Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Elena!
125 years ago
Asteroid 323 Brucia became the first asteroid to be discovered using photography.
75 years ago
Japanese troops captured Wake Island-2,000 miles west of Honolulu--after two weeks of attacks; the island had been garrisoned by fewer than 400 U.S. Marines. 80,000-100,000 Japanese troops attempted to land around Lingayen on the Philippine island of Luzon at dawn under strong naval air escort. Marshal Klementy Voroshilov was named commander of Soviet troops in the Far East. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the amended Selective Service bill under which men aged 20-44 would be subject to military service. The U.S. War Department reported that 273 fifth columnists had been arrested among the 35,000 Japanese aliens in Hawaii.
British Prime Ministe Winston Churchill arrived in Washington with an 86-man delegation to discuss with U.S. President Roosevelt all questions relevant to the concerted war effort.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 7-0 that an employer had the right to express his views on labour unions so long as he did not attempt to coerce his employees.
70 years ago
Humphrey Bogart signed a record 15-year contract with Warner Brothers.
The U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics revealed the development of "Tiamat," an experimental winged rocket missile with a speed of 600 miles per hour.
Politics and government
The Polish government reported that the Peasant Party had been allowed to file candidates for the forthcoming elections in all 52 electoral districts.
British Viceroy of India Sir Archibald Wavell returned to New Delhi from conferences in London.
Economics and finance
U.K. and U.S.S.R. officials in Germany signed a three-month agreement by which the Soviet zone would furnish grain, forage, fuel, and wood pulp to the British zone in return for iron, steel, and tires.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Smoky--Die Sieben Raben (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray (7th week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1);
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (4th week at #1)
2 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley
3 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
4 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
5 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
6 A Rose and a Baby Ruth--George Hamilton IV
7 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
8 Hey! Jealous Lover--Frank Sinatra
9 Rock-A-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody--Jerry Lewis
10 Cindy, Oh Cindy--Vince Martin with the Tarriers
Singles entering the chart were Don't Forbid Me by Pat Boone (#25); Greensleeves by the Beverley Sisters (#37); On My Word of Honor by the Platters (#38); Jim Dandy by LaVern Baker and the Gliders (#45); I Miss You So by Chris Connor (#48); I Saw Esau by the Ames Brothers (#49); and Cinco Robles (Five Oaks) by Russell Arms (#50). Don't Forbid Me was the other side of Anastasia, charting at #35.
At the movies
The Wrong Man, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Henry Fonda, Vera Miles, and Harold J. Stone, opened in theatres.
Born on this date
Colo. U.S. gorilla. Colo, the first western gorilla born in captivity, was born at the Columbus Zoo in Columbus, Ohio, and still resides there with her family.
The Syrian government of President Shukri al-Quwatli ordered 47 opposition leaders, including former President Adib Shishekly, court-martialed on charges of "preparing a pro-Iraqi armed rebellion."
The Soviet new agency Tass charged that the United States had "staged" the recent Hungarian revolution to restore the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and place Habsburg pretender Prince Otto of Austria on the throne.
A poll of U.S. sportscasters and sportswriters named New York Yankees' center fielder Mickey Mantle as the American "male athlete of the year." Mr. Mantle won the triple crown, leading the American League in batting average (.353), home runs (52), and runs batted in (130) as the Yankees won the World Series.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Stop Stop Stop--The Hollies (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (4th week at #1)
Politics and government
Ioannis Paraskevopoulos took office as Prime Minister of Greece, following the resignation of Stephanos Stephenopoulos, who had lost a substantial part of his parliamentary support. Mr. Paraskevopoulos led an interim government in preparation for general elections scheduled for May 1967.
40 years ago
#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express): When a Child is Born--Johnny Mathis
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Geronimo's Cadillac--Modern Talking (2nd week at #1)
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Black or White--Michael Jackson (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Black or White--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)
Armed opposition groups launched a military coup against Georgian President Zviad Gamsakhurdia.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Thug Devotion--Mo Thugs
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Quit Playing Games (With My Heart)--Backstreet Boys (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Verpiss' Dich--Tic Tac Toe (2nd week at #1)
Historicist: “The World Will Little Note Nor Long Remember…” - William McDougall, Canadian witness to the Gettysburg Address. [image: A hatless Abraham Lincoln, left of centre, on the platform at the Soldiers’ Natio...
4 hours ago