Sunday, 19 February 2017

January 19, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inese!

200 years ago
1817


War
An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, began crossing the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.

100 years ago
1917


Disasters
73 people were killed and more than 400 injured in an explosion at a munitions factory in Silvertown, West Ham, Essex, England.

80 years ago
1937


Aviation
Howard Hughes set a transcontinental record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

75 years ago
1942


War
The Japanese conquest of Burma began.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Oh Billy Boy--Club Argentina

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Singing the Blues--Tommy Steele

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Disc Jockey--7th week at #1; Jukebox--6th week at #1; Top 100--7th week at #1);

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (8th week at #1)
2 The Banana Boat Song--The Tarriers
3 Young Love--Sonny James
--Tab Hunter
4 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
5 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley
6 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
7 Don't Forbid Me--Pat Boone
8 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
9 A Rose and a Baby Ruth--George Hamilton IV
10 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly

Singles entering the chart were Knee Deep in the Blues by Guy Mitchell (#36); Little by Little by Nappy Brown (#40); Can I Steal a Little Love by Frank Sinatra (#41); and Wringle Wrangle, with versions by Fess Parker and Bill Hayes (#44).

Died on this date
József Dudás, 44
. Hungarian politician and activist. Mr. Dudás was a Communist in the 1930s, but joined the Independent Smallholders' Party in 1945. He was imprisoned from 1945-1951, but participated in the Hungarian Revolution in 1956. He used violence in an attempt to gain recognition from the invading Soviets as Hungary's true leader rather than Pemier Imre Nagy, but he was arrested by U.S.S.R. authorities on November 21, 1956, and was sentenced to death, and executed.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): I'm a Believer--The Monkees

At the movies
Hotel, starring Rod Taylor, Catherine Spaak, Melvyn Douglas, Karl Malden, and many others, opened in theatres.

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Big Explosion



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express): Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul (2nd week at #1)

War
U.S. President Gerald Ford, on his last full day in office, pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino--popularly known as "Tokyo Rose"--for making propaganda broadcasts for Radio Tokyo during World War II. Miss Toguri, an American citizen, had been visiting relatives in Japan in December 1941 and had been unable to get on the last planes removing Americans from the country. She made broadcasts under pressure from the Japanese government, while refusing to renounce her American citizenship. Miss Toguri was returned to the United States after the war, and served more than six years in prison.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Funkytown--Pseudo Echo (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lawrence Kohlberg, 59
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Kohlberg was a developmental psychologist who was known for his theory that individuals go through six stages of development of moral reasoning. He contracted a parasitic illness while working in Belize in 1971, which may have contributed to his suicide by walking into the icy waters of Boston Harbor.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'm Too Sexy--Right Said Fred

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-n-Pepa (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-n-Pepa

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): To the Moon and Back--Savage Garden

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Don't Speak--No Doubt

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Un-Break My Heart--Toni Braxton

#1 single in Switzerland: Time to Say Goodbye (Con te partirò)--Sarah Brightman and Andrea Bocelli

Died on this date
James Dickey, 73
. U.S. writer. Mr. Dickey was United States Poet Laureate from 1966-1968, and was also known for his only novel, Deliverance (1970). He died of fibrosis of the lungs, two weeks before his 74th birthday.

World events
Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron after more than 30 years, and joined celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city to the Palestinian Authority.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Denny Doherty, 66. Canadian musician. Mr. Doherty, a native of Halifax, was a member of the singing group the Big 3 with Cass Elliot and the Mugwumps, which included Miss Elliot, Zal Yanovsky, and Jim Hendricks, before teaming up with Miss Elliot, John Phillips, and Michelle Gilliam to form the Mamas and the Papas in 1965. Mr. Doherty's voice contributed to a string of memorable hit singles from 1966-1968, before the group broke up. In later years, Mr. Doherty recorded some solo material, performed with a reconstituted version of the Mamas and the Papas, and appeared on Canadian television. He died after surgery to repair an abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Hrant Dink, 53. Turkish journalist. Mr. Dink was editor-in-chief of the Turkish-Armenian newspaper Agos, and advocated Turkish-Armenian reconciliation. He was assassinated in Istanbul as he returned to his office. 17-year-old Turkish ultranationalist Ogün Samast was convicted in 2011 by Istanbul's Heavy Juvenile Criminal Court of premeditated murder and illegal possession of a firearm, and was sentenced to 22 years and 10 months in prison

January 18, 2017

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Oliver Hardy
. U.S. actor. The fat half of the Laurel and Hardy comedy team was born in Harlem, Georgia. He died on August 7, 1957 at the age of 65 after a heart attack and a series of strokes.

75 years ago
1942


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Three Garridebs

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Old Lamp-Lighter--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (5th week at #1)

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Será, Será)--Doris Day (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (2nd week at #1)

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set):
1 Ooh La La--Normie Rowe (4th week at #1)
2 Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones
3 Friday on My Mind--The Easybeats
4 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
5 It's Not Easy--Normie Rowe
6 Let it Be Me (EP)--Johnny Young
7 No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
8 Mellow Yellow--Donovan
9 Single Girl--Sandy Posey
10 Sorry--The Easybeats

Singles entering the chart were I'm a Believer by the Monkees (#18); Coalman by Ronnie Burns (#21); What am I Doing Here with You? by Bev Harrell (#23); You Got Soul by the Twilights (#26); Help Me Girl by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#29); When Will I Be Loved?/Kiss Me Now by Johnny Young (#32); Auntie Maggie's Remedy by the Fourmost (#33); Your Ever Changin' Mind by Crispian St. Peters (#34); Spinout by Elvis Presley (#35); and Lookin' for a Better Day by Tony Barber (#39).

Died on this date
Goose Tatum, 45
. U.S. baseball and basketball player. Reece Tatum played first base in the Negro American League from 1941-1948, but was best known as a star basketball player with the Harlem Globetrotters from 1941-1955. He was credited with creating the hook shot, and was one of the game's first great showmen. Mr. Tatum's son Reece, Jr. was killed in a car accident in 1966, and Mr. Tatum reportedly began drinking heavily, but his death was stated to be from natural causes. Mr. Tatum was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 2011.

Yellowknifiana
The government of Canada announced that Yellowknife would be the capital of the Northwest Territories. The announcement came as a shock to residents of Fort Smith, who were so sure that their town would be chosen that they were selling souvenirs advertising Fort Smith as the capital.

Politics and government
Jeremy Thorpe, Member of the House of Commons for North Devon, was elected leader of the British Liberal Party, replacing Jo Grimond, who had led the party since 1956. In the most recent general election, on March 31, 1966, the Liberals had taken 9 seats, far behind 317 for the governing Labour Party and 304 for the opposition Conservatives.

Crime
Albert DeSalvo, the "Boston Strangler" who claimed to have murdered 13 women in the Boston area from 1962-1964, was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of armed robbery and assault against four women in Connecticut.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Daddy Cool--Boney M. (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Return Engagement

Died on this date
Džemal Bijedić, 59
. Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, 1971-1977. Mr. Bijedić, a career Communist, was killed with his wife his wife Razija and six others when their Learjet 25 crashed on the Inač mountain near Kreševo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, while n route from Belgrade to Sarajevo.

Health
Scientists identified a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease, which had first come to light after numerous members of the American Legion who had attended their annual convention in Philadelphia in 1976 had taken ill and died weeks after returning home.

Disasters
84 people were killed and 210 injured in the crash of a commuter train in Granville, a suburb of Sydney; it remains Australia's worst rail disaster.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Ain't Nothin' Goin' On But the Rent--Gwen Guthrie

#1 single in France: T'en va pas--Elsa (3rd week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Black or White--Michael Jackson (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Sore ga daiji--MAN Brothers Band (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Black or White--Michael Jackson (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black or White--Michael Jackson (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Smells Like Teen Spirit--Nirvana

#1 single in France (SNEP): Song of Ocarina--Jean-Philippe Audin & Diego Modena

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Bohemian Rhapsody/These Are the Days of Our Lives--Queen (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black or White--Michael Jackson (7th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Black or White--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)
2 Can't Let Go--Mariah Carey
3 All 4 Love--Color Me Badd
4 It's so Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday--Boyz II Men
5 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John
6 No Son of Mine--Genesis
7 Set Adrift on Memory Bliss--PM Dawn
8 Blowing Kisses in the Wind--Paula Abdul
9 Mysterious Ways--U2
10 Keep Coming Back--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Vibeology by Paula Abdul (#54); Good for Me by Amy Grant (#55); Until Your Love Comes Back Around by RTZ (#73); and All Together Now by the Farm (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Black or White--Michael Jackson
2 Mysterious Ways--U2
3 Keep Coming Back--Richard Marx
4 No Son of Mine--Genesis
5 When a Man Loves a Woman--Michael Bolton
6 Broken Arrow--Rod Stewart
7 Blowing Kisses in the Wind--Paula Abdul
8 Can't Let Go--Mariah Carey
9 Set Adrift on Memory Bliss--P.M. Dawn
10 All 4 Love--Color Me Badd

Singles entering the chart were I'm Too Sexy by Right Said Fred (#64); Addams Groove by Hammer (#71); and It's So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday by Boyz II Men (#77).

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): One and One--Robert Miles and Maria Nayler (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Freed from Desire--Gala (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Freed from Desire--Gala (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): 2 Become 1--Spice Girls (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Professional Widow (Armand's Star Trunk Funkin' Mix)--Tori Amos

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Un-Break My Heart--Toni Braxton (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Adriana Caselotti, 80
. U.S. actress. Miss Caselotti was best known for providing the voice of Snow White in the film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937).

Paul Tsongas, 55. U.S. politician. Mr. Tsongas, a Democrat, represented Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives from 1975-1979 and in the Senate from 1979-1985. He ran for the 1992 Democratic Party U.S. presidential nomination, and won seven primaries before losing the campaign to eventual President Bill Clinton. Mr. Tsongas died after a long battle with cancer.

10 years ago
2007


Disasters
Kyrill, the strongest windstorm to hit Britain in 17 years, killed 14 people in the United Kingdom and 13 in Germany.

January 17, 2017

730 years ago
1287


War
King Alfonso III of Aragon invaded Minorca.

640 years ago
1377


Religion
Pope Gregory XI moved the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.

130 years ago
1887


Died on this date
William Giblin, 46
. Australian politician. Mr. Giblin was Premier of Tasmania from March-December 1878 and 1879-1884.

100 years ago
1917


Americana
The United States paid Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Juliette Gordon Low, 66
. U.S. social activist. Mrs. Low founded the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. in 1915, four years after forming a group of Girl Guides in Scotland. She died of breast cancer.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Chattanooga Choo Choo--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The One that Got Away, with guest stars Anne Francis, Charles Drake, and Charles Bronson

The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Experiment



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): If You Leave Me Now--Chicago (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Seishun Jidai--Koichi Morita and the Top Gallants

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sandokan--Oliver Onions (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Gary Gilmore, 36
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Gilmore, a career criminal, was convicted of the July 1976 murders of Max Jensen and Bennie Bushnell in Utah. He was sentenced to death for the murder of Mr. Bushnell, and became the first person executed in the United States in almost 10 years, and the first since the U.S. Supreme Court, in their 1976 ruling in Gregg v. Georgia, had upheld the constitutionality of recent capital punishment statutes. As a Mormon, Mr. Gilmore believed the Latter-day Saints doctrine that certain sins can be paid for only by the sinner shedding his own blood. Accordingly, he waived his appeals, and was executed by firing squad at Utah State Prison in Draper.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Kingdome, Seattle
AFC 24 NFC 14

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: The Final Countdown--Europe (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Geronimo's Cadillac--Modern Talking (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Suburbia--Pet Shop Boys

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Showing Out (Get Fresh at the Weekend)--Mel and Kim

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Reet Petite (The Sweetest Girl in Town)--Jackie Wilson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Reet Petite (The Sweetest Girl in Town)--Jackie Wilson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Shake You Down--Gregory Abbott

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Shake You Down--Gregory Abbott
2 Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles
3 C'est la Vie--Robbie Nevil
4 Notorious--Duran Duran
5 Control--Janet Jackson
6 At this Moment--Billy Vera and the Beaters
7 Land of Confusion--Genesis
8 Everybody Have Fun Tonight--Wang Chung
9 The Way it Is--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
10 Open Your Heart--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Jacob's Ladder by Huey Lewis and the News (#39); Mandolin Rain by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#59); Respect Yourself by Bruce Willis (#64); Candy by Cameo (#84); All I Want by Howard Jones (#86); If I Say Yes by Five Star (#87); Shelter by Lone Justice (#88); Coming Up Close by 'Til Tuesday (#89); and Don't Dream it's Over by Crowded House (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Everybody Have Fun Tonight--Wang Chung
2 The Way it Is--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
3 Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles
4 You Give Love a Bad Name--Bon Jovi
5 Stand by Me--Ben E. King
6 Can't Help Falling in Love--Corey Hart
7 The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh
8 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant
9 The Rain--Oran "Juice" Jones
10 Notorious--Duran Duran

Singles entering the chart were Jacob's Ladder by Huey Lewis and the News (#86); Respect Yourself by Bruce Willis (#90); Without Your Love by Toto (#93); I Need Your Loving by the Human League (#95); and Ain't No Cure for Love by Jennifer Warnes (#96).

25 years ago
1992


Diplomacy
During a visit to South Korea, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa apologized for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the nation’s trade deficit had narrowed to $3.57 billion in November 1991, the smallest in nine years.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Un-Break My Heart--Toni Braxton

Died on this date
Clyde Tombaugh, 90
. U.S. astronomer. Mr. Tombaugh discovered hundreds of asteroids, but was best known for discovering Pluto in 1930.

Bert Kelly, 84. Australian politician. Mr. Kelly, a Liberal, represented Wakefield in the House of Representatives from 1958-1977, serving as Minister of Works from 1967-1968 and Minister for the Navy from 1968-1969.

Space
A Delta II carrying a GPS2R satellite exploded 13 seconds after launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, dropping 250 tons of burning rocket remains around the launch pad.

Society
A court in Ireland granted the first divorce in the Roman Catholic country's history.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Art Buchwald, 81
. U.S. humourist. Mr. Buchwald focused on political commentary and satire, and was best known for his long-running column in The Washington Post, which was internationally syndicated. He received the Pulitzer Prize for Outstanding Commentary in 1982 and in 1986.

Saturday, 18 February 2017

January 16, 2017

525 years ago
1492


Literature
The first grammar of the Spanish language was presented to Queen Isabella I.

310 years ago
1707


Britannica
The Scottish Parliament ratified the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.

200 years ago
1817


Died on this date
Alexander Dallas, 57
. Jamaican-born U.S. politician. Mr. Dallas, a native of Kingston, grew up in Britain, and moved to Philadelphia in 1783. He was U.S. Supreme Court Reporter from 1790-1800, and served as Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President James Madison from 1814-1816. His son George was Vice President under President James Polk (1845-1849).

170 years ago
1847


Politics and government
John C. Frémont was appointed Governor of the new California Territory.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Carole Lombard, 33
. U.S. actress. Born Jane Alice Peters in Fort Wayne, Indiana, Miss Lombard was known for her roles in screwball comedy movies such as Twentieth Century (1934); My Man Godfrey (1936); Nothing Sacred (1937); Mr. and Mrs. Smith (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). She was killed in a plane crash while flying back to Hollywood after visiting Indiana in a drive to sell war bonds.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Arturo Toscanini, 89
. Italian orchestra conductor. Mr. Toscanini was one of the most famous conductors of the 20th century. His many achievements included service as the first director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937-1954).

Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, 82. U.K. military officer. Governor-General of South Africa, 1924-1930; Governor General of Canada, 1940-1946. Major-General Cambridge, a cousin and brother-in-law of King George V, served with distinction in military campaigns in Africa and in World War I. He was popular in both of his viceregal positions, and supported the Canadian effort during World War II.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black is Black--Los Bravos (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (7th week at #1)

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Final Problem

Died on this date
Robert Van de Graaff, 65
. U.S. engineer. Mr. Van de Graaff was known for the design and construction of the Van de Graaff generators.

30 years ago
1987


World events
Ecuadorean President Leon Febres Cordero and about 30 members of his military staff were seized and held for 12 hours by air force troops at a base near Guyaquil until the president met the captors’ demands and ordered the release of General Frank Vargas Pazzos, who had been imprisoned after a rebellion attempt in 1986. The air force troops, all but two of whom were enlisted men, opened fire on the president’s party during a military review, killing two bodyguards and wounding seven other people. Mr. Febres was freed after Gen. Vargas came to the base. The president claimed to have been beaten by his captors, but promised not to punish them.

Politics and government
After a meeting of China’s ruling politburo, a communiqué was issued stating that Hu Yaobing, 71, had resigned as general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Committee and had been succeeded as acting secretary by Premier Zhao Ziyang. The communiqué said that Mr. Hu had been accused of “mistakes on major issues of political principle.” The communiqué endorsed supreme leader Deng Xiaoping’s reforms and approaches to Western nations.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announced that the nation’s output from factories, mines, and utilities had declined 0.9% in 1986.

Disasters
At least 50 people died when a boat carrying passengers to a Roman Catholic festival sank near Abugan Island in the central Philippines.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Bohemian Rhapsody/These Are the Days of Our Lives--Queen (5th week at #1)

War
12 years of civil war in El Salvador formally ended when the government signed the Chapultepec Peace Accords with guerrilla leaders.

Diplomacy
Several days of peace talks in Washington between Israeli and Arab representatives ended with little apparent progress. The issues had included Israel's plan to construct 5,000 houses in the Gaza Strip and Palestinian desires for self-government.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 3.1% in 1991, the lowest annual increase since 1986.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Roses are Red--Aqua (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Breathe--The Prodigy (5th week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Benny Parsons, 65
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Parsons was a stock car driver on the NASCAR circuit from 1964-1988, and won the Winston Cup championship in 1973. Mr. Parsons died of lung cancer; he was inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2017.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Barack Obama (Democrat--Illinois) launched his campaign for the 2008 Democratic Party U.S. presidential nomination.

January 15, 2017

240 years ago
1777


Americana
New Connecticut (present-day Vermont) declared its independence.

125 years ago
1892


Basketball
Basketball's founder, Dr. James Naismith, published the first rules for the new game in Springfield, Massachusetts.

80 years ago
1937


War
In the Spanish Civil War, Nationalists and Republican both withdrew after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.

75 years ago
1942


Baseball
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote his "Green Light" letter to Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis, urging baseball to keep going during World War II to boost public morale.

70 years ago
1947


At the movies
13 Rue Madeleine, starring James Cagney, Annabella, and Richard Conte, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Elizabeth Short, 22
. U.S. crime victim. Miss Short, nicknamed the "Black Dahlia," was an aspiring actress whose nude and dismembered corpse was found in Los Angeles; the crime remains unsolved, with numerous suspects.

50 years ago
1967


Football
AFL-NFL World Championship Game @ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Green Bay 35 Kansas City 14

Bart Starr completed 2 touchdown passes to Max McGee to lead the Packers over the Chiefs before 61,946 fans in the game that became retroactively named Super Bowl I.



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sei forte papà--Gianni Morandi (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Somebody to Love--Queen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Car Wash--Rose Royce
2 You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)--Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr.
3 I Wish--Stevie Wonder
4 You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer
5 After the Lovin'--Engelbert Humperdinck
6 Dazz--Brick
7 Hot Line--Sylvers
8 Torn Between Two Lovers--Mary MacGregor
9 Somebody to Love--Queen
10 Walk This Way--Aerosmith

Singles entering the chart were Boogie Child by the Bee Gees (#88); I Love My Wife by Frank Sinatra (#95); and I Just Can't Say No to You by Parker McGee (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)--Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr.
2 Muskrat Love--Captain and Tennille
3 You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer
4 Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)--Rod Stewart
5 Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word--Elton John
6 Hot Line--Sylvers
7 I Wish--Stevie Wonder
8 Stand Tall--Burton Cummings
9 Love So Right--Bee Gees
8 Livin' Thing--Electric Light Orchestra
10 After the Lovin'--Engelbert Humperdinck

Singles entering the chart were Dreamboat Annie by Heart (#95); The Things We Do for Love by 10 C.C. (#96); Don't Leave Me this Way by Thelma Houston (#97); Baby, You Look Good to Me Tonight by John Denver (#98); Hail! Hail! Rock and Roll! by Starland Vocal Band (#99); and C.B. Savage by Rod Hart (#100). Dreamboat Annie had originally been released in the spring of 1976 as the B-side of Crazy on You.

30 years ago
1987


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Fear and Frustration: Winter 1952

Died on this date
Ray Bolger, 83
. U.S. actor, singer, and dancer. Mr. Bolger had a career that spanned a half-century, but was best known for playing the Scarecrow in the movie The Wizard of Oz (1939). He died of bladder cancer five days after his 83rd birthday.

Crime
British police Inspector Douglas Lovelock, whose shooting of an innocent Negro woman during a 1985 raid on her home had prompted riots in the London area of Brixton, was cleared of all criminal charges.

Economics and finance
A record 253.1 million shares changed hands on the New York Stock Exchange.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Black or White--Michael Jackson (9th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Grandpa's Car

Europeana
The European Community recognized Croatia and Slovenia as separate states, effectively marking the collapse of the Yugoslav federation.

Health
Ontario, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island ordered mass vaccination programs to protest children and teenagers from an outbreak of meningococcal disease that had killed six in the previous month.

20 years ago
1997


Diplomacy
Princess Diana, on a visit to Angola, angered British government ministers after calling for an international ban on landmines.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
James Hillier, 91
. Canadian-born U.S. scientist. Dr. Hillier, a native of Brantford, Ontario, co-invented the electron microscope with Albert Prebus in 1938.

Awad Hamed al-Bandar, 62. Iraqi judge. Judge al-Bandar was Head of the Revolutionary Court for Dujail, issuing 143 death sentences while serving under President Saddam Hussein. Judge al-Bandar was convicted of crimes against humanity, and was hanged, 13 days after his 62nd birthday.

Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, 55. Iraqi spy master. Mr. al-Tikriti, a half-brother of President Saddam Hussein, was a leader of the Mukhabarat, the Iraqi intelligence service. He was convicted of crimes against humanity and was hanged; because of incorrect measurement of how far he was expected to drop, Mr. al-Tikriti was decapitated by the rope.

January 14, 2017

125 years ago
1892


Died on this date
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, 28
. The oldest child of the Prince of Wales--the future King Edward VII--was second in line, after his father, to the British throne. Known to his family as "Eddy," he died during an influenza epidemic. Prince Eddy's fiancee, Princess Mary of Teck, married Eddy's younger brother George, who became King George V in 1910. Prince Eddy's character and intellect have been the subjects of speculation by historians.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Humphrey Bogart, 57
. U.S. actor. One of the most famous movie stars in history, "Bogie" won the Academy Award for Best Actor for The African Queen (1951), but is probably better known for his starring roles in movies such as The Maltese Falcon (1941); Casablanca (1942); and The Big Sleep (1946). He was a heavy smoker and drinker, and died after a painful battle with throat cancer, 20 days after his 57th birthday.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ooh La La/Ain't Nobody Home--Normie Rowe (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Paris en Colère--Mireille Mathieu

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Bang Bang--Dalida (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Dandy--The Kinks (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'm a Believer--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'm a Believer--The Monkees (4th week at #1)
2 Snoopy vs. the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
3 Tell it Like it Is--Aaron Neville
4 Sugar Town--Nancy Sinatra
5 Good Thing--Paul Revere and the Raiders
6 Words of Love--The Mamas and the Papas
7 Standing in the Shadows of Love--Four Tops
8 Coming Home Soldier--Bobby Vinton
9 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
10 That's Life--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were The Beat Goes On by Sonny and Cher (#74); Danger! She's a Stranger by the Five Stairsteps (#82); I Can't Please You by Jimmy Robins (#86); Something Good (Is Going to Happen to You) by Carla Thomas (#87); It May Be Winter Outside (But in My Heart it’s Spring) by Felice Taylor (#88); Tramp by Lowell Fulsom (#89); I'll Take Care of Your Cares by Frankie Laine (#92); For What it's Worth by Buffalo Springfield I Wish You Could Be Here by the Cyrkle (#97); Sweetest One by the Metros (#98); and My Cup Runneth Over by Ed Ames (#99). My Cup Runneth Over was originally from the Broadway musical I Do! I Do! (1966).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Snoopy vs. the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
2 I'm a Believer--The Monkees
3 Mellow Yellow--Donovan
4 Mustang Sally--Wilson Pickett
5 Sugar Town--Nancy Sinatra
6 Words of Love--The Mamas and the Papas
7 A Place in the Sun--Stevie Wonder
8 Talk Talk--The Music Machine
9 Single Girl--Sandy Posey
10 That's Life--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were Tell it Like it Is by Aaron Neville (#58); Another Night by Dionne Warwick (#79); You Got Me Hummin` by Sam and Dave (#81); Music to Watch Girls By by Al Hirt (#82); Papa was Too by Joe Tex (#83); Hello Hello by the Sopwith Camel (#87); Pretty Ballerina by the Left Banke (#88); I Dig Girls by J.J. Jackson (#93); Grizzly Bear by the Youngbloods (#94); Wish Me a Rainbow by the Gunter Kallman Chorus (#95); Kind of a Drag by the Buckinghams (#96); Hang on to Me Now, Baby by Linda Luy (#97); Hey Leroy, Your Mama`s Callin` You by Jimmy Castor (#99); and I Take it Back by the Standells (#100). Wish Me a Rainbow was from the movie This Property is Condemned (1966).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Money, Money, Money--ABBA (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Daddy Cool--Boney M. (14th week at #1)

Died on this date
Anthony Eden, 79
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1955-1957. Mr. Eden, a Conservative, sat in the House of Commons from 1923-1957 and held several cabinet posts, most prominently as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1935-1938, 1940-1945, 1951-1955). After a long wait, he succeeded Winston Churchill as Prime Minister, but poor health and political fallout from the abortive 1956 Anglo-French invasion of the Suez Canal in November 1956 led to his resignation on January 9, 1957. Mr. Eden joined the House of Lords as the 1st Earl of Avon in 1961.

Anaïs Nin, 73. U.S. authoress. Miss Nin was known for her journals and erotica.

Peter Finch, 60. U.K.-born Australian actor. Mr. Finch had a lengthy and distinguished career in radio and films in Britain and Australia, but was best known for playing newscaster Howard Beale in the movie Network (1976). He then played Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in the made-for-television movie Raid on Entebbe (1977). On January 13, 1976, Mr. Finch was a guest on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson; he collapsed with a fatal heart attack the next day in the lobby of the Beverly Hills Hilton Hotel. On March 28, 1977, Mr. Finch became the first posthumous winner of an Academy Award for acting, being named Best Actor for Network.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): One Love to Give--Stephanie

Died on this date
Douglas Sirk, 89
. German-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Sirk, born Hans Detlef Sierck, fled Nazi Germany in 1937 for Hollywood, where he was best known for melodramatic films such as Magnificent Obsession (1954); All that Heaven Allows (1955); Written on the Wind (1956); and Imitation of Life (1959).

Economics and finance
The United States dollar was valued at 152.77 Japanese yen, the dollar's lowest value since the end of World War II.

25 years ago
1992


Environment
A male and female California condor were released into the wild as the first step toward restoring the birds to their natural habitat. Reduced to 27 in number in 1987, there were now 52. By April 2011, the number had increased to 394, 181 in the wild.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Dollard Ménard, 83
. Canadian military officer. Brigadier General Ménard commanded Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, and was the only commanding officer who survived to return to Britain after the disastrous landing of Canadian troops at Dieppe on August 19, 1942.

10 years ago
2007


Football
NFL
NFC Divisional Playoff
Seattle 24 @ Chicago 27 (OT)

AFC Divisional Playoff
New England 24 @ San Diego 21

January 13, 2017

175 years ago
1842


War
Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, became famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers when he reached the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.

170 years ago
1847


War
The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the Mexican–American War in California.

75 years ago
1942


Technology
A German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter made the first use of an ejection seat.

Henry Ford patented a plastic automobile, which was 30% lighter than a regular car.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Old Lamp-Lighter--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Hal Derwin
2 Ole Buttermilk Sky--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Hoagy Carmichael
--Helen Carroll and the Satisfiers
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis
3 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons--King Cole Trio
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
4 Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters with Les Paul
--Betty Rhodes
--Tony Martin
5 The Whole World is Singing My Song--Les Brown and his Orchestra
6 Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 A Gal in Calico--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with the Calico Kids
--Johnny Mercer
8 The Things We Did Last Summer--Frank Sinatra
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
9 You Keep Coming Back Like a Song--Dinah Shore
--Bing Crosby
10 Sonata--Perry Como
--Jo Stafford

Singles entering the chart were And So to Bed, with versions by Skitch Henderson and his orchestra, and Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#16); and Uncle Remus Said, with versions by Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra, and Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#26). Uncle Remus Said was originally from the movie Song of the South (1946).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Devil's Foot

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliot Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: Nob Hill

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Nightmare in 4-D, starring Henry Jones, Barbara Baxley, and Norman Lloyd

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
East 10 West 19

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Stop Stop Stop--The Hollies (5th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I'm a Believer/(I'm Not Your) Steppin' Stone--The Monkees (4th week at #1)
2 Snoopy vs. the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
3 Cry Baby--Lennie Richards and the Nomads
4 Armful of Teddy Bears--Barry Allen
5 Single Girl--Sandy Posey
6 Good Thing--Paul Revere and the Raiders
7 Color My World--Petula Clark
8 Georgy Girl--The Seekers
9 Sugar Town--Nancy Sinatra
10 Knight in Rusty Armour--Peter and Gordon
Pick hit of the week: Momma's Boy--Wes Dakus
New this week: Wack Wack--The Young Holt Trio
She--Del Shannon
Grizzly Bear--The Youngbloods
Gallant Men--Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen
My Future Just Passed--Barry Young

30 years ago
1987


Crime
Hector Escudero Aponte, a maintenance worker at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, was arraigned on 96 counts of murder after admitting to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation that he had started a fire, intended to be a small fire, in the hotel on New Year's Eve 1986, that had killed 96 people. Another man was charged in the case the following day, and a third man on January 29.

Disasters
All 54 people aboard an Ethiopian air force plane were killed when it killed shortly after takeoff from Asmara, Eritrea.

20 years ago
1997


Terrorism
Members of the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA), who had been holding 72 people at the Japanese embassy in Lima, Peru hostage for four weeks, fired gunshots inside the embassy, as police surrounded the embassy.

Died on this date
Michael Brecker, 57
. U.S. musician. Mr. Brecker was a jazz saxophonist who performed as both sideman and leader, and won 15 Grammy Awards. This blogger saw him as a featured soloist while performing with Paul Simon at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton on January 7, 1991. Mr. Brecker died of leukemia.

10 years ago
2007


Football
NFL
AFC Divisional Playoff
Indianapolis 15 @ Baltimore 6

NFC Divisional Playoff
Philadelphia 24 @ New Orleans 27

January 12, 2017

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Jimmy Skinner
. Canadian hockey coach and executive. Mr. Skinner, a native of Selkirk, Manitoba, coached the Detroit Red Wings from 1955-58, winning the Stanley Cup in his first season. He resigned because of illness midway through the 1957-58 season, continuing as an executive in various capacities with the club before retiring as general manager in 1983. He died on July 11, 2007 at the age of 90. Skinner's restaurant, in Lockport, Manitoba, is a landmark worth visiting for any hockey fan.

80 years ago
1937


At the movies
Der Hund von Baskerville (The Hound of the Baskervilles), starring Bruno Güttner, Fritz Odemar, and Peter Voss, opened in theatres in Germany.

75 years ago
1942


Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Smoky--Die Sieben Raben (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--5th week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1);

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (7th week at #1)
2 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
3 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley
4 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
5 The Banana Boat Song--The Tarriers
--Steve Lawrence
6 A Rose and a Baby Ruth--George Hamilton IV
7 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
8 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
9 Don't Forbid Me--Pat Boone
10 Rock-A-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody--Jerry Lewis

Singles entering the chart were Young Love by Tab Hunter (#12, charting with the version by Sonny James); versions of Cinco Robles (Five Oaks) by Les Paul and Mary Ford, and Lawrence Welk and his Sparkling Strings (#29, charting with the version by Russell Arms); Banana Boat (Day-O) by Harry Belafonte (#31); You Don't Owe Me a Thing (#33)/Look Homeward Angel (#50) by Johnnie Ray; Follow Me by the Four Esquires (#43); Without Love (There is Nothing) by Clyde McPhatter (#48); I Love My Baby (My Baby Loves Me) by Jill Corey (#49); and Who Needs You by the Four Lads (also #50).

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The LSD Story

This was the first episode of the series, which was a revival of the series in which Mr. Webb had starred on radio from 1949-1957 and on television from 1951-1959.



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express): Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul

Died on this date
Henri-Georges Clouzot, 69
. French movie director. Mr. Clouzot was known for suspense films such as Le Corbeau (1943); Le salaire de la peur (The Wages of Fear) (1953); and Les Diaboliques (1955). He died two months after undergoing open-heart surgery.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Funkytown--Pseudo Echo (4th week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Black or White--Michael Jackson (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-n-Pepa (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Black or White--Michael Jackson (7th week at #1)

Politics and government
Algeria's new ruling council cancelled the runoff election that would have determined the winners of parliamentary seats where no candidate had a majority in the first round of voting. The new council was quickly superseded by a new body, the State Security Panel, which voided the results of the December 26, 1991 election, in which the Islamic Salvation Front had come close to winning a majority, and the ruling National Liberation Front had run a poor third.

Football
NFL
AFC Championship
Denver 7 @ Buffalo 10

NFC Championship
Detroit 10 @ Washington 41

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Wannabe--Spice Girls (11th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Thug Devotion--Mo Thugs (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Quit Playing Games (With My Heart)--Backstreet Boys (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Un-Break My Heart--Toni Braxton (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Charles Brenton Huggins, 95
. Canadian-born U.S. physician. Dr. Huggins, a native of Halifax, moved to the United States in the 1920s. He was awarded a share of the 1966 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer."

Football
NFL
NFC Championship
Carolina 13 @ Green Bay 30

AFC Championship
Jacksonville 6 @ New England 20

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
James Killen, 81
. Australian politician. Sir Jim, a Liberal, was a member of the House of Representatives from 1955-1983. He served as Minister for the Navy in the government of Prime Minister John Gorton from 1969-1971, and as Minister for Defence in the government of Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser from 1975-1982.

January 11, 2017

230 years ago
1787


Space
William Herschel, who had discovered Uranus in 1781, discovered Oberon and Titania, two of Uranus's moons.

150 years ago
1867


Died on this date
Stuart Donaldson, 54
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Sir Stuart moved to Australia in 1835. He served as the first Premier of New South Wales from June 6-August 25, 1856, and resigned after his government lost a vote. Sir Stuart returned to England a few years later, and was unsuccessful in attempting to win a seat in the House of Commons.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
John Robarts
. Canadian politician. Mr. Robarts, a native of Banff, Alberta, moved to London, Ontario as a youth. A Progressive Conservative, he served in the Provincial Parliament from 1955-1971, and as Premier of Ontario from 1961-1971. Mr. Robarts retired from politics in 1971, and served as Chancellor of the University of Western Ontario from 1971-1976, and Chancellor of York University from 1977-1982. After a series of strokes, Mr. Robarts committed suicide on October 18, 1982 at the age of 65.

Terrorism
An explosion suspected of being caused by sabotage took place at a munitions factory in Kingsland (now Lyndhurst), New Jersey. Thanks to the work of telephone operator Tessie McNamara, who warned everyone to get out, none of the 1,400 workers were killed.

90 years ago
1927


Movies
Louis B. Mayer, head of film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), announced the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

75 years ago
1942


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Haunted Bagpipes

War
Japanese forces captured Kuala Lumpur and attacked Tarakan in Borneo.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Old Lamp-Lighter--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Eva Tanguay, 68
. Canadian-born U.S. singer. Miss Tanguay, a native of Marbleton, Quebec, moved to the United States at an early age, and became one of the most popular stars in vaudeville in the 1910s and '20s.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Será, Será)--Doris Day

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Singing the Blues--Tommy Steele

Died on this date
Robert Garran, 89
. Australian politician. Sir Robert was associated with the Australian Federation movement, which sought to unite the British colonies in Australia (and, in early proposals, New Zealand) into one federated country. He served as the first Solicitor-General of Australia from 1916-1932.

Politics and government
The African Convention was founded in Dakar, French West Africa.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set):
1 Ooh La La--Normie Rowe (3rd week at #1)
2 Friday on My Mind--The Easybeats
3 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
4 Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones
5 Let it Be Me (EP)--Johnny Young
6 No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
7 Mellow Yellow--Donovan
8 It's Not Easy--Normie Rowe
9 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
10 Sorry--The Easybeats

Singles entering the chart were Summer Wine/Sugar Town by Nancy Sinatra (#29); Oh Monah by the Cherokees (#33): and Communication Breakdown by Roy Orbison (#40).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Daddy Cool--Boney M. (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Lovers and Strangers

Abominations
France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympic Games in Munich.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Walk This Way--Run DMC featuring Aerosmith (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France: T'en va pas--Elsa (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Albert Ferber, 75
. Swiss-born U.K. musician. Mr. Ferber, who moved to England in 1937, was a concert pianist whose career spanned four decades.

Football
NFL
NFC Championship
Washington 0 @ New York Giants 17

The Giants blanked the Redskins before 76,633 fans at Giants Stadium to advance to the NFL championship game for the first time since the pre-Super Bowl year of 1963.

AFC Championship
Denver 23 @ Cleveland 20 (OT)

The Browns led the Broncos 20-13 with 5:34 remaining in the 4th quarter, with the Broncos in possession of the ball at their own 2-yard line. Denver quarterback John Elway marched the team 98 yards to the tying touchdown and convert with 37 seconds remaining, and the Broncos won in overtime before 79,915 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Black or White--Michael Jackson (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Sore ga daiji--MAN Brothers Band

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Black or White--Michael Jackson (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black or White--Michael Jackson (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Black or White--Michael Jackson (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Qui a le droit...--Patrick Bruel (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Bohemian Rhapsody/These Are the Days of Our Lives--Queen (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Canada (RPM): No Son of Mine--Genesis (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black or White--Michael Jackson (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): Black or White--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Algerian President Chadli Benjedid resigned and was replaced by a ruling council dominated by the army.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): One and One--Robert Miles and Maria Nayler (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Freed from Desire--Gala

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Freed from Desire--Gala (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): 2 Become 1--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): 2 Become 1--Spice Girls (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Un-Break My Heart--Toni Braxton (6th week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Robert Anton Wilson, 74
. U.S. philosopher. Dr. Wilson, whose doctorate was in psychology, helped to populate Discordianism, and was a pothead who described himself as a "model agnostic" whose goal was "to try to get people into a state of generalized agnosticism, not agnosticism about God alone but agnosticism about everything." Dr. Wilson's best-known books were The Illuminatus! Trilogy (1975); he died a week before his 75th birthday.

Solveig Dommartin, 45. French actress. Miss Dommartin was known for appearing in movies directed by Wim Wenders, including Wings of Desire (1987) and Until the End of the World (1991), which they co-wrote. She died of a heart attack.

Soccer
English star David Beckham announced a five-year deal to play for the Los Angeles Galaxy of Major League Soccer. Mr. Beckham had played with Manchester United from 1992-2003, and with Real Madrid since 2003.

January 10, 2017

110 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Jerry Wexler
. U.S. record producer. Mr. Wexler produced records from the 1950s through the 1980s, but was best known for his work with Atlantic Records, producing rhythm and blues artists such as Ray Charles, Aretha Franklin, and Wilson Pickett. Mr. Wexler died on August 15, 2008 at the age of 91.

Died on this date
Buffalo Bill Cody, 70
. U.S. entertainer. William Frederick Cody served as a civilian scout for the United States Army after the Civil War, acquiring his nickname after obtaining a contract to supply the Kansas Pacific Railroad with bison meat. He was best known for popularizing the image of the American West through his travelling show Buffalo Bill's Wild West, which regularly toured North America and Europe from 1883-1906.

90 years ago
1927


At the movies
Metropolis, directed by Fritz Lang and starring Alfred Abel, opened in theatres in Germany.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Chattanooga Choo Choo--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Gabriela Mistral, 67
. Chilean poet. Miss Mistral, whose real name was Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga, was awarded the 1945 Nobel Prize in Literature "for her lyric poetry, which inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world." She died in New York of pancreatic cancer.

Politics and government
Chancellor of the Excehequer Harold Macmillan took office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, the day after Anthony Eden had announced his resignation.

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Other Side of the Coin, with guest stars John Larch, Joseph Campanella, and Beau Bridges

The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Beachhead

This was the pilot and first episode of the series.



Politics and government
Edward Brooke (Republican--Massachusetts) took his seat in the United States Senate, two months after becoming the first Negro to be elected to the Senate by popular vote.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): If You Leave Me Now--Chicago (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kita no Yadokara--Harumi Miyako (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sandokan--Oliver Onions

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: The Final Countdown--Europe (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Geronimo's Cadillac--Modern Talking (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Reet Petite (The Sweetest Girl in Town)--Jackie Wilson

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Reet Petite (The Sweetest Girl in Town)--Jackie Wilson

This was a reissue of a single that had been a hit for Mr. Wilson in 1957. It was reissued as a single in the U.K. after a clay animation video of the song was shown on an episode of the BBC Two documentary series Arena. This set a record for the longest time between a single's debut on the chart and the time that it reached #1: 29 years, 1 month, 11 days.

#1 single in Canada (RPM): The Way it Is--Bruce Hornsby and the Range (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): Everybody Have Fun Tonight--Wang Chung (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Marion Hutton, 67
. Miss Hutton, born Marion Thornburg and the sister of actress Betty Hutton, sang with Glenn Miller and his Orchestra from 1938-1942. She died of cancer.

25 years ago
1992


Economics and finance
The U.S. Labor Department reported that unemployment in December 1991 stood at 7.1%, the highest level in more than five years.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Breathe--The Prodigy (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sheldon Leonard, 89
. U.S. actor, director, and producer. Mr. Leonard, born Sheldon Leonard Bershad, played tough guys in various movies and radio programs before achieving success producing such television series as Make Room for Daddy/The Danny Thomas Show (1953-1964); The Andy Griffith Show (1960-1968); The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961-1966); and I Spy (1965-1968).

Alexander Todd, 89. U.K. biochemist. Dr. Todd was awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co-enzymes."

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Bradford Washburn, 96
. U.S. mountaineer. Mr. Washburn was one of America's leading mountaineers from the 1920s through the 1950s, and pioneered the use of aerial photography of mountains.

Carlo Ponti, 94. Italian movie producer. Mr. Ponti produced over 140 movies; La Strada (1954) and Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (1963) won Academy Awards as Best Foreign Language Film. Mr. Ponti was married to actress Sophia Loren from 1957-1962 and 1966 until his death.

War
U.S. President George W. Bush announced that he would send a "surge" of 21,500 U.S. forces to Iraq.

Protest
A general strike began in Guinea in an attempt to get President Lansana Conté to resign.

Thursday, 16 February 2017

January 9, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Olga!

225 years ago
1792


War
The Treaty of Jassy between Russian and the Ottoman Empire was signed in Moldavia, ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–92 and confirming Russia's increasing dominance in the Black Sea.

100 years ago
1917


War
British forces commanded by Philip Chetwode defeated Ottoman forces in the Battle of Rafa near the Sinai-Palestine border.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Houston Stewart Chamberlain, 71
. U.K.-born German philosopher. Mr. Chamberlain grew up with a sense of rootlessness, and became interested in Germany as a young man. He greatly admired the music and philosophy of Richard Wagner, and eventually married Mr. Wagner's daughter Eva. Mr. Chamberlain was best known for his two-volume book Die Grundlagen des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts (The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century), which influenced the views of Kaiser Wilhelm II and Adolf Hitler. Mr. Chamberlain has been called the "spiritual father of the Third Reich." He died after several years of failing health.

Disasters
A fire at the Laurier Palace movie theatre in Montreal killed 78 children.

75 years ago
1942


Boxing
Joe Louis (52-1) knocked down Buddy Baer (51-7) 3 times and out at 2:56 of the 1st round at Madison Square Garden in New York to retain his world heavyweight title. It was the second unsuccessful challenge for Mr. Baer in the previous eight months, and was his last professional fight.



70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Karl Mannheim, 53
. Austro-Hungarian born U.K. sociologist. Dr. Mannheim began his career in his native Budapest before moving to Germany, and fleeing to England after the Nazi takeover of Germany in 1933. He was one of the founding fathers of classical sociology as well as a founder of the sociology of knowledge, with his best-known book being Ideology and Utopia (1936).

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since April 6, 1955, announced his resignation, two months after British and French troops--under pressure from the United States and United Nations--halted their invasion of Egypt and withdrew from the country following Egyptian nationalization of the Suez Canal. Mr. Eden, who had never completely recovered from a gall bladder operation in 1953, had then gone on a vacation to Jamaica ordered by his physician, but hadn't recovered his health enough to continue in office. He was succeeded the next day by Chancellor of the Exchequer Harold Macmillan.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black is Black--Los Bravos (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Canada (RPM): I'm a Believer--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Second Stain

Canadiana
The Confederation Train, a travelling museum helping to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Confederation, departed Victoria, heading east.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Raid on Entebbe, starring Peter Finch, Charles Bronson, and Yaphet Kotto, on NBC

This was one of two made-for-television movies about the July 4, 1976 raid by Israeli commandos on the Entebbe Airport in Uganda to free hostages. Mr. Finch, who played Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, died of a heart attack five days after the broadcast.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XI @ Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Oakland 32 Minnesota 14

Clarence Davis rushed 16 times for 137 yards and Ken Stabler copmpleted 12 of 19 passes for 180 yards and a touchdown before 103,438 fans as the Raiders defeated the Vikings to win their first Super Bowl championship. It was the only Super Bowl appearance for Oakland head coach John Madden, and the fourth and last for Minnesota head coach Bud Grant. The Vikings have yet to appear in a Super Bowl since.



30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Arthur Lake, 81
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lake, born Arthur Silverlake, Jr., played Dagwood Bumstead in movies and on radio from 1938-1950.

War
Iran launched a large assault on Iraqi positions near the city of Basra. Most fighting occurred east of Basra in the Fish Lake region, with Iranian artillery pounding the city. Iraq bombed a number of Iranian cities, including Tehran and Qom, while Iran fired long-range missiles into Baghdad. Iranian ground forces reportedly made some headway, but at a cost of a reported 50,000 casualties, while Iraqi casualties were reported as high as 20,000.

Scandal
The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate for December 1986 was 6.6%, down 0.2% from November, and at the lowest level since March 1980.

The U.S. Labor Department also announced that, for all of 1986, prices paid by producers for finished goods had declined 2.5%, the sharpest drop since 1949, and the first decline since 1963.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Bohemian Rhapsody/These Are the Days of Our Lives--Queen (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Steve Brodie, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. Brodie, born John Stevenson, usually played tough guys in films such as Out of the Past (1947); Crossfire (1947); and Desperate (1947). He died of cancer.

Europeana
The Assembly of the Serb People in Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed the creation of Republika Srpska, a new state within Yugoslavia.

Scandal
Alison Halford, the United Kingdom's most senior policewoman, was suspended from duty for a second time following a police authority meeting. She had accused higher authorities of sex discrimination in her efforts to gain further promotion.

Economics and finance
The United States government reported that the economy had contracted in 1991 for the first time in nine years. The U.S. Labor Department reported that the producer price index for finished goods had declined 0.1% in 1991, the first decline in wholesale prices in five years.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Roses are Red--Aqua (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Anna mulle piiskaa--Apulanta (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Edward Osóbka-Morawski, 87
. Prime Minister of Poland, 1944-1947. Mr. Osóbka-Morawski, a Socialist, was Prime Minister from December 31, 1944-February 5, 1947. He eventually joined the Communist Party, and failed in an attempt to revive the Polish Socialist Party in 1990.

Jesse White, 80. U.S. actor. Mr. White, born Jonah Weidenfeld, was a character actor in plays, films and television programs for more than 50 years. He was best known for playing the Maytag repairman in television commercials from 1967-1988. Mr. White died of a heart attack following surgery, six days after his 80th birthday.

Adventure
British yachtsman Tony Bullimore was rescued five days after his craft capsized in the Southern Ocean.

10 years ago
2007


Technology
Apple Computers Chief Executive Officer Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone in San Francisco.

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

January 8, 2017

375 years ago
1642


Died on this date
Galileo Galilei, 77
. Italian scientist. Mr. Galilei was one of the greatest scientists in history, with achievements too numerous to mention here.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
Negro American men were granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.

140 years ago
1877


War
Crazy Horse and his warriors fought their last battle against the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory.

125 years ago
1892


Crime
A Chilean court indicted three Chileans and one American for their roles in the October 16, 1891 brawl between U.S. sailors and Chilean nationals outside the True Blue Saloon in Valparaiso.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Joseph Franklin Rutherford, 72
. U.S. religious leader. Judge Rutherford was the second president of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, succeeding Charles Taze Russell on January 6, 1917, and serving until his death. Judge Russell adopted the name "Jehovah's Witnesses" for the organization in 1931. He was succeeded as President by Nathan H. Knorr.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sei forte papà--Gianni Morandi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Somebody to Love--Queen

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): When a Child Is Born (Soleado)--Johnny Mathis (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)--Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)--Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. (2nd week at #1)
2 You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer
3 Car Wash--Rose Royce
4 I Wish--Stevie Wonder
5 After the Lovin'--Engelbert Humperdinck
6 Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)--Rod Stewart
7 Dazz--Brick
8 Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word--Elton John
9 Hot Line--Sylvers
10 Love Me--Yvonne Elliman

Singles entering the chart were Go Your Own Way by Fleetwood Mac (#66); Baby Don't You Know by Wild Cherry (#82); Spring Affair by Donna Summer (#92); Up Your Nose by Gabriel Kaplan (#99); and Secrets by the Sutherland Brothers and Quiver (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Muskrat Love--Captain and Tennille
2 Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)--Rod Stewart
3 Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word--Elton John
4 You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)--Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr.
5 You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer
6 Stand Tall--Burton Cummings
7 Love So Right--Bee Gees
8 Livin' Thing--Electric Light Orchestra
9 Hot Line--Sylvers
10 The Rubberband Man--The Spinners

Singles entering the chart were Dazz by Brick (#83); Fly Like an Eagle by the Steve Miller Band (#84); Hard Luck Woman by Kiss (#85); I Like to Do It by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#86); Free by Deniece Williams (#87); You've Got Me Runnin' by Gene Cotton (#88); Moody Blue by Elvis Presley (#89); Prisoner (Captured by Your Eyes) by the L.A. Jets (#90); Caledonia by Robin Trower (#91); Hey Baby by Ringo Starr (#93); Can't Let a Woman by Ambrosia (#94); Fancy Dancer by the Commodores (#95); Be My Girl by the Dramatics (#96); Darlin', Darlin', Darlin' Baby by the O'Jays (#97); Say You'll Stay Until Tomorrow by Tom Jones (#98); Midnight Love Affair by Carol Douglas (#99); and Keep Me Cryin' by Al Greene (#100).

30 years ago
1987


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Inner Struggles: Fall, 1975

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 2,002.25, its first finish above 2,000.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Black or White--Michael Jackson (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Road Test

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush, in Tokyo for trade talks with Japanese government and business leaders, fell ill with intestinal flu during a state dinner at the residence of Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa, vomited on the Prime Minister, and returned to his suite at the Akasaka Palace.

Politics and government
Virginia Governor Douglas Wilder, who had attracted little support, withdrew from the contest for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in order to concentrate on his duties as governor.

Health
Canadian Health Minister Benoit Bouchard announced a temporary ban on silicone breast implants, two days after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had issued a ban on the implants in the United States.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Melvin Calvin, 85
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Calvin was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants." He and colleagues Andrew Benson and James Bassham discovered the Calvin cycle.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Yvonne De Carlo, 84
. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss De Carlo, born Margaret Yvonne Middleton in West Point Grey, British Columbia, played exotic women in numerous movies in the 1940s and '50s, but was best known for playing Lily Munster in the television comedy series The Munsters (1964-1966).

Terrorism
A Moroccan man convicted of aiding three of the four pilots who committed the attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001 was sentenced by a German court to the maximum 15 years in prison.