Thursday, 22 February 2018

February 22, 2018

230 years ago
1788


Born on this date
Arthur Schopenhauer
. German philosopher. Mr. Schopenhauer believed that the world was driven by a will continually seeking satisfaction. His best-known book was Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung (The World as Will and Representation) (1819). Those influenced by Mr. Schopenhauer included Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner, Thomas Mann, Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Leo Tolstoy, and Joseph Campbell. Mr. Schopenhauer died on September 21, 1860 at the age of 72.

170 years ago
1848


World events
The French Revolution of 1848, which led to the establishment of the French Second Republic, began.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Owen Brewster
. U.S. politician. Mr. Brewster was Governor of Maine (1925-1929); member of the United States House of Representatives from Maine (1935-1941); and United States Senator from Maine (1941-1952). As chairman of a special Senate committee investigating defense procurement during World War II, Mr. Brewster attacked the commercial interests of Howard Hughes, but his reputation suffered when Mr. Hughes responded with accusations of his own. Mr. Brewster died on December 25, 1961 at the age of 73.

120 years ago
1898


Died on this date
Heungseon Daewongun, 77
. Regent of Korea, 1863-1873. Heungseon Daewongun, born Yi Ha-eung and known to Western diplomats as Prince Gung, was regent when his second son, Yi Myeong-bok, was chosen as king after King Cheoljong died without an heir. The Daewongun maintained an isolationist foreign policy until he was forced into retirement when the king came of age.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Sid Abel
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player and coach. Mr. Abel, a native of Melville, Saskatchewan, was a center with the Detroit Red Wings (1938-43, 1946-52) and Chicago Black Hawks (1952-54), scoring 472 points on 189 goals and 283 assists in 612 regular season games and 28 goals and 30 assists in 97 playoff games. He was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1943, 1950, and 1952, and was best known as the centre of the "Production Line" in the late 1940s-early '50s, with Ted Lindsay on left wing and Gordie Howe on right wing. Mr. Abel won the Hart Memorial Trophy in 1948-49 as the National Hockey League's Most Valuable Player, and was a two-time First Team All-Star and a two-time Second-Team All-Star. Mr. Abel coached the Black Hawks (1952-54); Red Wings (1957-68, 1969-70); St. Louis Blues (1971-72); and Kansas City Scouts (1975-76), compiling a 382-427-155 record in 964 regular season games, leading the Red Wings to appearances in the Stanley Cup finals in 1961, 1963, 1964, and 1966. Mr. Abel was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a player in 1969. He died on February 8, 2000, two weeks before his 82nd birthday.

Don Pardo. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Pardo was an announcer on numerous radio and television programs with the National Broadcasting Company from 1938 until his death on August 18, 2014 at the age of 96. He was best known as the announcer for the television comedy program Saturday Night Live (1975-1981, 1982-2014).

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
King Amanullah I of Afghanistan, the first monarch to visit Germany in 15 years and the first to visit the Weimar Republic, received a royal welcome in Berlin, and met with German President Paul von Hindenburg.

Americana
The Ku Klux Klan officially announced the discarding of its masks beginning February 23, and the changing of its name to Knights of the Great Forest.

Crime
The wire-bound bodies of Edgar and George Chisholm were found in the canal at Indiana Harbor, Indiana.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Christoph Probst, 24; Hans Scholl, 24; Sophie Scholl, 21
. German resistance leaders. Leaders of the White Rose youth resistance movement, the Scholls--brother and sister--and Mr. Probst were convicted of high treason and executed by guillotine in Munich, four days after being arrested for distributing anti-Nazi leaflets on the campus of the University of Munich.

War
A column of 40 German tanks drove within 4 miles of Thala in central Tunisia.

Diplomacy
King Saud of Saudi Arabia severed diplomatic relations with Italy.

Protest
British authorities in India issued a "white paper" charging that Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi had instigated uprisings and sabotage during the previous summer's disturbances.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration placed emergency price ceilings on fresh tomatoes, peas, snap beans, carrots, and cabbage in order to halt rising prices resulting from the rationing of canned goods.

Business
The U.S. Senate approved and sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt a bill permitting the merger of Western Union and Postal Telegraph Company.

70 years ago
1948


On the Radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes on MBS, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley.
Tonight's episode: The Wooden Claw

Terrorism
Palestinian Arabs planted two truckloads of explosives in the Jewish sector of Jerusalem, destroying a three-block area, killing 54 people, and injuring 200.

Diplomacy
U.S. and U.K. diplomats walked out of a Soviet Red Army anniversary celebration in Vienna when General L.V. Kurasov, Soviet High Commissioner for Austria, accused the West of planning a new war against the U.S.S.R.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): April Love--Pat Boone (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der lachende Vagabund--Fred Bertelmann (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Gondolier--Dalida (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): The Story of My Life--Michael Holliday (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Get a Job--The Silhouettes
2 Don't--Elvis Presley
3 Short Shorts--The Royal Teens
4 At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors
5 Sail Along Silvery Moon--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
6 The Stroll--The Diamonds
7 Catch a Falling Star--Perry Como
8 Oh Julie--The Crescendos
9 Sugartime--The McGuire Sisters
10 You are My Destiny--Paul Anka

Singles entering the chart were Tequila by the Champs (#36); The Walk by Jimmy McCracklin (#45); Rock and Roll is Here to Stay by Danny and the Juniors (#48); Oh Lonesome Me by Don Gibson (#49); Maybe Baby by the Crickets (#53); (Make With) The Shake by Mark IV (#55); Just a Little Lonesome by Bobby Helms (#57); and Bad Motorcycle by the Storey Sisters (#60).

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Laura Pereverzoff Ong!

War
Indonesian Air Force planes bombed and strafed rebel-held areas in central Sumatra and northern Celebes.

Diplomacy
The French government protested Tunisia's closure of French consulates.

Defense
The U.S.A. and U.K. concluded an agreement providing for the placement of U.S. Thor missiles in eastern and northern Britain, within striking distance of major Soviet population centres.

Politics and government
Radical Party candidate Arturo Frondizi won the first free Argentine presidential election since 1928.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kaette Kita Yopparai--The Folk Crusaders (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1968, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Squeeze

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Take a Chance on Me--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
What a Nightmare, Charlie Brown!, on CBC

This was the first broadcast of this Peanuts special; its first American showing took place on CBS the following night.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 6 @ Vancouver 4

CHL
Kansas City 5 @ Fort Worth 6
Dallas 5 @ Salt Lake City 4

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (4th week at #1)

Scandal
Leaders of the Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana barred Rev. Jimmy Swaggart from the pulpit for three months and imposed a two-year period of rehabilitation after seeing photographic evidence that the Assemblies of God pastor had been less than faithful in living up to his marriage vows. The announcement was made the day after Mr. Swaggart had publicly asked his congregation for forgiveness for an unspecified sin.

Politics and government
U.S. Secretary of the Navy James Webb resigned after less than a year in office. Mr. Webb wrote to President Ronald Reagan and complained about Defense Secretary Frank Carlucci's decision to retire 16 small ships as an economic move.

Olympics
Bonnie Blair of the United States set a world record of 39.10 seconds to win the gold medal in the women's 500-metre speed skating event in Calgary. Karen Percy of Banff, Alberta won her second bronze medal of the games, in the women's super giant slalom ski event in her hometown. Canada and Sweden tied 2-2 in men's hockey at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Abraham Ribicoff, 87
. U.S. politician. A Democrat, Mr. Ribicoff served in the Connecticut state legislature from 1938-1942, and in the United States House of Representatives from 1949-1953, where he was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee. Mr. Ribicoff ran for United States Senator in 1952, losing to Republican Prescott Bush. He then returned to state politics, and was governor of Connecticut from 1955-1961. One of his projects as governor was an effort to curb speeding; in 1956 he suspended 10,346 driver's licenses, as opposed to 372 the year before. Mr. Ribicoff was a longtime friend of John F. Kennedy, and nominated the Massachusetts senator for Vice-President at the Democratic National Convention in 1956. When JFK became President, he rewarded Mr. Ribicoff for his support by naming him to his cabinet, as Secretary of health, Education and Welfare in 1961. Mr. Ribicoff found the department too large to be manageable, and left the cabinet to run for the Senate again in 1962. He was elected, replacing the retired Prescott Bush, and served three terms, leaving office in January 1981. Perhaps Mr. Ribicoff's most memorable moment occurred at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. In his speech nominating George McGovern for President, Mr. Ribicoff expressed his disgust with the behaviour of Chicago police towards student protesters by saying "If George McGovern were President, we wouldn’t have these Gestapo tactics in the streets of Chicago." The comment prompted loud applause from much of the audience, and an angry reaction from Chicago mayor Richard Daley. Mr. Ribicoff spent his remaining years in the Senate supporting liberal stands on various issues. After leaving public office he practiced law with a New York firm. Mr. Ribicoff died of Alzheimer's Disease.

Olympics
Bjorn Dahlie of Norway won the 50 kilometre cross country freestyle skiing event at Nagano for his record eighth career Olympic gold medal. He also had four silvers for a total of 12 Olympic medals, also a record. His winning time of 2 hours, 5 minutes, 8.2 seconds was just 8.1 seconds better than that of Niklas Jonsson of Sweden. The Czech Republic defeated Russia 1-0 in the men's hockey final, the last Olympic event of the 20th Century.

Tuesday, 20 February 2018

February 21, 2018

475 years ago
1543


War
Led by Emperor Galawdewos of Ethiopia, a combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated the Somali-Ottoman army led by Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi in the Battle of Wayna Daga east of Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

210 years ago
1808


War
Without a previous declaration of war, Russian troops crossed the border to Sweden at Abborfors in eastern Finland, thus beginning the Finnish War, in which Sweden lost the eastern half of the country (i.e., Finland) to Russia.

190 years ago
1828


Journalism
The initial issue of the Cherokee Phoenix, published in New Echota, capital of the Cherokee Nation (in present-day Georgia), was the first periodical to use the Cherokee syllabary invented by Sequoyah.

170 years ago
1848


Literature
The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was published anonymously by the Workers' Educational Association (Communistischer Arbeiterbildungsverein) at Bishopsgate in the City of London in the German language under the title Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei.

140 years ago
1878


Communications
The District Telephone Company of New Haven, Connecticut issued the first telephone directory.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Andres Segovia
. Spanish classical guitarist. Mr. Segovia was regarded as one of the greatest classical guitarists of the 20th century. He died on June 2, 1987 at the age of 94.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Incas
. U.S. Carolina Parakeet. Incas, the last Carolina Parakeet, died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo, in the same cage as Martha, the last passenger pigeon, who died in 1914. Incas was a male, and died a year after his mate, Lady Jane. Deforestation of the Eastern and Midwestern United States, as well as hunting by humans, contributed to the species' extinction, which wasn't officially declared until 1939.

90 years ago
1928

War

1,700 Communist troops, captured by Canton government troops near that city, were executed.

Scandal
Several verdicts were handed down in trials relating to the Teapot Dome oil lease scandal of 1923. Justice Frederick L. Siddons of the District of Columbia Supreme Court sentenced oil executive Harry F. Sinclair to six months' imprisonment for contempt of court. Henry Mason Day, an official with Sinclair's Mammoth Oil Company, was sentenced to four months for contempt of court after admitting that he'd hired Burns detectives to shadow the jury in the Albert B. Fall-Harry Sinclair criminal conspiracy (i.e. Teapot Dome) trial. Sherman Burns, the active head of the Burns Detective Agency, along with his father, William J. Burns, were also convicted and sentenced for contempt of court. Sherman was fined $1,000, while his father was sentenced to 15 days' imprisonment. All the defendants gave bail and notice of appeal.

Crime
In Lisbon, Ohio, S.A. Lengel, former Chief of Police in Canton, Ohio, who had once been convicted of the murder of Canton editor Don R. Mellett, was freed by a directed verdict in his second trial.

In New York, five city magistrates, three city clerks and a Municipal Court judge received envelopes through the mail that contained enough silver nitrate to cause death. It was stated that similar envelopes had been sent to President Calvin Coolidge and others in Washington.

Disasters
A U.S. naval court of inquiry into the sinking of the submarine USS S-4 off Provincetown, Massachusetts on December 17, 1927, which killed 5 officers, 34 enlisted men and a civilian, placed the blame on the dead commander of the submarine, Lieutenant Commander Roy K. Jones, and Lt. Comm. John S. Bayliss, commanding officer of the Coast Guard ship Paulding, which rammed the submarine. The court, presided over by Rear Admiral Richard H. Jackson, stated that the two commanders "are jointly responsible for the collision," and that "serious blame was incurred by them."

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
George Ellery Hale, 69
. U.S. astronomer. Professor Hale was known for his study of the sun and for his invention of the spectrohelioscope, a type of solar telescope that allows the sun to be viewed in a selected wavelength of light.

Politics and government
Lucien-Hubert Borne was elected Mayor of Quebec City, defeating incumbent Mayor Joseph-Ernest Grégoire by 5,571 votes.

75 years ago
1943


Space
A lunar eclipse was visible along the East Coast of the United States, beginning at 12:03 A.M.

War
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho said that Mexico would not send troops overseas. Soviet forces took four towns in the Donets Basin and made further gains near Orel and Krasnodar. German tank units in Tunisia, supported by infantry, took the Kasserine pass, 12 miles from the Algerian border. Japanese efforts to cross the Salween River north of Lungling on the Burma Road were repulsed by Chinese forces.

Diplomacy
U.S. and U.K. officials in both New Delhi and Washington discussed Indian problems and the release of imprisoned Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): I'm Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover--Art Mooney and his Orchestra

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)
--Bing Crosby with the Rhythmaires
--Buddy Clark
2 I'm Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Uptown String Band
--The Three Suns
3 Golden Earrings--Peggy Lee
4 Serenade of the Bells--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
5 How Soon (Will I Be Seeing You)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Jack Owens
--Dinah Shore
6 Too Fat Polka (I Don’t Want Her) (You Can Have Her) (She’s Too Fat for Me)--Arthur Godfrey
7 I'll Dance at Your Wedding--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Peggy Lee
8 Now is the Hour (Maori Farewell Song)--Bing Crosby
--Gracie Fields
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Margaret Whiting
9 Beg Your Pardon--Francis Craig and his Orchestra
--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
10 Manana (Is Soon Enough for Me)--Peggy Lee

Singles entering the chart were Shine by Frankie Laine (#26); Slap 'Er Down Agin, Paw by Arthur Godfey (#28); The Thousand Islands Song by Arthur Godfey with the Too Fat Trio (#38); and Teresa, with versions by Vic Damone; and Dick Haymes and the Andrews Sisters (#40).

Died on this date
James H. McGraw, 87
. U.S. publisher. Mr. McGraw founded McGraw Publishing Company, which merged with Hill Publishing Company in 1909 to form McGraw-Hill, one of America's leading publishers of educational materials.

War
China's Nationalist government reported losing the Manchurian steel centre of Anshan to the Communists.

Politics and government
Charging a rightist plot to bring Czechoslovakia into the Western sphere of influence, Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald demanded that President Eduard Benes agree to a reorganization of the government.

The Japanese House of Representatives elected Democratic Party leader Hitoshi Ashida as Prime Minister.

Supporters of the 1948 U.S. presidential candidacy of former Vice President Henry Wallace founded the Progressive Party in Lansing, Michigan.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom dropped Palestine and Transjordan from the sterling bloc as a preliminary step to ending the British mandate.

Business
The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) was incorporated in Daytona Beach, Florida by Bill France, Sr.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Story of My Life--Michael Holliday (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: The Witness

At the movies
Sing Boy Sing, starring Tommy Sands and Edmond O'Brien, opened in theatres.



Politics and government
Egyptians and Syrians voted nearly unanimously to approve the establishment of the United Arab Republic, with Egypt's Gamal Nasser as President.

Economics and finance
Representatives of Poland and Yugoslavia signed an agreement in Washington providing for the establishment of a permanent Yugoslavian-Polish committee to encourage integrated production and joint marketing of certain industrial goods.

Popular culture
The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament symbol, aka peace symbol, commissioned by the Direct Action Committee in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, was designed and completed by Gerald Holtom.

Boxing
Ingemar Johansson (19-0) retained his European heavyweight title with a technical knockout of British Empire champion Joe Erskine (32-2-1) at the end of the 13th round at Masshallen in Gothenburg, Sweden.



50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham (4th week at #1)
2 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
3 Tin Soldier/I Feel Much Better--Small Faces
4 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
5 Hello Goodbye/I Am the Walrus--The Beatles
6 Bottle of Wine--The Fireballs
7 She (EP)--The Monkees
8 Monterey--Eric Burdon & the Animals
9 Different Drum--Stone Poneys
10 You Only Live Twice/Oh Lonesome Me--Nancy Sinatra/Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood

Singles entering the chart were Foxey Lady/Fire by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#31); Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu) by Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (#33); Melborn and Sideny by Idlers Five (#35); Skip a Rope by Henson Cargill (#36); Sons and Lovers by Paul Jones (#39); and I Can Take or Leave Your Loving by Herman's Hermits (#40).

Died on this date
Howard Florey, 69
. Australian pathologist and pharmacologist. Dr. Florey shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Alexander Fleming and Ernest Chain "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases." Dr. Florey was the first to carry out clinical tests of penicillin.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Covenant

Hockey
CHL
Kansas City 0 @ Tulsa 2

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Pump Up the Volume--M/A/R/R/S (2nd week at #1)

Scandal
Speaking to an audience of 6,000 at his Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Rev. Jimmy Swaggart resigned from his ministry, admitted an unspecified sin and asked for forgiveness.



Mr. Swaggart had loudly (and correctly) denounced the sin of televangelist Jim Bakker when his ministry had been brought down in a sex scandal the previous year. Mr. Swaggart had also accused fellow Assemblies of God pastor Marvin Gorman of adultery. Mr. Gorman responded by hiring a private detective, who obtained photographs of Mr. Swaggart at a motel frequently used by prostitutes. Mr. Gorman handed the evidence over to Assemblies of God leaders.

Olympics
West Germany defeated the United States 4-1 in men's hockey at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): This Time/Life Without You--Christy Moore (5th week at #1)

Television
CBS bought the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City in order for David Letterman to continue hosting his late-night talk show from there. Mr. Letterman was scheduled to leave NBC several months hence to join CBS.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Ben Chapman, 79
. U.S. actor. Mr. Chapman was best known for playing the Gill-man on land (another actor played him in aquatic scenes) in the movie Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954).

Monday, 19 February 2018

February 20, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maza Sellars!

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
P.G.T. Beauregard, 74
. U.S. and C.S. military officer. Mr. Beauregard achieved the rank of Brevet Major in the United States Army, and was named a Brigadier General in the army of the Confederate States of America in 1861. He led the C.S.A. to victory in the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia in 1861, saved Charleston, South Carolina from Union attacks in 1863, and did the same for Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia in 1864.

90 years ago
1928

Died on this date

Margaret Brown. U.S. crime victim. Miss Brown, a governess in New York City, was robbed of $9,000 and set afire, and burned to death in a wood near Bernardsville, New Jersey.

Politics and government
Joseph-Oscar Auger was elected Mayor of Quebec City, receiving 7,046 votes to 4,752 for incumbent Mayor Télesphore Simard.

80 years ago
1938


Politics and government
Anthony Eden resigned as British Foreign Secretary in protest over Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's decision to negotiate with Italian Duce Benito Mussolini.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Had the Craziest Dream--Harry James and his Music Makers with Helen Forrest (2nd week at #1)

War
Soviet troops took Krasnograd, 60 miles southwest of Kharkov, and Pavlograd, 100 miles south of Kharkov. U.S. troops abandoned the Ousselat Valley in central Tunisia in order to straighten their defense lines. Japanese troops in China made advances in Hupeh Province, Kiangsu Province, and the Luchow Peninsula.

Movies
Hollywood studio executives agreed to allow the U.S. Office of War Information to censor movies.

Journalism
The Saturday Evening Post published the first of Norman Rockwell's paintings of Four Freedoms, in support of the theme of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1941 State of the Union address.

Protest
In appeals to U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. representative in India William Phillips, 200 Indian political leaders asked for the immediate release from prison of Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi.

Business
New York businessman Bill Cox and a syndicate of 10 unidentified associates purchased the Philadelphia Phillies of major league baseball's National League.

70 years ago
1948


Politics and government
11 non-Communist ministers resigned from the Czechoslovakian cabinet in protest against the recent assignment of important police offices to Communists.

52 Southern Democratic U.S. Congressmen, meeting in Washington, adopted a resolution warning national party leaders against incorporating a civil rights plank in the 1948 party platform.

Economics and finance
The U.K. and U.S.A. formally approved France's efforts to integrate the Saar into the French economy.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations leaders ordered International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union Presidnt Harry Bridges to stop supporting the third-party U.S. presidential campaign of former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace and opposing the Marshall Plan, threatening otherwise to suspend Mr. Bridges from his post as regional CIO director in northern California.

Oil
The U.S. Commerce Department imposed licensing requirements on all crude exports in an effort to ease the domestic oil shortage.

Boxing
Terry Young (61-14-5) won a 10-round split decision over former world lightweight champion Beau Jack (71-12-4) in a welterweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

60 years ago
1958


Diplomacy
Sudan complained to the United Nations Security Council that "a huge infiltration of Egyptians" had taken place "into the area of northern Sudan claimed by Egypt, backed by a concentration of Egyptian troops on the border."

Defense
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announced the closure of Sheerness Docks on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent; it was one of the oldest naval dockyards in the United Kingdom.

Politics and government
Soviet foreign aid chief Mikhail Pervukhin, downgraded in the 1957 purge of Vyacheslav Molotov's "anti-party" group, replaced Georgi Pushkin as U.S.S.R. Ambassador to East Germany.

Crime
The Illinois Parole and Prison Board, in a split decision, granted parole to Nathan Leopold, who at the age of 19, had, with Richard Loeb, kidnapped and murdered 14-year-old Bobby Franks in Chicago in 1924.

Scandal
Former Teamsters union President Dave Beck was sentenced in Seattle by Washington Superior Court to up to 15 years in prison for stealing $1,900 from his union. Mr. Beck's son was fined $2,000 for keeping $4,650 from the sale of two union-owned automobiles.

Horse racing
In Santa Anita, California, jockey Eddie Arcaro rode his 4,000th career winner.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Vise



Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC

Died on this date
Anthony Asquith, 65
. U.K. film director. Mr. Asquith, the son of Prime Minister H.H. Asquith, directed such movies as Pygmalion (1938); The Winslow Boy (1948); The Browning Version (1951); and The Yellow Rolls-Royce (1964).

War
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee began a week of hearings into facts concerning the August 1964 incident in the Gulf of Tonkin, in which North Vietnamese forces allegedly attacked two U.S. destroyers. The incident prompted the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, leading to active U.S. military involvement in Vietnam. Former Defense Secretary Robert McNamara testified behind closed doors, and issued a public statement after his appearance, declaring that intelligence reports of a "highly classified and unimpeachable nature" had established that the second Gulf of Tonkin attack on August 4, 1964 had taken place.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): UFO--Pink Lady (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Unlimited Citations--Café Crème

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Sì, la vita è tutta un quiz--Renzo Arbore (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Boys (Summertime Love)--Sabrina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Get Outta My Dreams, Get into My Car--Billy Ocean

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Seasons Change--Exposé

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 What Have I Done to Deserve This?--Pet Shop Boys (with Dusty Springfield)
2 Could've Been--Tiffany
3 Hungry Eyes--Eric Carmen
4 Seasons Change--Exposé
5 Father Figure--George Michael
6 Need You Tonight--INXS
7 She's Like the Wind--Patrick Swayze (featuring Wendy Fraser)
8 Say You Will--Foreigner
9 Don't Shed a Tear--Paul Carrack
10 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley

Singles entering the chart were What a Wonderful World by Louis Armstrong (#73); Give Me All Your Love by Whitesnake (#81); I Want You so Bad by Heart (#82); Winter Games by David Foster (#83); Magic Carpet Ride by Bardeux (#84); Prove Your Love by Taylor Dayne (#85); Pamela by Toto (#86); Fishnet by Morris Day (#87); Going Back to Cali by LL Cool J (#88); Ever Since the World Began by Tommy Shaw (#89); and All Right Now by Pepsi and Shirlie (#90). It's a Wonderful World had originally been released in 1967; it hadn't charted in the U.S.A., but had spent 4 weeks at #1 in the U.K. in the spring of 1968. It was re-released as a single after being featured in the movie Good Morning, Vietnam (1987). Winter Games was the theme of the 1988 Winter Olympic Games in Calgary.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Could've Been--Tiffany (3rd week at #1)
2 Need You Tonight--INXS
3 Hazy Shade of Winter--Bangles
4 Crying--Roy Orbison and k.d. lang
5 Candle in the Wind--Elton John
6 Pump Up the Volume--M/A/R/R/S
7 The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson
8 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
9 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
10 When a Man Loves a Woman--Luba

Singles entering the chart were Devil Inside by INXS (#94); Check it Out by John Cougar Mellencamp (#97); Never Give Up by Blvd. (#99); and Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car by Billy Ocean (#100).

Europeana
Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, an administrative unit within Azerbaijan, voted to secede from Azerbaijan and join Armenia, triggering the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Olympics
Brian Boitano of the United States edged Brian Orser of Canada to win the gold medal in men's figure skating at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. In men's hockey, Canada defeated France 9-5 at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. The French team was so bad that they were popularly known as "Les Miserables."

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Gli Spari Sopra--Vasco Rossi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Mockin' Bird Hill--Roots Syndicate

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): No Limit--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (13th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (12th week at #1)
2 A Whole New World (Aladdin's Theme)--Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle
3 Saving Forever for You--Shanice
4 If I Ever Fall in Love--Shai
5 Ordinary World--Duran Duran
6 In the Still of the Nite--Boyz II Men
7 7--Prince and the New Power Generation
8 Mr. Wendal--Arrested Development
9 Rump Shaker--Wreckx-N-Effect
10 I'm Every Woman--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were Sweet Thing by Mary J. Blige (#50); Cat's in the Cradle by Ugly Kid Joe (#72); Passionate Kisses by Mary Chapin Carpenter (#87); Supermodel (You Better Work) by RuPaul (#89); and Toss-Up by N2Deep (#91).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (10th week at #1)
2 Deeper and Deeper--Madonna
3 Steam--Peter Gabriel
4 No Mistakes--Patty Smyth
5 Harvest Moon--Neil Young
6 A Whole New World (Aladdin's Theme)--Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle
7 Ordinary World--Duran Duran
8 Little Bird--Annie Lennox
9 Love Can Move Mountains--Celine Dion
10 Faithful--Go West

Singles entering the chart were Simple Life by Elton John (#64); If This is Love by Barney Bentall (#66); Cigarette Dangles by The Pursuit of Happiness (#81); Sleeping Satellite by Tasmin Archer (#87); I See Your Smile by Gloria Estefan (#88); Love Is by Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight (#91); Gypsy Honeymoon by Kim Carnes (#93); Heartland by Rockhead (#94); Supernatural by John James (#96); and Love U More by Sunscreem (#97).

Died on this date
Ferruccio Lamborghini, 76
. Italian industrialist. Mr. Lamborghini was a prominent manufacturer of agricultural equipment, but was best known for founding, in 1963, the automobile company bearing his name.

Radio
U.S. President Bill Clinton announced plans to shut down Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and merge them into the United States Information Agency, which would result in a saving of millions of dollars.

Crime
Robert Thompson and Jon Venables, both 10 years of age, were charged with the kidnapping and murder of 2-year-old James Bulger, who had been abducted on February 12 from a shopping centre in Bootle, near Liverpool.

20 years ago
1998


Olympics
Tara Lipinski of the United States became, at age 15, the youngest gold medalist in Winter Olympics history when she won the ladies' figure skating competition at Nagano, Japan.

10 years ago
2008


Space
A lunar eclipse was visible in western North America, and was seen by this blogger.

Sunday, 18 February 2018

February 19, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lee Morrow!

275 years ago
1743


Born on this date
Luigi Boccherini
. Italian composer. Mr. Boccherini wrote over 500 pieces, many of them chamber pieces for strings. He died on May 28, 1805 at the age of 62.

140 years ago
1878


Technology
Thomas Edison received a patent for his phonograph.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Cedric Hardwicke
. U.K. actor. Sir Cedric achieved fame on the London stage before appearing in such movies as Stanley and Livingstone (1939); The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939); Tom Brown's School Days (1940); The Invisible Man Returns (1940); Suspicion (1941); The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942); The Lodger (1944); Wilson (1944); The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945); and Rope (1948). He made many television appearances in the 1950s and '60s before his death on August 6, 1964 at the age of 71.

110 years ago
1908


Exploration
Frederick A. Cook set out from New York for the North Pole in the steamer John R. Bradley.

90 years ago
1928

Olympics

The University of Toronto Grads, representing Canada, routed Switzerland 13-0 to win the gold medal in hockey at St. Moritz. The Grads didn't give up a goal through the entire tournament.

Auto racing
Captain Malcolm Campbell, British World War I air ace, set a world land speed record on the beach at Daytona, Florida. He drove his 12-cylinder Bluebird one mile with the wind in 16.76 seconds (214.79 mph), and one mile against the wind in 17.39 seconds (199.66 mph). The average for the two miles was a mile in 17.39+ seconds (206.96 mph). Mr. Campbell's feat broke the record of 203.79 miles per hour set by Henry Segrave eleven months earlier, and marked the fourth time that Mr. Campbell had set the record.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces recaptured seven towns west of Kharkov and 10 more in the Orel Sea area. The Battle of the Kasserine Pass began in Tunisia between U.S. and U.K. forces and German forces commanded by General Erwin Rommel.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party's National Executive Committee rejected the Communist Party's application for affiliation on the grounds that it was out of harmony with the philosophy and objecitves of the Labour Party.

The Puerto Rican legislature narrowly endorsed Governor Rexford Tugwell and asked U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt not to remove him from office until the Puerto Ricans could elect their own chief executive.

Religion
The U.S. Episcopalian publication The Witness reported that 25 bishops favoured unuion with the Presbyterian Church.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Lend-Lease Administration reported that the United States had shipped more than 2.9 million tons of war supplies to the U.S.S.R. under Lend-Lease.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Robert Lamont, 80
. U.S. industrialist and politician. Mr. Lamont was President of American Steel Foundries from 1912-1929 and U.S. Secretary of Commerce in the administration of President Herbert Hoover from 1929-1932; he then resigned to become President of the American Iron and Steel Institute from 1932-1934.

Bob Groom, 63. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Groom played with the Washington Nationals (1909-1913); St. Louis Terriers (1914-1915); St. Louis Browns (1916-1917); and Cleveland Indians (1918), compiling a record of 119-150 with an earned run average of 3.10 in 367 games, and batting .128 with no home runs and 35 runs batted in in 369 games. He led the American League in losses (26) in 1909; tied for the Federal League lead in losses (20) in 1914; and tied for the AL lead (19) in losses in 1917. Mr. Groom's best season was 1912, when he was 24-13 with a 2.62 ERA in 43 games. On May 6, 1917, Mr. Groom pitched 2 scoreless innings in the first game of a doubleheader against the Chicago White Sox to get a save, and then pitched a no-hitter in the second game as the Browns won 3-0. Ernie Koob of the Browns had pitched a no-hitter against the White Sox the previous day, and Messrs. Koob and Groom remain the only teammates to pitch major league no-hitters on consecutive days.

War
A Nuremberg court sentenced Field Marshal Wilhelm List and General Walter Kuntze, German commanders in the Balkans during World War II, to life imprisonment for ordering the execution of hostages in their theatre of operations.

Politics and government
The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence, alleged to be the starting point for a series of armed communist rebellions in various Asian countries, convened in Calcutta.

Economics and finance
The French National Assembly voted to freeze prices at the January 15 level.

60 years ago
1958


War
The French cabinet announced its approval of plans for the establishment of a no-man's-land 15 miles wide on the Algerian side of the Tunisian border in order to halt continued border crossings by Algerian nationalist guerrillas.

The Communist Chinese and North Korean governments announced that all Chinese forces would be withdrawn from Korea by the end of 1958.

Diplomacy
U.S. Deputy Undersecretary of State Robert Murphy, a North African affairs specialist, was named to represent the United States in mediation of the French-Tunisian dispute.

Defense
Japan lodged a formal protest against U.S. plans to hold further nuclear weapons tests on Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.

Politics and government
State Senator Albert Quie (Republican) was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota's 1st District, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. August Andresen.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board reduced by 0.5% the required reserves that must be held against demand deposits by the 6,400 banks of the Federal Reserve system, making an additional $500 million available for commercial loans.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives Government Operations Committee approved a subcommittee report accusing cigarette manufacturers of deceiving the public by advertising that their higher-priced filter-tip cigarettes provided greater health protection than plain cigarettes.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hello, Goodbye--The Beatles

Politics and government
The Canadian Liberal Party minority government lost a vote on a tax bill in the House of Commons. Prime Minister Lester Pearson was on vacation in Jamaica at the time, and was forced to return home in order to try to save his government. Progressive Conservative Party leader Robert Stanfield, leader of the official Opposition, wasn't diligent enough in pressing for the government's resignation.

The South African Electoral College selected Jacobus J. Fouche as the country's President to fill the vacancy caused by the death of President-elect Theophilus Doenges.

Asiatica
An international commission ruled on the Rann of Kutch, awarding 300 square miles of the long-disputed uninhabited salt marsh to Pakistan and the remaining 3,200 square miles to India.

Health
The British High Court awarded compensation to 62 children born with thalidomide-induced deformities.

40 years ago
1978


War
Egyptian forces raided Larnaca International Airport in an attempt to intervene in a hijacking, without authorization from the Republic of Cyprus authorities. The Cypriot National Guard and Police forces killed 15 Egyptian commandos and destroyed the Egyptian C-130 transport plane in open combat.

Golf
Gil Morgan won the Los Angeles Open with a score of 278; first prize money was $40,000.

Hockey
WHA
Birmingham 3 @ Cincinnati 4 (OT)
Indianapolis 3 @ Edmonton 4 (OT)

Darryl Maggs scored at 9:32 of overtime to give the Stingers their win over the Bulls at Riverfront Coliseum. Birmingham forward Frank Beaton startled the Stingers by skating off the ice with the Cincinnati club at the end of the first period instead of with his own team. Mr. Beaton had spotted six police officers near the Bulls' dressing room, and figured that they were there to arrest him for failing to appear in Cincinnati to answer an assault charge two years earlier. Mr. Beaton hid in the Stingers' dressing room, but was quickly discovered and arrested.

Mike Zuke scored 7:08 into overtime to give the Oilers their win over the Racers before 8,971 fans at Edmonton Coliseum.

CHL
Fort Worth 5 @ Tulsa 6

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): My Love is a Tango--Guillermo Marchena

Died on this date
André Frédéric Cournand, 92
. French-born U.S. physician and physiologist. Dr. Cournand shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Werner Forssmann and Dickinson Richards "for their discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system."

Olympics
Karen Percy of Banff, Alberta, near Calgary, won the bronze medal in the ladies’ downhill ski event in Calgary.

20 years ago
1998


Politics and government
Andy Thompson (Liberal--Ontario) was suspended from the Canadian Senate without pay for delinquency; the former leader of the Ontario Liberal Party, a Senator since 1967, had attended only 47 times in 14 years--only 12 sessions since 1990--and was living in Mexico.

Olympics
The Canadian 5,000-metre men's short track relay speed skating team of Marc Gagnon, Derrick Campbell, Éric Bédard and François Drolet won a gold medal, and Mr. Bédard won a bronze medal in Nagano in the 1,000-metres. Annie Perreault of Canada won the 500-metres gold medal in Nagano, and teamed up with Isabelle Charest, Tania Vicent and Christine Boudrias to win a bronze medal in the 3,000-metre relay.

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
An ailing Fidel Castro resigned the Cuban presidency after nearly a half-century in power; he was succeeded by his brother Raoul.

Saturday, 17 February 2018

February 18, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Paul Jelley and Ezra Levant!

750 years ago
1268


War
The Livonian Order was defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakvere in Estonia.

180 years ago
1838


Born on this date
Ernst Mach
. Austrian physicist. Dr. Mach was known for his study of shock waves and the creation of the Mach number (a quantity representing the ratio of speed of an object moving through a fluid and the local speed of sound). He died on February 19, 1916, the day after his 78th birthday.

110 years ago
1908

Diplomacy

The United States and Japan reached a "Gentleman's Agreement" restricting Japanese emigration to America.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Nebraska Man
. Alleged hominid. Nebraska Man (Hesperopithecus haroldcookii) was alleged to be an ancestor of modern man. His status as such was based solely on the "million-dollar tooth," which was found in an ancient river bed in Nebraska in 1917 by rancher and geologist Harold Cook and put forward by scientists such as American Museum of Natural History President Dr. Henry Fairfield Osborn as proof that a forerunner of modern man lived in America millions of years ago. The tooth, however, was revealed to be the tooth of an extinct peccary. At the Scopes trial in 1925, Nebraska Man was cited as proof of evolution, and William Jennings Bryan was ridiculed when he protested the scanty evidence. Unfortunately, Mr. Bryan didn't live to see his views vindicated. Nebraska Man is just one of a number of man's alleged ancestors that hasn't stood the test of time, or close examination of the evidence. Other examples include Java Man, Peking Man, and Piltdown Man. "Science" marches on.

Oddities
At Eastland, Texas, a horned toad, sealed alive in the cornerstone of the court house 31 years earlier, was found alive when the stone was removed, according to County Judge Edward S. Pritchard. Could this have inspired the classic Warner Brothers cartoon One Froggy Evening (1955)?

Olympics
Sonja Henie of Norway won her first gold medal in women's figure skating at St. Moritz.

75 years ago
1943


War
German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels, speaking at the Berlin Sportspalast, called for total war by the German people against the Allies. German mechanized forces in Tunisia seized Sbeitla, Kasserine, and Feriana, and came within 15 miles of the Algerian border. British forces occupied Foum Tatahouine, near the southern end of the Mareth line. For the first time since August 1942, U.S. warships attacked Japanese positions at Holtz Bay and Chichagof Harbor on Attu Island in the Aleutians. The U.S. War Department activated the 6th Army in Australia and New Guinea under the command of Lieutenant General Walter Krueger. Japanese troops in China opened offensive drives on seven fronts: along the Grand Canal in Kiangsu Province; east of Suchow; west of Nanchang; the Yochow area in Hunan Province; the Shasi-Ichang area of Hupeh Province; the Luchow Peninsula; and northeast of Lungling along the Burma Road.

Protest
Hans and Sophie Scholl, leaders of the Weisse Rose (White Rose) youth resistance movement in Germany, were arrested by the Gestapo for opposing the Nazi regime.

Politics and government
Argentine President Ramon Castillo said he would support Senator Robustiano Patron Costas as his successor.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted $75,000 to the Committee on Un-American Activities; $100,000 to the Smith Committee to investigate charges of subversion among government employees; and $60,000 to the Cox Committee to investigate the Federal Communications Commission.

U.S. Lend-Lease Administrator Edward Stettinius created the China Division in the Lend-Lease Administration under J. Franklin Ray, Jr.

70 years ago
1948


Theatre
Mister Roberts, co-written and directed by Joshua Logan, and starring Henry Fonda, William Harrigan, Robert Keith, and David Wayne, opened at the Alvin Theatre on Broadway.

Literature
The novel The Ides of March by Thornton Wilder was published in New York by Harper.

Diplomacy
Argentina added its claims in Antarctica to those of the United Kingdom and Chile, disputing possession of the Palmer Peninsula an nearby islands. Chilean President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla ordered the construction of a second Chilean base in Antarctica on the Palmer Peninsula.

Defense
Representatives of the Soviet Union and Hungary signed a 20-year mutual defense agreement, completing a series of military treaties linking the U.S.S.R. with her western neighbours.

Labour
Belgian Prime Minister Paul-Henri Spaak ended a strike of coal miners and other workers by threatening to draft strikers.

The U.K. Trades Union Congress agreed to accept the government's request for a wage freeze, provided that industries reduced prices and profits.

9,000 New York bakery workers ended a 13-day strike when employers agreed to contribute to the welfare funds of the American Federation of Labor Bakers and Confectionery Workers union and the Retail Clerks Protective Association.

60 years ago
1958


Asiatica
The Jordanian Parliament ratified the February 14 Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan agreement.

Politics and government
Announcing the formation of a Japanese Socialist Democratic Party, left-wing Socialist Kansei Miyara said that the new party would join with the Okinawa People's Party to campaign for the reversion of Okinawa to Japan.

Scandal
A U.S. grand jury in Indianapolis indicted United Brotherhood of Carpenters President Maurice Hutcheson, Vice President O. William Blaer, and Treasurer Frank Chapman on charges of paying bribes to the Indiana State Highway Department as part of a land-resale scheme.

50 years ago
1968


War
Communist forces shelled military posts and cities throughout South Vietnam in a coordinated attack. The Communists also continued to tighten the siege of the U.S. Marine outpost of Khe Sanh.

Britannica
The United Kingdom went off Greenwich Mean Time; clocks were turned one hour ahead to conform with West European time.

Olympics
The Winter Olympic Games closed in Grenoble, France.

Golf
George Knudson won the Phoenix Open with a score of 272; first prize money was $20,000.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Solo Tu--Matia Bazar (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Mull of Kintyre--Wings (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Figaro--The Brotherhood of Man

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Take a Chance on Me--ABBA

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 If I Had Words--Scott Fitzgerald and Yvonne Keeley with the St. Thomas More School Choir (4th week at #1)
2 Take a Chance on Me--ABBA
3 It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler
4 Mull of Kintyre--Wings
5 She's Not There--Santana
6 Black Betty--Ram Jam
7 Lailola - No Ablas Mas--José e Los Reyes
8 Singin' in the Rain--Sheila B. Devotion
9 Smurfenbier--Vader Abraham
10 I Can't Stand the Rain--Eruption featuring Precious Wilson

Singles entering the chart were Hot Legs by Rod Stewart (#28); Baby Come Back by Player (#29); Mr. Blue Sky by Electric Light Orchestra (#30); Love's Unkind by Donna Summer (#33); and Up Town Top Ranking by Althia & Donna (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)
2 Just the Way You Are--Billy Joel
3 Emotion--Samantha Sang
4 Sometimes When We Touch--Dan Hill
5 (Love Is) Thicker than Water--Andy Gibb
6 Dance, Dance, Dance (Yowsah, Yowsah, Yowsah)--Chic
7 Short People--Randy Newman
8 We are the Champions--Queen
9 Baby Come Back--Player
10 You're in My Heart (The Final Acclaim)--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Sweet Talkin' Woman by Electric Light Orchestra (#81); I'm Gonna Take Care of Everything by Rubicon (#92); More than a Woman by Tavares (#93); Little One by Chicago (#94); Playing Your Game, Baby by Barry White (#95); Let's Have Some Fun by the Bar-Kays (#98); and Ready for the Times to Get Better by Crystal Gayle (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees
2 Short People--Randy Newman
3 We are the Champions--Queen
4 Sometimes When We Touch--Dan Hill
5 Baby Come Back--Player
6 You're in My Heart (The Final Acclaim)--Rod Stewart
7 Just the Way You Are--Billy Joel
8 Desiree--Neil Diamond
9 (Love Is) Thicker than Water--Andy Gibb
10 Dance, Dance, Dance (Yowsah, Yowsah, Yowsah)--Chic

Singles entering the chart were Night Fever by the Bee Gees (#84); Boogie Shoes by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#86); Dust in the Wind by Kansas (#87); Sweet Sweet Smile by the Carpenters (#88); Hollywood by Boz Scaggs (#93); Can't Smile Without You by Barry Manilow (#94); Walk Right Back by Anne Murray (#95); If I Can't Have You by Yvonne Elliman (#96); Silver Dreams by the Babys (#98); I Can't Hold On by Karla Bonoff (#99); and Feels So Good by Chuck Mangione (#100).

Died on this date
Maggie McNamara, 49
. U.S. actress. Miss McNamara played Patty O'Neill in the Chicago stage production of The Moon is Blue in 1951, and reprised the role in the film version in 1953. Her performance earned her an Academy Award nomination. After starring in Three Coins in the Fountain (1954), she made just one picture, The Cardinal (1963). Miss McNamara appeared in several television shows, including the Twilight Zone episode Ring-a-Ding Girl (1963). Her last appearance was in a 1964 episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour titled Body in the Barn. Miss McNamara reportedly worked as a typist in her later years. She died of a drug overdose in her apartment in New York; police said that she had suffered from mental illness, and that she'd left a suicide note.

Crime
In Media, Pennsylvania, former United Mine Workers president Tony Boyle's retrial on the charge of murdering his rival Jock Yablonski ended with Boyle being convicted of first-degree murder. Mr. Yablonski had challenged Mr. Boyle for the union presidency in 1969. The bodies of Mr. Yablonski and his wife and daughter were found shot to death at their home in Clarksville, Pennsylvania on January 5, 1970. Mr. Boyle was convicted of murder, but a retrial was ordered on appeal when it was ruled that evidence that may have proved helpful to the defense had been wrongly excluded.

Hockey
NHL
Minnesota 4 @ Toronto 5
Colorado 4 @ Montreal 9

On the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast, the Maple Leafs came from behind to beat the North Stars 5-4 at Maple Leaf Gardens. If you were watching in Quebec or on Radio Canada, you saw the Canadiens beat the Rockies 9-4 at the Montreal Forum.

CHL
Fort Worth 2 @ Kansas City 5

Sport
The first Ironman Triathlon began on Waikiki Beach, in Hawaii. John Collins, a U.S. Navy commander, created and named the event--a 2.4-mile ocean swim, followed immediately by a 112-mile bike race and a full 26.2-mile marathon. There were 15 starters and 12 finishers; Gordon Haller, a Honolulu cabdriver, was the winner in 11 hours 46 minutes.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Heatseeker--AC/DC (2nd week at #1)

Law
Anthony Kennedy was sworn in as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He replaced the retired Lewis Powell, but was actually President Ronald Reagan's third choice for the position, after Robert Bork was rejected by the Senate, and Douglas Ginsburg withdrew after admitting to marijuana use.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): I Feel You--Depeche Mode

Economics and finance
The Vancouver-based Bank of British Columbia folded. Chartered in 1966, at its peak in 1986 it had assets of $2.7 billion and revenue of $324 million, with 1,410 employees, and branches in Alberta, the Cayman Islands, the United States, and Hong Kong.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Harry Caray, 83
. U.S. sportscaster. Mr. Caray, born Harry Carabina, was one of the most famous baseball broadcasters in the United States, as the radio voice of the St. Louis Browns (1945-1946); St. Louis Cardinals (1945-1969); Oakland Athletics (1970); Chicago White Sox (1971-1981); and Chicago Cubs (1982-1997). He was probably best known for broadcasting Cubs' games, especially his practice of leading the singing of Take Me Out to the Ball Game during the 7th-inning stretch at home games at Wrigley Field. Mr. Caray won many awards, including the Ford C. Frick Award in 1989 for "major contributions to baseball." He also broadcast games of the University of Missouri Tigers football team; the St. Louis Flyers of the American Hockey League; and the St. Louis Hawks of the American Basketball Association. Mr. Caray's son Skip and grandson Chip Caray followed him into baseball broadcasting, and Harry and Chip were preparing to become the first grandfather-and-grandson major league play-by-play team when Harry Caray died of cardiac arrest, four days after collapsing at a restaurant, and 11 days before his 84th birthday.

Friday, 16 February 2018

February 17, 2018

180 years ago
1838


Abominations
In the Weenen Massacre, 282 Voortrekkers--Afrikaaners and Dutch pioneers making their way to the interior of South Africa--were killed by Zulus, as well as 250 or 252 members of the Khoikhoi and Basuto tribes that were accompanying the Voortrekkers. The dead Voortrekkers numbered 41 men, 56 woman, and 185 children.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Wally Pipp
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Pipp was a first baseman with the Detroit Tigers (1913); New York Yankees (1915-1925); and Cincinnati Reds (1926-1928), batting .281 with 90 home runs and 998 runs batted in in 1,872 games. He led the American League in home runs in 1916 (12) and 1917 (9), becoming the first Yankee to lead the AL in homers. Mr. Pipp was the Yankees' first baseman when they won their first three pennants from 1921-1923, and their first World Series in 1923. In 1925, he was in a slump and was removed from the starting lineup in favour of rookie Lou Gehrig, whom he had scouted. Mr. Pipp was unable to regain his starting position, and was claimed on waivers by the Reds before the following season. He died on January 11, 1965 at the age of 71.

75 years ago
1943


War
German forces in Tunisia drove 22 miles west from Sidi bou Zid to the vicinity of Sbeitla, and other Axis units advanced 40 miles toward Feriana in Tunisia. Japanese troops landed in Kwangchow on the Luichow Peninsula, 260 miles west-southwest of Hong Kong.

Defense
The U.S. Navy carrier-based Vought F4U-1 Corsair fighter, with a 2,000-horsepower engine, was demonstrated in East Hartford, Connecticut.

Diplomacy
Madame Chiang Kai-shek, wife of Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, visited U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House in Washington.

Politics and government
Three Indian members of the British Viceroy's Council resigned because of the Viceroy's refusal to release Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Roosevelt wrote House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee Chairman Robert Doughton (Democrat--North Carolina) that he wanted individual net incomes limited to $25,000 for single people and $50,000 for married couples for the duration of World War II. The U.S. Office of Price Administration froze the sale of canned meat and fish to halt hoarding, pending rationing scheduled to begin April 1. Dr. W.W. Rubey of the U.S. Geological Survey reported that a new vanadium mine, rich enough to meet the current deficit, had been discovered in southwestern Wyoming.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Imam Yahya, 78
. Imam of Yemen, 1918-1948. His majesty Amir al-Mumenin al-Mutawakkil 'Ala Allah Rab ul-Alamin Imam Yahya bin al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad Hamidaddin, Imam and Commander of the Faithful succeeded his father as Imam of the Zaydis in 1904, and became ruler of all Yemen in November 1918. He and his grandson were assassinated by Al-Qardaei to begin the Alwaziri coup. The Alwazirs promptly installed their own supreme ruler, Imam Abdullah bin Ahmad al-Wazir.

Politics and government
The Soviet Council of Ministers named Alexei Kosygin to replace Arseny Zverev as Finance Minister.

American Labor Party candidate Leo Isacson was elected to the United States House of Representatives from the traditionally Democrat-voting 24th District of the Bronx in New York, taking 55.9% of the vote.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee unanimously approved the European Recovery Program, voting to finance the program's first year in part with $3 billion from the current Treasury surplus.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): #1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't/I Beg of You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); Sugartime--The McGuire Sisters (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors (Top 100--7th week at #1)

Movies
New York Giants' halfback Frank Gifford signed a seven-year contract with Warner Brothers Pictures.

Diplomacy
The Tunisian government announced that it had accepted U.S. and U.K. offers to intervene in the French-Tunisian dispute growing out of the recent French reprisal bombing of Sakiet-Sidi-Youssef.

Economics and finance
Yugoslavia's Communist Party Politburo charged in a report that factory managers and local political officials had abused their privileges for personal profit at the expense of the workers.

Scandal
Recently-dismissed U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee on Legisative Oversight chief counsel Bernard Schwartz told the subcommittee that presidential aide Sherman Adams was guilty of "grossly improper" intervention in a 1953 Civil Aeronautics Board case involving North American Airlines and its attorney, Murray Chotiner.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Riquita--Georgette Plana (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'ora dell'amore--I Camaleonti (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): World--The Bee Gees

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Everlasting Love--The Love Affair (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Mien Waar Is M'n Feestneus?--Toon (3rd week at #1)
2 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
3 Nights in White Satin--The Moody Blues
4 World--The Bee Gees
5 Tin Soldier--Small Faces
6 Baby, Come Back--The Equals
7 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
8 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
9 Little Bird--Tielman Brothers
10 2000 Light Years from Home/She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Green Tambourine by the Lemon Pipers (#22); De Fanfare (A Banda) by Johnny & Rijk/Fanfare--A Banda by Han Grevelt/De Fanfare by De Labanda's (#29); and Waar Is De Neus Van Toon? by Thijs Van Der Molen (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
2 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
3 Spooky--The Classics IV
4 I Wish it Would Rain--The Temptations
5 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
6 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
7 Goin' Out of My Head/Can't Take My Eyes Off You--The Lettermen
8 Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations
9 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
10 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart

Singles entering the chart were Too Much Talk by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#54); Maybe Just Today by Bobby Vee and the Strangers (#64); Lovey Dovey by Otis and Carla (#66); Kiss Me Goodbye by Petula Clark (#68); Playboy by Gene and Debbe (#81); Dance to the Music by Sly and the Family Stone (#83); You've Got to Be Loved by the Montanas (#88); For Your Precious Love by Jackie Wilson and Count Basie (#89); Country Girl--City Man by Billy Vera and Judy Clay (#92); Love is All Around by the Troggs (#94); At the Top of the Stairs by the Formations (#96); Soul Coaxing (Ame Caline) by Raymond Lefebvre and his Orchestra (#98); Dr.Jon (The Medicine Man) by Jon & Robin and the In Crowd (#99); and Soul Serenade by Willie Mitchell (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Zabadak!--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
2 Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations
3 Spooky--The Classics IV
4 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
5 I Can Take or Leave Your Loving--Herman's Hermits
6 We Can Fly--The Cowsills
7 Bottle of Wine--The Fireballs
8 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
9 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
10 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers

Singles entering the chart were Dear Delilah by Grapefruit (#61); The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde by Georgie Fame (#67); Love is Blue by Vicky (#71); Come Back Baby by the Gettysbyrg Address (#75); The End of Our Road by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#78); The Click Song Number One by Cher (#81); Men are Gettin' Scarce by Joe Tex (#86); Keep on Running by E.G. Smith and the Power (#91); Night Fo' Last by Shorty Long (#92); Music Music Music by the Happenings (#93); Handbags and Gladrags by Chris Farlowe (#94); She Can't Be My Girl by 50-Sir John A. (#96); Kiss Me Goodbye by Petula Clark (#97); Suddenly You Love Me by the Tremeloes (#98); Circus by Sonny and Cher (#99); and Country Girl--City Man by Billy Vera and Judy Clay (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
2 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
3 I Can Take or Leave Your Loving--Herman's Hermits
4 Everything that Touches You--The Association
5 Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In)--The First Edition
6 1941--Tom Northcott
7 Spooky--The Classics IV
8 We Can Fly--The Cowsills
9 Goin' Out of My Head/Can't Take My Eyes Off You--The Lettermen
10 Words--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Tell Mama by Etta James (#24); The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde by Georgie Fame (#26); I'm Gonna Make You Love Me by Madeline Bell (#27); We're a Winner by the Impressions (#28); Strawberry Shortcake by Jay and the Techniques (#29); and Skip a Rope by Henson Cargill (#30).

Olympics
Jean-Claude Killy of France won his third gold medal at the Winter Olympic Games in Grenoble, winning the men's slalom ski event after Karl Schranz of Austria was disqualified for missing a gate.

Basketball
The James Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield, Massachusetts.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): 2-4-6-8 Motorway--Tom Robinson Band (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ti amo--Umberto Tozzi (2nd week at #1)

Terrorism
The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonated an incendiary bomb at the La Mon restaurant, near Belfast, killing 12 and seriously injuring 30 others, all Protestants. At least 20 people were arrested.

Crime
The three men convicted in the 1976 kidnapping of 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver in Chowchilla, California were all sentenced to life in prison. Richard Schoenfeld, 23, could be considered for parole in six months as a youthful offender. His brother James, 26, and Frederick Woods, also 26, were given no chance of parole, because three of the children had suffered "bodily harm."

Hockey
CHL
Dallas 5 @ Kansas City 1
Salt Lake City 6 @ Tulsa 4

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Allt som jag känner--Tone Norum & Tommy Nilsson

Died on this date
Karpoori Thakur, 64
. Indian politician. Mr. Thakur, a Socialist, was Chief Minister of Behar from December 1970-June 1971 and December 1977-April 1979. He died 24 days after his 64th birthday.

Olympics
In men's hockey, the U.S.S.R. defeated the United States 7-5 at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Edmonton 4

A late goal by Mark Messier gave the Oilers their tie with the Toronto Maple Leafs at Northlands Coliseum. The Oilers had jumped out to a 3-0 lead, only to have the Maple Leafs come back with four straight goals. The tie gave the Maple Leafs their first point in Edmonton since a 6-6 tie on January 26, 1983.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (6th week at #1)

Disasters
About 900 people drowned when the overloaded passenger ferry Neptune sank near Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

20 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Bob Merrill, 76
. U. S. songwriter. Mr. Merrill, born Henry Robert Merrill Levan, wrote 18 U.S. top 10 hits from 1949-1956, including If I Knew You Were Coming I'd Have Baked a Cake; How Much is that Doggie in the Window?; and Mambo Italiano. Barbra Streisand's signature song, People, was also written by Mr. Merrill. Mr. Merrill also achieved success on Broadway, writing the lyrics for Funny Girl (1964) and Carnival! (1961), among many others. He also wrote screenplays, including Mahogany (1975). Mr. Merrill was suffering from depression linked to various ailments when he committed suicide by shooting himself in his car.

Canadiana
Statistics Canada released results of its 1996 census question on race; of non-aboriginal and non-white Canadians identifying themselves as visible minorities, 27% were Chinese, 21% South Asians, and 18% Blacks.

Olympics
The U.S.A. defeated Canada 3-1 to win the gold medal in women's hockey in Nagano, Japan; it was the first time women's hockey had been a medal sport. In men's hockey, the Czech Republic defeated the U.S.A. 4-1.

10 years ago
2008


Disappeared on this date
Marilyn Bergeron, 24
. Canadian woman. Miss Bergeron, a native of Chicoutimi, Quebec, moved with her family to the Quebec City area in 1998. She moved to Montreal in 2005, but returned to her parents' home in February 2008, saying that she no longer felt safe in Montreal, although she wouldn't give details. The day after completing her move back to Quebec, Miss Bergeron told her parents she was going for a walk, and stopped at an automated teller machine in Loretteville; she was last confirmed to have been seen in a restaurant in Saint-Romuald, 12 miles south of her parents' home. Miss Bergeron was reported to have been seen in Hawkesbury, Ontario, just across the Ottawa River from Quebec, in 2010. Quebec City police reportedly believe she committed suicide, while her family suspects foul play.

Europeana
Kosovo declared its independence as the Republic of Kosovo, in defiance of Serbia and Russia.

Thursday, 15 February 2018

February 16, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Veronica Jones!

180 years ago
1838


Born on this date
Henry Adams
. U.S. writer. Mr. Adams, the great-grandson of U.S. President John Adams and grandson of President John Quincy Adams, was best known for his autobiography The Education of Henry Adams (1907). He died on March 27, 1918 at the age of 80.

150 years ago
1868


Americana
The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks was organized in New York City.

130 years ago
1888


Hockey
The Granite Curling Club beat the Caledonians 4-1 in Toronto's first organized hockey game, involving proper sticks, two set teams, coded rules, an indoor venue and most notably, newspaper verification.

100 years ago
1918


Europeana
The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopted the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Eddie Foy, Sr., 71
. U.S. entertainer. Mr. Foy, born Edwin Fitzgerald, was a vaudevillian for more than 50 years. He formed a family act with his children in 1910, and "Eddie Foy and The Seven Little Foys" became an American sensation. Mr. Foy was headlining a show in Kansas City when he died of a heart attack, 22 days before his 72nd birthday.

Diplomacy
Egypt signed the Geneva convention for the abolition of slavery.

Crime
Two coal diggers were shot to death in fights between coal miners' unions at Pittston and Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet Red Army troops commanded by Lieutenant General Filip I. Golikov recaptured the Ukrainian city of Kharkov after 16 months of Nazi occupation. Allied forces led by Brigadier O.C. Wingate crossed into Burma and advanced eastward in columns, penetrating as far as 200 miles.

Abominations
German SS chief Heinrich Himmler ordered the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto.

70 years ago
1948


On television tonight
NBC Television Newsreel, on NBC

This was the first broadcast of the first nightly newscast, consisting of 10 minutes of Fox Movietone newsreels.

Died on this date
Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte, 96
. Italian clergyman. Cardinal Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte was dean of the Roman Catholic Sacred College of Cardinals from 1930 until his death.

Music
U.S.S.R. composers Sergei Prokofiev and Aram Khachaturian, recently attacked for their music, thanked the Communist Party for its criticism and promised to correct their mistakes.

World events
The North Korean People's Council in Pyongyang announced plans to establish a 200,000-man army and draw up a People's Republic constitution.

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom warned Chile against "acts of trespass" in parts of the Palmer Peninsula in Antarctica claimed by both countries.

Defense
The United Natons Palestine Commission, in a report to the Security Council, urged the creation of a special UN military force to save the Palestine partition plan from "catastrophic" failure after the end of the British mandate.

Law
U.S. federal agents in New York arrested National Maritime Union secretary Ferdinand Smith, a Communist, on charges of being an illegal alien.

Academia
The U.S. Supreme Court rejected an appeal of Mrs. Ada Fisher for admission to the all-white University of Oklahoma law school.

Journalism
Quebec police closed the leftist weekly newspapers Le Combat and Le Progess de Villeray, charging them with serving as centres of Communist activity.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear a case brought by the Foremen's Association of America challenging the constitutionality of the Taft-Hartley Act, while the National Labor Relations Board ruled that employers could require foremen to leave unions of rank-and-file workers.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: On the Nose, starring Jan Sterling, David Opatoshu, Karl Swenson, and Carl Betz

Died on this date
John Moody, 89
. U.S. financial analyst. Mr. Moody founded Moody's Investors Service in 1900.

Space
U.S. airman Donald Farrell completed a seven-day simulated flight to the Moon and back in a three-foot-by-five-foot steel chamber at the School of Aviation Medicine at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.

World events
Indonesian Army Headquarters in Jakarta ordered the arrest of Muslim Party leader Sjafruddin Prawiranegara and five members of his cabinet on charges of intent to overthrow the government by force.

Politics and government
French Cameroons Prime Minister Andre Marie M'Bida resigned in protest against the policies of Jean Ramadier, French High Commissioner for the territory.

Education
The Canadian Conference on Education began in Ottawa under the chairmanship of neurosurgeon Dr. Wilder Penfield.

Disasters
Severe blizzards in the northeastern United States resulted in 171 deaths.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
2 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
3 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
4 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
5 I Can Take or Leave Your Loving--Herman's Hermits
6 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
7 Spooky--The Classics IV
8 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
9 Zabadak!--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
10 Skip a Rope--Henson Cargill
Pick of the Week: Brown-Eyed Handsome Man--Jerry Jaye
New this week: The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
By the Time I Get to Phoenix--Joann Moore
The Lovin' Things--Bobby Rydell
Heaven is in Your Mind--Traffic
Walk Away Renee--Four Tops

Died on this date
Healey Willan, 87
. U.K.-born Canadian composer. Dr. Willan taught music at the University of Toronto for many years, beginning in 1914. He's best-known for his sacred music and his compositions for organ, and his music is regularly heard on CBC 2 radio.

War
Three weeks of clashes between Israeli and Jordanian forces along the Jordan River concluded with Israeli planes hitting military targets up to 10 miles inside Jordan.

The U.S. National Security Council eliminated all occupational draft deferments and deferments for most graduate students. Deferments would be granted to graduate students only in critical areas in medicine, optometry, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and those students who would have completed two or more years of graduate work by June 1968.

Americana
The U.S.A.'s first 911 emergency telephone system was inaugurated in Haleyville, Alabama.

Politics and government
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson nominated American Airlines Chairman Cyrus R. Smith, 68, to succeed Alexander Trowbridge as Secretary of Commerce. Mr. Trowbridge, 37, resigned for health reasons.

Disasters
21 people were killed when a Boeing 727 Chinese Nationalist Civil Air Transport crashed at Taipei International Airport.

19 people were killed when an earthquake struck the Greek Islands in the Aegean Sea.

An arson fire at a tavern in Moberly, Missouri killed 12 people.

Boxing
Oscar Bonavena (32-4) scored a technical knockout of Felipe Marich (2-3) in the 6th round of a heavyweight bout in Cordoba, Argentina.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
James at 16, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Blowout

Technology
The first computer bulletin board system (CBBS in Chicago) was created by Ward Christensen.

Economics and finance
Representatives of Japan and China meeting in Peking signed an eight-year, $20-billion trade agreement. Provisions included $7.8 billion worth of Japanese plants and technology to be purchased by China and 47.1 million tons of oil, up to 5.3 million tons of coking coal, and up to 3.9 million tons of other coal to be sold by China to Japan.

Business
The Canadian Football League governors, meeting in Toronto, approved the sale of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from Michael DeGroote to Harold Ballard, owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
Canada's top 5 (The Record)
1 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
2 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
3 Could've Been--Tiffany
4 Faith--George Michael
5 The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson

Olympics
Canada defeated Switzerland 4-2 in men's hockey at Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

20 years ago
1998


Politics and government
The Supreme Court of Canada began hearing arguments on whether Quebec had the right to declare her unilateral independence from Canada.

Disasters
China Airlines Flight 676, an Airbus A300 jet liner, crashed into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 people aboard and seven more on the ground.