletics scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning to overcome a 3-1 deficit and defeat the New York Yankees 4-3 before 7,500 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics' 7th-inning runs scored after New York starting and losing pitcher Lefty Gomez walked the bases loaded with 1 out.

75 years ago
1942


War
A German column drove 50 miles along the Rostov-Baku rail line to Mineralnye Vody, 140 miles from the Gromy oil centre. German authorities in Yugoslavia announced that Serbia would be annihilated if they were compelled to use one additional soldier above the present occupying force to suppress disorders. U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin drafted a memorandum to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill opposing their decision not to invade western Europe at that time. Major General Eugene Reybold of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorized the construction of facilities that would house the "Development of Substitute Materials" project, better known as the Manhattan Project.

Defense
U.S. Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall denied Senator John Bankhead's (Democrat--Alabama) request to keep Negro troops out of Southern states.

Economics and finance
Mexico barred importation of all U.S. currency except $2 bills and coins in order to prevent Axis agents from dumping dollars seized in Europe.

With only 28 members present, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Rankin bill authorizing the payment of allowances to dependents of enlisted men in the armed forces.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered Navy Secretary Frank Knox to seize and operate the Bayonne, New Jersey plant of General Cable Corporation, idled by a three-day wildcat strike of American Federation of Labor electrical workers. The U.S. National Labor Relations Board directed Standard Oil Company to disestablish three company-dominated employee associations in Linden, Bayonne, and Jersey City, New Jersey.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
George Godfrey, 50
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Godfrey, born Feab Williams, was the world "colored" heavyweight champion from 1926-1928 and 1931-1933. He was recognized as International Boxing Union world heavyweight champion from 1935-1937; Max Baer was stripped of IBU recognition for refusing to defend his title against current European champion Pierre Charles, and Mr. Godfrey then defeated Mr. Charles. Mr. Godfrey compiled a record of 99-21-2 in a professional career spanning 1919-1937.

World events
British authorities in Palestine imposed curfews on settlements between Tel Aviv and Jaffa in an effort to curb mounting Jewish-Arab violence.

Politics and government
In a letter to Soviet Foreign Ministe Vyacheslav Molotov, U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall threatened to act without the U.S.S.R. in establishing a united Korean government, and called for a report by August 21 on deladlocked U.S.-U.S.S.R. Joint Committee talks in Seoul.

Labour
U.S. Representative Fred Hartley (Republican--New Jersey) disclosed plans to conduct a congressional investigation of alleged labour racketeers in Detroit.

B.F. Goodrich averted a strike by 21,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations Rubber Workers union members when it agreed to negotiate its first company-wide contract.

60 years ago
1957


Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev concluded a state visit to East Germany by signing a joint declaration with East German leaders calling for the limitation of Big Four (U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., France) forces in Germany; East German cooperation in any disarmament or inspection plan; and increased Soviet-East German trade.

Meeting in Damascus with Syrian President Sabri al-Assali, Soviet Ambassador to Syria Sergei Nemtchine pledged the U.S.S.R.'s readiness to support Syria "in the face of all foreign imperialistic intrigue."

World events
U.S. Customs agents in Miami seized a cache of carbines, anti-tank, and machine guns believed destined for Cuban guerrilla leader Fidel Castro.

Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Wilson appointed a special committee to choose between the Army's Jupiter and the Air Force's Thor as the chief U.S. intermediate range (1,500-mile) ballistic missile.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Cokane in My Brain--Dillinger

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (3rd week at #1)
2 Best of My Love--Emotions
3 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
4 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
5 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
6 Easy--Commodores
7 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
8 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers
9 You and Me--Alice Cooper
10 Just a Song Before I Go--Crosby, Stills & Nash

Singles entering the chart were Heaven on the 7th Floor by Paul Nicholas (#83); I Wouldn't Want to Be Like You by Alan Parsons (#84); Good Morning Judge by 10 C.C. (#91); Just Remember I Love You by Firefall (#92); Make it with You by the Whispers (#93); Love Me One Time (Just For Old Times Sake) by Karen Nelson and Billy T (#98); O-H-I-O by Ohio Players (#99); and Heaven on the Seventh Floor by the Mighty Pope (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (2nd week at #1)
2 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
3 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
4 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
5 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
6 Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA
7 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
8 You and Me--Alice Cooper
9 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
10 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day

Singles entering the chart were Talk About Money by Billy Workman (#80); Cherry Pie by Kelly Jay (#92); I Feel Love by Donna Summer (#93); Daytime Friends by Kenny Rogers (#94); For a While by Mary MacGregor (#95); Everybody Ought to Be in Love by Paul Anka (#96); Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue by Crystal Gayle (#97); I Believe in Sunshine by the Great Rufus Road Machine (#98); Making Believe by Emmylou Harris (#99); and We Never Danced to a Love Song by the Manhattans (#100).

Politics and government
The U.S.A. and U.K. agreed on a plan for the peaceful transition of the government of Rhodesia to Negro majority rule, but failed to gain approval from most of the leading figures in the dispute. The plan provided for universal suffrage; a United Nations-controlled international security force; disbanding of Rhodesian government and guerrilla forces; and a development fund.

Protest
More than 200 protesters were arrested, and 110 people--including 55 police officers--were injured after demonstrations in Lewisham, England against a National Front march.

30 years ago
1987


Personal
This blogger concluded his first term at the University of Western Ontario's School of Library and Information Science and spent the evening celebrating with classmates at the Society of Graduate Students centre.

World events
As U.S. President Ronald Reagan was travelling in his helicopter and approaching his ranch in Santa Barbara, California to begin a vacation, a small private plane flew within 200 feet of the helicopter. Mr. Reagan’s pilot took evasive action, and security guards in a second helicopter pursued the plane, which landed at Orange County Airport. The pilot, U.S. Army Private Ralph Myers, was questioned and then held when it was learned that he was absent without leave from a base in Washington state.

Diplomacy
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega concluded two days of talks with Cuban dictator Fidel Castro in Havana.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-2-1) 23 @ British Columbia (5-2) 30

With the score tied 17-17 early in the 3rd quarter, Toronto punter Hank Ilesic fumbled a high snap, and B.C. defensive back Keith Gooch returned the ball 3 yards for a touchdown to put the Lions ahead to stay before 37,843 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Ray Crouse rushed 14 times for 57 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Lions, and caught 7 passes for 41 yards. Toronto quarterback Gilbert Renfroe completed a 12-yard touchdown pass to Ken Joiner to open the scoring in the 1st quarter and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!

Television
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission head Gérard Veilleux announced his approval to begin Northstar satellite service to U.S. cable subscribers; it was a joint venture between the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Power Broadcasting.

War
The United Nations Security Council voted 12-0 with 3 abstentions to authorize the use of military force to insure that humanitarian aid got to Bosnia-Herzegovina. In a second resolution, the Security Council unanimously condemned the Serbian policy of ethnic cleansing, which involved forced evacuations.

Education
The Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench ruled unconstitutional a section of the Manitoba Public Schools Act that made Christian prayer in schools mandatory.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.1% in July.

Business
Nova Scotia Premier Donald Cameron announced that Nova Scotia Power was now fully privatized with an $850-million share offering; $232 million was bought by Nova Scotians on an installment plan.

Football
CFL
Calgary (4-2) 11 @ Ottawa (3-3) 32
Toronto (2-4) 17 @ Winnipeg (4-2) 32
Saskatchewan (3-3) 46 @ British Columbia (0-6) 43 (OT)

Tom Burgess completed 17 of 26 passes for 230 yards and 2 touchdowns to James Ellingson and another to Jock Climie as the Rough Riders beat the Stampeders in front of a Lansdowne Park crowd of 24,752. Backup quarterback Terrence Jones rushed 9 yards for the Ottawa touchdown, while Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie rushed 2 yards for the Stampeders’ only touchdown with 4:19 remaining in the game.

Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to Larry Willis and Rob Crifo in the 3rd quarter and Bobby Evans returned an interception 40 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter as the Blue Bombers defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Argonauts before 27,714 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. John Congemi, who relieved starter Rickey Foggie at quarterback for the Argonauts, rushed 1 yard for the first Toronto touchdown in the 4th quarter and completed a pass to Paul Masotti for a 2-point convert on the second Toronto touchdown, scored by defensive back Don Wilson on a 68-yard return of a blocked field goal with 3:06 remaining in the game.

Dave Ridgway’s sixth field goal of the game, a 20-yard kick with 7 seconds remaining in the second half of overtime gave the Roughriders their win over the Lions before 25,653 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Mr. Ridgway had tied the game with a 43-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time, 1 minute and 26 seconds after the Lions had taken the lead on a 10-yard touchdown rush by Jon Volpe, converted by Lui Passaglia. The Roughriders dominated the statistical battle, tying a CFL record for first downs in a game with 44 (set by the Edmonton Eskimos in a 60-minute game on September 11, 1983), amassing 707 yards in net offense, and keeping the ball for 45 minutes and 22 seconds of the game’s 70 minutes. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin completed 38 of 59 passes for 536 yards and a touchdown to Ray Elgaard. Mr. Austin and Lucius Floyd also rushed for touchdowns. Saskatchewan running back Milson Jones rushed 19 times for 121 yards and caught 9 passes for 73. Mr. Volpe rushed 16 times for 108 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Lions, and also caught a touchdown pass from starting quarterback Tony Kimbrough. Lorne King carried once for the Lions, and went 57 yards for a touchdown. Backup quarterback Mike Johnson completed a 76-yard touchdown pass to Darren Flutie, and defensive back Ron Francis returned a fumble 85 yards for another B.C. touchdown. Each team fumbled 4 times, and lost all 4.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Phil Rizzuto, 89
. U.S. baseball player and broadcaster. Mr. Rizzuto, nicknamed "Scooter," was a shortstop with the New York Yankees (1941-1942, 1943-1956), batting .273 with 38 home runs and 563 runs batted in in 1,661 games. He was named the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1950, when he batted .324 with 7 homers, 66 RBIs, 92 bases on balls, and 125 runs. Mr. Rizzuto played in nine World Series, and was on the winning side seven times. He was known as an outstanding defensive player, ranking near the top among shortstops in fielding average and double plays. Mr. Rizzuto broadcast Yankees' games on radio and television from 1957-1996, where he was known for his malapropisms and catch phrase, "Holy Cow!" He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1994, and died about six weeks before his 90th birthday.

Politics and government
The governments of Canada and Quebec reached an agreement with Quebec's 10,000 Inuit to create self-government. The Regional Government of Nunavik, covering one-third of Quebec, was to have its own elected assembly representing Quebec’s 14 remote Inuit communities and a public service responsible for services normally delivered by provinces, such as education and health.

Saturday, 12 August 2017

August 12, 2017

1,225 years ago
792


Died on this date
Jænberht
. Archbishop of Canterbury, 765-792. Jænberht succeeded Bregowine, and presided over several church councils, but had strained relations with King Offa of Mercia. Jænberht was succeeded by Æthelhard.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
Edwin Stanton was suspended as U.S. Secretary of War; General U.S. Grant was appointed interim War Secretary.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Alfred Lunt
. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Lunt and his wife Lynn Fontanne appeared in more than 20 plays together, and were among the biggest stars on Broadway in New York from the 1920s through the 1960s. He died on August 3, 1977, nine days before his 85th birthday.

Politics and government
Liberal party leader William Gladstone formed a government in the United Kingdom, the day after the Conservative government of Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Third Marquess of Salisbury, had lost a non-confidence motion in the House of Commons 350-310 after six years in power. Mr. Gladstone had previously served as Prime Minister from 1868-1874; 1880-1885; and 1886.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Oliver Crawford
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Crawford wrote scripts for numerous television programs from the 1950s through the 1970s. His career was interrupted when he was blacklisted from 1953-1957 for refusing to identify suspected Communists in his testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities. He died on September 24, 2008 at the age of 91.

75 years ago
1942


War
German forces claimed that the 62nd Russian Army had been virtually destroyed in a trap on the Don River. U.S. Marines consolidated their positions on the Solomon Islands as U.S. bombers again struck at Rabaul, New Britain.

Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill flew to Moscow to meet with U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal representative, Averell Harriman.

Protest
Police fired on mobs in Bombay, Tenali Patna, and Poona, raising the casualty toll in four days of anti-British rioting to at least 56 dead and 300 injured. U.S. troops in India were instructed not to interfere in the country's internal problems.

Crime
William Dudley Pelley, leader of the now-disbanded anti-Semitic fascist Silver Shirts, was sentenced by U.S. Federal Judge Robert Baltzell to 15 years in prison, a week after being convicted of 11 counts of sedition by a U.S. federal jury in Indianapolis.

Economics and finance
Ellsworth Alvord of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce urged that a 10% retail sales tax and a 5% withholding tax on compensation be imposed to prevent inflation and raise $10 billion in new revenue.

Business
Richard Dearborn, testifying before the U.S. Senate Patents Committee, denied that he and Frank A. Howard of Standard Oil Development Company had conspired to maintain a synthetic rubber cartel with the German firm I.G. Farben.

70 years ago
1947


Literature
The Last Days of Hitler by Hugh Trevor-Roper, a British intelligence agent's report on his investigation of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's life in his Berlin bunker, was published in New York by Macmillan.

War
Dutch officials in Batavia rejected United Nations arbitration, demanded by Indonesial nationalists, of the current civil war, in which both sides were now observing a cease-fire.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted to hear representatives of the Indonesian Republic, while the Netherlands called for a conference of all Indonesian states and ethnic minorities to discuss the creation of a United States of Indonesia.

Asiatica
Siam abandoned its claim to territory in French Indochina.

Defense
Greek Reconstruction Minister Styliatos Gonatas claimed in Athens that future U.S. troop presence in Greece was "a strong possibility."

Economics and finance
The British House of Commons passed an emergency powers bill called for in Prime Minister Clement Attlee's economic program, giving the government broad authority to "ensure that the whole resources of the community are used in a manner best calculated to serve the interests of the community."

The U.S.A. and U.K. began a conference in Washington on the means of doubling Ruhr coal production to a daily quota of 400,000 tons. At British insistence, American negotiators agreed to discuss political issues and socialization as well as technical matters.

Yugoslavia signed a four-year, $100-million trade agreement with the U.S.-U.K. zone of Germany.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Federation of Dyers, Finishers, Printers and Bleachers signed a closed shop agreement with 385 garment industry employers in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, giving 30,000 workers 5c hourly wage increase.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear/Loving You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Top 100--5th week at #1); (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1)

War
The Israeli government urged the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization to continue operation of its temporary truce observation network along the Israeli-Syrian border.

Defense
The U.S. Air Force announced plans to reduce its civilian employment by 5% (20,000 employees) in a cost-cutting move.

Politics and government
The leftist faction of the People's Progressive Party, led by Cheddi Jagan, won 9 of 14 Legislative Council seats in the British Guianese general election. The PPP faction led by Forbes Burnham won 3 seats; the National Labour Front and United Democratic Party took 1 seat each.

Economics and finance
U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Sam Rayburn (Democrat--Texas) announced that action on a bill to free natural gas producers from federal price control would be postponed until 1958.

Labour
Transit workers in Lodz, Poland struck for a 50% wage increase; four women were injured in a clash between strikers and police after warnings of mass dismissals were issued by the Lodz City Council.

Golf
Patty Berg won the women's Tam O'Shanter tournament in Chicago.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La coppia più bella del mondo--Adriano Celentano (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Light My Fire--The Doors (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
4 Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
5 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
6 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
7 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
8 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
9 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
10 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were Ha Ha Said the Clown by the Yardbirds (#61); You Know What I Mean by the Turtles (#63); There is a Mountain by Donovan (#67); Things I Should Have Said by the Grass Roots (#74); Laura, What's He Got that I Ain't Got by Frankie Laine (#77); The Letter by the Box Tops (#83); Sixteen Tons by Tom Jones (#84); Turn on Your Love Light by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#85); Zip Code by the Five Americans (#86); Paper by Traffic featuring Steve Winwood (#87); Lady Friend by the Byrds (#88); Knock on Wood by Otis and Carla (#93); Come On Sock it to Me by Syl Johnson (#94); (We’ll Meet in the) Yellow Forest by Jay & the Americans (#97); Turn the World Around by Eddy Arnold (#88); It's the Little Things by Sonny and Cher (#99); and Try, Try, Try by Jim Valley (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
4 Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
5 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
6 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
7 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
8 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
9 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
10 For Your Love--Peaches and Herb

Singles entering the chart were The World We Knew (Over and Over) by Frank Sinatra (#66); Heroes and Villains by the Beach Boys (#69); You Know What I Mean by the Turtles (#87); Ha Ha Said the Clown by the Yardbirds (#88); I Want to Love You for What You Are by Ronnie Dove (#89); Ode to Billie Joe by Bobbie Gentry (#90); A Little Bit Now by the Dave Clark Five (#91); Run, Run, Run by the Third Rail (#92); I Never Had a Love Like That by the Sceptres (#93); Good Day Sunshine by Claudine Longet (#95); Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine by Country Joe and the Fish (#96); A Woman's Hands by Joe Tex (#98); Reflections by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#99); and Sunny Goodge Street by Tom Northcott (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
3 Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words--The Monkees
4 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
5 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
6 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
7 (I Wanna) Testify--The Parliaments
8 Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine--Country Joe and the Fish
9 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
10 To Love Somebody--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were To Sir with Love by Lulu (#25); Ode to Billie Joe by Bobbie Gentry (#32); Making Every Minute Count by Spanky and Our Gang (#35); The Wind Cries Mary by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#36); Zip Code by the Five Americans (#37); and My Mammy by the Happenings (#38).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
2 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
3 (I Wanna) Testify--The Parliaments
4 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
5 Pictures of Lily--The Who
6 Words/Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
7 Good Times/San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
8 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
9 Bluebird--Buffalo Springfield
10 Light My Fire--The Doors

Singles entering the chart were To Sir with Love by Lulu (#15); The Wind Cries Mary by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#24); Reflections by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#25); You Know What I Mean by the Turtles (#29); and Lovin' Blues by the Nocturnals (#30).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-2) 20 @ Hamilton (0-1) 14

Jim Thomas rushed for over 100 yards--including a 45-yard touchdown--and caught a 6-yard TD pass from former Hamilton quarterback Frank Cosentino to help the Eskimos upset the Tiger-Cats at Civic Stadium. It was the first game in a Hamilton uniform for offensive end Tommy-Joe Coffey, quarterback Bill Redell, and halfback Ed Turek, who had been traded by the Eskimos in the off-season. Former Ottawa Rough Rider offensive end Ted Watkins played his first game as a Tiger-Cat, and it was the first CFL game for Hamilton offensive tackle Charlie Turner, defensive halfback Mike Law, and offensive end Gord Christian.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Enterprise passed its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating, and then touching down in California's Mojave Desert.

Protest
Riots in Sri Lanka, targeting the minority Tamils, began, less than a month after the United National Party had come to power. Over 300 Tamils were killed.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

Baseball
The Atlanta Braves traded pitcher Doyle Alexander, in his 17th season in the major leagues, to the Detroit Tigers for minor league pitcher John Smoltz. Mr. Alexander was 5-10 with an earned run average of 4.13 in 16 games with the Braves in 1987.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Cage, 79
. U.S. composer. Mr. Cage was known for “compositions” such as 4’ 33” (four minutes, thirty-three seconds) (1952) that illustrated his belief in the existence of an impersonal universe and blind chance, rather than an infinite and personal God. See my post on Mr. Cage here.

Economics and finance
Representatives of the U.S.A., Canada, and Mexico announced that they had approved a draft agreement establishing free trade among the three nations. Over 15 years, tariff and other restrictions on trade and investment would be eliminated. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) also included an accession clause, paving the way for other countries to join the pact without a redesign of the agreement. The legislatures of all three countries would have to approve the draft.

Politics and government
Richard Holden, former Equality Party Member of the National Assembly of Quebec (MNA) for Westmount, joined the Parti Québecois, saying that Quebec's independence from Canada was inevitable.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-1) 30 @ Hamilton (3-3) 28

A bizarre play resulted in a 2-point convert with 27 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Eskimos their win over the Tiger-Cats before 21,327 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Henry “Gizmo” Williams made a sensational catch of a Tracy Ham pass for a 64-yard touchdown to tie the game, but Hamilton linebacker Terry Wright blocked Sean Fleming’s convert attempt. The ball bounced right into the hands of holder Glenn Harper, who had the presence of mind to run into the Hamilton end zone for the convert in what may be the only instance in CFL history of 2 convert attempts being recorded in the statistics for the same play. Mr. Williams’ touchdown was his second of the game; he had returned a punt 104 yards for a TD in the 3rd quarter. Blake Marshall rushed 3 yards for the first Edmonton touchdown in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Ham completed a 9-yard touchdown pass to Craig Ellis in the 3rd quarter. All of the Hamilton touchdowns were scored on rushing plays: a 21-yard run by Lee Knight in the 1st quarter, and 1-yard runs by Orville Lee in the 2nd and 3rd quarters.

Energy
Ontario Hydro, North America's largest electric utility, announced the shutdown of the 7 oldest of its 19 nuclear reactors: 3 at the Bruce facility on Lake Huron and 4 at the Pickering facility on Lake Ontario.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Merv Griffin, 82
. U.S. musician and television host and executive. Mr. Griffin was a singer with big bands and as a solo performer in the 1940s and '50s, but was best known as the host of The Merv Griffin Show (1965-1986). He created game shows such as Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy!, and wrote the Jeopardy! theme tune Think!; the tune alone made Mr. Griffith an estimated $70 million by the time of his death from prostate cancer.

Friday, 11 August 2017

August 11, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Audrianna De Souza!

110 years ago
1907


Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Boston Braves 5-4 and 4-0 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The second game was called after 7 innings while Ed Karger of the Cardinals was pitching a perfect game.

The Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 and 1-0 at West Side Park in Chicago.

The Brooklyn Superbas and Cincinnati Reds split a doubleheader at Palace of the Fans in Cincinnati, with the Reds winning the first game 5-1 and the Superbas winning the second game 2-1.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Edith Wharton, 75
. U.S. authoress. Mrs. Wharton, born Edith Jones, wrote 15 novels, 7 novellas, and 85 short stories, mainly about the upper classes in the United States. In 1920 she became the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Age of Innocence. Mrs. Wharton died of a stroke in France, two months after suffering a heart attack.

Adventure
Shell Taylor and Jeff Pope completed the longest canoe trip to date, from New York City through Canada to the Arctic Ocean, ending in Nome, Alaska.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Malcolm Hanson, 47
. U.S. military engineer. U.S. Navy Commander Hanson was the chief wireless operator on Rear Admiral Richard Byrd's first Antarctic expedition and a pioneer in the development of radio communication apparatus for polar regions. He was killed in a plane crash "somewhere in the north." Mount Hanson in Antarctica is named in his honour.

War
Soviet troops fell back from Armavir along the Caucasian foothills across the frontier of Circassia to Cherkessk.

Protest
More Indians were killed in anti-British rioting in Bombay and other cities.

Technology
Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil received a patent for a frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.

Baseball
Doc Cramer's single with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning broke up Cleveland pitcher Al Milnar's bid for a no-hitter as the Detroit Tigers and Cleveland Indians played to a 0-0 tie in 14 innings before 13,118 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The game was the first game of a twi-night doubleheader, but under the rules then in force, the first game could not continue under the lights. Mr. Milnar allowed one more hit, a single by Rudy York in the 13th. Detroit pitcher Tommy Bridges allowed 9 hits in also pitching a complete game. The Indians had runners on first and second bases with none out in the bottom of the 14th, but Mr. Milnar bunted into a fielder's choice at third base, and Oris Hockett lined into a double play to end the inning. The Tigers won the second game 3-2 under the lights, with Dizzy Trout pitching a 7-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mel Harder. With Detroit leading 3-1, Cleveland had runners on first and third bases with two out in the bottom of the 9th. Pinch hitter Fabian Gaffke doubled home Les Fleming, but pinch runner Mike Hegan was thrown out at home plate, ending the game.

Tony Lupien singled home Dom DiMaggio with 1 out in the top of the 11th inning to break a 2-2 tie and give the Boston Red Sox a 3-2 win over the New York Yankees before 13,312 fans at Yankee Stadium. The run was unearned, as Mr. DiMaggio had reached first base on an error by New York third baseman Red Rolfe. The Yankees had runners on first and third bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th, but Buddy Hassett flied out to end the game. Tex Hughson pitched a 10-hit complete game victory.

Bobo Newsom pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Russ Christopher as the Washington Nationals defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 3-1 before 6,425 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

The St. Louis Browns scored 8 runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to a 9-2 win over the Chicago White Sox before 4,662 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Denny Galehouse pitched a 4-hit complete game victory.

The New York Giants scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning as they defeated the Boston Braves 6-4 before 2,605 fans at Braves Field. Van Mungo batted 2 for 4 with a run, allowing 9 hits and 4 earned runs in 8 innings to get his first win of the season, and first as a Giant after 11 years with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (7th week at #1)
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
2 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
3 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
4 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
5 Temptation (Tim-Tayshun)--Red Ingles and his Natural Seven
6 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
7 Ivy--Jo Stafford
--Woody Herman with the Four Chips
8 Tallahassee--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
9 Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)--Tex Williams and his Western Caravan
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
10 Bloop-Bleep--Alvino Rey and His Orchestra
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were both versions of Bloop-Bleep; What are You Doing New Year's Eve (#16)/On the Old Spanish Trail (#18) by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra; What are You Doing New Year's Eve by Margaret Whiting (#16, charting with the version by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra); On the Old Spanish Trail by Andy Russell (#18, charting with the version by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra); Come to the Mardi Gras (Nao Tenho Lagrimas) by Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (#21); (I’ve Been So Wrong, For So Long—But) I'm So Right Tonight, with versions by Dinah Shore; Jo Stafford; and Phil Harris and his Orchestra (#23); I Wonder Who's Kissing Her Now, with versions by Ted Weems and his Orchestra with Perry Como; and Perry Como (#24); I Wish I Didn't Love You So, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra; and Betty Hutton (#28); Naughty Angeline, with versions by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra; Dick Haymes; and the King Cole Trio (#33); and The Echo Said "No" by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#38).

Died on this date
Pearl Bergoff, 68
. U.S. labour activist. Mr. Bergoff and his brother Leo founded Bergoff Brothers Strike Service and Labor Adjusters in 1906, and was was known as the "King of the Strikebreakers" through 1937.

Energy
Construction began on the first non-military atomic energy pile in Brookhaven, New York.

Scandal
Republicans on the U.S. Senate War Investigating Committee suspended their investigation of contracts granted to Howard Hughes' aircraft firm during World War II, reportedly advised by Senate President Pro Tempore Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) to drop the open hearings because of unfavourable publicity. Mr. Hughes claimed that the move was a "vindication" of his conduct, forced by public opinion.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. rejected a U.S. proposal to issue a new German currency under four-power supervision in Berlin.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order eliminating the National Railroad Labor Panel, established in 1942 as an emergency wartime agency.

The Argentine government ordered a general wage increase for the federal police force.

60 years ago
1957


War
Backed by British infantry, Trucial Oman scouts and tribal forces loyal to Sultan Said bin Taimur captured the rebel capital of Nizwa in central Oman.

Business
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission reported that the West Coast tuna fishing industry had agreed to halt price-fixing practices and other actions aimed at preventing the import of Japanese tuna.

Disasters
A Maritime Central Airlines DC-4 charter flight from England crashed in a violent thunderstorm at Issoudun, Quebec, 25 miles southwest of Québec City, killing 73 veterans and their families, and 6 crew members in the first major civilian air disaster in Canada, with the highest death toll to date of any plane crash in Canada. Despite an investigation ordered by the federal Minister of Transport, the causes of this disaster were never determined accurately.

Golf
Dick Mayer won the Tam O'Shanter tournament in Chicago.

Football
WIFU
Pre-season
Edmonton (3-0) 9 British Columbia (0-4) 6 @ San Francisco

Normie Kwong scored a touchdown and Joe Mobra converted and added 2 singles on missed field goals as the Eskimos edged the Lions before 16,000 fans at Kezar Stadium.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
2 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
3 Windy--The Association
4 Words--The Monkees
5 Laborer--The 49th Parallel
6 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
7 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
8 A Whiter Shade of Pale
9 Thank the Lord for the Night Time--Neil Diamond
10 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
New this week: Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
I Dig Rock and Roll Music--Peter, Paul and Mary
Gentle on My Mind--Glen Campbell
Penny Arcade--The Cyrkle
Paper Sun--Traffic featuring Steve Winwood

Football
CFL
Montreal (0-1) 7 @ Toronto (1-0) 14
British Columbia (0-3) 13 @ Saskatchewan (2-0) 36

The Argonauts defeated the Alouettes before 29,698 fans at CNE Stadium in the first regular season game for both Leo Cahill as head coach of the Argonauts and Kay Dalton as head coach of the Alouettes. The next time two head coaches made their CFL debuts against each other was in 1999, also with the Argonauts and Alouettes: Jim Barker of Toronto and Charlie Taaffe of Montreal.

George Reed rushed for 3 touchdowns to help the Roughriders beat the Lions before 19,016 fans at Taylor Field in Regina in what turned out to be the last game for Dave Skrien as head coach of the Lions.

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Frederic Williams, 66
. U.K. engineer. Mr. Williams made substantial contributions to the development of radar during World War II, and co-invented the Williams-Kilborn tube, used for memory in early computer systems.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance ended a Middle East tour aimed at reconvening Arab-Israeli peace talks in Geneva.

Politics and government
Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament Gordon Fairweather resigned his seat in the House of Commons to accept a position as head of the new Canadian Human Rights Commission.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-2) 10 @ Montreal (5-0) 27

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Clara Peller, 85
. U.S. actress. Ms. Peller achieved brief fame in 1984 when she appeared in commercials for the Wendy's fast food chain, shouting "Where's the beef?" She died a week after her 85th birthday.

Baseball
Bill Stoneman was named general manager of the Montreal Expos, replacing Murray Cook. Mr. Stoneman pitched for the Expos from 1969-1973, and was this blogger's favourite player at the time.

25 years ago
1992


Americana
The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the United States, opened in Bloomington, Minnesota, on the former site of Metropolitan Stadium.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Building a Mystery--Sarah McLachlan (2nd week at #1)
2 All for You--Sister Hazel
3 2 Become 1--Spice Girls
4 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow
5 Semi-Charmed Life--Third Eye Blind
6 When I'm Up (I Can't Get Down)--Great Big Sea
7 Where's the Love--Hanson
8 MMMBop--Hanson
9 Sunny Came Home--Shawn Colvin
10 It Could Happen to You--Blue Rodeo

Singles entering the chart were We Trying to Stay Alive by Wyclef Jean (#65); Can You Keep a Secret by First Base (#76); Carolina Blues by Blues Traveler (#82); Congo by Genesis (#85); If I Wait There for You by Bobby Cameron (#89); and No Tengo Dinero by Los Umbrellos (#90).

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-6) 17 @ Edmonton (3-3-1) 19

Ricky Ray completed 25 of 35 passes for 229 yards and touchdowns of 9 yards to Andrew Nowacki with 37 seconds remaining in the 2nd quarter and 7 yards to Kamau peterson midway through the 3rd quarter as the Eskimos held on to edge the Tiger-Cats before 35,750 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Hamilton quarterback Jason Maas completed an 8-yard touchdown pass to Jason French exactly a minute before the first Edmonton TD, and handed off to Jesse Lumsden for a 1-yard touchdown rush in the 4th quarter. Nick Setta kicked a 27-yard field goal with 2:02 remaining in regulation time to draw Hamilton to within 2 points, but they were unable to get another field goal to win the game.