Sunday, August 28, 2016

August 28, 2016

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
C. Wright Mills
. U.S. sociologist. A professor at Columbia University from 1946 until his death and a forerunner of "New Left" figures of the 1960s, Dr. Mills was known for his books White Collar (1951) and The Power Elite (1956). He died of a heart attack at the age of 45 on March 20, 1962.

Hélène Baillargeon. Canadian singer and television hostess. Miss Baillargeon, a native of Saint-Martin, Quebec, recorded several albums, but was best known as the hostess of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation children's television program Chez Hélène (1959-1973). She died on September 25, 1997 at the age of 81.

Jack Vance. U.S. author. Mr. Vance was a science fiction, fantasy, and mystery author whose books included The Man in the Cage (1960); The Dragon Masters (1966); and The Last Castle (1966). He died on May 26, 1913 at the age of 96.

War
Germany declared war on Romania, while Italy declared war on Germany.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers 14-5 and 19-4 before 24,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees scored 11 runs in the 2nd inning of the second game, which was called because of darkness in the middle of the 7th inning. Lou Gehrig hit his 41st and 42nd home runs of the season in the first game, while winning pitcher Johnny Murphy batted 5 for 5 with 3 runs and 5 runs batted in in the second game.

Moose Solters batted 4 for 5 with a double, home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in as the St. Louis Browns beat the Boston Red Sox 8-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Earl Caldwell pitched a 6-hit complete game victory. In the second game, pinch hitter Wes Ferrell scored Joe Cronin with a fly ball to left field in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Red Sox a 2-1 win. Fritz Ostermueller pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jack Knott, who allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in going the distance.

The New York Giants scored 6 runs in the top of the 14th inning to break a 1-1 tie as they defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-2 before 5,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Freddie Fitzsimmons allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 13 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Waite Hoyt, who allowed 12 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 13+ innings.

The Chicago Cubs scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and coasted to an 18-3 rout of the Boston Bees before 20,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Chicago right fielder Frank Demaree batted 5 for 6 with a home run, triple, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in.

Bucky Walters pitched a 6-hit shutout and had 2 of the Philadelphia Phillies' 17 hits as they blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 8-0 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Cotton Pippen made his major league debut as the starting pitcher for the Cardinals and allowed 14 hits and 5 runs--all earned--while taking the loss. He also had 1 hit--a double--in 2 at bats.

75 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. confirmed that the Dnieper River power plant near Zaporozhe had been destroyed to cover the retreat of Soviet forces in Ukraine. Ali Furanghi, named by Shah Reza Pahlevi as Iran's new Prime Minister, ordered the Iranian Army to cease-fire, on the fourth day of the U.K.-U.S.S.R. invasion.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura presented U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt with a personal letter from Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fujimaro Konoye pleading for a meeting in order to avoid war. Mr. Nomura implored President Roosevelt to keep Prime Minister Konoye's offer secret, since his government could be in jeopardy if news leaked out about his offer to come to the United States to talk to an American president.

Politics and government
Robert Menzies, leader of the United Australia Party coalition, announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Australia. Former Prime Minister Billy Hughes, 78, was elected leader of the UAP, but was considered too old to lead the government, so Country Party leader Arthur Fadden was chosen to lead the coalition, taking office as Prime Minister the following day.

Society
Acting New York Governor Charles Poletti said that he had barred a proposed birth control exhibit at the state fair because state law described the dissemination of information on birth control as "detrimental to the state."

Economics and finance
The Inter-American Financial and Economic Committee announced that an agreement had been reached to use 80-100 Danish, German, and Italian ships immobilized in Latin American ports.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a seven-man Supply Priorities and Allocations Board, headed by Vice President Henry Wallace, as the supreme agency for allocating the available supply of materials among military needs, defense-aid needs, economic warfare needs, and civilian needs.

A special U.S. Senate committee headed by Sen. Sheridan Downey (Democrat--California) recommended a minimum pension of $30 per month for all unemployed people over 60 years of age.

Football
NFL
College All-Star Game @ Soldier Field, Chicago
Chicago Bears 37 College All-Stars 13

University of Minnesota running back George Franck was voted the game's Most Valuable Player as the Bears beat the All-Stars before 98,203 fans.

70 years ago
1946


World events
Yugoslavian authorities delivered the bodies of five American soldiers killed on August 19 to the U.S. Army. The soldiers had died when their transport plane had been shot down by Yugoslavian fighters near the Italian border.

Diplomacy
U.S. representatives at the Paris Peace Conference defended Australia's right to present reparations demands against Yugoslavian charges that "big Western countries" sought to interfere in the "home affairs of small European nations." Acting U.S. delegate Herschel Johnson warned the United Nations Security Council that the United States would veto the U.S.S.R.-sponsored membership applications of Albania and Outer Mongolia.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Office of Strategic Services Chief General William Donovan was named to head the American Institute of International Information, a new non-profit organization that would seek information on world problems.

Communications
A long distance call between Milwaukee and an automobile 135 miles away inaugurated the world's first highway mobile radio-telephone system.

Economics and finance
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson ordered an increase in meat prices over the objections of the Office of Price Administration.

The Jewish National Fund of America forwarded $5 million to Palestine, the largest single contribution yet made to the Zionist cause.

Labour
A joint meeting of American League and National League baseball owners in Chicago voted to give players representation in formulating rules and policies, and agreed to set a minimum salary and establish a pension fund.

60 years ago
1956


World events
The People's Republic of China acknowledged that its fighters had downed a U.S. Navy patrol plane, believing it was a Nationalist Chinese craft.

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Gamal Nasser agreed to discuss settlement of the Suez Canal dispute, saying that he would meet with a committee representing 18 of the 22 nations that had attended the recent London conference.

Defense
U.S.S.R. atomic scientist August Letavet challenged claims that a "clean" nuclear weapon with little radioactive fallout could be developed, stating that all atomic explosions produced radioactive Strontium-90.

Disasters
Flash floods in northern and southeastern Turkey caused 238 deaths.

Sport
England won its biennial cricket tournament with Australia 2 matches to 1 in London.

50 years ago
1966


Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with a performance at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-2) 30 @ British Columbia (1-4) 29

Bill Mitchell's 35-yard field goal attempt on the final play of the game was blocked, and Saskatchewan defensive back Larry Dumelie recovered, preserving the Roughriders' win over the Lions before 31,560 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster passed to Hugh Campbell for 2 touchdowns and handed off to Paul Dudley for another. Bill Munsey scored 2 B.C. touchdowns, with Willie Fleming and Dave Moton scoring the others.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Let 'Em In--Wings
2 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee
3 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
4 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
5 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
6 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
7 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
8 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
9 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
10 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans

Singles entering the chart were It's OK by the Beach Boys (#80); Fernando by ABBA (#86); I Got to Know by Starbuck (#89); Howzat by Sherbet (#90); Give it Up (Turn it Loose) by Tyrone Davis (#91); Harvest for the World by the Isley Brothers (#93); Detroit Rock City by Kiss (#94); Roxy Roller by Sweeney Todd (#97); and Let's Rock by Ellison Chase (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (2nd week at #1)
2 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
3 Let 'Em In--Wings
4 Baby, I Love Your Way--Peter Frampton
5 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
6 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
7 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
8 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
9 This Masquerade--George Benson
10 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook

Singles entering the chart were Get Back on the Right Track by Carlyle Miller (#94); Memories are Made of You by Susan Jacks (#95); Makin' of Love by Basic Black and Pearl (#96); Superstar by Paul Davis (#97); That'll Be the Day by Linda Ronstadt (#98); Sunrise by Eric Carman (#99); and Showdown by Electric Light Orchestra (#100).

Labour
U.S. rubber workers ended a strike that had begun on April 21.

30 years ago
1986


Popular culture
The largest wrestling crowd in Canadian history--69,300--attended a card at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-6) 44 @ Edmonton (5-3) 41

A controversial ruling on a fumble by Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham went in favour of the Roughriders, resulting in a game-winning 35-yard field goal by Dave Ridgway with 9 seconds remaining in regulation time. It was the Roughriders' first game under head coach Don Matthews, who had replaced the fired John Gregory six days earlier.

Baseball
Jim Eppard of the Salinas Spurs of the California League played all nine positions as the Spurs edged the San Bernardino Spirit 2-1. Mr. Eppard, a lefthander, pitched a scoreless 5th inning and was credited with the win.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls

Divorced on this date
Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales were divorced after 15 years of marriage.

Radio
Veteran broadcaster Peter Gzowski announced his retirement after 15 years as host of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation weekday radio program Morningside.

Politics and government
The Democratic National Convention at United Center in Chicago nominated U.S. President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore for a second term in office.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Melvin Schwartz, 73
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Schwartz shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics with Leon Lederman and Jack Steinberger "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino."

Saturday, August 27, 2016

August 27, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brenda Kiema!

240 years ago
1776


War
British forces under General William Howe defeated American forces led by General George Washington in the Battle of Long Island at what is now Brooklyn, New York.

120 years ago
1896


War
British forces defeated Zanzibari forces in the Anglo-Zanzibar War, which, at 38 minutes, remains the shortest war in history. Sheikh Khalid bin Barghash, who had claimed the Sultanate two days earlier upon the sudden death of his cousin Sheikh Hamad bin Thuwaini, fled to the German consulate, and was replaced as Sultan by Sheikh Hamoud bin Mohammed Al-Said.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Martha Raye
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Raye, born Margy Reed, sang with big bands and acted in comic roles in numerous movies, but was perhaps best known for entertaining American troops with United Services Overseas in World War II and subsequent wars. She died on October 19, 1994 at the age of 78.

War
Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.

75 years ago
1941


World events
While reviewing troops from the Légion des Volontaires Français (LVF)--a French unit of the German Wehrmacht--in Versailles, Vichy French politicians Pierre Laval and Marcel Déat were shot and wounded by 21-year-old Paul Collette. The wounded men, who advocated collaboration with Nazis, soon recovered from their wounds.

War
U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) charged that some members of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration "have been anxious for a war with Japan for some time," and declared that in such a war "we will be preserving the British domination of Asia rather than helping the United States."

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull indirectly warned Japan not to interfere with American aid shipments to Vladivostok when he remarked that the United Staes would insist upon the policy of freedom of the seas in the Pacific.

Politics and government
The Iranian cabinet of Prime Minister Ali Khan Mansur resigned as the U.K.-U.S.S.R. occupation of Iran continued with little opposition.

The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill named Viscount Knollys as Governor of Bermuda, succeeding Lieutenant General Sir Denis John Charles Kirwan Bernard.

The U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars convention urged U.S. President Roosevelt to fire Labor Secretary Frances Perkins for "lack of ability." Delegates also urged Congress to bar the Communist Party from the ballot.

Defense
U.S. Lend-Lease administrator Edward Stettinius issued a regulation requiring companies to accept all defense orders for the United States and foreign countries and to complete them before private non-defense orders.

Oil
U.S. Price Administrator Leon Henderson issued a schedule of fair maximum retail service station prices for regular gasoline in 40 Eastern cities ranging from 16.5c-20.1c per gallon.

Baseball
Charlie Root of the Chicago Cubs relieved starting pitcher Ken Raffensberger in the 1st inning, pitched the rest of the game, and hit a bases-loaded single in the top of the 9th inning to drive in 2 runs and earn his 200th career major league win as the Chicago Cubs defeated the Boston Braves 6-4 in the second game of a doubleheader before 3,204 fans at Braves Field. The Braves won the first game 6-0, scoring all the runs in the 3rd inning. Manny Salvo pitched a 5-hit shutout, striking out 6 batters and walking none, to win the pitching matchup with Claude Passeau.

Arky Vaughan batted 5 for 6 with 3 doubles and 4 runs, while teammate Bud Stewart was 4 for 6 with 2 runs and a run batted in as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Philadelphia Phillies 12-2 before 1,748 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Jeff Heath batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a triple, 2 runs, and 7 runs batted in to lead the Cleveland Indians over the Philadelphia Athletics 11-4 before 2,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and 6 in the 4th as they routed the St. Louis Browns 11-1 before 13,416 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Every man in the starting lineup for New York had at least one hit.

Mickey Vernon batted in 4 runs with a 2-run home run and 2 singles, while teammate Buddy Lewis had a single, double, and triple as the Washington Nationals beat the Chicago White Sox 11-3 before 3,615 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
At the Paris Peace Conference, Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov accused Australia of acting as a front for other Western nations in proposing numerous treaty amendments, while Australian delegate J.A. Beasely accused the U.S.S.R. of attempting to thrust its views "down the throats" of other delegates.

Journalism
General Robert McClure of the U.S. military government in Germany threatened to bar all Soviet-licensed newspapers and reporters from the American zone unless the U.S.S.R. agreed by September 16, 1946 to permit the exchange of German publications among the four occupation zones.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle charged that the draft constitution now being debated by the Constituent Assembly would create a weak state and empire.

Defense
U.S. Army Corporal Harry Brickheimer successfully demonstrated an automatic ejection parachute device which catapulted him from a speeding P-81.

Protest
Muslim League President Mohammed Ali Jinnah ordered all members to boycott Indian government meetings, including those of the new interim regime.

Crime
At the opening session of the trial in Frankfurt, Germany of U.S. Army Colonel Jack Durant and his wife Captain Kathleen Nash Durant, U.S. Army prosecutors introduced Capt. Nash's confession that she and her husband had collaborated with Major David Watson and Sergeant Roy Carlton in stealing the $1.5-million Hesse family jewels and smuggling them into the United States.

Roswell Biggers was arrested by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation on charges of holding five Negroes at forced labour on his farm near Atlanta.

Economics and finance
Argentine President Juan Peron established the Argentine Foreign Trade Institute as the sole sales agent for the nation'e meat exports.

60 years ago
1956


Married on this date
Gloria Vanderbilt
. U.S. heiress. Sidney Lumet. U.S. television and movie director. The couple were wed in New York.

Diplomacy
Egyptian security police arrested two British subjects and an Egyptian on charges of leading a British espionage network.

The International Cooperation Administration halted initiation of U.S. aid projects in Egypt.

Disasters
29 Polish coal miners died of gas poisoning when fire broke out in a mine in Upper Silesia.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (0-3) 15 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 16
Edmonton (3-0) 18 @ British Columbia (2-1) 0

Tom Miner kicked a 43-yard field goal in the final seconds of the game to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Stampeders at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Miner, an end, had recently been traded from Calgary to Winnipeg for tackle Dick Huffman. The Blue Bombers had 13 men on the field at the time of the winning kick, but the officials didn't notice.

Jackie Parker and Earl Lindley scored touchdowns for the Eskimos as they shut out the Lions at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Bob Dean converted both TDs and added a field goal and a single.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Easyfever (EP): I'll Make You Happy/Too Much--The Easybeats (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notte di ferragosto--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
2 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 See You in September--The Happenings
5 Yellow Submarine--The Beatles
6 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
7 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
8 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
9 Summertime--Billy Stewart
10 Wouldn't it Be Nice--The Beach Boys

Singles entering the chart were Cherish by the Association (#64); I Chose to Sing the Blues by Ray Charles (#77); Can't Satisfy by the Impressions (#83); 96 Tears by ? (Question Mark) and the Mysterians (#84); Knock on Wood by Eddie Floyd (#85); My Sweet Potato by Booker T. and the MG's (#87); You're Gonna Miss Me by the Thirteenth Floor Elevators (#89); A Change on the Way by Terry Knight and the Pack (#90); Summer Samba (So Nice) by Walter Wanderley (#93); Born Free by Roger Williams (#95); Just Like a Woman by Manfred Mann (#97); Rumors by Syndicate of Sound (#98); Campfire Girls by Billy Joe Royal (#100); Ain't Gonna Lie by Keith (also #100); and Get Away by Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames (also #100). Born Free was a version of the title song of the movie.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-5) 5 @ Edmonton (3-3) 26

Jim Thomas scored 2 touchdowns and Randy Kerbow added another as the Eskimos outscored the Stampeders 24-0 iin the 2nd half before 19,800 fans on a rainy night at Clarke Stadium. It was the first Edmonton win over Calgary since November 13, 1961, ending a 12-game losing streak. Peter Liske had a poor game at quarterback for the Stampeders, and received a scathing review from Edmonton Journal columnist Wayne Overland. It was the only CFL game for Calgary defensive back Greg Palamountain, who suffered a shoulder separation.

40 years ago
1976


Tennis
Transsexual Renee Richards, formerly Dr. Richard Raskind, was denied admission as a competitor at the United States Open tournament for refusing to take a chromosome test required for all femal entrants.

30 years ago
1986


Baseball
Nolan Ryan gave up 1 hit in 6 innings as he pitched the Houston Astros to a 7-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 24,198 fans at the Astrodome for his 250th career major league win.

Eric Davis hit a grand slam off Don Robinson with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the Cincinnati Reds a 9-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 7,490 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Rick Mahler intentionally walked Andy Van Slyke to load the bases and then unintentionally walked Terry Pendleton to force Vince Coleman home with the eventual winning run in the bottom of the 8th inning as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 23,887 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The San Francisco Giants scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Montreal Expos 3-2 before 9,248 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, enabling rookie pitcher Kelly Downs to pick up his first major league win. Mr. Downs allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings.

Jeff Stone reached first base on an error by shortstop and eventually scored on a 2-out single by Von Hayes in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 2-1 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 23,543 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers had runners at first and third bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Steve Bedrosian struck out Mike Scioscia to end the game.

Lenny Dykstra scored on a sacrifice fly by Keith Hernandez in the top of the 11th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the New York Mets a 6-5 win over the San Diego Padres before 19,747 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

Ernie Whitt led off the top of the 12th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie and give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the Cleveland Indians in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 9,051 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Blue Jays scored a run in the top of the 8th inning and 2 in the 9th to win the second game 6-3 and complete the sweep.

Ron Karkovice's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning provided the Chicago White Sox with all their scoring as they beat the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 13,600 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Floyd Bannister pitched a 6-hit complete game, striking out 5 batters and walking none, to win the pitchers' duel over Danny Jackson.

Kirby Puckett batted 4 for 5 with a double, run, and 3 runs batted in to help the Minnesota Twins defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-5 before 9,161 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Glenn Davis doubled home 2 runs and Ken Phelps hit a 2-run home run as the Seattle Mariners scored all their runs in the 1st inning and beat the Baltimore Orioles 4-1 before 7,628 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

25 years ago
1991


Europeana
The European Community recognized the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Moldova declared independence from the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Speaking in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces the establishment of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, co-chaired by Georges Erasmus and Judge René Dussault.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-4) 25 @ Toronto (6-2) 34
Calgary (6-2) 15 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 28

The Argonauts scored 21 points in the 1st quarter and held on to defeat the Lions before 39,508 fans at SkyDome. Mike "Pinball" Clemons led Toronto rushers, who combined for 213 yards on the ground.

Robert Mimbs rushed 22 times for 152 yards as the Blue Bombers beat the Stampeders before 29,102 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The Winnipeg defense recorded 4 interceptions and 6 sacks.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Greg Morris, 62
. U.S. actor. Mr. Morris played Barney Collier in the television series Mission: Impossible (1966-1973) and Lieutenant David Nelson in Vega$ (1979-1981). He died of brain cancer, a month before his 63rd birthday.

10 years ago
2006


Disasters
Comair Flight 5191, a Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet 100ER bound from Lexington, Kentucky to Atlanta, crashed while attempting to take off, killing 49 of 50 passengers and crew members. The only survivor, first officer James Polehinke, suffered brain damage and had his leg amputated, and was largely blamed for the crash.

Friday, August 26, 2016

August 26, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Jaqi Atugonza and Viktoriya!

350 years ago
1666


Died on this date
Frans Hals, 84 (?)
. Dutch artist. Mr. Hals was one of the most famous portrait painters of the Dutch Golden Age. He was known for including visible brush strokes in his paintings.

225 years ago
1791


Transportation
U.S. inventors and competitors John Fitch and James Rumsey were each granted federal patents for the invention of the steamboat.

140 years ago
1876


Politics and government
Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboines and Chipewyan of present-day central Alberta and Saskatchewan signed Treaty No. 6 at Fort Carlton, North-West Territories (now part of Saskatchewan. The Indians were to get schooling, as well as farm implements, seeds, farm animals and instruction in agricultural techniques, famine relief when necessary, and medicine when needed; a total of 194,725 square kilometres was set aside for reserves.

80 years ago
1936


Politics and government
Maurice Duplessis was sworn in as Premier of Quebec as his Union Nationale government took office, nine days after capturing 76 of 90 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the Quebec Provincial election, ending 39 straight years of Liberal Party government.

75 years ago
1941


War
The German government announced that Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist's troops had captured Dniepropetrovsk the previous day, eliminating the last bridgehead held by the Soviets on the west bank of the Dnieper River below Kiev. German troops broke into the Estonian capital of Tallinn. U.K. and U.S.S.R. forces advanced in northern and western Iran, meeting little resistance.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. announced that Japanese Ambassador Yoshitsugu Tatekawa had been informed the previous night that hindrance of normal trade relations of the Soviet Union and the United States would be regarded as an unfriendly act.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that an American military mission headed by Brigadier General John Magruder would go to Chungking to arrange for increased Lend-Lease supplies and advise Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.

Protest
The city council of Oklahoma City refused to permit famed aviator Charles Lindbergh to use the municipal auditorium for an address sponsored by the America First Committee, which opposed proposed U.S. entry into the European War.

Academia
The American Federation of Teachers convention in Detroit criticized the Rapp-Coudert committee for its treatment of defendants and vowed to protect Georgia teachers against any infringment of academic freedom.

Boxing
National Boxing Association world light heavyweight champion Gus Lesnevich (51-7-5) won a 15-round split decision over Tami Mauriello (32-2) at Madison Square Garden in New York to become the undisputed world champion, winning New York State Athletic Commission recognition as world champion. The NYSAC version of the title had been vacant for a year, since Billy Conn had relinquished the title in order to fight as a heavyweight.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
3 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
4 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
5 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
7 I Don't Know Enough About You--The Mills Brothers
--Peggy Lee
8 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
9 The House of Blue Lights--Freddie Slack and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters and Eddie Heywood and his Orchestra
10 I Know--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Kirk and his Orchestra and the Jubalaires

Singles entering the chart were the version of To Each His Own by the Ink Spots; Pig Foot Pete by Ella Mae Morse and Freddie Slack (#18); High on a Windy Trumpet (#19)/Lover's Leap (#32) by Les Brown and his Orchestra; I'd Be Lost Without You, with versions by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians, and Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (#27); Fan It by Woody Herman and the Woodchoppers (#36); and Artistry in Boogie by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra (#37).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, on MBS

Died on this date
Jeanie MacPherson, 60
. U.S. actress and screenwriter. Miss MacPherson acted in silent movies directed by D.W. Griffith, but was best known for writing the screenplays for 30 movies with producer Cecil B. DeMille. She died of cancer.

Defense
The British Foreign Office admitted sending radar equipment to Turkey "for civil purposes," but denied Soviet charges that the U.K. had established a radar post on the Turkish coast to spy on Black Sea submarines.

Law
The United States joined the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in accepting the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice in disputes over the interpretation of treaties and international law.

Crime
The U.S. Office of Price Administration ordered the arrest of six men in Leesville, South Carolina in a drive against automobile black markets.

60 years ago
1956


Terrorism
The United Kingdom charged that Cypriot Archbishop Makarios had personally directed terrorist activities, conferring regularly with guerrilla leader George Grivas on methods of operation and selection of victims.

Defense
Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion warned that peace would not be established in the Middle East unless Israeli ships were assured complete freedom of navigation in the Red Sea and through the Suez Canal.

Diplomacy
Indonesian President Sukarno left Jakarta on a tour scheduled to take him to the People's Republic of China, Russia, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and Austria.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
2 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
3 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
4 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
5 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
6 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
7 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
8 Somewhere, My Love--Ray Conniff and the Singers
9 The Dangling Conversation--Simon and Garfunkel
10 Hey Joe!--The Enemys
Pick hit of the week: We've Got a Groovy Thing Goin'--Wes Dakus
New this week: We Wear Lavender Blue--Finders Keepers
My Uncle Used to Love Me--Roger Miller
Cry Softly--Nancy Ames
Lovers of the World Unite--David & Jonathan
Summertime--Billy Stewart

Law
William G. Morrow, a lawyer from Edmonton, was named the second Justice of the Territorial Court of the Northwest Territories, succeeding the retiring Jack Sissons, who had held the position since 1955.

War
The Namibian War of Independence began when South West African People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla forces launched an attack against the South African Defence Force at Omugulugwombashe.

Labour
A strike by Canada's 118,000 railway workers closed down telecommunications, air express, all postage except for first-class mail, and ferry service to Prince Edward Island.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Lotte Lehmann, 88
. German-born U.S. singer. Miss Lehmann was a soprano who was known for her performances of the German operatic repertory. She made over 500 recordings in a career that began in Germany and continued after she moved to the United States in the late 1930s.

Scandal
Prince Bernhard, consort to Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, resigned as inspector general of the Dutch armed forces and from all other business and defense positions he held, after a formal inquiry into allegations of bribery by U.S.-based Lockheed Aircraft Corporation reported that he had "shown himself open to dishonourable requests and offers," and had created the impression that he was "susceptible to favours." Prime Minister Johannes Martin den Uyl said that there would be no criminal investigation or judicial inquiry. In a letter to parliament, Prince Bernhard accepted the disapproval of the commission.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Ted Knight, 62
. U.S. actor. Mr. Knight, born Tadeusz Wladyslaw Konopka, was best known for playing newscaster Ted Baxter in the television comedy series The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970-1977), for which he won Emmy Awards in 1973 and 1976. He starred as cartoonist Henry Rush in the comedy series Too Close for Comfort (1980-1987), whose title was changed to The Ted Knight Show for the 1985-86 season. Mr. Knight was still starring in the series when he died of colon cancer.

Jennifer Levin, 18. U.S. murder victim. Miss Levin was strangled by Robert Chambers in New York's Central Park in what became known as the "Preppie Murder."

25 years ago
1991


Diplomacy
Canada announced that it would extend full diplomatic recognition to the Baltic republics of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania; Canada never recognized the legitimacy of the 1940 annexation of the Baltic republics by the U.S.S.R., but did not maintain diplomatic ties with them.

Baseball
Bret Saberhagen pitched a no-hitter, walking 2 batters and striking out 5, to lead the Kansas City Royals to a 7-0 win over the Chicago White Sox before 25,164 fans at Royals Stadium.

Roger Clemens pitched a 3-hitter, walking 1 batter and striking out 10, to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Moore as the Boston Red Sox blanked the Oakland Athletics 3-0 before 28,869 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Rafael Palmeiro, Kevin Reimer, Geno Petralli, and Julio Franco hit home runs for the Texas Rangers as they beat the New York Yankees 10-2 before 17,149 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Edgar Martinez scored on a sacrifice fly by Greg Briley in the bottom of the 14th inning to give the Seattle Mariners a 5-4 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 22,079 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

Jeff Blauser's grand slam was the big blow of a 5-run 5th inning as the Atlanta Braves came back from a 7-1 deficit to defeat the Montreal Expos 14-9 before 12,889 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Tony Gwynn's 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 10th inning broke a 5-5 tie and gave the San Diego Padres a 7-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 27,396 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored all of their runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 31,149 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Jack Clark scored 2 runs and drove in 5 with 2 home runs and a double, but his San Francisco Giants lost 7-5 to the St. Louis Cardinals before 25,554 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The New York Mets scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the Houston Astros 6-4 before 7,720 fans at the Astrodome.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Spinning the Wheel--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Change the World--Eric Clapton (4th week at #1)
2 Free to Decide--The Cranberries
3 Jerk--Kim Stockwood
4 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
5 Until it Sleeps--Metallica
6 Tucker's Town--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 Angel Mine--Cowboy Junkies
8 6th Avenue Heartache--The Wallflowers
9 Lack of Water--The Why Store
10 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman

Singles entering the chart were Let's Make a Night to Remember by Bryan Adams (#74); E-Bow the Letter by R.E.M. (#77); Everything You've Done Wrong by Sloan (#89); Speaking Confidentially by Cowboy Junkies (#90); Beautiful Goodbye by Amanda Marshall (#94); Soaked by the Killjoys (#97); and Missing You by Tina Turner (#98).

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-8) 22 @ Winnipeg (5-4) 20

Troy Westwood was wide on 57- and 55-yard field goal attempts late in the game, enabling the Lions to hold on to defeat the Blue Bombers before 25,209 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

10 years ago
2006


Politics and government
Elizabeth May was elected leader of the Green Party of Canada, replacing Jim Harris, the leader since 2003. Ms. May won 2,145 votes or 65.3% of the total, against environmental consultant and Green deputy leader David Chernushenko. In her acceptance speech, Ms. May called on the federal government to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-5) 51 @ Hamilton (2-9) 8

Rocky Butler completed 3 touchdown passes--2 to Matt Dominguez--to lead the Roughriders to their rout of the Tiger-Cats before 26,564 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Thursday, August 25, 2016

August 25, 2016

1,250 years ago
766


Died on this date
Constantine Podopagouros
. Roman politician. Strategios_Podopagouros. Roman military officer. Constantine and Strategius Podopagouros were brothers who were among 19 high-ranking officials accused of plotting against Emperor Constantine V. The emperor had the brothers beheaded, and exiled and/or blinded the others.

175 years ago
1841


Born on this date
Emil Theodor Kocher
. Swiss physician. Dr. Kocher was awarded the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland." He was the first Swiss and first surgeon to win a Nobel Prize. Dr. Kocher died on July 27, 1917 at the age of 75.

130 years ago
1886


Died on this date
Zinovios Valvis, 86 (?)
. Prime Minister of Greece, February-April 1863, April-August 1864. Mr. Valvis was the older brother of Dimitrios Valvis, who was Prime Minister for 12 days in 1886.

120 years ago
1896


Died on this date
Hamad bin Thuwaini, 39
. Sultan of Zanzibar, 1893-1896. Sheikh Hamad bin Thuwaini succeeded his uncle Sheikh Ali bin Said Al-Busaid on the throne, and pursued a pro-British foreign policy. He died suddenly, likely by poison at the hands of his cousin Sheikh Khalid bin Barghash, who proclaimed himself Sultan, precipitating the Anglo-Zanzibar War two days later.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Frederick Robbins
. U.S. pediatrician and virologist. Dr. Robbins shared the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with John Enders and Thomas Weller "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue," paving the way for polio vaccines. Dr. Robbins died on August 4, 2003, three weeks before his 87th birthday.

Van Johnson. U.S. actor. Mr. Johnson was one of the most popular actors of the 1940s and 1950s, appearing in movies such as The Human Comedy (1943); A Guy Named Joe (1943); Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944); Battleground (1949); and The Caine Mutiny (1954). He suffered serious injuries in a car accident in 1943; his scalp was almost sheared off, and he was left with a visible scar. Mr. Johnson died on December 12, 2008 at the age of 92.

Environment
The United States Department of the Interior created the National Park Service to manage and preserve national parks and monuments for future generations.

75 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. government announced that Novgorod, 100 miles from Leningrad, had been abandoned. A small British-Canadian commando force destroyed radio and weather stations and coal supplies on Spitsbergen Island, Norway to destroy anything of use to the Germans. U.K. and U.S.S.R. troops invaded Iran at five points "for purposes of self-defense" to thwart "attempts by the Axis powers to establish control" over the country.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the $7.55-billion supplemental defense appropriations bill. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles said that the United States would increase supplies of defense materials urgently needed by Latin American countries.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate, in a close vote, confirmed the nomination of Rexford Tugwell as Governor of Puerto Rico.

Economics and finance
Argentine Foreign Minister Enrique de Ruiz-Guinazu announced an agreement with Italy for the purchase of 16 Italian ships interned in Argentine ports.

U.S. President Roosevelt vetoed a bill to freeze the government's stock of cotton and wheat.

Labour
The American Federation of Teachers voted to bar membership to anyone "whose actions are subject to totalitarian control," such as Communists, Nazis, or Fascists.

Academia
The New York City Board of Higher Education dismissed Arthur Braunlich, Dr. Walter Scott Neff, and Seymour Copstein, City College of New York instructors who had been found guilty of Communist activities.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The government of Yugoslavia charged that U.K. and U.S. military planes had violated Yugoslavian air space 110 times between August 10-20, 1946.

World events
The London Sunday Observer reported that U.S.S.R. authorities had confiscated over 200 industrial works in their zone of Germany, employing over 300,000 workers, as "Soviet state property."

Muslim extremists in India attempted to assassinate Shafaat Ahmad Khan, a Muslim official who had violated Muslim League policy by accepting a post in the country's interim government.

Defense
U.S. Army Ground Forces Commander General Jacob Devers authorized the creation of 315 Negro reserve units.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the PGA Championship at Portland Golf Club in Portland, Oregon, defeating Ed Oliver 6 and 4 in the final round of the match play tournament. It was the first major championship for Mr. Hogan. First prize money was $3,500.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Portuguese Washerwomen--Joe "Fingers" Carr

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); My Prayer--The Platters (Disc Jockey-2nd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 My Prayer--The Platters
3 The Flying Saucer (Parts 1 and 2)--Buchanan and Goodman
4 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
5 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley
6 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
--Andy Williams
7 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page
8 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone
9 Theme Song from Song for a Summer Night (Parts 1 and 2)--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
10 The Fool--Sanford Clark
--The Gallahads

Singles entering the chart were The Bus Stop (A Paper of Pins) by the Four Lads (#32); When the White Lilacs Bloom Again, with versions by Hemlut Zacharias and his Magic Violins, Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra, Florian Zambach, LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra, and Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#37); Let the Good Times Roll by Shirley and Lee (#39); In the Middle of the House, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and Rusty Draper (#40); and In the Still of the Nite by the Five Satins (#46). The Bus Stop (A Paper of Pins) was from the movie Bus Stop (1956).

Died on this date
Alfred Kinsey, 62
. U.S. sexologist. Dr. Kinsey, a biologist by training, founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University in 1947. He published the reports Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), which created the impression that the American people were far more liberal in their sexual behaviour than they actually were, or were willing to admit. Dr. Kinsey was reported to be bisexual, and he devised a scale of sexuality in which bisexuality rather than heterosexuality was the norm. It wasn't until many years after the publication of his reports that it was revealed that a disproportionate number of Dr. Kinsey's subjects in his research on male sexuality were convicted sex offenders, and a disproportionate number of his female subjects were prostitutes--not exactly representative of tha majority of the American people. Dr. Kinsey has been credited with creating the modern sexual revolution, and gets this blogger's vote as the most influential person in Western culture in the last half of the 20th century. He died of a reported heart ailment and pneumonia.

Defense
Afghan Prime Minister Prince Mohamed Daud Khan signed pacts with Czechoslovakia and the U.S.S.R. for the supply of arms, ammuniton, and aircraft to Afghanistan.

Politics and government
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower named former Central Intelligence Agency Deputy Director William Jackson as his special assistant for national security affairs.

Business
The Suez Canal Company said in Paris that it could no longer be responsible for the safety of its employees remaining in Egypt.

Labour
The United Steel Workers of America ended a 25-day strike against Reynolds Aluminum Company after signing a three-year contract providing for wage increases and fringe benefit increases of 45.6c per hour.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (0-1) 20 @ Montreal (1-0) 24

WIFU
Winnipeg (0-1) 16 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 28
Calgary (0-2) 22 @ Edmonton (2-0) 23

ORFU
Rochester (0-1) 14 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (1-0) 30
Toronto (1-0) 22 @ Sarnia (0-1) 21

Jackie Parker scored 2 touchdowns and a single--which proved to be the deciding point--for the Eskimos as they edged the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium.

Billy Graham scored a touchdown, 3 converts, and a field goal to help the Dutchmen defeat the Rockets in the first game ever played by an American team in the ONtario Rugby Football Union. Roy King scored 2 touchdowns for Rochester.

Tom Urowitz scored 2 touchdowns to help Balmy Beach edged the Golden Bears at Norm Perry Park. Bernie Custis, playing his first game in the ORFU after five seasons as a star in the IRFU, scored the other Toronto TD. Gino Cappelletti, who had played quarterback with Sarnia in 1955, scored 2 converts and 2 singles for Toronto. Bill Travneck scored 2 touchdowns for Sarnia, who played their first game as the Golden Bears after more than 20 years as the Imperials. The team changed its name after Imperial Oil dropped its sponsorship of the club after the 1955 season. Former Winnipeg Blue Bomber and Montreal Alouette quarterback Joe Zaleski played his first game with the Golden Bears.

Baseball
The New York Yankees claimed 40-year-old outfielder Enos Slaughter on waivers from the Kansas City Athletics. Mr. Slaughter was in his 16th season in the major leagues, and was batting .278 with 2 home runs and 23 runs batted in in 91 games with Kansas City in 1956. To make room for him on the roster, the Yankees released shortstop Phil Rizzuto and offered him a coaching post should he decline an offer to become a baseball telecaster in Baltimore. Mr. Rizzuto was in his 14th season with the Yankees, and was batting .231 in 31 games with no home runs and 6 runs batted in in 1956.

Dick Donovan pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Whitey Ford as the Chicago White Sox defeated the New York Yankees 4-2 before 54,449 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Washington Nationals scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning as they beat the Kansas City Athletics 8-4 before 2,352 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Roy Sievers and Jim Lemon hit home runs for the Nationals, while Eddie Yost, nicknamed "The Walking Man," drew 4 bases on balls. Enos Slaughter, in his last game with the Athletics, came to bat in the 8th inning as a pinch hitter and popped out to Mr. Yost at third base.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with two shows at Seattle Center Coliseum.

Space
The United States launched AS-202--a test of a production Block I Apollo Command/Service Module atop a Saturn IB rocket--from Cape Kennedy, Florida (see video). The mission was a success and lasted 1 hour 33 minutes.

Protest
French President Charles de Gaulle began a world tour with a visit to French Somaliland, where rioting mobs demanded the colony's independence from France.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Eyvind Johnson, 76
. Swedish author. Mr. Johnson was a novelist and short story writer who was awarded a share of the 1974 Nobel Prize in Literature "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom."

Politics and government
French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac resigned and was succeeded by Raymond Barre, former minister of foreign trade.

Oil
The U.S. Interior Department accepted $1.13 billion in bids by oil companies to drill in the Atlantic Ocean.

Football
CFL
Calgary (0-5-1) 11 @ Hamilton (2-4) 18

Rick Cassata completed a 1-yard touchdown pass to Jimmy Edwards with 2:16 remaining in the game to cap an 85-yard drive and give the Tiger-Cats their victory over the Stampeders before 21,332 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics released veteran infielder Cesar Tovar, who was in his 12th season in the major leagues, and his second with Oakland. In 29 games with the Athletics in 1976, Mr. Tovar was batting .178 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in.

Jim Lyttle singled in 2 runs in the bottom of the 5th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 3-1 win over Mr. Lyttle's former team, the Montreal Expos, before 18,738 fans at Dodger Stadium in the Wednesday night Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. Doug Rau pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Steve Rogers, who allowed 6 hits and 3 earned runs in also going the distance.

The San Francisco Giants scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning as they defeated the New York Mets 7-1 before 3,974 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Ed Halicki pitched an 8-hit complete game victory, allowing no earned runs.

Bruce Kison pitched a 5-hitter, walking no batters and striking out 6, to win the pitchers' duel over Dave Freisleben as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the San Diego Padres 3-0 before 10,963 fans at San Diego Stadium. Mr. Freisleben allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings.

Mickey Rivers singled home Oscar Gamble with 2 out in the bottom of the 19th inning to give the New York Yankees a 5-4 win over the Minnesota Twins before 24,351 fans at Yankee Stadium in a game that lasted 5 hours 26 minutes. Dick Tidrow, the second of three New York pitchers, allowed just 4 hits and no runs in 10 2/3 innings of relief, but left with no decision.

Mark "The Bird" Fidrych pitched a 5-hit complete game, allowing no earned runs, to win the pitchers' duel over Bart Johnson as the Detroit Tigers beat the Chicago White Sox 3-1 before 39,884 fans at Tiger Stadium in a game that was played in 1 hour 48 minutes. Mr. Fidrych improved his 1976 record to 15-5, while Mr. Johnson, who allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs while also going the distance, dropped to 9-12.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and went on to beat the Oakland Athletics 9-4 before 6,942 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Andy Hassler allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings as the Kansas City Royals edged the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 7,113 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Jim Kern, who allowed 4 hits and 1 run--earned--in 5 2/3 innings in relief of erratic starter Jim Bibby, took the loss.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Puerta de Alcalá--Víctor Manuel y Ana Belén (6th week at #1)

Baseball
Rookie third baseman Mark McGwire hit his first major league home run--a 450-foot blast to center field off Walt Terrell in the 5th inning--as Mr. McGwire and the Oakland Athletics beat the Detroit Tigers 8-4 before 20,475 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Doug DeCinces led off the 2nd and 4th innings with home runs to help the California Angels beat the New York Yankees 5-3 before 30,941 fans at Yankee Stadium. John Candelaria won the pitching matchup with Phil Niekro.

Larry Parrish drew a base on balls with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning and Ruben Sierra followed with a home run to give the Texas Rangers a 4-2 win over the Boston Red Sox before 24,459 fans at Arlington Stadium. Boston starting pitcher Roger Clemens had a shutout after 7 innings, but Mr. Sierra hit an infield single with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th, and pinch hitter Geno Petralli followed with a 2-run home run to tie the score 2-2. Calvin Schiraldi took the mound for Boston in the 9th.

Eric Davis drove in 4 runs with a pair of home runs and a single to help the Cincinnati Reds edge the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-4 before 8,093 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

The Atlanta Braves scored all of their runs in the last 3 innings as they defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 21,808 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The Houston Astros scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 24,211 fans at the Astrodome.

The Montreal Expos scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and hld on to edge the San Francisco Giants 6-5 before 5,609 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wind of Change--Scorpions (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

War
The Battle of Vukovar began the 87-day siege of the Croatian city by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces during the Croatian War of Independence.

Europeana
Belarus gained her independence from the U.S.S.R.

Track and field
Carl Lewis of the United States set a world record in the men's 100-metre run at the world championships in Tokyo, covering the distance in 9.86 seconds.

Baseball
The California Angels fired Doug Rader as manager and replaced him with former Angels' catcher and former Montreal Expos' manager Buck Rodgers. Mr. Rader was in his third season as manager of the Angels, who were in seventh and last place in the American League West Division with a record of 61-63.

The Toronto Blue Jays scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and 6 in the 8th as they came back from a 7-2 deficit to beat the New York Yankees 11-7 before 50,320 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Toronto second baseman Roberto Alomar batted 3 for 4 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while Roberto Kelly drove in 4 runs for New York.

Dave Valle hit a solo home run in the top of the 9th to break a 2-2 tie and give the Texas Rangers a 3-2 lead over the Detroit Tigers, but the Tigers scored 2 in the bottom of the 9th to win 4-3 before 29,480 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Rod Nichols pitched a 3-hitter for his only major league shutout, improving his record for the season to 2-10, as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Chicago White Sox 3-0 before 10,106 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

The Texas Rangers scored a run in the top of the 9th inning to tie the game 4-4 and 4 runs in the top of the 11th to beat the Kansas City Royals 8-4 before 26,037 fans at Royals Stadium.

Doug Dascenzo of the Chicago Cubs made an error in his team's 12-9 loss to the San Diego Padres before 31,190 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago, ending the center fielder's errorless streak at 242 games, a National League record and 2 games short of the major league record. Darrin Jackson hit 2 home runs for the Padres. Scott May, the third of six Chicago pitchers, faced 3 batters and allowed 2 hits, a base on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in his fifth and last major league game.

Mark Gardner allowed just 3 hits in 7 innings as he pitched the Montreal Expos to a 4-0 win over the Houston Astros before 10,851 fans at the Astrodome.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

Golf
Tiger Woods, 20, won an unprecedented third straight United States Amateur title, rallying from two strokes back with three holes to play to defeat Steve Scott of the University of Florida at Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club in Cornelius, Oregon. Mr. Woods turned professional two days later. In 1994 he had become the youngest amateur champion and the first Negro ever to win the title.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Noor Hassanali, 88
. 2nd President of Trinidad and Tobago, 1987-1997. Mr. Hassanali, a graduate of the University of Toronto, was a judge on the Court of Appeal from 1978-1985 before being elected President in 1987 and re-elected to the largely ceremonial position in 1992. He was the country's first Indo-Trinidadian President, and the first Muslim head of state in the Americas.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-5) 18 @ Winnipeg (5-5) 15

Damon Allen threw 2 touchdown passes in the 4th quarter, with the second one going to Arland Bruce with 2:23 remaining, as the Argonauts rallied from a 15-0 deficit to beat the Blue Bombers before 25,014 fans at Canad Inns Stadium.

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

August 24, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sabbah Rose!

500 years ago
1516


War
Ottoman Empire forces commanded by Sultan Selim I defeated Mamluk Sultanate forces commanded by Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri in the Battle of Marj Dabiq in Syria.

200 years ago
1816


Diplomacy
The Treaty of St. Louis of 1816 was signed by representatives of the United States government and representatives of the Council of Three Fires (united tribes of Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi).

125 years ago
1891


Movies
Thomas Edison patented the motion picture camera.

100 years ago
1916


Protest
A large anti-conscription demonstration was held on the Place d'Armes in Montréal.

75 years ago
1941


War
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that he and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had, in their Atlantic Charter, pledged their countries to the final destruction of Nazi tyranny. Mr. Churchill warned that Japanese aggression in the Far East "has got to stop," but if it did not, the British would "range ourselves unhesitatingly at the side of the United States."

Abominations
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the disabled due to protests, although killings continued for the remainder of World War II.

Defense
U.S. President Roosevelt authorized ther operation of foreign ships seized in American ports under British masters and crews flying the American flag.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt nominated Solicitor General Francis Biddle as U.S. Attorney General.

Labour
Workers at the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company plant in Kearny, New Jersey voted to end their 17-day strike, after Rear Admiral Harold Bowen formally took over the plant for the Navy.

American Federation of Labor members voted to end their strike against Detroit's streetcar and bus lines.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
James Clark McReynolds, 84
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. McReynolds was United States Attorney General in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1914, and was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1914-1941. He wrote over 506 opinions and was known for his opposition to the New Deal policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Diplomacy
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitri Manuilski told the United Nations Security Council that Greece was attempting to provoke war with Albania and endangering peace in the Balkans.

Turkey sent a note to the U.S.S.R. rejecting the Soviet proposal for joint control of the Dardanelles and suggesting an international convention to bring the Montreaux agreement up to date.

Politics and government
The Japanese House of Representatives approved by a wide margin the proposed new constitution, proclaiming popular sovereignty and renouncing war as an instrument of national policy.

U.K. Viceroy in India Viscount Archibald Wavell announced the appointment of a Hindu-Muslim Executive Council, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, to take office on September 2 and govern India until a new constitution was drawn up by the Assembly.

Defense
The U.S. Army Air Forces announced that all states had accepted their force allotments in the newly-created Air National Guard, which would number 72 fighter squadrons and 12 light bomber squadrons.

Economics and finance
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered 505 Japanese plants in eight industries set aside as potential World War II reparations.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mitchell Lewis, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lewis appeared in more than 175 movies--often in uncredited roles--from 1914 until his death. His films included Ben-Hur (1925); A Tale of Two Cities (1935); and The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Kenji Mizoguchi, 58. Japanese film director. Mr. Mizoguchi directed dozens of films from the 1920s through the 1950s, including The Life of Oharu (1952); Ugetsu Monogatari (1953); and Sansho the Bailiff (1954). He died of leukemia.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. resumed atmospheric nuclear tests at its Siberian proving grounds.

World events
Former West German spy Otto John was formally charged in Karlsruhe with treason for defecting to East Germany in 1954.

Aviation
A U.S. Army H-21 completed the first transocontinental helicopter flight, travelling 2,610 miles from San Diego to Washington in 31 hours 40 minutes.

Boxing
Joe Brown (74-19-7-3) won the world lightweight title with a 15-round split decision over defending champion Wallace "Bud" Smith (31-16-6) at the Municipal Auditorium in New Orleans.

50 years ago
1966


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar probe Luna 11.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-1) 8 @ Montreal (2-2) 16

Peter Kempf scored a touchdown, convert, and 3 field goals for the Alouettes as they beat the Tiger-Cats before 20,000 fans at Molson Stadium. Art Baker scored the Hamilton touchdown.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA

Environment
U.K. Prime Minister James Callaghan appointed Denis Howell to oversee water conservation, as Europe's worst drought in more than 200 years continued.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (5-2) 11 @ British Columbia (4-2) 23

Lou Harris and Mike Strickland each rushed for more than 100 yards as the Lions defeated the Rough Riders before 24,797 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--La Zoubida--Lagaf' (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
5 Temptation--Corina
6 It Ain't Over 'Til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
7 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
8 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
9 Crazy--Seal
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Walk Through Fire by Bad Company (#69); The Real Love by Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band (#71); Kiss Them for Me by Siouxsee and the Banshees (#80); Real, Real, Real by Jesus Jones (#82); and No One Has to Cry by the Fixx (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
5 The Motown Song--Rod Stewart
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 Learning to Fly--Tom Petty
8 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
9 Hole Hearted--Extreme
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Feel Your Love by Alanis (#79); Only Time Will Tell by Nelson (#84); Love You Too Much by the Boomers (#85); I Adore Mi Amore by Color Me Badd (#86); Face the Music by RTZ (#88); Silver Thunderbird by Marc Cohn (#91); Twist of the Knife by the Fabulous Thunderbirds (#94); Both Sides Now by Paul Young and Clannad (#95); My Special Child by Sinead O'Connor (#96); Runaround by Van Halen (#97); and My Town by Glass Tiger (#98). Both Sides Now was from the movie Switch (1991).

Politics and government
Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as general secretary of the Soviet Communist party, five days after a failed coup attempt against him.

Europeana
Ukraine declared her independence from the U.S.S.R.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Because You Loved Me/The Power of the Dream--Celine Dion (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
2 Twisted--Keith Sweat
3 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
4 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
5 Change the World--Eric Clapton
6 Loungin--LL Cool J
7 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
8 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
9 Who Will Save Your Soul--Jewel
10 You Learn/You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette

Singles entering the chart were Hit Me Off by New Edition (#24); It's All Coming Back to Me Now by Celine Dion (#30); Who You Are by Pearl Jam (#48); Touch Myself by T-Boz (#50); Wu-Wear: The Garment Renaissance by RZA featuring Method Man & Cappadonna (#57); Last Night by Az Yet (#59); Use Your Heart by SWV (#82); and If Your Girl Only Knew by Aaliyah (#92).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-8) 21 @ Toronto (8-1) 28

Doug Flutie passed for 415 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Argonauts over the Rough Riders before 17,182 fans at SkyDome. Ottawa quarterback David Archer passed for 312 yards and 3 touchdowns.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Rocco Petrone, 80
. U.S. rocket engineer. Mr. Petrone was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army who helped to develop the Redstone rocket in the 1950s. He joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1960, and helped to design the Saturn V rocket in the 1960s. Mr. Petrone directed launch operations at the Kennedy Space Center from 1966-1969 before directing the Apollo program and then serving as director of NASA's Marshall Flight Center from 1973-1974.

Space
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefined the term "planet" such that Pluto was now considered a dwarf planet.

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-4) 41 @ Montreal (7-3) 23

Henry Burris passed for 285 yards and 3 touchdowns, and Sandro DeAngelis added 4 field goals as the Stampeders beat the Alouettes before a sellout crowd of 20,202 at Molson Stadium.

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

August 23, 2016

475 years ago
1541


Canadiana
On his third voyage to Canada, Jacques Cartier arrived at Cap Rouge, and started to build a fort at Charlesbourg-Royale, 10 miles upstream from his old fort at Québec. It was the first official French settlement in America north of Mexico.

150 years ago
1866


War
The Peace of Prague was signed, ending the Austro-Prussian War.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Roy Agnew
. Australian composer. Mr. Agnew was a pianist whose tone poems and sonatas earned him the reputation as Australia's best composer of the early 20th century. He died of septicemia on November 12, 1944 at the age of 53 after an operation for tonsilitis.

Transportation
Regular service began on the Calgary & Edmonton Railway.

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Rudolph Valentino, 31
. Italian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Valentino, born Rodolfo Alfonso Raffaello Pierre Filibert Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguella, moved to the United States at the age of 18. He became famous as a "Latin lover" in silent movies such as The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921); The Sheik (1921); Blood and Sand (1922); and The Son of the Sheik (1926). Mr. Valentino died of peritonitis eight days after collapsing in his New York City hotel room and undergoing emergency surgery for a perforated ulcer; his death produced mass hysteria among female fans, and 100,000 people attended his funeral.

Tennis
Molla Mallory defeated Elizabeth Ryan 4-6, 6-4, 9-7 to win the women's singles final at the U.S. Open Championships in Forest Hills, New York. Mrs. Mallory, 42, trailed 0-4 in the third set and was one point from defeat in the fourteenth game, but rallied to win before 3,000 excited fans. It was Mrs. Mallory's eighth U.S. Open singles championship, tying the record for any competitor, male or female.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
17-year-old Bob Feller made his first major league start, striking out 15 batters, walking 4, and giving up 6 hits as the Cleveland Indians beat the St. Louis Browns 4-1 at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Feller also singled in his first at bat. Cleveland first baseman Hal Trosky batted 4 for 4 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in. Earl Caldwell was the losing pitcher.

The Washington Nationals swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 9-3 and 9-6 before 13,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Freddie Fitzsimmons and Hal Schumacher pitched respective complete game victories as the New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Boston Bees 3-2 and 6-1 before 26,000 fans at National League Park in Boston.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-3 in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. In the second game, the Cardinals scored single runs in the 7th, 8th, and 9th innings, and the game was called because of darkness after a scoreless 10th inning with the score tied 6-6. The Cardinals were 1/2 game ahead of the Giants for the lead in the National League.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Sammy Kaye and His Orchestra (8th week at #1)

War
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King was booed by restless Canadian Army troops in Aldershot, England when he made a speech; most of the troops had been in England for a year without seeing action. Soviet Red Army Marshal Klementy Voroshilov, commander of the Leningrad front, declared that "a terrible danger now is hanging over Leningrad," and ordered preparations for all-out defense. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler secretly ordered that the attack on Ukraine and Crimea be given priority over the drive on Moscow.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura said after conferring with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull that the gap between Japan and the United States "must be bridged."

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order directing the Navy to take over and operate the Kearny, New Jersey shipyard of Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company, which had been closed by a Congress of Industrial Organizations strike since August 7. Youg Democratic Clubs of America, meeting in Louisville, adopted a resolution supporting full and complete aid to the U.K., U.S.S.R., and China.

Labour
The American Federation of Teachers convention in Detroit voted to complete the expulsion of locals 5 and 537 of New York and 192 of Philadelphia on charges of being controlled by Communists.

70 years ago
1946


At the movies
The Big Sleep, directed by Howard Hawks and starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, received its premiere screening. A pre-release version of the film had been shown to American soldiers overseas in 1945, but the film had been re-edited to include newly-filmed scenes to feature Miss Bacall.

World events
The Yugoslavian government reported that there were no survivors from the U.S. Army transport plane that had been downed over Yugoslavian air space on August 19--the second such incident in 10 days--all called the incident "regrettable."

Germanica
Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constituted the German Länder (states) of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein.

Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. government announced the start of a large-scale purge of state officials, including Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov and P.V. Smirnov, head of Soviet meat and milk production.

Admiral Thawan Dhamrong Navaswat was named Siamese Prime Minister, succeeding Nai Pridi Phanamjong, who had recently resigned.

Defense
The U.S. War Department disclosed that some officers in specialist categories were being recalled to active duty "without their consent" because of poor response to the Army's request for volunteers.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor International Typographical Union ended a seven-day conference in Miami after rejecting proposals to merge with the Congress of Industrial Organizations and engage in unified political action.

The CIO National Maritime Union reached an agreement with Standard Oil Company of Indiana establishing a 48-hour workweek at sea and 44 hours in port for crews of oil tankers.

Agriculture
The U.S. Agriculture Department eased some grain controls, permitting whiter bread, greater whiskey and beer production, and higher wheat exports.

Football
NFL
College All-Star Game @ Soldier Field, Chicago
College All-Stars 16 Los Angeles Rams 0

University of Michigan running back Elroy "Crazylegs" Hirsch was named the game's Most Valuable Player as the All-Stars upset the Rams, who had moved to Los Angeles on January 12 after winning the 1945 National Football League championship as the Cleveland Rams. 97,380 were in attendance.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): La Ballade de Davy Crockett--Annie Cordy (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The London conference on the Suez Canal ended with a 17-nation majority agreeing to ask Egypt to negotiate a Suez settlement on the basis of the U.S. proposal for internationalization of the canal.

Pro-Greek Cypriot guerrillas rejected the amnesty offer of Governor Sir John Harding.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. threatened to provide military aid to Egypt in the event of an attack by the U.K. and France.

Politics and government
The Territorial Council of the Northwest Territories opened a session at the new town of New Aklavik (later renamed Inuvik). The session was moved from Aklavik because of flooding.

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Francis X. Bushman, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bushman was one of the biggest stars of the silent movie era. His best-known role was probably as Messala in Ben-Hur (1925).

Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with a performance at Shea Stadium in New York.

Space
The U.S. probe Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-4) 9 @ Winnipeg (4-1) 19

Kenny Ploen completed 2 touchdown passes to Ken Nielsen as the Blue Bombers beat the Stampeders before 20,817 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Peter Liske passed 36 yards to Terry Evanshen for the Calgary touchdown. It was Leo Lewis Night, as the Blue Bombers saluted their veteran offensive halfback, who played what turned out to be the last game of his 11-year Hall of Fame career.

40 years ago
1976


Labour
Danish workers ended their four-day strike over passage of a government economic plan that would limit wage increases.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-3) 3 @ Montreal (2-3-1) 23

Johnny Rodgers rushed 41 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to help the Alouettes defeat the Argonauts before 25,802 fans at Autostade. Andy Hopkins scored the other touchdown.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & DJ Sven

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sing Our Own Song--UB40

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Want to Wake Up with You--Boris Gardiner

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
3 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
4 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
5 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
6 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
7 Venus--Bananarama
8 Rumors--Timex Social Club
9 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
10 The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

Singles entering the chart were Heartbeat by Don Johnson (#55); The Other Side of Life by the Moody Blues (#86); The Hunter by GTR (#87); Give Me the Reason by Luther Vandross (#89); and Angel in My Pocket by One to One (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
2 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
3 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
4 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
5 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
6 I Can't Wait--Nu Shooz
7 Danger Zone--Kenny Loggins
8 Nasty--Janet Jackson
9 Who's Johnny--El DeBarge
10 The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

Singles entering the chart were Ruthless People by Mick Jagger (#85); A Matter of Trust by Billy Joel (#91); Typical Male by Tina Turner (#95); Love Walks In by Van Halen (#96); and Rumors by Timex Social Club (#98). Ruthless People was the title song from the movie.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-3) 20 @ Toronto (5-3) 26

Lance Chomyc set a team record with 6 field goals to help the Argonauts defeat the Eskimos before 28,833 fans at Exhibition Stadium. The Eskimos had a chance to win the game at Exhibition Stadium on the final play, but Matt Dunigan's pass to Brian Kelly in the Toronto end zone was incomplete. J.C. Watts, recently acquired from the Ottawa Rough Riders, played quarterback for the Argonauts, replacing injured Condredge Holloway.

25 years ago
1991


World events
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev began his purge of cabinet members and officials involved in the failed coup attempt of four days earlier.

Technology
Tim Berners-Lee opened the World Wide Web (WWW) to new users.

20 years ago
1996


Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-7) 16 @ Montreal (5-4) 23 (OT)
Hamilton (4-5) 8 @ Edmonton (6-3) 35

Tracy Ham rushed 57 yards for a touchdown with 37 seconds remaining in the 2nd overtime period to give the Alouettes their win over the Roughriders before 26,511 fans at Olympic Stadium. The Roughriders led by 8 points with 3 minutes left in regulation time.

Danny McManus rushed for a touchdown, handed off to Willie Pless and Eric Blount for TDs, and passed to Eddie Brown for another touchdown to lead the Eskimos over the Tiger-Cats before 27,202 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Blount rushed 14 times for 109 yards.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Maynard Ferguson, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Ferguson, a native of Verdun, Quebec, was a child prodigy on piano and violin, but became known as a jazz trumpeter. He played with Stan Kenton's band in the 1950s before performing as a session musician for Hollywood movies and leading his own band. Mr. Ferguson was known for his ability to play very high notes, such as on the hit single Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky") (1977).

Wolfgang Přiklopil, 44. Austrian criminal. Mr. Přiklopil was a communications technician in Vienna who kidnapped 10-year old Natascha Kampusch on March 2, 1998, while she was walking to school. He held her captive for eight years, but she finally managed to escape, and Mr. Přiklopil, knowing the police were after him, committed suicide by jumping in front of a suburban train.

Business
Montreal-based paper manufacturer Domtar Inc. announced that it would merge with U.S. giant Weyerhaeuser's fine-paper business in a U.S.$3.3-billion deal, to create North America's largest manufacturer of uncoated freesheet paper. The merger was completed in March 2007, creating Domtar Corporation.

Football
CFL
Two days after firing Roy Shivers as general manager, the Saskatchewan Roughriders hired Eric Tillman as his replacement. Mr. Tillman had been general manager with two Grey Cup championship teams: the Britih Columbia Lions in 1994 and the Toronto Argonauts in 1997.