Monday, 11 December 2017

December 11, 2017

225 years ago
1792


World events
King Louis XVI of France was put on trial for treason by the National Convention.

110 years ago
1907


Disasters
The New Zealand Parliament Buildings in Wellington were almost completely destroyed by fire.

100 years ago
1917


War
British Army General Sir Edmund Allenby entered Jerusalem on foot through the Jaffa Gate and declared martial law, two days after Ottoman Empire authorities had surrendered the city to British troops, ending 400 years of Ottoman rule of Jerusalem.

90 years ago
1927


World events
Communist Red Guards in China launched an uprising in Canton, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet. Within two days, the city had been recaptured, and 600 were executed, including 14 "bobbed-hair girls" and the Soviet Vice Consul.

80 years ago
1937


Radio
CBF, Radio-Canada's first station, went on the air in Montreal.

Diplomacy
Italy left the League of Nations.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Toronto Argonauts 4 Winnipeg 3

A field goal by Earl Selkirk and a punt single by Bob Isbister provided the scoring for the Argonauts as they edged the Blue Bombers before 11,522 fans on a cold day in the latest Grey Cup ever played, as far as the calendar is concerned. The Blue Bombers had the first scoring opportunity of the game when Bob Fritz recovered Art West's fumble on the Winnipeg 40-yard line and appeared to be gone for a touchdown, only to be tackled by Mr. Isbister at the Toronto 7-yard line. The play set up a punt single by Steve Olander, which gave Winnipeg a 1-0 lead. Shortly after, Winnipeg's Fritz Hanson fumbled a punt by Mr. Isbister, and Bill Bryers recovered for the Argonauts at the Winnipeg 20-yard line, leading to Mr. Selkirk's 31-yard field goal and a 3-1 Toronto lead. The Blue Bombers thought they'd scored a touchdown when Toronto's Bill Stukus fumbled a punt and Bill Ceretti of the Blue Bombers returned it for a touchdown, but Winnipeg was penalized for no yards, although newspaper reports said the infraction was far from flagrant. The umpire who made the call, Eddie Grant, was from Winnipeg, and had scored the only point for the Winnipeg Tammany Tigers in the ir 24-1 loss to the Ottawa Senators in the 1925 Grey Cup. Mr. Olander punted for another single in the 2nd quarter and Mr. Isbister did the same for the Argonauts, and Toronto led 4-2 at halftime. In the 3rd quarter, Greg Kabat of the Blue Bombers missed a 40-yard field goal but scored a single to reduce the deficit to 4-3, but that was the end of the scoring. It was the last Grey Cup without a touchdown until 1975.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.K. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's 8th Army began a new drive against the Axis line at El Agheila after a three-week lull. Two German columns supported by infantry were repulsed in drives on Medjez el Bab, 28 miles southwest of Tunis. U.S. dive bombers scored two hits on 11 Japanese destroyers headed for Guadalcanal. U.S. bombers hit a Japanese ship off Kiska and strafed shore installations in the Aleutian Islands. U.S. heavy bombers hit Japanese installations at Rangoon, Burma and Port Blair in the Andaman Islands. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told Congress that America's expeditionary forces would total one million men by January 1, 1943.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Roosevelt appointed William Phillips as his personal representative to India, with the rank of Ambassador.

Politics and government
Delegates to the Conservative Party of Canada's leadership convention at Winnipeg Civic Auditorium changed the name of their party to the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in order to broaden its appeal and to please its new leader. Manitoba Premier John Bracken was chosen as Progressive Conservative Party leader on the second ballot, replacing former Prime Minister Arthur Meighen. Mr. Bracken received 538 votes, defeating M. A. MacPherson (255) and John Diefenbaker (79).

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
A Bulgarian cabinet shuffle gave 13 of 23 ministerial posts to Communists, with Georgi Dimitrov continuing as Prime Minister.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a $590-million stop-gap foreign aid appropriation, cutting $7 million from President Harry Truman's request and including a $60-million grant to China in the total amount.

Labour
South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts abandoned a plan to import Italian farm workers, saying he would seek Dutch and Scandinavian workers instead.

Academia
Washington and Jefferson College in Washington, Pennsylvania severed its connection with the Presbyterian Church.

Baseball
Major league teams rejected the Pacific Coast League's request for major league status.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
John McDowell, 55
. U.S. politician. Mr. McDowell, a Republican, represented Pennsylvania's 31st District in the United States House of Representatives from 1939-1941 and that state's 29th District from 1947-1949. During his second term, he served on the House Committee on Un-American Activities, and helped to uncover damaging information during the investigation of former State Department employee Alger Hiss. Mr. McDowell committed suicide.

Space
The U.S. Army released photographs of an 80-inch cylindrical satellite that it planned to place in Earth orbit with the Jupiter-C rocket.

Defense
In a letter to West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin proposed the creation of an "atom free zone" across Europe, to include East and West Germany, Poland, and Czechoslovakia.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): En Aranjuez Con Tu Amor (Aranjuez, Mon Amour)--Richard Anthony (2nd week at #1)

Disasters
172 people were reported killed and 1,000 left homeless when an earthquake struck Koyna Nagar, India.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Float On--The Floaters (5th week at #1)

Business
United States Steel announced an average price increase of 5.5%, effective February 1, 1978. The American steel industry was suffering from job losses and cheaper foreign imports.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Whenever You Need Somebody--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (12th week at #1)

Business
Woodward's filed for court protection from creditors who were owed over $65 million. The company consisted of 26 department stores, 33 Woodwyn discount outlets, 20 travel agencies, four Abercrombie & Fitch specialty stores, and three Commercial Interiors divisions in British Columbia and Alberta. The assets were acquired in 1993 by the Hudson's Bay Company, which converted old Woodward's stores into new Bay or Zellers outlets. The first store was established in Vancouver by Charles Woodward in 1892 selling dry goods, men's clothing and footwear; it moved from Main and Hastings Street over to Hastings and Abbott in 1903.

Hockey
National Basketball Association executive Gary Bettman was named the first Commissioner of the National Hockey League, effective February 1, 1993.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (13th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Smack My Bitch Up--The Prodigy (4th week at #1)

Environment
Canada joined over 150 other countries in signing the Kyoto Accord to control greenhouse gases and combat global warming in the 21st century.

10 years ago
2007


Terrorism
Two car bombs exploded in Algiers, one near the Supreme Constitutional Court and the other near the offices of the United Nations.

Crime
After reading 18 victim impact statements, British Columbia Supreme Court Judge Justice James Williams sentenced serial killer Robert Pickton to life with no possibility of parole for 25 years – the maximum punishment for second-degree murder – and equal to the sentence which would have been imposed for a first-degree murder conviction. Two days earlier he had been found guilty of the second-degree murders of Sereena Abotsway, Marnie Frey, Andrea Joesbury, Georgina Papin, Mona Wilson and Brenda Wolfe, prostitutes who had disappeared from Vancouver's Downtown Eastside between 1997 and 2001.

Sunday, 10 December 2017

December 10, 2017

700 years ago
1317


World events
King Birger of Sweden treacherously seized his two brothers-- Valdemar, Duke of Finland and Eric, Duke of Södermanland--who were subsequently starved to death in the dungeon of Nyköping Castle.

200 years ago
1817


Americana
Mississippi was admitted to the Union as the 20th state.

140 years ago
1877


War
The Russian Army captured Plevna after a five-month siege, as the garrison of 25,000 surviving Turks surrendered. The Russian victory was decisive for the outcome of the Russo-Turkish War and the Liberation of Bulgaria.

110 years ago
1907


Protest
Years of protests over vivisection reached a climax when 1,000 medical students in London clashed with 400 police officers in Trafalgar Square over the existence of a memorial for animals that had been vivisected.

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Mackenzie Bowell, 93
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1894-1896. Sir Mackenzie, a native of Rickinghall, England, moved with his family to Belleville, Ontario when he was young. He apprenticed at the Belleville Intelligencer and eventually owned the paper. A Conservative, Mr. Bowell sat in the House of Commons from 1867-1892, holding various cabinet posts. He was appointed to the Senate in 1892, and was named Government Leader in the Senate in 1893. When Sir John Thompson died suddenly in December 1894, Sir Mackenzie was appointed to succeed him, becoming, after Sir John Abbott, the second and last Prime Minister to hold the office while in the Senate. Sir Mackenzie was faced with the issue of Manitoba's abolition in 1890 of public funding for Roman Catholic Schools. He proved unequal to the challenge of dealing with the Manitoba Schools Question, and in 1895 it was said that weeks went by without any government business being done at all. Several members of Sir Mackenzie's cabinet tried to force his resignation, prompting him to denounce them as "a nest of traitors." He finally did resign in favour of Sir Charles Tupper in 1896, remaining as Government Leader in the Senate until 1906 and then as a regular Senator until his death, 17 days before his 94th birthday.

90 years ago
1927


Americana
American aviator Charles Lindbergh was welcomed by the United States Congress, which voted to give him the Congressional Medal of Honor.

75 years ago
1942


War
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler shook up his high command, appointing younger and lesser-known men: General Kurt Zeitzler as chief of the Wehrmacht general staff; Colonel General Hans Jesschonnek as chief of the Luftwaffe general staff; and Admiral Kurt Fricke as chief of the naval general staff. German forces spearheaded by 60 tanks attacked the Russian lines between Rzhev and Velikiye Luki and made a slight advance. The British Foreign Office announced that about 1,400 German prisoners "shackled" in October in reprisal for similar German action would be "unshackled" on December 12. Allied forces completed the occupation of Gona, New Guinea.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee agreed to postpone action on the second war powers bill, permitting the President to suspend trade and immigration laws until the new Congress convened in January 1943.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that Ethiopia was now eligible for Lend-Lease aid since it had pledged itself to the United Nations Declaration.

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King cut output of spirits by 30%, wine by 20% and beer by 10% under wartime powers; there was some opposition, to the cry of "No Beer, No Bonds."

Religion
The Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, meeting in Cleveland, approved a plan for the establishment of a North American Council of Churches to include Canada.

Technology
Chemists with Berwind White Coal Mining Company demonstrated a "colloidal fuel" of 55% fuel oil and 45% pulverized bituminous coal, which they claimed gave the same heat as pure fuel oil.

70 years ago
1947


War
Jewish and Arab farmers in the Jaffa-Tel Avia area arranged a truce in civil strife--which had claimed 30 lives in the past three days--in order to save the orange harvest.

Defense
Representatives of the United States and Panama signed an agreement for a five-year American lease on the Rio Hato air base and 13 other military installations outside the Canal Zone.

Politics and government
Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam resigned after failing to receive a vote of confidence in Parliament on issues of domestic reform.

Aviation
The U.S. National Aeronautics Association awarded the Collier Trophy--the highest award in American aviation--to Lewis Robert for his work on ice-prevention systems.

Business
The Japanese Diet passed the government-sponsored economic decentralization bill, which allowed the government to split corporations into smaller units.

60 years ago
1957


World events
51 Dutch nationals, the first group to be evacuated under Indonesia's program of expulsion, arrived in Singapore aboard a chartered airliner.

The Panamanian government freed former President Jose Ramon Guizado from prison after a court found him innocent of complicity in the 1955 assassination of President Jose Antonio Remo.

Diplomacy
Prince Wan Waithayakon of Thailand reported to the United Nations General Assembly that Hungarian and Soviet authorities had refused him permission to investigate conditions in Hungary.

In a letter delivered to U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Bulganin renewed appeals for an end to nuclear weapons tests and for a new summit conference to outlaw war and attempt to settle East-West political differences.

Defense
U.S. Air Force General Donald Putt, deputy chief for development, established a Directorate of Astronautics within the service despite Defense Department opposition.

U.S. federal officials and the New York Shipbuilding Corporation of Camden, New Jersey signed a $20.9-million contract for construction of the N.S. Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered merchant ship.

50 years ago
1967


Died on this date
Otis Redding, 26
. U.S. singer-songwriter. Mr. Redding was a soul singer who achieved popularity in the mid-1960s with singles such as I've Been Loving You Too Long (To Stop Now); Respect; and Try a Little Tenderness. His popularity increased with his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, and he and his band the Bar-Kays went on tour. Mr. Redding and four members of the Bar-Kays--Carl Cunningham, 29; Phalon Jones, 29; Ronnie Caldwell, 28; and Jimmy King, 28-- along with valet Matthew Kelly and pilot Richard Fraser were killed when their plane crashed into Lake Monona, Wisconsin, four miles from their destination of Madison. Ben Cauley of the Bar-Kays was the only survivor. They were scheduled to play at the Factory nightclub in Madison, near the University of Wisconsin campus, on December 10. Mr. Redding had performed his final recording session for the song (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay in Memphis three days earlier; it was released as a single a month later, and became his biggest hit.

Defense
The United States detonated a thermonuclear device in the San Juan Basin in New Mexico, 4,000 feet underground. It was the first such blast in the government-industry Plowshare program.

Football
Continental League
Championship @ Anaheim Stadium
Orlando 38 @ Orange County 14

Don Jonas threw 5 touchdown passes to lead the Panthers over the Ramblers before 8,730 fans.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Solo Tu--Matia Bazar

#1 single in Switzerland: Belfast--Boney M. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): 't Smurfenlied--Vader Abraham (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Mull of Kintyre--Wings

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Mull of Kintyre/Girls' School--Wings (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (9th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle (2nd week at #1)
2 How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees
3 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone
4 Baby, What a Big Surprise--Chicago
5 Blue Bayou--Linda Ronstadt
6 We're All Alone--Rita Coolidge
7 Heaven on the 7th Floor--Paul Nicholas
8 Isn't it Time--The Babys
9 You Make Lovin' Fun--Fleetwood Mac
10 It's So Easy--Linda Ronstadt

Singles entering the chart were Stayin' Alive by the Bee Gees (#72); Long, Long Way from Home by Foreigner (#77); I Love You by Donna Summer (#82); Ffun by Con Funk Shun (#85); Easy to Love by Leo Sayer (#90); If it Don't Fit, Don't Force It by Kellee Patterson (#96); You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth (Hot Summer Night) by Meat Loaf (#77); Until Now by Bobby Arvon (#99); and Goodbye Girl by David Gates (#100). Stayin' Alive was from the movie Saturday Night Fever (1977). Goodbye Girl was from the movie The Goodbye Girl (1977).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle
2 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone
3 How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees
4 Baby, What a Big Surprise--Chicago
5 We're All Alone--Rita Coolidge
6 Sometimes When We Touch--Dan Hill
7 Boogie Nights--Heatwave
8 Just Remember I Love You--Firefall
9 Blue Bayou--Linda Ronstadt
10 You Make Lovin' Fun--Fleetwood Mac

Singles entering the chart were Desiree by Neil Diamond (#79); What's Your Name by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#80); Tried to Love by Peter Frampton (#83); Peg by Steely Dan (#88); Emotion by Samantha Sang (#91); Still the Lovin' is Fun by B.J. Thomas (#94); Don't Let the Flame Burn Out by Jackie DeShannon (#95); You Really Got Me Needing You by Peter Pringle (#96); Falling by LeBlanc & Carr (#97); Street Corner Serenade by Wet Willie (#98); Lovely Day by Bill Withers (#99); and The Next Hundred Years by Al Martino (#100).

Died on this date
Adolph Rupp, 76
. U.S. basketball player and coach. Mr. Rupp was a reserve with the University of Kansas Jayhawks from 1920-23, playing on national championship teams in his last two seasons. He was best known for coaching the University of Kentucky Wildcats from 1930-72, winning 27 Southeast Conference championships and National Collegiate Athletic Association championships in 1948, 1949, 1951, and 1958. He was an innovator with the fast break and set offense, and was named national Coach of the Year five times. While coaching at Freeport High School in Freeport Illinois from 1926-30, Mr. Rupp had William "Mose" Mosely, the school's first Negro player, as one of his starters, but he was criticized in his later years at Kentucky for not having any Negro players. It wasn't until 1970 that the Wildcats had a Negro player; by that time, it was believed by some that Mr. Rupp was going senile, and the assistant coaches were doing most of the coaching. Mr. Rupp compiled a record of 876-190 at Kentucky; the 876 wins were the NCAA record until broken by Dean Smith in 1997, and his winning percentage of .822 is second to Clair Bee's .824. Mr. Rupp was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1969 and the College Basketball Hall of Fame in 2006. He died of spinal cancer.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party-National Country Party coalition led by Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser won the Australian federal election, taking 86 of the 124 seats in the House of Representatives to 36 for the Labour Party, led by former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam. The coalition won 18 seats in the Senate, giving them a total of 34 of the 64 seats. Labour won 14 Senate seats for a total of 27, and the Democrats won the remaining 2 seats being contested, giving them their entire representation in the upper house. Their was already one independent Senator.

World events
The government of the U.S.S.R. observed United Nations Human Rights Day by placing 20 prominent dissidents under house arrest, cutting off telephones, and threatening to break up a planned silent demonstration in Moscow's Pushkin Square. The demonstration, marking the 29th anniversary of the UN Declaration of Human Rights, was held anyway, when 25 people gathered silently at the statue of Aleksandr Pushkin without interference.

Football
NCAA
Pioneer Bowl
Lehigh 33 Jacksonville State 0

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jascha Heifetz, 86
. Lithuanian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Heifetz was considered one of the greatest violinists in history from his public debut at the age of 7 in his native Lithuania until a shoulder operation forced his retirement in 1972.

Health
The first recorded death in Canada from eating tainted mussels took place.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Ashley Aston Moore, 26
. U.S.-born Canadian actress. Miss Moore, born Ashley Rogers, was a child actress who was best known for appearing in the Canadian television series The Odyssey (1992-1994) and the movie Now and Then (1995). She quit acting professionally in 1997 and died of an alleged drug overdose in Richmond, British Columbia.

Aqsa "Axa" Parvez, 16. Canadian crime victim. Miss Parvez was a member of a Muslim family of Pakistani origin. She was strangled to death by her father Muhammad and brother Waqas to save him and his father "family embarrassment;" they performed the "honour killing" when Aqsa refused to wear a hijab scarf covering her head. A week before her death, she had moved in with the family of a neighbour to escape tension with her family.

Politics and government
Cristina Fernandez was sworn in as Argentina's first elected female President.

Crime
Atlanta Falcons' quarterback Michael Vick was sentenced to 23 months in prison by U.S. District Judge Henry E. Hudson in Richmond, Virginia for bankrolling a dogfighting operation and killing dogs that underperformed.

In Chicago, U.S. District Court Judge Amy St. Eve sentenced Canadian-born publisher Conrad Black to 78 months in prison and fined him $125,000 for misappropriation of funds from his former newspaper empire, Hollinger, Inc.

Friday, 8 December 2017

December 9, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mary Ann Murphy and Maria Mercedes Forero Hernandez!

125 years ago
1892


Soccer
The English club Newcastle United was founded.

110 years ago
1907


Americana
Christmas seals went on sale for the first time, at the Wilmington, Delaware post office. The proceeds went to fight tuberculosis.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
James Rainwater
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Rainwater shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physics with Aage Bohr and Ben Mottelson "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection." Dr. Rainwater died on May 31, 1986 at the age of 68.

James Jesus Angleton. U.S. spymaster. Mr. Angleton was chief of counterintelligence for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency from 1954-1974, and was, according to CIA Director Richard Helms, "the dominant counterintelligence figure in the non-Communist world." Mr. Angleton eventually became convinced that a mole had invaded the agency, and engaged in an intensive search. He died on May 11, 1987 at the age of 69.

War
Hussein al-Husayni, the Ottoman Mayor of Jerusalem, surrendered to British troops commanded by General Edmund Allenby, ending 400 years of Ottoman Empire rule of the city.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Gustaf Dalén, 68
. Swedish physicist and engineer. Dr. Dalén was awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas accumulators in lighthouses and buoys," but was unable to travel to Stockholm to accept the prize, as he was recovering from an acetylene explosion that permanently blinded him. He was an engineer with AGA (Gas Accumulator Company), and invented the AGA cooker and the Dalén light, and received over 100 patents. Dr. Dalén died nine days after his 68th birthday.

War
Japanese troops under the command of Lieutenant General Asaka Yasuhiko launched an assault on the Chinese city of Nanking (now Nanjing).

75 years ago
1942


War
French West African Governor General Pierre Boisson pledged the support of the colony to the Allied cause against Germany.

Communications
U.S. Senator Frederick Van Nuys accused U.S. Censorship Director Byron Price of illegally censoring mail between the United States and its territories.

Business
The U.S. Justice Department charged in Trenton, New Jersey that 10 companies were guilty of monopolistic practices n the fluorescent lighting industry.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council passed a resolution to internationalize Jerusalem.

U.S. President Harry Truman received Herman Eriksson, Sweden's first Ambassador to the United States.

Politics and government
The U.S. State Department announced that it reserved the right to dismiss employees as "bad security risks" even if they had been cleared by the Loyalty Review Board.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives unanimously voted $2 million to Navajo and Hopi Indians.

Labour
The French General Confederation of Labour called off a month-long strike wave which cost the country an estimated $500 million in lost production and 42 deaths from sabotage and disorders.

Agriculture
The U.S.S.R. broke off negotiations for emergency shipment of grain to France.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): #1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Send Me/Summertime, Part 1--Sam Cooke (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); You Send Me--Sam Cooke (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley (Top 100--6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Caswell Adams, 50
. U.S. sportswriter. Mr. Adams was credited with coining the term "Ivy League."

War
75 people, including 12 policeman, were injured, and 150 arrested in clashes between Greek Cypriots and British security forces throughout the island.

Defense
The U.S. State Department reported that Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito had asked the United States to end its military aid program for Yugoslavia.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that wiretapping by New York state law enforcement officials was a violation of the Federal Communications Commission Act of 1934 regardless of its authorization by the state's constitution and statutes.

Economics and finance
Indonesian Prime Minister Djuand announced that his government had seized control of all Dutch plantations in Indonesia.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations voted to expel the Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union for failing to purge corrupt leaders.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Dans une Heure--Sheila

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Mama--Dalida

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): De Bostella--Johnny Kraaykamp & Rijk de Gooyer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Whiskey on a Sunday--Danny Doyle (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
3 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Gladys Knight and the Pips
4 Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock
5 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
6 An Open Letter to My Teenage Son--Victor Lundberg
7 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
8 I Second that Emotion--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
9 You Better Sit Down Kids--Cher
10 Keep the Ball Rollin'--Jay and the Techniques

Singles entering the chart were Chain of Fools by Aretha Franklin (#42); It's Wonderful by the Young Rascals (#55); Snoopy's Christmas by the Royal Guardsmen (#56); Susan by the Buckinghams (#57); I Can't Stand Myself (When You Touch Me) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#63); Watch Her Ride by Jefferson Airplane (#67); Dancing Bear by the Mamas and the Papas (#70); Best of Both Worlds by Lulu (#72); Everybody Knows by the Dave Clark Five (#78); In Another Land by Bill Wyman (#83); Insanity Comes Quietly to the Structured Mind by Janis Ian (#88); Green Tambourine by the Lemon Pipers (#89); Dancin' Out of My Heart by Ronnie Dove (#90); A Voice in the Choir by Al Martino (#94); This Thing Called Love by the Webs (#95); Break My Mind by Bobby Wood (#96); A Love that's Real by the Intruders (#97); Something's Missing by the Five Stairsteps and Cubie (#98); Spooky by the Classics IV (#99); and A Little Rain Must Fall by Epic Splendor (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lazy Day--Spanky and Our Gang
2 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
3 Please Love Me Forever--Bobby Vinton
4 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
5 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
6 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
7 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
8 Stag-O-Lee--Wilson Pickett
9 Pata Pata--Miriam Makeba
10 Paper Cup--The 5th Dimension

Singles entering the chart were Behind Every Man by the Checkerlads (#73); High and Mighty by Keepsake (#81); Susan by the Buckinghams (#90); Who Will Answer? by Ed Ames (#92); Love Me Two Times by the Doors (#93); Dancing Bear by the Mamas and the Papas (#95); It's Wonderful by the Young Rascals (#96); Best of Both Worlds by Lulu (#97); Watch Her Ride by Jefferson Airplane (#98); Detroit City by Solomon Burke (#99); and Flower Girl by Bill Marion (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hello Goodbye/I Am the Walrus--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Love of the Common People--Wayne Newton
3 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
4 Everlasting Love--Robert Knight
5 She's My Girl--The Turtles
6 I Second that Emotion--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
7 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
8 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
9 Beautiful People--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
10 Wild Honey--The Beach Boys

Singles entering the chart were Snoopy's Christmas by the Royal Guardsmen (#18); Bend Me, Shape Me by the American Breed (#26); Wear Your Love Like Heaven by Donovan (#28); Monterey by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#29); and I Heard it Through the Grapevine by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#30).

Died on this date
Charles Léon Hammes, 69
. Luxembourgian judge. Mr. Hammes held various judicial positions, and was President of the European Court of Justice from 1964-1967. He died two months after retiring.

Married on this date
Lynda Bird Johnson, 23; Charles Robb, 28
. Miss Johnson, daughter of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson, married U.S. Marine Captain Robb in the first White House marriage of a president's daughter in 53 years.

Music
Otis Redding and his band the Bar-Kays were in Cleveland, where they appeared on the television program Upbeat, and then concluded three shows in two days at Leo's Casino. The performances were their last, as Mr. Redding and four of the five Bar-Kays were killed the following day in a plane crash while on their way to Madison, Wisconsin.





40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (17th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood--Santa Esmeralda (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Don't Play That Song--Adriano Celentano

Diplomacy
61 Americans-- and an 18-month-old child of one of them--who had been jailed in Mexico returned to the United States, arriving at San Diego Airport in the first phase of a prisoner exchange. The 35 men and 26 women had been jailed in the early 1970s in a Mexican government crackdown on drug trafficking, and were the first of an estimated 300 Americans expected to be released. Earlier in the day, the same chartered DC-9 jet picked up 11 Mexican nationals held as prisoners in Houston and 25 held in San Diego, and flew them to Mexico City. The American group included two women in their 60s arrested for cocaine smuggling. Many of the Americans faced a continuation of their terms in U.S. prisons, although some were to be released.

Disasters
An Executive jet crashed in Labrador, killing eight, including four executives of Churchill Falls Corporation.

Basketball
NBA
Rudy Tomjanovich of the Houston Rockets was punched in the face by Kermit Washington of the Los Angeles Lakers in the most serious brawl in NBA history. Mr. Tomjanovich was nearly killed, needed facial reconstruction, and collected $2 million from the Lakers in a settlement. Mr. Washington was fined $10,000 and suspended for 60 days.



30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Whenever You Need Somebody--Rick Astley

Protest
The Palestinian intifada ("shaking off") began in the Gaza Strip with thousands taking to the streets to protest the deaths of four Palestinians the previous day when their station wagon had been hit by an Israeli truck.

Sport
England's cricket tour of Pakistan was interrupted when umpire Shakoor Rana refused to take the field for the second test match when English captain Mike Gatting refused to apologize to him after a heated exchange the previous day.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): House of Love--East 17 (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Vincent Gardenia, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. Gardenia was born in Naples but moved with his family to Brooklyn at an early age. He won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor for The Prisoner of Second Avenue (1972) and was nominated for Best Actor for the musical Ballroom (1979). Mr. Gardnenia was nominated for Best Supporting Actor for Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) and Moonstruck (1987).

War
Americans saw live television coverage of U.S. troops landing on the beaches of Somalia as Operation Restore Hope--an effort to prevent local warlords from preventing distribution of humanitarian aid to starving people--began.

Britannica
British Prime Minister John Major announced the formal separation of Prince Charles and Princess Diana.

10 years ago
2007


Crime
Robert Pickton was found guilty of second-degree murder in the deaths of six women who disappeared from Vancouver, British Columbia's Downtown Eastside between 1997-2001: Sereena Abotsway, Marnie Frey, Andrea Joesbury, Georgina Papin, Mona Wilson and Brenda Wolfe. On December 11, the pig farmer was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole for 25 years.

Thursday, 7 December 2017

December 8, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michael O'Byrne!

725 years ago
1292


Died on this date
John Peckham, 62 (?)
. English clergyman. Mr. Peckham was Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury from 1279 until his death. He was known for his conservative theology, his opposition to Thomas Aquinas, and his dislike for Welsh people. Archbishop Peckham was succeeded by Robert Winchelsey.

475 years ago
1542


Born on this date
Mary, Queen of Scots
. Queen of Scotland, 1542-1567; Queen Consort of France, 1559-1560. Mary assumed the Scottish throne when her father, King James V, died just 6 days after she was born. She was convicted of treason after being implicated in the Babington plot, calling for the assassination of Queen Elizabeth I of England, and was beheaded on February 5, 1587 at the age of 44.

200 years ago
1817


Born on this date
Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs
. Council President of Denmark, 1865-1870. Count Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs was the first Council President from the conservative Højre party, which ruled until 1901. He resigned in 1870 and led negotiations with France to prevent Danish participation in the Franco-Prussian War. Count Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs died on October 12, 1896 at the age of 78.

125 years ago
1892


Boxing
Joe Goddard (24-1-6-2) knocked out Peter Maher (50-4) at 50 seconds of the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout at Coney Island Athletic Club in Brooklyn, New York.

110 years ago
1907


Died on this date
Oscar II, 78
. King of Sweden, 1872-1907; King of Norway, 1872-1905. Oscar II succeeded his elder brother Charles XV of Sweden/Charles IV of Norway on the thrones of both countries, and was known for his support of science, arts, and Arctic exploration. He was dethroned in Norway after Sweden and Norway split into separate countries in 1905, and was succeeded as King of Norway by his grandnephew Haakon VII. Oscar II was succeeded as King of Sweden by his eldest son Gustav V.

90 years ago
1927


Academia
The Brookings Institution, one of the United States' oldest think tanks, was founded through the merger of three organizations that had been created by philanthropist Robert S. Brookings.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Albert Kahn, 73
. U.S. architect. Mr. Kahn designed many of the buildings in Detroit, including factories for the Packard and Ford motor companies.

War
The British House of Commons passed a bill lowering the draft age from 18 1/2 to 18. Russian offensives continued southwest of Stalingrad and on the central front.

Diplomacy
Cuban President Fulgencio Batista arrived in Washington for talks with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Cuba's war effort.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
Nations of the Arab League, meeting in Cairo, promised "immediate measures" to help Palestinian Arabs resist partition.

Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito and Hungarian Premier Lajos Dinnyes signed a 20-year mutual assistance pact in Budapest similar to the recent Yugoslav-Bulgarian treaty.

Dutch and Indonesian representatives opened direct negotiations under U.S. auspices aboard the U.S. transport Renville in Batavia harbour.

Defense
The U.S. Senate ratified the inter-American defense treaty.

Energy
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order reserving government ownership of uranium or other fissionate ore deposits in future sale or lease of public lands.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously set aside the conviction of Eddie Patton, a Negro from Mississippi who had been sentenced to death for murder, on the grounds that Negroes had been excluded from the jury that tried him.

Health
A two-month cholera epidemic in Egypt began to subside after causing an estimated 13,000 deaths.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Diplomatic Corpse, starring Peter Lorre, George Peppard, and Mary Scott

Politics and government
Belgian Congo natives voted for the first time in township council elections in Leopoldville, winning 130 of 170 elective council seats.

Labour
Bus and trolley drivers in Pittsburgh ended a 56-day strike after accepting an hourly wage raise of $2.28.

Disasters
62 passengers and crew members aboard an Aerolins Argentinas Dc-4 en route from Buenos Aires to San Carlos de Bariloche were killed when it crashed during a heavy rainstorm near Bolivar, Buenos Aires.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
3 (Alone) In My Room--Willie & the Walkers
4 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
5 Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock
6 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
7 Beg, Borrow and Steal--Ohio Express
8 Kentucky Woman--Neil Diamond
9 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
10 Ten Little Indians--The Yardbirds
Pick hit of the week: Dancing Bear--The Mamas and the Papas
New this week: Love is All Around--The Troggs
Portobello Road--The Spectrum
Love Me Two Times--The Doors
Foxy Lady--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
Sunny Day Girl--The Hobbits

Died on this date
Bob Lawrence, 32
. U.S. astronaut. Major Lawrence was a United States Air Force pilot who became the first Negro astronaut when he was selected for the Air Force Manned Orbital Laboratory program in 1967. MOL was a program to build a space station for the purpose of spying on the U.S.S.R. Major Edwards and Major Harvey Royer were doing zoom landings in an F-104 as part of their research course when something went wrong, and the F-104 hit the runway. Major Royer ejected safely, but Major Lawrence was killed. Had he survived, he certainly would have been among the MOL pilots selected for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronaut program in 1969, after the MOL program was cancelled. Major Lawrence has been credited by NASA with accomplishments that "contributed greatly to the development of the Space Shuttle."

Defense
400 soldiers boarded a ship in Famagusta harbour and sailed for Athens as the Greek government began removing its troops from Cyprus in accordance with a pact signed by Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus that averted a war between Greece and Turkey. Clashes between the two countries in November had almost produced war, but mediation efforts led by special U.S. envoy Cyrus Vance, the United Nations, and North Atlantic Treaty Organization succeeded in preventing war and bringing the principals to the negotiating table.

Politics and government
An unheralded visit to Prague by U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Leonid Brezhnev reportedly saved Czech President and Communist Party leader Antonin Novotny from being ousted by Slovak dissidents in the Presidium. Mr. Novotny was reportedly accused of inept economic and party leadership and anti-Slovakian policies.

Protest
Three days of attempts to shut down the U.S. Army induction centre at 39 Whitehall Street in New York City resulted in 585 arrests; those arrested included pediatrician Dr. Benjamin Spock and poet Allen Ginsberg. The demonstration was part of a national Stop-the-Draft-Week program initiated by 40 anti-Vietnam War groups. Protesters were also arrested in Madison, Wisconsin; Manchester, New Hampshire; New Haven, Connecticut; and Cincinnati.

Agriculture
The 48th annual meeting of the American Farm Bureau concluded in Las Vegas with the members endorsing statements calling for the elimination of federal controls on wheat and livestock feed grains. The statements were also critical of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society anti-poverty program, housewives' food store boycotts, and church leaders' activities in civil rights and politics.

Disasters
A Faucett Airlines plane crashed near Midday, Peru, killing 67 people.

40 years ago
1977


Politics and government
The minority Socialist Portuguese government of Prime Minister Mario Soares fell on a vote of non-confidence when Mr. Soares couldn't persuade opposition parties to support a new policy of economic austerity.

Economics and finance
The U.S. government reported that the wholesale price index in November had risen 0.7% from October, an increase that was less than expected. Farm prices rose 3% in November, while the consumer price index increased 0.5%.

30 years ago
1987


Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, meeting in Washington, signed the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, calling for the elimination of an entire class of weapons.

World events
An Israeli army tank transporter killed four Palestinian refugees and injured seven others during a traffic accident at the Erez Crossing on the Israel–Gaza Strip border. The incident has been cited as one of the events which sparked the First Intifada.

Hockey
NHL
Ron Hextall of the Philadelphia Flyers became the first National Hockey League goalie to actually score a goal by shooting the puck into the opposing team's net when he scored an empty net goal in a victory over the Boston Bruins at the Spectrum in Philadelphia.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tubthumping--Chumbawumba (5th week at #1)
2 Show Me Love--Robyn
3 As Long as You Love Me--Backstreet Boys
4 Fly--Sugar Ray
5 Sweet Surrender--Sarah McLachlan
6 Walkin' on the Sun--Smash Mouth
7 The Sound Of--Jann Arden
8 I've Just Seen a Face--Holly Cole
9 Surrounded--Chantal Kreviazuk
10 3 AM--Matchbox 20

Singles entering the chart were Transfiguration by Copyright (#84); Your Love by Jim Brickman with Michelle Wright (#86); Elmo by Holly McNarland (#88); Carry by Sandbox (#91); Feels So Good by Maase (#95); and Don't Wreck It by Age of Electric (#97).

Wednesday, 6 December 2017

December 7, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Angelina Pratt!

230 years ago
1787


Americana
Delaware became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution, as all 30 delegates to the Delaware Constitutional Convention voted in favour of ratification.

200 years ago
1817


Died on this date
William Bligh, 63
. U.K. military officer and politician. Vice-Admiral Bligh was a commissioned lieutenant in the Royal Navy when he commanded HMAV Bounty on a voyage to the South Pacific Ocean to obtain breadfruit in 1789. A mutiny led by Master's Mate/Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian resulted in Lt. Bligh and 18 loyalists being put out to sea in a launch; they landed in the Dutch East Indies after a 47-day voyage. Lt. Bligh was acquitted of wrongdoing in a court-martial in 1790. He served as Governor of New South Wales from 1806-1810, but spent the last two years of his term in virtual imprisonment as the result of an illegal rebellion known as the Rum Rebellion.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Upper Canada Rebellion, Anthony Van Egmond arrived at Montgomery's Tavern, 5 miles north of Toronto, to take command of the rebels; an experienced soldier, he was dismayed to find only 500 poorly trained men. Upper Canada Governor Francis Bond Head ordered Lieutenant James Fitzgibbon to march with Allan MacNab, 1,000 loyalist volunteers, and 500 militia to Montgomery's Tavern. At 1:00 P.M. they started to skirmish with rebels hidden in the woods, but dispersed them with a cannon; arriving at Montgomery's Tavern, they fired cannon shots at the building, and the rebels fled, leaving one dead, 11 wounded, of whom four died of their wounds. The troops searched the tavern, found William Lyon Mackenzie's papers, and burned the building to the ground. Mr. Van Egmond was captured later that day, while Mr. Mackenzie fled into exile in the United States, effectively ending the rebellion in Upper Canada. In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Colonel Charles Gore returned to Montréal with his British regulars after fighting Patriote rebels at St-Denis and St-Charles.

175 years ago
1842


Music
The New York Philharmonic Orchestra performed its first concert.

150 years ago
1867


Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister John Rose tabled the first federal budget.

100 years ago
1917


War
The United States declared war on Austria-Hungary.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Gustavus Myers, 70
. U.S. journalist and historian. Mr. Myers was a socialist who wrote about the accumulation of wealth. His best-known book was History of the Great American Fortunes (1936).

Orland Loomis, 49. U.S. politician. Mr. Loomis, a member of the Progressive Party, held several offices in Wisconsin before being elected Governor in 1942. He died of a heart attack a month before he was to take office, and was succeeded by Lieutenant Governor Walter Samuel Goodland, a Republican, who served the entire term as acting Governor.

War
Allied planes attacked Tunisian points, while Axis planes attacked Bone and Philippeville. in a broadcast from Tokyo, Japanese government spokesmen announced the nation's losses during the first year of war: 40 warships; 65 merchant ships; 556 aircraft lost, and 21,166 killed. U.S. Marine Major General Alexander Vandergrift said that about 6,640 Japanese had been killed on Guadalcanal since the Marines had landed on August 7. A Japanese naval force attempting to land reinforcements for the fifth time on New Guinea was routed by heavy Allied bombers. Allied planes shot down Japanese fighter planes attempting to attack Allied rear positions in the Buna-Gona area. Allied troops penetrated to the beach east of the village of Buna.

Diplomacy
French Delegate General General Georges Catroux said in London that Admiral Jean-Francois Darlan, chief of state in French North Africa, was a menace to the Allies, and urged the United States to sever ties with him.

Defense
The U.S. Navy battleship New Jersey, aircraft carrier Bunker Hill, and 14 other Navy ships were launched throughout the nation.

Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Committee elected Harrison Spangler as its chairman, replacing Joseph Martin, who had resigned.

Art
American painters, sculptors, and printmakers received $52,000 in prizes at the opening of the Artists for Victory exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

70 years ago
1947


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Professor Moriarty and the Diamond Jubilee

Died on this date
Nicholas Murray Butler, 85
. U.S. academic. Dr. Butler was President of Columbia University from 1902-1945. He was President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1925-1945, and was awarded a share of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize "[For his promotion] of the Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement." Dr. Butler was a Republican, and became the party's candidate for Vice President of the United States during the final days of the 1912 election campaign after incumbent Vice President James S. Sherman died suddenly. Dr,. Butler unsuccessfully sought the Republican Party presidential nomination in 1920 and 1928.

Politics and business
Local elections in Wuerttemberg-Baden resulted in a victory for the Christian Democrats, who took 39% of the vote to 32% for the Social Democrats and 10% for the Communists.

Labour
18 U.S. railroad brotherhoods set up a Railway Labor Political League in Washington to cooperate with the American Federation of Labor in political action.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Around the World--Bing Crosby; Nat "King" Cole (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Siebenmal in der Woche--Vico Torriani (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Mary's Boy Child--Harry Belafonte (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke (2nd week at #1)
--Teresa Brewer
2 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
3 Silhouettes--The Rays
4 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
--Ernie Freeman
5 April Love--Pat Boone
6 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
7 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
8 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
9 Little Bitty Pretty One--Thurston Harris
--Bobby Day and the Satellites
10 Peggy Sue--Buddy Holly

Singles entering the chart were the version of You Send Me by Teresa Brewer; Buzz-Buzz-Buzz by Rusty Draper (#28, charting with the version by the Hollywood Flames); Tear Drops by Lee Andrews and the Hearts (#54); Sail Along Silvery Moon by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#55); and St. Louis Blues by LaVern Baker (#58).

Canada's top 25 (150 Listening Posts Coast-to-Coast)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
2 April Love--Pat Boone
3 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
4 All the Way--Frank Sinatra
5 Silhouettes--The Rays
6 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers
7 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
8 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
9 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
10 You Send Me--Teresa Brewer
11 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
12 Little Bitty Pretty One--Thurston Harris
13 Melodie d'Amour (Melody of Love)--The Ames Brothers
14 Be-Bop Baby--Ricky Nelson
15 I'm Available--Margie Rayburn
16 Silhouettes--The Diamonds
17 Just Born--Perry Como
18 Liechtensteiner Polka--Will Glahe and his orchestra
19 Peggy Sue--Buddy Holly
20 The Story of My Life--Marty Robbins
21 The Twelfth of Never--Johnny Mathis
22 The Joker (That's What They Call Me)--The Hilltoppers
23 Raunchy--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
24 Till--Roger Williams
25 I'll Remember Today--Patti Page

Montreal's top 10 (Clovis Dumont--CJMS)
1 Silhouettes--The Rays
2 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
3 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
4 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
5 Melodie d'Amour (Melody of Love)--The Ames Brothers
6 All the Way--Frank Sinatra
7 Treat Me Nice--Elvis Presley
8 I'll Remember Today--Patti Page
9 Deep Purple--Billy Ward and his Dominoes
10 Till--Roger Williams

Montreal's top 10 (Real Giguere--CKAC)
1 April Love--Pat Boone
2 Silhouettes--The Rays
3 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
4 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
5 Raunchy--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
6 Melodie d'Amour (Melody of Love)--The Ames Brothers
7 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers
8 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
9 Alone--The Shepherd Sisters
10 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers

Montreal's top 10 (Leon Lachance--CKVL)
1 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers
2 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
3 All the Way--Frank Sinatra
4 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
5 April Love--Pat Boone
6 Alone--The Shepherd Sisters
7 Till--Dinah Shore
8 St. Louis Blues--LaVern Baker
9 Little Bitty Pretty One--Bobby Day and the Satellites
10 Raunchy--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra

Montreal's top 10 (Hal Wardell--CKVL)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
2 Raunchy--Ernie Freeman
3 Silhouettes--The Rays
4 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
5 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
6 April Love--Pat Boone
7 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
8 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
9 Peggy Sue--Jackie Walker
10 At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors

Montreal's top 10 (Steve Woodman--CFCF)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
2 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
3 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
4 Silhouettes--The Rays
5 April Love--Pat Boone
6 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
7 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
8 Peggy Sue--Buddy Holly
9 At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors
10 Great Balls of Fire--Jerry Lee Lewis

Montreal's top 10 (Gerry Herbert--CFCF)
1 Silhouettes--The Rays
2 You Send Me--Teresa Brewer
3 April Love--Pat Boone
4 All the Way--Frank Sinatra
5 Love Me Forever--Eydie Gorme
6 Just Born--Perry Como
7 Melodie d'Amour (Melody of Love)--The Ames Brothers
8 Pretend You Don't See Her--Jerry Vale
9 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
10 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers

World events
British troops arrived in the British Honduran capital of Belize to guard against a possible outbreak of violence in the wake of charges by Governor Colin Thornley that People's Limited Party leader George Price had discussed breaking from the United Kingdom and uniting with Guatemala.

Politics and government
The Yugoslavian Communist Party Central Committee approved the rejection of the Moscow declaration of Soviet bloc Communist Parties on the grounds that it contained "incorrect" conclusions.

Education
The U.S. Census Bureau reported that American workers' schooling averaged 11.8 years, with 9% completing college.

Boxing
Pascual Perez (46-0-1) retained his world flyweight title with a knockout of Young Martin (54-11-3) at 2:05 of the 3rd round at Club Atletico Boca Juniors in Buenos Aires.

Football
CRU
Shrine Game @ Molson Stadium, Montreal
East 20 West 2

Gerry McDougall of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats scored 2 touchdowns and Hamilton teammate Cookie Gilchrist added another as the IRFU All-Stars easily beat the WIFU All-Stars on a muddy field before 6,000 fans on a rainy day. Mr. McDougall opened the scoring on a 34-yard rush in the 1st quarter. Steve Oneschuk of the Tiger-Cats missed the convert attempt, but Hamilton teammate Cam Fraser punted for a single to give the East a 7-0 lead after 1 quarter. Mr. Gilchrist rushed 15 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter; Mr. Oneschuk again missed the convert, and the East led 13-0 at halftime. Mr. McDougall scored in the 3rd quarter on a 33-yard pass from Sam Etcheverry of the Montreal Alouettes; Montreal's Bill Bewley converted to make the score 20-0. Vic Chapman of the British Columbia Lions punted for singles in the 3rd and 4th quarters to get the West on the scoreboard. The West came close to scoring a touchdown in the 4th quarter, but Bobby Marlow of the Saskatchewan Roughriders fumbled on the East's 3-yard line, and Hamilton's Vince Scott recovered. The East amassed 332 yards net offense to just 155 yards for the West. Mr. Etcheverry completed 12 of 19 passes for 185 yards, while Frank Tripucka of the Roughriders completed just 5 of 20 passes for 95 yards and 3 interceptions. Offensive end and defensive back Bob Simpson of the Ottawa Rough Riders was awarded the Gordon Sturtridge Memorial Trophy as the game's most valuable player. It was supposed to be a friendly game with proceeds going to support Shriners' hospitals for crippled children, but late in the game, guard Dave Suminski of the Tiger-Cats was ejected by referee Seymour Wilson for slugging a Western player, and Wayne Robinson of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, assistant to Winnipeg's Bud Grant as WIFU coach, got into a heated argument with IRFU head coach Jim Trimble of the Tiger-Cats. Mr. Robinson claimed that Mr. Trimble was violating an agreement not to blitz the quarterbacks, and the two had to be separated by Shrine committee co-chairman Bill Wray. According to the Montreal Gazette, the West blitzed more than the East, and Mr. Tripucka had a relatively clean uniform. Mr. Robinson had previously played under Mr. Trimble when the latter was head coach of the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League. It was also reported that the Molson Stadium timekeeper seemed to have trouble keeping time during the 2nd half, as the 3rd quarter went 30 minutes, while the 4th quarter was cut short, lasting just 15 minutes in real time, with no stopping of the clock.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love You Tokyo--Los Primos (4th week at #1)

Music
Otis Redding was at Stax Studios in Memphis, where he performed his final session for the song (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay. Mr. Redding and four members of his band, the Bar-Kays, were killed in a plane crash in Wisconsin three days later. (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay was released as a single a month later and became Mr. Redding's biggest hit.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk and French Ambassador to the United States Charles Lucet exchanged texts of a new consular treaty in Washington. The new treaty between the countries replaced one that had been in effect for 100 years.

Society
Canadian Safe Driving Week for 1967 concluded with a record-high 81 driving-related fatalities.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Peter Goldmark, 71
. Hungarian-born U.S. engineer. Mr. Goldmark was best known for developing the long-playing record, introduced in 1948, while he was working at Columbia Records. He also developed field-sequential colour technology for television in 1940, but his system was incompatible with current television technology. Mr. Goldmark developed the Electroinic Video Recorder (EVR), which was introduced in 1967. He was killed in a car accident, five days after his 71st birthday and just 15 days after being presented the National Medal of Science by U.S. President Jimmy Carter "For contributions to the development of the communication sciences for education, entertainment, culture and human service."

Crime
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation released 200 volumes containing 40,000 pages of files from its investigation of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. The files contained a memorandum from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover dated December 12, 1963, stating his belief that Lee Harvey Oswald was the assassin, but possibly not the only one.

Hockey
WHA
Gordie Howe of the New England Whalers scored his 1,000th career professional goal in a game against the Birmingham Bulls at the Hartford Civic Center.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrived in Washington to begin a summit with U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

Crime
Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771, a British Aerospace 146-200A, crashed near Paso Robles, California, killing all 43 on board, after disgruntled passenger David Burke, 45, a former employee of Pacific Southwest parent company USAir, shot his ex-boss Ray Thomson, who was travelling on the flight, then shot both pilots and himself.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Simo Goes Poing!--KCD (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Richard J. Hughes, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hughes, a Democrat, was Governor of New Jersey from 1962-1970 and Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1973-1979. he died of congestive heart failure.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Tubthumping--Chumbawamba

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): As Long as You Love Me--Backstreet Boys

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Barbie Girl--Aqua (2nd week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Environment
An oil spill began in South Korea after a crane barge that had broken free from a tug collides with the Hong Kong-registered crude carrier Hebei Spirit.

December 6, 2017

375 years ago
1642


Born on this date
Johann Christoph Bach
. German composer. Mr. Bach, the first cousin once removed of Johann Sebastian Bach, and was as respected as his more famous relative during his lifetime. Johann Christoph was a church organist whose compositions included the cantata Meine Freundin, du bist schön, based on the Song of Solomon. Johann Christoph Bach died on March 31, 1703 at the age of 60.

225 years ago
1792


Born on this date
Willem II
. King of the Netherlands; Duke of Luxembourg; Duke of Limburg, 1840-1849. Willem II was the son of Willem I and succeeded to the throne upon his father's abdication. The Netherlands became a parliamentary democracy during Willem II's rule, in 1848. Willem II was accused of being blackmailed for having bisexual relationships. He died on March 17, 1849 at the age of 56 and was succeeded by his son Willem III.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Lower Canada Rebellion, militia Colonel Charles Kemp and 300 Canadian militia volunteers ambushed a group of 80 rebels at 8 P.M. coming across the U.S. border at Moore's Corner with newly acquired weapons and 2 cannon in the Battle of Mississquoi Bay. During the 20-minute skirmish, four Patriotes were captured and one killed; the rest retreated across the border when Governor John Colborne dispatched 600 British regulars and three cannons to St-Armand, Lower Canada. In the Upper Canada Rebellion, William Lyon Mackenzie and Samuel Lount held up a stagecoach 3 1/2 miles west of Toronto; they seized money and letters from Governor Francis Bond Head about the planned defenses of Toronto. Militia Colonel Allan MacNab and 60 soldiers arrived from Hamilton on a steamer to help Governor Bond Head deal with Mr. Mackenzie and his rebels. Captain George Maclean also arrived from Scarborough with 100 militiamen. Rebel leader Dr. John Rolph, a last-minute convert to the rebellion, fled Upper Canada for the United States, ending up in Rochester, New York.

140 years ago
1877


Journalism
The first edition of The Washington Post was published.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Osbert Sitwell
. U.K. author. Sir Osbert wrote various works of fiction and non-fiction from the 1920s to the 1960s. His first novel, Before the Bombardment (1926), was acclaimed as a great work of satire. Sir Osbert died on May 4, 1969 at the age of 76 after a long battle with Parkinson's disease.

Died on this date
Werner von Siemens, 75
. German engineer and industrialist. Mr. Siemens was an electrical engineer who built the world's first electric elevator in 1880 and founded the electrical and telecommunications company Siemens in 1847. Mr. Siemens died a week before his 76th birthday.

Politics and government
Alexandre Ribot became Prime Minister of France for the first of four times.

120 years ago
1897


Transportation
London became the world's first city to host licensed taxicabs.

110 years ago
1907


Aviation
In Canada's first recorded flight of any heavier-than-air-craft carrying a passenger , U.S. Army Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge flew on board Alexander Graham Bell's giant tetrahedral kite, the Cygnet I, made of 3,393 winged cells; it took him 51 metres in the air above Bras d'Or Lake, Nova Scotia for over seven minutes before crashing, but Lt. Selfridge was not seriously injured. Lt. Selfridge was secretary of Dr. Bell's Aerial Experimentation Association; he designed Red Wing, the AEA's first powered aircraft, and also flew the Silver Dart, built by Canadian engineer Casey Baldwin.

Disasters
The worst mining disaster in U.S. history occurred as 362 men and boys died in a coal mine explosion in Monongah, West Virginia.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Irv Robbins
. Canadian-born U.S. businessman. Mr. Robbins, a native of Winnipeg, moved to the United States in the early 1940s, and combined his ice cream parlours with those of his brother-in-law Burt Baskin in 1948 to form the company that became Baskin-Robbins. Baskin-Robbins, with its 31 flavours--one for each day of the month--was the first food company to franchise its outlets. Mr. Robbins died on May 5, 2008 at the age of 90.

War
USS Jacob Jones became the first American destroyer to be sunk by enemy action during World War I when it was torpedoed by German submarine SM U-53.

Europeana
Finland declared independence from Russia.

Disasters
In the largest manmade explosion prior to the atomic bomb, downtown Halifax, Nova Scotia was blown to pieces after the French munitions freighter SS Mont Blanc, coming through the Narrows bound for Bordeaux carrying 2,300 tons of picric acid, 200 tons of TNT, 35 tons of high octane gasoline, and 10 tons of gun cotton, collided with the Norwegian steamship SS Imo, outbound to New York City, at 8:45 A.M. The Mont Blanc was propelled toward the shore by the collision, its picric acid ablaze, and the crew abandoned ship, after failing to alert the harbour of the peril. Minutes later, the blazing ship brushed by a pier, setting it ablaze, while spectators gathered along the waterfront to witness the spectacle. The Halifax Fire Department responded quickly, and were just positioning their engine up to the nearest hydrant when the Mont Blanc exploded at 9:05 A.M. in a blinding white flash. The blast levelled downtown Halifax, killing 2,000, injuring over 8,000, leaving 10,000 homeless, and doing $50 million damage. The shock wave shattered windows at Truro, over 60 miles away, and the sound could be heard in Charlottetown.



75 years ago
1942


War
Allied planes attacked France and the Netherlands in one of the biggest daylight raids of World War II. German forces made counterattacks northwest and southwest of Stalingrad nd west of Rzhev on the central front. U.S. Marine raiders destroyed five Japanese bases and killed about 400 enemy soldiers in the mountainous jungle of Guadalcanal.

Protest
Called under martial law, U.S. soldiers fired on a pro-Axis mob at a Japanese-American relocation centre in Manzanar, California, killing one person and wounding nine. The anti-American group Kibei had called a Pearl Harbor attack anniversary rally the previous night.

Defense
The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Belleau Wood, the fifth built in the past year, was launched at Camden, New Jersey.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Agriculture Secretary Claude Wickard national food administrator, with full responsibility for the nation's food supply, including production and distribution.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra (12th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters
--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra
2 You Do--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Margaret Whiting
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
3 I Wish I Didn't Love You So--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Dick Haymes
--Betty Hutton
4 Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
5 Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)--Danny Kaye and the Andrews Sisters
--Louis Prima and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--Ray McKinley and his Orchestra
6 How Soon (Will I Be Seeing You)--Jack Owens
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
7 Feudin' and Fightin'--Dorothy Shay
--Jo Stafford
--Bing Crosby and the Jesters
8 So Far--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
--Margaret Whiting
9 --And Mimi--Art Lund
--Dick Haymes
10 Too Fat Polka (I Don’t Want Her) (You Can Have Her) (She’s Too Fat for Me)--Arthur Godfrey

Singles entering the chart were The Whistler by Sam Donahue and his Orchestra (#19); Pass That Peace Pipe, with versions by Margaret Whiting, and Beryl Davis (#20); I'll Dance at Your Wedding (#24)/Those Things Money Can't Buy (#36) by Ray Noble and his Orchestra; The Gentleman is a Dope, with versions by Jo Stafford, and Dinah Shore (#35); and Those Things Money Can't Buy by the King Cole Trio (#36, charting with the version by Ray Noble and his Orchestra).

War
The Nationalist Chinese Navy began evacuating the trapped 54th Army from the port of Haiyang on the Shantung Peninsula, while Communist forces attacked Shantung railroads between Tsingtao and Tsinan.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Balkan Commission, meeting in Salonika, voted to establish observers only on the Greek side of the northern frontier after being denied access to Yugoslavia, Albania, and Bulgaria.

Environment
Everglades National Park in Florida was dedicated.

Economics and finance
The British government introduced rationing of oats, barley, and canned meat products.

Labour
The Greek cabinet adopted a decree prohibiting strikes "for the duration of the rebellion;" the measure carried the death penalty.

Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers reinstated Leo Durocher as manager after his one-season suspension and appointed current manager Burt Shotton supervisor of the club's farm system. Mr. Durocher was suspended by Commissioner Happy Chandler just prior to the start of the 1947 season, ostensibly for socializing with gamblers. Mr. Shotton then managed the Dodgers to the National League pennant, losing the World Series to the New York Yankees 4 games to 3.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mary's Boy Child--Harry Belafonte (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Final Score

Radio
Station KEX in Portland, Oregon announced that disc jockey Al Priddy had been fired for broadcasting Elvis Presley's recording of White Christmas. Station manager Mel Bailey said the recording had been banned by the station because "it is not in the good taste we ascribe to Christmas music. Presley gives it a rhythm and blues interpretation. It doesn't seem to be to be in keeping with the intent of the song." Mr. Priddy said, "The word was passed around the station we weren't supposed to play the record. But I figured the listeners were entitled to hear it. We don't hold back anything else Presley has done. The record is certainly not objectionable."



Space
A launch pad explosion of Vanguard TV3--broadcast live on television--thwarted the first United States attempt to launch a satellite into Earth orbit.





U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev charged that parts of the third stage of the rocket that had launched the Soviet satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4 "fell on the U.S.," which had refused to return the fragments. U.S. State Department and Defense Department spokesmen denied knowledge that the rocket had fallen in the United States or that the Soviet Union had asked for its return.

Diplomacy
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito, meeting with U.S. Ambassador to Yugoslavia James Riddleberger, assured the United States that Yugoslavia would remain independent of the U.S.S.R. and would pursue an independent foreign policy.

The United Nations General Assembly's Special Political Committee approved a resolution calling for pledges to meet a proposed $40.7-million budget for the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees. The resolution also urged Arab states to cooperate in absorbing the refugees now in their territories.

Education
At the dedication of a U.S. Navy nuclear training school in New London, Connecticut, Admiral Hyman Rickover, chief of the Navy's nuclear program, said that U.S. education was "hopelessly outdated" and needed "a complete reorganization...preceded by a revolutionary reversal of educational aims [to] equip us for winning the educational race with the Russians."

Labour
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations voted overwhelmingly at its convention in Atlantic City to expel the International Brotherhood of Teamsters on charges that it had failed to purge itself of corrupt leadership.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
2 The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 The Letter--The Box Tops
5 The Two of Us--Jackie Trent and Tony Hatch
6 Homburg--Procol Harum
7 Flowers in the Rain--The Move
8 My Prayer/Don't Let Your Left Hand Know--The Vibrants
9 There's Always Me/Judy--Elvis Presley
10 Gimme Little Sign--Brenton Wood

Singles entering the chart were What's it Gonna Be by Dusty Springfield (#36); Hush by Somebody's Image (#37); and You Keep Me Hangin' On by Vanilla Fudge (#38).

Died on this date
Oscar Gestido, 66
. President of Uruguay, 1967. General Gestido served in the military for 36 years before retiring in 1957. A member of the Colorado Party, he was elected President on November 27, 1966, and took office on March 1, 1967. Mr. Gestido died after just nine months in office, and was succeeded as President by Vice President Jorge Pacheco Areco.

Edmontonia
Canadian Secretary of State Judy LaMarsh was among those in Edmonton to attend the official opening of the Provincial Museum and Archives of Alberta with 400 invited guests. Also in attendance were Alberta Premier Ernest Manning and Edmonton Mayor Vincent Dantzer.

Canadiana
The world's largest underground walkway, three miles from Place Bonaventure to Place Ville Marie in Montreal, opened.

Medicine
A team led by Dr. Adrian Kantrowitz performed the first pediatric heart transplant and the first human heart transplant in the United States, at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York. The heart of an anencephalic baby was transplanted into 19-day-old Jamie Scudero, who had two serious heart conditions. The boy lived for only six hours, and at a press conference afterwards, Dr. Kantrowitz stated that he considered the operation to be a failure.

Society
48 years of prohibition against mixed drinks in Tennessee ended in Nashville when restaurant manager John Chiles poured a scotch and soda for a customer. The Tennessee legislature had recently enacted a law allowing residents of the state's four largest counties to vote on the sale of mixed drinks. Nashville residents approved the sale by 10,000 votes.

40 years ago
1977


Africana
South Africa granted independence to Bophuthatswana, although it was not recognized by any other country.

Labour
United Mine Workers of America went on strike against 130 of the largest U.S. coal companies.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Faith--George Michael

#1 single in France: La Bamba--Los Lobos (8th week at #1)

Protest
More than 200,000 demonstrators took to the streets in Washington, and a smaller number in Moscow, to protest the Soviet Union's treatment of Jews.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Die da--Die Fantastischen Vier

#1 single in Switzerland: Don't You Want Me--Felix (4th week at #1)

Terrorism
More than 2,000 people were killed in two months of rioting resulting from the destruction of a mosque in Ayodhya, India and attacks on other Muslim sites by Hindu militants.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Barbie Girl--Aqua (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Savoir aimer--Florent Pagny (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Barbie Girl--Aqua (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Barbie Girl--Aqua (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Perfect Day--Various Artists (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (9th week at #1)

Disasters
An Antonov An-124 Ruslan cargo jet operated by the Russian Air Force crashed into an apartment complex shortly after takeoff from Irkutsk, Siberia, killing 67 people--all 23 on board and 44 on the ground.

Tuesday, 5 December 2017

December 5, 2017

525 years ago
1492


Exploration
Christopher Columbus became the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic).

260 years ago
1757


War
Prussian forces led by Frederick the Great defeated Austrian forces commanded by Prince Charles of Lorraine and Count Leopold Joseph von Daun in the Battle of Leuthen in Prussian Silesia (today part of Poland).

225 years ago
1792


Politics and government
Voting concluded in the U.S. presidential election; George Washington was re-elected President and John Adams was re-elected Vice President. Mr. Washington received 132 electoral votes--one from each elector. Mr. Adams, a Federalist, received 77 electoral votes, with the remainder going to Democratic Republican candidates George Clinton (50); Thomas Jefferson (4); and Aaron Burr (1).

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Upper Canada Rebellion, William Lyon Mackenzie led 800 rebels 5 miles down Yonge Street from Montgomery's Tavern to Toronto, where they were met by Dr. John Rolph and Robert Baldwin at Gallow's Hill below present day St. Clair Avenue. They discussed a truce, telling Mr. Mackenzie that Governor Francis Bond Head had promised to pardon all who laid down their weapons; Mr. Mackenzie refused. At 6 P.M., a group of 700 rebels led by Samuel Lount gathered at the Bloor Street tollgate and marched south; at present day College Street they were ambushed by Sheriff Jarvis and 27 men hiding in Mrs. Sharpe's vegetable garden. The rebels fled in disorder, leaving one dead; two days later they were routed by the militia. Lower Canada Governor Lord Gosford proclaimed martial law in Lower Canada.

170 years ago
1847


Politics and government
Jefferson Davis (Democrat--Mississippi) took his seat in the United States Senate, temporarily filling the seat of Jesse Speight, who had died seven months earlier. In January 1848, the Mississippi state legislature elected Mr. Davis to serve the remaining two years of Mr. Speight's term.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Józef Piłsudski
. Chief of State of Poland, 1918-1922; Prime Minister of Poland, 1926-1928; 1930. Mr. Pilsudski, "First Marshal of Poland," was the person most responsible for the creation of the Second Republic of Poland in 1918, and served as the country's de facto dictator from 1926 until his death from liver cancer on May 12, 1935 at the age of 67.

130 years ago
1887


Law
The United Kingdom joined the Berne Convention (1886) for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.

125 years ago
1892


Politics and government
Canadian Justice Minister John Thompson succeeded Sir John Abbott as Prime Minister of Canada. The native of Halifax became the first native of the Maritime provinces to become Prime Minister, and the first Roman Catholic Prime Minister. Mr. Abbott had succeeded Sir John A. Macdonald after Mr. Macdonald as Prime Minister 10 days after Mr. Macdonald had died in office on June 6, 1891, three months after the most recent federal election. James Colebrooke Patterson was sworn in as Minister of Militia and Defence, while future Prime Minister Mackenzie Bowell was appointed to the Senate from Ontario.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): White Christmas--Bing Crosby (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jock Delves Broughton, 59
. U.K. nobleman. Sir Jock was a member of the "Happy Valley set" of English nobility living in Kenya in the early 1940s. He was acquitted of the 1941 murder of his wife's lover, Josslyn Hay, 22nd Earl of Erroll, but was never accepted back into the Happy Valley set and returned to England, where he committed suicide with an overdose of morphine.

War
The U.S. Navy Department revealed for the first time the extent of losses after the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii: 10 ships sunk or greatly damaged; 247 of 475 planes destroyed or disabled; and 4,575 casualties, including 2,117 dead. U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle reported that since the Pearl Harbor attack, 12,071 aliens had been arrested, and 3,646 interned. Allied North African headquarters, confirming that German mechanized and infantry units had entered Tebourba, reported that they were now attacking with infantry supported by tanks and dive bombers.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order giving War Manpower Commission Chairman Paul McNutt full control over all government manpower operations, including the Selective Service System.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of War Information reported that 1942 war production would total $47 billion, including 49,000 planes, 32,000 tanks, and 8.2 million tons of merchant shipping.

Sport
Willie Mosconi defeated Edwin Rudolph to clinch the world pocket billiards championship in Detroit.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Toronto RCAF Hurricanes 8 Winnipeg RCAF-Bombers 5

John Poplowski's 3-yard touchdown rush in the 3rd quarter provided the winning margin as the Hurricanes edged the RCAF-Bombers before 12,455 fans. Toronto led 2-0 at halftime on 2 singles in the 1st quarter: a 65-yard punt by Don Crowe, and a 47-yard punt by Fred Kijek. The Hurricanes narrowly escaped disaster in the 1st quarter when Eddie Thompson made a bad lateral, and Rube Ludwig recovered for Winnipeg on the Toronto 12-yard line. Winnipeg quarterback Wayne Sheley threw a pass intended for Ches McCance, and Mr. Thompson intercepted on his 2-yard line and returned it 65 yards to the Winnipeg 43. In the 3rd quarter, a series of passes culminated in a short touchdown pass from Mr. Sheley to Bill Boivin. Don Durno blocked Mr. McCance's convert attempt, leaving the RCAF-Bombers ahead 5-2. The Hurricanes then used their rushing game to great effect, and a 39-yard run by Mr. Crowe to the 3-yard line was immediately followed by Mr. Poplowski's touchdown. Mr. Crowe was wide on the convert attempt, leaving Toronto ahead 7-5 after 3 quarters. A 37-yard rush by Mr. Crowe in the 4th quarter put the Hurricanes into position for Mr. Crowe to punt for the game's final point. The Hurricanes rushed for 218 yards to 75 for the RCAF-Bombers, while Winnipeg outpassed Toronto 121 yards to 22. The game was transmitted by radio to Canadian military and government personnel in London at the Beaver Club and elsewhere.

70 years ago
1947


War
British troops were flown into the protectorate of Aden to end Jewish-Arab strife which had caused 75 deaths in the past four days.

Defense
The U.S. State Department announced an embargo on all U.S. arms shipments to the Middle East.

Politics and government
Italian Republican Party and rightist Socialists agreed to enter an enlarged anti-Communist coalition cabinet headed by Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi.

A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington indicted 10 film writers and executives for contempt of Congress for refusing to tell the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities whether they were Communists.

Society
U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark and Solicitor General Philip Perlman filed a Supreme Court brief arguing that real estate agreements designed to exclude racial or religious minorities were illegal.

Labour
The Chilean government broke a 24-hour strike of railroad workers demanding a cost-of-living bonus by threatening to fire "undesirable" workers.

American Federation of Labor local presidents meeting in Washington approved the creation of an $8-million political fund, to be financed through voluntary contributions by union members. AFL President William Green barred cooperation with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in political affairs.

Medicine
Massachusetts Institute of Technology radiologist Richard Dresser told a Radiological Society of North America meeting in Boston that a three-million volt X-ray machine had been used successfully in treatment of cancer.

Boxing
Joe Louis (57-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a 15-round split decision over Jersey Joe Walcott (44-12-2) at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Louis was knocked down in the 1st and 4th rounds, and the decision was unpopular with the crowd.



60 years ago
1957


War
In a communique following his talks with United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, Syrian Foreign Minister Salah el-Bitar agreed to strengthen the Israeli-Syrian Mixed Armistice Commission.

Defense
West German Foreign Minister Heinrich von Brentano and British leaders agreed in London to request formation of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization committee to study continued West German funding of British NATO forces in West Germany.

The 16,000-ton U.S.S.R. icebreaker Lenin, the world's first atomic-powered surface vessel, was launched in Leningrad.

Labour
U.S. Labor Secretary James Mitchell, addressing the opening session of the annual American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations convention in Atlantic City, promised that the administration of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower would oppose national "right-to-work" proposals or subjection of unions to antitrust laws.

Horse racing
The Thoroughbred Racing Association named Dedicate, the leading four-year-old, as the outstanding American race horse of 1957.

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Believers



Politics and government
The Canadian Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism released its first report.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're in My Heart (The Final Acclaim)--Rod Stewart

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wanted (Shimei Tehai)--Pink Lady (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rockollection--Laurent Voulzy (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Aleksandr Vasilevsky, 82
. U.S.S.R. politician. Marshal Vasilevksy joined the Soviet Red Army at the end of World War I and was Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces and Deputy Minister of Defense during World War II, and well as Minister of Defense from 1949 to 1953. He was responsible for planning and coordinating almost all decisive Soviet offensives of World War II.

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat broke all relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria and South Yemen. The move was in retaliation for the previous day's Declaration of Tripoli, which accused Mr. Sadat of "high treason" for his pursuit of peaceful relations with Israel, and announced a "freeze" on diplomatic relations with Egypt and a boycott of Egyptian companies that did business with Israel.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: La Bamba--Los Lobos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Faith--George Michael (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Faith--George Michael (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
2 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
3 Faith--George Michael
4 Should've Known Better--Richard Marx
5 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany
6 Shake Your Love--Debbie Gibson
7 We'll Be Together--Sting
8 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
9 Is This Love--Whitesnake
10 Don't You Want Me--Jody Watley

Singles entering the chart were Tunnel of Love by Bruce Springsteen (#61); Say You Will by Foreigner (#66); You're All I Need by Motley Crue (#85); and In God's Country by U2 (#88).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany (2nd week at #1)
2 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
3 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
4 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
5 Faith--George Michael
6 Try--Blue Rodeo
7 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
8 I've Been in Love Before--Cutting Crew
9 We'll Be Together--Sting
10 Causing a Commotion--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were I Need a Man by Eurythmics (#82); Tell it to My Heart by Taylor Dayne (#87); Tunnel of Love by Bruce Springsteen (#90); Say You Will by Foreigner (#91); Could've Been by Tiffany (#94); Crazy by Icehouse (#96); and Crying Out Loud for Love by the Box (#97).

Energy
Hydro-Québec signed a long-term $7.2 billion supply contract with the state of Vermont.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kurisumas ukyaroru no koroni ha--Junichi Inagaki (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Because the Night--Co.Ro featuring Tarlisa (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Dur dur d'être bébé!--Jordy (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston
2 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights
3 If I Ever Fall in Love--Shai
4 The Letter--Wayne Newton
5 Rump Shaker--Wreckx-N-Effect
6 I'd Die Without You--PM Dawn
7 Layla--Eric Clapton
8 End of the Road--Boyz II Men
9 Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!
10 Good Enough--Bobby Brown

Singles entering the chart were It's Gonna Be a Lovely Day by S.O.U.L. S.Y.S.T.E.M. (#73); I Don't Care by Shakespear's Sister (#90); and These are Days by 10,000 Maniacs (#97). It's Gonna Be a Lovely Day was from the movie The Bodyguard (1992).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Song Instead of a Kiss--Alannah Myles (3rd week at #1)
2 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights
3 Do You Believe in Us--Jon Secada
4 Layla--Eric Clapton
5 To Love Somebody--Michael Bolton
6 Who's Gonna Ride Your Wild Horses--U2
7 Drive--R.E.M.
8 Keep the Faith--Bon Jovi
9 Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie
10 I'd Die Without You--PM Dawn

Singles entering the chart were Fare Thee Well Love by the Rankin Family (#89); I Wish the Phone Would Ring by Expose (#90); Jane's House by Sue Medley (#91); Harvest Moon by Neil Young (#93); Some Folks by Kim Mitchell (#94); Sometimes I Wish by Leslie Spit Treeo (#96); and Too Many Ways to Fall by Arc Angels (#98).

Politics and government
Ralph Klein was elected leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party, taking 59.1% of the votes in the second ballot to defeat former Health Minister Nancy Betkowski at Northlands AgriCom in Edmonton. Mr. Klein was sworn in as Premier of Alberta nine days later, replacing retiring Premier Don Getty.

Football
NCAA
Alabama 28 Florida 21

Antonio Langham's 26-yard interception return for a touchdown with 3 minutes 25 seconds left gave the Crimson Tide their victory over the Gators for the Southeastern Conference title and a 12-0 record.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Barbie Girl--Aqua (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Burnin'--Cue (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Perfect Day--Various Artists (2nd week at #1)