Saturday, 25 March 2017

March 25, 2017

1,300 years ago
717


Politics and government
Emperor Theodosius III, who had reigned for two years, resigned the throne of the Byzantine Empire to enter the clergy; he was succeeded by Leo III.

250 years ago
1767


Born on this date
Joachim Murat
. King of Naples, 1808-1815. Mr. Murat was an Admiral of France under Napoleon Bonaparte. His forces were defeated in the Battle of Tolentino in May 1815 and fled to Corsica, but fomented an insurrection in Calabria in an attempt to regain power in Naples. Mr. Murat was unsuccessful, and was executed by firing squad on October 13, 1815 at the age of 48.

210 years ago
1807


Society
King George III proclaimed the Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade in the British Empire; the abolition campaign had been led by British MP William Wilberforce. The Royal Navy was to set up the West Africa Squadron (or Preventative Squadron) to enforce the law.

Transportation
The Swansea and Mumbles Railway in Wales, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, became the first railway in the world to carry passengers.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Gutzon Borglum
. U.S. sculptor. Mr. Borglum was best known for designing the sculpture of four American presidents at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota. The work was unfinished at the time of Mr. Borglum's death from surgical complications on March 6, 1941 at the age of 73, but was completed under the supervision of his son Lincoln.

Arturo Toscanini. Italian orchestra conductor. Mr. Toscanini was one of the most famous conductors of the 20th century. His many achievements included service as the first director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937-1954). Mr. Toscanini died on January 16, 1957 at the age of 89.

110 years ago
1907


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Challenge series @ Winnipeg Auditorium
Kenora Thistles 6 Montreal Wanderers 5 (Montreal won 2-game total goals series 12-8)

Fred Whitecroft scored 2 goals, and Tommy Phillips, Alf Smith, Roxy Beaudro, and Si Griffis each scored 1, but it wasn't enough to overcome Montreal's 7-2 lead after the first game as the Wanderers held on to recapture the Cup, which they had lost to the Thistles two months earlier. Moose Johnson scored 2 goals for the Wanderers, with Lester Patrick, Pud Glass, and Ernie Russell also scoring for Montreal.

100 years ago
1917


Religion
The Georgian Orthodox Church restored its autocephaly, which had been abolished by Imperial Russia in 1811.

80 years ago
1937


Hockey
NHL
Stanley
Cup
Quarter-Finals
Montreal Maroons 0 @ Boston 4

Montreal defenceman Lionel Conacher took the first penalty shot in Stanley Cup play, and was stopped by goalie Tiny Thompson, who recorded the shutout for the Bruins.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese troops cut the Toungoo-Mandalay road at Kyungon, Burma. Japanese bombers raided the harbour defenses of Manila Bay, including Corregidor and Bataan.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps was in New Delhi, where he presented to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Mohammed Ali Jinnah a secret British plan to settle the issue of Indian self-government. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Society
U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that the Justice Department would take steps to revoke U.S. citizenship of foreign-born persons on clear proof that they were disloyal at the time they took their oath of allegiance.

Business
In a consent agreement filed in U.S. District Court in Newark, New Jersey, all patents of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey for manufacture of synthetic rubber and gasoline were made available to American industry for the duration of World War II without payment of royalties.

Basketball
NCAA
NIT @ Madison Square Garden, New York
Final
West Virginia 47 Kentucky 45

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Indonesian and Dutch representatives in Batavia signed the Cheribon Agreement, granting de facto recognition to the Republic of Indonesia and providiing for Indonesian sovereignty effective January 1, 1949.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department reported that the U.S.S.R. had indicated willingness to hand the port of Darien over to Nationalist Chinese forces as provided for in the Sino-Soviet Treaty of August 14, 1945.

The United States Senate passed a bill authorizing U.S. membership in the International Refugee Organization.

Health
The U.S. Atomic Bomb Casualty Committee reported some abnormalities among children recently born to atomic bomb victims in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Disasters
111 miners were killed an explosion at a coal mine in Centralia, Illinois; it was the worst such disaster in the United States since 1928.

Flooding from a broken dam on the Oder River near Kustrin caused several deaths and left more than 17,000 Poles and Germans homeless.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's championship @ New York
Final
Holy Cross 58 Oklahoma 47

60 years ago
1957


Literature
United States Customs officials seized copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem Howl (1956) on grounds of obscenity.

Diplomacy
Envoys from France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands signed the Treaty of Rome, establishing the European Economic Community and the European Community of Atomic Energy.

Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent began a two-day meeting with British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in Bermuda.

Energy
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Lewis Strauss testified before the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee that the chances against anyone being killed in a U.S. atomic plant explosion under current conditions were 50 million to 1.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that U.S. payments to foreign countries had exceeded recepits by $1 billion this fiscal year.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Georgy Girl--The Seekers

#1 single in France: Hey Joe--Johnny Hallyday (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Cuore matto--Little Tony (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Dear Mrs. Applebee--David Garrick (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Happy Together--The Turtles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Penny Lane--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Happy Together--The Turtles
3 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
4 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
5 Ruby Tuesday--The Rolling Stones
6 Sock it To Me--Baby!--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
7 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
8 Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye--The Casinos
9 My Cup Runneth Over--Ed Ames
10 For What It's Worth--Buffalo Springfield

Singles entering the chart were A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You by the Monkees (#32); Pipe Dream by the Blues Magoos (#73); I'm a Man by the Spencer Davis Group (#76); Can't Get Enough of You, Baby by ? and the Mysterians (#80); Sunday for Tea by Peter and Gordon (#81); I'll Try Anything by Dusty Springfield (#88); Lonely Again by Eddy Arnold (#93); Matthew and Son by Cat Stevens (#97); Hip Hug-Her by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#99); Nothing Takes the Place of You by Toussaint McCall (#100); and Dead End Street by Lou Rawls (also #100). Pipe Dream was the other side of There's a Chance We Can Make It, charting at #92.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Penny Lane--The Beatles
2 Happy Together--The Turtles
3 Sock it To Me--Baby!--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
4 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
5 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
6 Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye--The Casinos
7 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
8 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
9 A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You--The Monkees
10 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were Somethin' Stupid by Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (#58); Pipe Dream by the Blues Magoos (#79); Hold On I'm Coming by Chuck Jackson and Maxine Brown (#86); Because of You by Chris Montez (#90); Laudy Miss Claudy by the Buckinghams (#91); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by Marlena Shaw (#93); For He's a Jolly Good Fellow by Bobby Vinton (#96); Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got by Jimmy Ruffin (#98); and Lonely Again by Eddy Arnold (#100).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shenandoah--Jan Lindblad (5th week at #1)

On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater
Tonight's episode: A Study in Scarlet, starring Kevin McCarthy and Court Benson

Politics and government
Jacques Chirac was formally elected Mayor of Paris, becoming the first person to hold the office since it was abolished in 1871.

Crime
An all-white jury in New Brunswick, New Jersey convicted Joanne Chesimard, a Negress, of two counts of first-degree murder and six counts of assault and related charges in the 1973 slaying of a New Jersey state trooper and the wounding of another in a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike. Ms. Chesimard denounced the jury as "racist," charging "You have convicted a woman who had her hands in the air." On the stand, Ms. Chesimard contended that she had never handled a gun and had been shot by one of the troopers while she was emerging from her car, which had been stopped for a defective tail light.

Disasters
30 people were reported dead in an earthquake that struck the mountainous Turkish province of Elazig.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Caravan of Love--The Housemartins (7th week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stockholm--Orup (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Carnal Knowledge

Died on this date
Nancy Walker, 69
. U.S. actress. Miss Walker, born Anna Myrtle Swoyer, was a comic actress who achieved success on Broadway, but was best-known for her television appearances in the 1970s, especially as Ida Morgenstern in the series Rhoda (1974-1978). She died of lung cancer.

Space
Russian Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to Earth from the Mir space station after a 10-month stay, during which his native country, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, had ceased to exist. Flight Engineer Krikalev was part of the five-man crew of Soyuz TM-12, which lifted off on May 18, 1991. When the remaining crew members returned to Earth on October 10, Mr. Krikalev agreed to stay on board Mir for the next mission, Soyuz TM-13 which lifted off on October 2. Soyuz TM-13 was commanded by Aleksandr Volkov, who returned to Earth with Mr. Krikalev.

Defense
United Nations weapons experts in Baghdad began destroying Iraq’s SCUD missile production and repair facilities.

Business
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that it would lift restrictions on foreign ownership in Canada's oil and gas industry.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 2 Winnipeg 2

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Andranik Margaryan, 55
. Prime Minister of Armenia, 2000-2007. Mr. Margaryan, a member of the Republican party, took office as Prime Minister after Aram Sargsyan was dismissed by President Robert Kocharyan. Mr. Margaryan died in office from a heart attack, and was succeeded by Serzh Sargsyan.

Figure skating
Brian Joubert of France won the gold medal in the men's competition at the world championships at Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Daisuke Takahashi of Japan won the silver medal, and Stéphane Lambiel of Switzerland won the bronze medal.

Thursday, 23 March 2017

March 24, 2017

310 years ago
1707


Britannica
The Acts of Union 1707 were signed, officially uniting the Kingdoms and parliaments of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.

180 years ago
1837


Politics and government
Lower Canada gave Negro men the right to vote.

110 years ago
1907


Journalism
The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro was published.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
John Kendrew
. U.K. biochemist and crystallographer. Dr. Kendrew and Max Perutz shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for their studies of the structures of globular proteins." Dr. Kendrew died on August 23, 1997 at the age of 80.

90 years ago
1927


War
Foreign warships bombarded Nanking, China in defense of foreign citizens within the city.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
Labour activist Helena Gutteridge became the first woman elected to Vancouver, British Columbia's city council.

75 years ago
1942


War
German dive bombers attacked the southeastern English coast cities of Dover, Portland, and Newhaven. 54 Japanese bombers attacked Allied positions on Corregidor and Bataan, but caused only slight damage. Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King announced new regulations raising the draft age limit from 24 to 30, and closing non-war occupations to men of military age who were physically fit.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson (2nd week at #1)
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Dinah Shore
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
2 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
3 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
4 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons--King Cole Trio
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
5 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
6 How are Things in Glocca Morra--Dick Haymes
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Buddy Clark
--Martha Tilton
7 Open the Door, Richard!--Louis Jordan and the Tympany Five
--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--The Three Flames
--"Dusty Fletcher
--Jack McVea and the All-Stars
8 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
9 I'll Close My Eyes--Andy Russell
--Johnny Desmond

Singles entering the chart were the version of Heartaches by Harry James and his Orchestra and All by Myself by Buddy Clark (#21).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Scarlet Worm

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: What Killed Vaudeville?

Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Trygve Lie revealed a March 5 letter from five Greek leftist parties protesting U.S. and U.K. "intervention" in Greece.

World events
Syrian Prime Minister Jamil Mardam Bey warned the country's Jews that pending legislation would impose a death penalty on Jewish refugees trying to reach Palestine and persons helping them.

Politics and government
Viscount Louis Mountbatten took the oath of office in New Delhi as the United Kingdom's last Viceroy of India.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities began hearings on proposals to restrict Communist activities in the United States, and heard former U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. William Bullitt charge that the Communist Party sought to prepare for a Soviet attack on the United States.

Defense
Acting U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson, War Secretary James Patterson, and Navy Secretary James Forrestal testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, with all advocating aid to Greece and Turkey.

The B-45 Tornado strategic bomber made its first flight from Muroc Army Air Field in California.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman conferred with congressional leaders to urge extended war controls over certain scarce goods, including sugar and rice.

Basketball
NIT
Final @ Madison Square Garden, New York
Utah 49 Kentucky 45

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: I Killed the Count: Part 2, starring John Williams and Alan Napier

Died on this date
Brewster Wilson
; Kevin Carroll. U.S. aid officials. Messrs. Wilson and Carroll, as well as Mr. Carroll's wife and their two Iranian drivers were killed by Iranian bandits who ambushed their jeep in the Tangeorkheh desert near the Pakistani border.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower and U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan concluded four days of talks in Bermuda, announcing that "in the interest of mutual defense and mutual economy, certain guided missiles will be made available by the United States for use by British forces."

Dublin's Lord Mayor Robert Briscoe, defending the Irish government's unwillingness to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, said that Ireland could not be expected to participate in an alliance with a nation that was "occupying" Irish territory, and would not do so "until we are a united nation."

Labour
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations President Walter Reuther urged the AFL-CIO Executive Council to expel Teamsters union President Dave Beck if he failed to show his financial records to the U.S. Senate investigating committee investigating improper labour activities.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'm a Believer--The Monkees (5th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 There's a Kind of Hush/No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
3 The Return of the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
4 The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)--Harpers Bizarre
5 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
6 Morningtown Ride--The Seekers
7 This is My Song--Petula Clark
8 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
9 Go Where You Wanna Go--The 5th Dimension
10 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
Pick hit of the week: Rovin' Heart--The Lords
New this week: At the Zoo--Simon and Garfunkel
Shotgun--Wes Dakus
Bernadette--Four Tops
Destiny's Child--Sonny Curtis
Don't Do It--Micky Dolenz

The B-side of At the Zoo was Simon and Garfunkel's original version of The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy).

40 years ago
1977


Religion
Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, was named Roman Catholic Archbishop of Munich and Freising.

30 years ago
1987


Scandal
U.S. Marine Sergeant Clayton Lonetree, a guard at the United States embassy in Moscow, was arrested on 24 charges, including espionage and failure to report espionage. Three days later, military prosecutors said that Sgt. Lonetree and Corporal Arnold Bracy had been enticed by Soviet women into working for the KGB—the Soviet secret police—and that they had provided Soviet agents with access to sensitive areas of the embassy, including the room where secret messages were coded and decoded.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig announced that he would seek the 1988 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States.

25 years ago
1992


Defense
Chemical weapons inspectors left Iraq after completing the destruction of more than 460 chemical rockets.

Politics and government
Former California Governor Jerry Brown narrowly upset Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton in the Connecticut primary for the 1992 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.

Journalism
Punch, Britain's oldest satirical magazine, announced that it would cease publication after 150 years.

Hockey
NHL
Mario Lemieux of the Pittsburgh Penguins scored his 1,000th career point in a game against the Detroit Red Wings.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Every Day is a Winding Road--Sheryl Crow (3rd week at #1)
2 One Headlight--The Wallflowers
3 Discotheque--U2
4 You were Meant for Me--Jewel
5 Dark Horse--Amanda Marshall
6 A Long December--Counting Crows
7 Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith
8 Lovefool--The Cardigans
9 Resurrection--Moist
10 Don't Speak--No Doubt

Singles entering the chart were Your Woman by White Town (#93); If He Should Break Your Heart by Journey (#95); No Regrets by the Breits (#96); Female of the Species by Space (#97); She's a Star by James (#98); Can't Get Excited by the Monoxides (#99); and Give by Dishwalla (#100).

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1996 were presented at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. The winners included: Picture--The English Patient; Director--Anthony Minghella (The English Patient); Actor--Geoffrey Rush (Shine); Actress; Frances McDormand (Fargo); Supporting Actor--Cuba Gooding, Jr. (Jerry Maguire); Supporting Actress--Juliette Binoche (The English Patient); Foreign Language Film: Kolya.

10 years ago
2007


Figure skating
Miki Ando and Mao Asada of Japan won gold and silver medals, respectively, in the ladies' competition in the world championships at Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Kim Yuna of South Korea won the bronze medal.

March 23, 2017

175 years ago
1842


Died on this date
Stendhal, 59
. French author. Stendhal, whose real name was Marie-Henri Beyle, was best known for his novels Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black) (1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma) (1839). He died a few hours after collapsing with a seizure.

160 years ago
1857


Technology
Elisha Otis's first elevator was installed at 488 Broadway in New York City.

110 years ago
1907


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Challenge series @ Winnipeg Auditorium
Montreal Wanderers 7 Kenora Thistles 2 (First game of 2-game total goals series)

Ernie Russell scored 4 goals, Pud Glass 2, and Moose Johnson another as the Wanderers routed the Thistles in an attempt to regain the Cup, which they had lost to Kenora two months earlier. Tommy Phillips and Alf Smith scored the Kenora goals. The series was to have begun in Kenora on March 20, but the ice was reported to be unplayable.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Perry F. Rockwood
. Canadian clergyman. A native of New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, Pastor Rockwood came to know Jesus Christ and his Lord and Saviour in the mid-1930s, and became a Presbyterian minister in Nova Scotia. He became increasingly concerned about apostasy, and when he delivered a series of sermons titled "The Church Sick Unto Death," he was ordered by higher-ups in the Presbyterian Church to burn his sermons or resign. He resigned, and started his own independent church. On September 7, 1947, Pastor Rockwood went on radio with the first broadcast of the People's Gospel Hour, which continues today. Pastor Rockwood went to be with the Lord 16 days before his 91st birthday. I had the pleasure of attending Missionary Bible Church in Halifax in 1991 and meeting Pastor Rockwood.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Seattle Ice Arena
Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 1 @ Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 4 (Seattle led best-of-five series 2-1)

Bernie Morris scored 3 goals and Frank Foyston added another for the Metropolitans as they defeated the Canadiens in a game played under Pacific Coast Hockey Association rules, where the teams used seven players per side.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
John Bowen was installed as Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta, succeeding Philip Primrose, who had died on March 17.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese forces occupied the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal, and carried out their heaviest air raid of the war, against Port Moresby, New Guinea.

Defense
Associated Press reported from Buenos Aires that the Argentine military mission to Washington was returning home because it was unable to purchase any arms.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in New Delhi, saying that he would stay for only two weeks, and wanted a "quick decision" on British proposals for Indian self-government. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Society
The first 1,000 Japanese-Americans evacuated by the U.S. Army during World War II arrived at the internment camp in Manzanar, California.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration froze retail prices on refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, stoves, washing and ironing machines, radio sets, phonographs, and typewriters, effective March 30, 1942.

Labour
The federal manager of the Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad reached agreement with railroad brotherhoods to end the strike against the line.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
The first Inter-Asian Relations Conference, attended by 250 delegates of 25 Far Eastern nations, opened in New Delhi.

The U.S. State Department charged in documents submitted to the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that the U.S.S.R. was waging a "war of nerves" against Turkey, but claimed the Turks "are united...in resisting outside pressure."

Labour
United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther attempted unsuccessfully to oust the union's national legislative representative, Irving Richter, whom Mr. Reuther criticized as a "leftist influence."

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Wolfgang Sauer (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Young Love--Tab Hunter (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Young Love--Tab Hunter (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Young Love--Tab Hunter (3rd week at #1)
--Sonny James
2 Teen-Age Crush--Tommy Sands
3 Marianne--Terry Gilkyson and the Easy Riders
--The Hilltoppers
4 Butterfly--Charlie Gracie
--Andy Williams
5 Round and Round--Perry Como
6 Party Doll--Buddy Knox with the Rhythm Orchids
--Steve Lawrence
7 Too Much--Elvis Presley
8 I'm Walkin'--Fats Domino
9 Banana Boat (Day-O)--Harry Belafonte
10 Don't Forbid Me--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were Ninety-Nine Ways (#34)/Don't Get Around Much Anymore (#48) by Tab Hunter; Bahama Mama (#36)/You're Mine (#45) by the Four Aces; Love is a Golden Ring by Frankie Laine (#43); and He's Mine by the Platters (#44).

Defense
Announcing himself as the official who "asked for the intervention of Soviet troops" against the 1956 uprising, Hungarian Minister of State Gyorgy Marosan said in Budapest that U.S.S.R. forces "will remain in Hungary as long as American troops are stationed in Europe."

Labour
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations President Walter Reuther announced plans to set up a public review board of prmominent citizens to guard against racketeering or corruption in the labour movement.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship
Final @ Kansas City
North Carolina 54 Kansas 53 (3 OT)

Joe Quigg made two free throws in the final 6 seconds of the third overtime period and blocked a field goal attempt by Wilt Chamberlain as the Tar Heels edged the Jayhawks to complete the season with a 32-0 record. Mr. Chamberlain led all scorers with 23 points.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Jade Story



World events
Two days after a military coup led by Brigadier General David Lansana had abducted Prime Minister Siaka Stevens from the State House in Freetown several hours after Mr. Stevens had taken the oath of office as Prime Minister of Sierra Leone, however, a group of senior army officers led by Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Juxon-Smith, an ethnic Creole, in turn seized control of the government, arrested Brigadier General Lansana, and suspended the constitution. Martial law was maintained, and all political parties were dissolved. The group constituted itself as the National Reformation Council (NRC), with Lieutenant Colonel Juxon-Smith as its chairman. Brigadier General Lansana was an ethnic Mende, while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba, and the Mendes were unhappy about the result of the March 17 election.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA

Television
British journalist David Frost taped the first of 12 interviews (over four weeks) with former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party government of Prime Minister James Callaghan survived a "no confidence" vote in the House of Commons by a margin of 322-298, thanks to the support of 13 Liberal MPs. The motion was made by the opposition Conservative Party.

Economics and finance
The cabinet of West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt approved a $6.7-billion program to stimulate the country's economy.

Disasters
Earthquakes on two consecutive days in southern Iran resulted in the deaths of 167 people in villages near the Persian Gulf city of Bandar Abbas.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Knew You were Waiting for Me--Aretha Franklin and George Michael (2nd week at #1)

Terrorism
31 people were injured after a car bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded at the British army base at Rheindahlen, West Germany.

Disasters
Six American skiers and their Canadian guide were killed in an avalanche near Kamloops, British Columbia.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Kersantti Karoliina--Popeda (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Friedrich von Hayek, 92
. Austrian-born U.K. economist. A champion of economic freedom, Dr. Hayek was best known for his book The Road to Serfdom (1944). He shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal of Sweden "for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."

Ron Lapointe, 42. Canadian hockey coach. Mr. Lapointe coached the Shawinigan Cataractes of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League and the Fredericton Express of the American Hockey League before moving up to the National Hockey League, where he was head coach of the Quebec Nordiques from 1987-89, compiling a record of 33-50-6. He was forced to resign his position because of a kidney tumour. Mr. Lapointe then returned to the American Hockey League for two seasons as coach of the Milwaukee Admirals, and was a scout with the Vancouver Canucks when he died after a long battle with kidney cancer. The Ron Lapointe Trophy is given to the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League's Coach of the Year.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Don't Speak--No Doubt (7th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Cold Rock a Party--MC Lyte

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): When I Die--No Mercy (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Don't Speak--No Doubt (4th week at #1)

Music
This blogger was among those enjoying a concert by Ladysmith Black Mambazo at the Arden Theatre in St. Albert, Alberta.

Figure skating
Elvis Stojko of Canada won the gold medal in the men's competition in the world championships at CIG Malley in Lausanne, Switzerland. Todd Eldredge of the United States won the silver medal, and Alexei Yagudin of Russia won the bronze medal.

10 years ago
2007


Figure skating
Albena Denkova and Maxim Staviski of Bulgaria won the gold medal in the ice dancing competition in the world championships at Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Marie-France Dubreuil and Patrice Lauzon of Canada won the silver medal, and Tanith Belbin and Benjamin Agosto of the United States won the bronze medal.

Wednesday, 22 March 2017

March 22, 2017

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
Queen Victoria gave royal assent to the British North America Act.

140 years ago
1877


Environment
The Territorial Council of the Northwest Territories passed the Ordinance For the Protection of the Buffalo in a failed attempt to slow the wanton destruction of the bison herds, because they moved back and forth across the U.S.border. The ordinance outlawed buffalo jumps and hunting bison for sport, and provided for closed season on cows from November 15-August 14.

110 years ago
1907


Labour
Canadian Labour Minister Rodolphe Lemieux's Industrial Disputes Act, written by Deputy Minister Mackenzie King, received royal assent. The intention of the "Lemieux Act" was to prevent serious strikes and lockouts until disputes had been sent to a government arbitration board.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Virginia Grey
. U.S. actress. Miss Grey appeared in more than 100 films and numerous television programs in a career spanning almost 50 years. Her movies included Another Thin Man (1939); House of Horrors (1946); and Airport (1970). Miss Grey died on July 31, 2004 at the age of 87.

Paul Rogers. U.K. actor. Mr. Rogers was primarily a stage actor, but also appeared in movies and television programs. He won a Tony Award as Best Actor for The Homecoming (1967), and reprised his role in the movie (1973). Mr. Rogers died on October 6, 2013 at the age of 96.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita demanded that U.S. Army General Jonathan Wainwright surrender his troops on Battaan by noon today or "suffer the consequences." Warships escorting a British convoy to Malta frustrated a much more powerful Regia Marina (Italian Navy) squadron in the Second Battle of Sirte in the Mediterranean Sea. Swiss sources reported that Germany had offered Turkey the following in exchange for bases for military operations against the southern Caucasus: 50% of Mosul oil output; a 15-year mandate over Syria; cession of Lemnos, Mytilene, and Chios islands; and rectification of Turkey's western frontier in Europe.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in Karachi, India with a British plan for Indian independence from British rule. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Politics and government
Most of Norwegian Minister-President Vidkun Quisling's cabinet announced their decision to resign unless the Quisling regime stopped trying to control youth.

Labour
The Canadian Department of Labour brought in the National Selective Service Mobilization Regulations, a program for industry to meet wartime manpower shortage by directing people to jobs.

70 years ago
1947


War
Philippine government troops reported capture of the secret Hukbalahap headquarters in central Luzon.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order barring from federal employment anyone belonging to or sympathising with Communist, fascist, or other organizations that advocated the overthrow of the United States government.

The French National Assembly gave Prime Minister Paul Ramadier a unanimous vote of confidence on the government's Indochina policy.

The Kuomintang Central Executive Committee called for the dismissal of Taiwanese Governor General Chen Yi, who was blamed for unrest and repression on the island.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Truman signed a bill ending the Office of Price Administration as of June 30, 1947, but urged quick congressional action to save sugar and rent controls.

Disasters
Spring floods burst the fenland dikes in Norfolk, England, damaging 25,000 acres of farmland.

Tennis
Bobby Riggs won the men's singles title, and with Don Budge, won the men's doubles title in the world professional indoor championships in Philadelphia.

Basketball
AAU
The Phillips Oilers defeated the Oakland Bittners 62-41 to win the championship final in Denver.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Será, Será)--Doris Day (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Young Love--Tab Hunter (5th week at #1)

Defense
West German Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauss refused to deny reports that France and West Germany had agreed to joint production of atomic weapons, permissible under 1954 treaties on West German rearmament.

The United States offered "to participate actively in the work of the Military Command of the Baghdad Pact" under the congressional Eisenhower Doctrine resolution.

Politics and government
The Algerian National Liberation Front announced plans to establish a provisional Algerian government to negotiate with France on condition that France recognize Algeria's right to independence.

Religion
Pope Pius XII decreed that required fasting by Roman Catholics before receiving Holy Communion be reduced to three hours, with necessary medicines and water excepted.

Health
A report by seven research experts on the effects of cigarette smoking said that 16 independent studies in five countries during the preceding 18 years had shown a "statistical association between smoking and the occurence of lung cancer.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Snoopy vs. the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen (5th week at #1)
2 Georgy Girl--The Seekers
3 I'm a Believer--The Monkees
4 Ruby Tuesday/Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones
5 Happy Jack--The Who
6 Gimme Some Lovin'--The Spencer Davis Group
7 Colour My World--Petula Clark
8 Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones
9 Words of Love/Dancing in the Street--The Mamas and the Papas
10 Kiss Me Now/When Will I Be Loved?--Johnny Young

Singles entering the chart were Detroit City by Tom Jones (#27); Release Me by Engelbert Humperdinck (#29); Roundabout by the Allusions (#39); and Epistle to Dippy by Donovan (#40).

Space
The United States launched the communications satellite Intelsat II F-3, also known as Canary Bird, from Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Politics and government
The day after a military coup led by Brigadier General David Lansana had abducted Prime Minister Siaka Stevens from the State House in Freetown several hours after Mr. Stevens had taken the oath of office as Prime Minister of Sierra Leone, Gen. Lansana met with the country's newly-elected parliament. Gen. Lansana was an ethnic Mende while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba, and the Mendes were unhappy with the results of the March 17 elections.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Coming and Goings

Politics and government
Indira Gandhi announced her resignation as Prime Minister of India, two after her governing Indian National Congress Party had lost its majority in the country's general election. Morarji Desai, leader of the victorious Janata Party, took office as Prime Minister two days later.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter asked Congress for voter reform measures including universal voter registration and direct popular election of the President and Vice President; he was unsuccessful.

Hockey
WHA
Edmonton 3 @ Winnipeg 8

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Funkytown--Pseudo Echo (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: On se retrouvera--Francis Lalanne (4th week at #1)

War
Chadian forces, armed with French and American antiaircraft and antitank missiles, captured Wadi Doum in northern Chad, site of a Libyan air base. 1,269 Libyans were reported killed in the action.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Be with You--Mr. Big

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Das Boot--U 96

#1 single in Switzerland: Das Boot--U 96 (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Democratic Party of Albania won 92 of 140 seats in the Albanian parliamentary election. The Socialist Party came second with 38 seats.

Disasters
27 people, including the captain and one of the cabin crew members, were killed when USAir Flight 405, a Fokker F28-4000 plane, crashed in Flushing Bay shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York, bound for Cleveland. 22 passengers and 2 crew members survived.

Basketball
CIAU men’s championship @ Halifax
Final
Brock 77 St. Mary’s 71

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): From Disco to Disco--Whirlpool Productions

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Don't Speak--No Doubt (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Let a Boy Cry--Gala

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mama/Who Do You Think You Are--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Mama/Who Do You Think You Are--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Nobody Hold Me Down--Puff Daddy featuring Mase

Religion
Five people belonging to the Order of the Solar Temple cult were found dead in a burning house in St-Casimir, Québec.

Figure skating
Tara Lipinski of the United States won the women's world championship at CIG Malley in Lausanne, Switzerland, becoming, at 14 years, 9 months, and 10 days, the youngest person ever to win the event. Michelle Kwan of the U.S.A. finished second, and Vanessa Gusmeroli of France finished third.

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

March 21, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nadia Marchuk!

1,300 years ago
717


War
Forces commanded by Charles Martel defeated forces commanded by Chilperic II, King of the Franks, in the Battle of Vincy in France.

1,150 years ago
867


Died on this date
Ælla
; Osberht. Kings of Northumbria. Ælla succeeded Osberht as King of Northumbria, England after the latter was deposed. They reportedly combined forces and were both killed in battle against invading Danish forces at York.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Florenz Ziegfeld
. U.S. theatrical producer. Mr. Ziegfeld was best known as producer of the Ziegfeld Follies, a series of revues that were popular on Broadway in New York from 1907-1931. He died of pleurisy on July 22, 2932 at the age of 65.

100 years ago
1917


War
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden was among those in attendance for the beginning of the Imperial War Conference in London; the conference ran until April 27.

80 years ago
1937


Abominations
A peaceful protest in Ponce, Puerto Rico turned deadly when 19 unarmed marchers were shot to death and 200 wounded by police acting on orders of U.S.-appointed Governor Blanton Winship.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Death of a Very Small Killer, with guest stars Arthur Hill, Carol Lawrence, and Carlos Romero

The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Ivy Curtain



World events
Sierra Leonian Prime Minister Siaka Stevens was abducted at gunpoint from the State House in Freetown, hours after he had taken the oath of office as Prime Minister, in a military coup led by Brigadier General David Lansana, commander of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces. Brigadier General Lansana declared a state of emergency and imposed martial law, insisting that the determination of the winner of the recent election should await the election of the tribal representatives in Parliament, mostly from Mende chiefdoms in South-Eastern Sierra Leone. Brigadier General Lansana was a member of the Mende tribe, while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and South Vietnamese Premier Nguyen Cao Ky concluded their two-day Guam Conference, where they discussed the Vietnam War and non-military matters.

40 years ago
1977


Diplomacy
Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda and U.S. President Jimmy Carter began two days of talks in Washington.

Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev accused the United States of interfering in the U.S.S.R.'s internal affairs.

Weather
Chinese officials reported the worst drought since 1949 in southern and northeastern regions of the country.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 5 @ Boston 1

The game at Boston Garden was the second Monday Le soirée du hockey telecast on Radio-Canada during the 1976-77 season.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Si può dare di più--Gianni Morandi, Enrico Ruggeri, Umberto Tozzi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Final Countdown--Europe (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)--George Michael and Aretha Franklin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Everything I Own--Boy George

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Everything I Own--Boy George

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Everything I Own--Boy George (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lean on Me--Club Nouveau

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
2 Jacob's Ladder--Huey Lewis and the News
3 Let's Wait Awhile--Janet Jackson
4 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt with James Ingram
5 Mandolin Rain--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
6 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
7 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi
8 (You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)--Beastie Boys
9 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
10 Big Time--Peter Gabriel

Singles entering the chart were La Isla Bonita by Madonna (#54); With or Without You by U2 (#59); Brass Monkey by the Beastie Boys (#77); If She Would Have Been Faithful... by Chicago (#80); There's Nothing Better than Love by Luther Vandross (with Gregory Hines) (#86); Show Me by the Cover Girls (#87); Do Ya Do Ya (Wanna Please Me) by Samantha Fox (#88); and The Secret of My Success by Night Ranger (#90). The Secret of My Success was the title song of the movie.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi (2nd week at #1)
2 At this Moment--Billy Vera and the Beaters
3 Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox
4 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
5 Keep Your Hands to Yourself--Georgia Satellites
6 Will You Still Love Me?--Chicago
7 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
8 Montego Bay--Amazulu
9 Respect Yourself--Bruce Willis
10 The Final Countdown--Europe

Singles entering the chart were Heat of the Night by Bryan Adams (#80); Lessons in Love by Level 42 (#85); The Finer Things by Steve Winwood (#88); (I Just) Died in Your Arms by Cutting Crew (#93); Dominoes by Robbie Nevil (#94); Light of Day by the Barbusters (#96); and Closer Together by The Box (#98).

Died on this date
Walter Gordon, 80
. Canadian politician. Mr. Gordon was an accountant who chaired two Royal Commissions before entering politics. He was elected as a Liberal to the House of Commons in the Toronto riding of Davenport in 1962, representing the riding until 1968. Mr. Gordon was named Minister of Finance in the incoming Liberal cabinet of Prime Minister Lester Pearson in 1963, but was forced to withdraw and revise his first budget, which contained discriminatory taxes on foreign capital. Mr. Gordon was an economic nationalist who supported stronger ties with the United Kingdom and decreased ties to the United States. His influence in the cabinet declined after the budget debacle; he resigned as Minister of Finance in 1965, served as President of the Privy Council from 1967-1968, and declined to run for re-election in 1968. Mr. Gordon served as Chancellor of York University from 1973-1977.

Robert Preston, 68. U.S. actor. Mr. Preston, born Robert Preston Meservey, was best known for his starring role in the play (1957) and movie (1962) The Music Man. His other movies included The Dark at the Top of the Stairs (1960) and Victor Victoria (1982).

Dean Paul Martin, 35. U.S. actor and musician. Mr. Martin, a son of Dean Martin, was one of the members of the music group Dino, Desi and Billy in the 1960s before attempting an acting career. He became a pilot with the California Air National Guard in 1981, rising to the rank of Captain, and was killed along with his Weapons Systems Officer, Captain Ramon Ortiz, when his F-4 Phantom fighter jet crashed into San Gorgonio Mountain during a snowstorm.

War
800 Libyans were reported killed after Libyan columns south of Wadi Doum, site of a Libyan air base, in ambushes on March 19 and 21 by Chadian government forces.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Montreal 9

The highlight for Maple Leaf fans was a fight between Toronto’s Wendel Clark and Montreal’s John Kordic.



25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Saltwater--Julian Lennon (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanashimi hayuki no yoni--Shogo Hamada (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Non Amarmi--Aleandro Baldi; Francesca Alotta

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Human Touch---Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): She Goes Nana--The Radios (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Twilight Zone--2 Unlimited

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Stay--Shakespears Sister (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Be with You--Mr. Big (5th week at #1)
2 Missing You Now--Michael Bolton featuring Kenny G
3 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
4 I Can't Dance--Genesis
5 Until Your Love Comes Back Around--RTZ
6 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
7 Good for Me--Amy Grant
8 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Paul Young
9 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
10 Too Much Passion--Smithereens

Singles entering the chart were Human Touch by Bruce Springsteen (#55); Live and Learn by Joe Public (#73); Good Friend by Paris Red (#85); She's Got that Vibe by R. Kelly and Public Announcement (#86); and Nothing Else Matters by Metallica (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 To Be with You--Mr. Big (3rd week at #1)
2 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
3 Hazard--Richard Marx
4 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
5 Good for Me--Amy Grant
6 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Paul Young
7 I Can't Dance--Genesis
8 Missing You Now--Michael Bolton
9 Again Tonight--John Mellencamp
10 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams

Singles entering the chart were This Love is Forever by Paul Janz (#86); World Love by Lisa Lougheed (#89); Can't Cry Hard Enough by the Williams Brothers (#91); I Believe (When I Fall in Love it Will Be Forever) by George Michael (#92); Ever Changing Times by Aretha Franklin and Michael McDonald (#93); I'm the One You Need by Jody Watley (#94); Laid So Low (Tears Roll Down) by Tears for Fears (#95); Uhh Ahh by Boyz II Men (#97); Not the Only One by Bonnie Raitt (#98); and (I've Got to) Stop Thinking 'Bout That by James Taylor (#99). I Believe (When I Fall in Love it Will Be Forever) was the B-side of Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me by George Michael/Elton John, charting at #12.

Died on this date
John Ireland, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. A native of Vancouver, Mr. Ireland appeared in such movies as A Walk in the Sun (1945); My Darling Clementine (1946); All the King’s Men (1949); The Basketball Fix (1951); Queen Bee (1955); Spartacus (1960); and 55 Days at Peking (1963).

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 3 @ Toronto 1
Los Angeles 5 Calgary 2

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vänner--Together (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Wilbert Awdry, 85
. U.K. author. Rev. Awdry, an Anglican priest, was known for The Railway Series of 26 children's books (1945-1972), featuring Thomas the Tank Engine.

Politics and government
John Savage announced his resignation as Premier of Nova Scotia because of a lack of support in public opinion polls. Dr. Savage had led the province's Liberal Party since 1992 and had been Premier since June 1993.

Monday, 20 March 2017

March 20, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cliff Lander!

1,175 years ago
842


Died on this date
Alfonso II, 62 (?)
. King of Asturia, 783, 791-842. Alfonso II, nicknamed Alfonso the Chaste, was the son of King Fruela I, and was elected to the throne of Asturia--located in the Iberian peninsula--in 783, but was forced to flee when his uncle Mauregatus was elevated to power. Alfonso II returned and was elected King in 791, reigning for over 50 years; he was succeeded by Nepotian.

130 years ago
1887


Music
Vincent D'Indy's Symphony on a Mountain Air received its premiere performance in Paris.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Vera Lynn!
The U.K. singer, born Vera Margaret Welch, was nicknamed "The Forces' Singer," and remains best known for her performances for British and Allied troops during World War II, singing such songs as We'll Meet Again; The White Cliffs of Dover; and There'll Always Be an England.

Died on this date
Malcolm MacLennan, 44
. Canadian police officer. Mr. MacLennan, Vancouver's Chief of Police, was killed in a shootout with a drug addict.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Seattle Ice Arena
Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 1 @ Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 6 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)

Frank Foyston scored 3 goals and Bernie Morris added 2 as the Metropolitans easily beat the Canadiens in the first Stanley Cup final game to be won by an American team. The game was played under National Hockey Association rules, where teams used six players per side.

75 years ago
1942


War
Three days after arriving in Australia following his departure from the Philippines, U.S. Major General Douglas MacArthur, spoke in the small town of Terowie, saying, "I came out of Bataan and I shall return."

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Sigurd Wallén, 62
. Swedish actor. Mr. Wallén was a singer, actor, and movie director in a career that spanned more than 30 years.

60 years ago
1957


Labour
A seven-month miners' strike began at Murdochville, Quebec.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and South Vietnamese Premier Nguyen Cao Ky met in Guam for the beginning of a two-day conference, where they discussed the Vietnam War and non-military matters.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul

Died on this date
Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, 68
. Governor-General of New Zealand, 1957-1962. Mr. Lyttelton was an English cricket star who succeeded his father as Viscount Cobham in 1949, sitting in the House of Lords. He was a popular Governor-General of New Zealand, and was known for promoting sports.

Politics and government
The Janata Party, led by Morarji Desai, won 298 seats in the Indian parliamentary election; Janata formed an alliance with seven other parties and two independent MPs for a total of 398 seats, unseating the Indian National Congress Party led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, which had ruled the country since India had gained her independence from British rule in 1947. The Janata Party gained 233 seats from the most recent election in 1971, while the INC was reduced to 189 seats, a loss of 217. Mrs. Gandhi announced her resignation as Prime Minister two days later.

An alliance of Communists and Socialists gained control of more than 150 of France's 221 major cities as a week of elections concluded.

Boxing
Ron Lyle (33-5-1) won a 12-round split decision over Joe Bugner (52-8-1) in a heavyweight bout at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. On the undercard, Armando Muniz (41-11-1) scored a technical knockout of Antonio Leyva (9-7) just 40 seconds into the first round of their super welterweight bout.



At the Exposition Center in Louisville, Leon Spinks (3-0), winner of the gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1976 Summer Olympic Games in Montreal, knocked out Jerry McIntyre (1-7) just 35 seconds into their heavyweight bout, which was scheduled for a maximum of 6 rounds. Howard Davis, Jr. (2-0), who had won the gold medal in the lightweight division in Montreal, knocked out Rick Craney (14-6-1) at 1:35 of their lightweight bout. In other heavyweight bouts, Roy "Tiger" Williams (24-6) won a unanimous 4-round decision over Harold Carter (22-39-3); Gerry Cooney (3-0) knocked out Jose Rosario (0-2) at 2:10 of the 2nd round; and Lee "Rocky" Canalito (2-0) knocked out Bill Jackson (1-10) at 2:05 of the 1st round. For Mr. Jackson, it was his third fight in eight days: on March 12 he had knocked out Chuck Edmonds (0-1) in the 1st round in Lincoln Heights, Ohio for his only professional victory; the next night, Mr. Jackson was knocked out b Lou Rogan (14-8) in the 2nd round in Fairmont, West Virginia. Needless to say, Mr. Jackson should not have been allowed to fight on March 20.

Basketball
NBA
Phoenix 126 Portland 106

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Stay--Pierre Cosso & Bonnie Bianco (2nd week at #1)

Medicine
The United States government approved the use of azidothymidine (AZT), a drug that had proved successful in clinical tests in inhibiting the ability of the AIDS virus to duplicate inside body cells. The drug, manufactured by Burroughs Wellcome Company, would be marketed under the brand name Retrovir.

Hockey
NHL
Calgary 6 Edmonton 3

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Das Boot--U96 (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Georges Delerue, 67
. French composer. Mr. Delerue wrote 351 film and television scores, winning an Academy Award for A Little Romance (1979). He was nominated for four other Academy Awards, as well as seven César Awards (winning three times) and two Genie Awards (winning for the made-for-television film Sword of Gideon (1986)). Mr. Delerue had just finished recording the music for the movie Rich in Love (1992) when he died of a heart attack, eight days after his 67th birthday.

Society
The U.S. Health and Human Services Department issued guidelines to federally-funded family planning clinics on what advice could be offered on abortion. Under the new, more relaxed rules, doctors could discuss the subject of abortion, but nurses and other medical professionals would not be permitted to discuss abortion, and doctors could not refer patients to a facility whose primary business was performing abortions.

Auto racing
Kenny Bernstein, the National Hod Rod Association champion in the top fuel division, became the first dragster to exceed 300 miles per hour, reaching 301.70 mph in a qualifying heat at the NHRA Gatornationals at Gainesville Raceway in Gainesville, Florida.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Ring-A-Ling--Tiggy (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): C'mon baby yeah--Tehosekoitin (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
V.S. Pritchett, 96
. U.K. author. Sir Victor Sawdon Pritchett wrote fiction and non-fiction, but was mainly known for his short stories.

Space
This blogger caught his first glimpse of Comet Hale-Bopp.

Health
The tobacco manufacturing firm Liggett Group settled 22 state lawsuits by admitting that the industry marketed cigarettes to teenagers, and agreeing to warn on every pack that smoking was addictive.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Raynald Fréchette, 73
. Canadian politician. Mr. Fréchette was a member of the Union Nationale when he represented Sherbrooke in the Quebec National Assembly from 1966-1970, serving as President (Speaker) of the National Assembly from February-June 1970. He was defeated in the 1970 provincial election, but returned to provincial politics with the Parti Québécois, serving in the cabinet of Premier René Lévesque as Finance Minister from 1981-1982 and Minister of Labour from 1982-1985, and also serving as Minister of Justice under Premier Pierre-Marc Johnson in 1985. Mr. Fréchette was defeated in the 1985 provincial election, but returned to public life as a judge on the Quebec Superior Court in 1988.

Taha Yassin Ramadan, 69. Vice President of Iraq, 1991-2003. Mr. Ramadan joined the Ba'ath Party in 1956, and led the Popular (paramilitary) Army from 1974-1991 before taking office as Vice President under President Saddam Hussein. He was captured on August 19, 2003 by fighters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and handed over to U.S. forces. Mr. Ramadan was convicted by the Iraq Special Tribunal of crimes against humanity and was hanged in Baghdad.

Hawa Yakubu, 58. Ghanaian politician. Ms. Yakubu represented Bawku Central in the Ghanaian Parliament from 1993-1997 and 2001-2005, and was Minister of Tourism in the cabinet of President John Kufuor from 2002-2005. She died five days before her 59th birthday, after a long battle with cancer.

March 19, 2017

330 years ago
1687


Died on this date
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, 43
. French explorer. Sieur de La Salle explored the North American regions of the Great Lakes, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Mississippi River. He was murdered by one of his own men, Pierre Duhaut.

150 years ago
1867


Canadiana
The British Columbia Legislative Council passed an act enabling the province to enter Confederation.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
James Van Fleet
. U.S. military officer. General Van Fleet served in both world wars, and commanded the U.S. Eighth Army and United Nations forces in the Korean War from 1951-1953. He won 16 decorations, and was praised by U.S. President Harry Truman as "the greatest general we have ever had..." General Van Fleet died on September 23, 1992 at the age of 100.

100 years ago
1917


Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the eight-hour work day for railroads.

80 years ago
1937


Albertana
Alberta's first state funeral took place in Edmonton for Lieutenant-Governor Philip Primrose, who had died two days earlier at the age of 72. The service took place at First Presbyterian Church, and Mr. Primrose was laid to rest in Edmonton Cemetery. Mr. Primrose, the first Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta to die in office, was succeeded by John Bowen on March 23.

War
The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill banning Canadian enlistment in the Spanish Civil War.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
C. Hart Merriam, 86
. U.S. naturalist. Clinton Hart Merriam was a physician, ornithologist, mammalogist, entomologist, zoologist, and ethnographer whose numerous accomplishments included being a founding member of the National Geographic Society in 1888.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Furia--Mal (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Living Next Door to Alice--Smokie (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Julie Covington (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Chanson D'Amour--The Manhattan Transfer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)
2 Torn Between Two Lovers--Mary MacGregor
3 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates
4 Dancing Queen--ABBA
5 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
6 Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston
7 Carry On Wayward Son--Kansas
8 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
9 I Like Dreamin'--Kenny Nolan
10 Year of the Cat--Al Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Can't Stop Dancin' by Captain and Tennille (#73); Tie Your Mother Down by Queen (#76); Whodunit by Tavares (#82); Cherry Baby by Starz (#83); Hello Stranger by Yvonne Elliman (#88); Brooklyn by Cody Jameson (#89); Love in 'C' Minor (Part 1) by Cerrone (#92); Your Own Special Way by Genesis (#94); Deeply by Anson Williams (#96); (Theme from) Charlie's Angels by Henry Mancini and his Orchestra (#98); Lonely Boy by Andrew Gold (#99); and Theme from Rocky (Gonna Fly Now) by Rhythm Heritage (#100). (Theme from) Charlie's Angels was a version of the theme from the television series. Theme from Rocky (Gonna Fly Now) was a version of the theme from the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)
2 Fly Like an Eagle--Steve Miller Band
3 Year of the Cat--Al Stewart
4 Dancing Queen--ABBA
5 I Like Dreamin'--Kenny Nolan
6 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
7 Night Moves--Bob Seger
8 Carry On Wayward Son--Kansas
9 Boogie Child--Bee Gees
10 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Disco Lucy (I Love Lucy Theme) by the Wilton Place Street Band (#85); Hotel California by the Eagles (#86); Couldn't Get it Right by Climax Blues Band (#87); I'm Your Boogie Man by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#88); Fancy Dancer by the Commodores (#89); Phantom Writer by Gary Wright (#90); Lido Shuffle by Boz Scaggs (#91); I Wanna Get Next to You by Rose Royce (#92); Your Love by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. (#93); Heard it in a Love Song by the Marshall Tucker Band (#97); Calling Dr. Love by Kiss (#99); and Reaching for the World by Harold Melvin and the Blue Notes (#100).

Died on this date
William L. Laurence, 89
. Lithuanian-born U.S. journalist. Mr. Laurence, born Leib Wolf Siew, emigrated to the United States in 1905. He began working for the New York World in 1926, and joined The New York Times in 1930, specializing in science reporting. Mr. Laurence co-founded the National Association of Science Writers in 1934; he and four other reporters shared the 1937 Pulitzer Prize for Reporting for their coverage of the 1936 Harvard Tercenary Conference of Arts and Sciences. Mr. Laurence was the official historian of the Manhattan Project, and was the only journalist to witness the Trinity test and the atomic bombing of Nagasaki in 1945; his coverage of these activities earned him the 1946 Pulitzer Prize for Reporting. Because of his status with the Manhattan Project, Mr. Laurence, who coined the term "Atomic Age," has been accused of covering up the dangers of radiation from atomic bomb blasts.

Hockey
NHL
Atlanta 4 @ Toronto 5

Bob Neely's goal in the 3rd period climaxed a 5-goal comeback as the Maple Leafs overcame a 4-0 deficit to defeat the Flames in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast on CBC.

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Louis de Broglie, 94
. French physicist. Dr. de Broglie won the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons." He made major contributions to quantum theory.

Scandal
Televangelist and Assemblies of God minister Jim Bakker revealed to the Charlotte Observer that “treacherous former friends” had betrayed him into a sexual encounter in a Clearwater, Florida hotel in 1980 with Jessica Hahn, then 21 years of age. Mr. Bakker said he then “succumbed” to paying blackmail to Miss Hahn to protect his family and ministry.

Hockey
NHL
Calgary 5 Edmonton 4

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Tears In Heaven--Eric Clapton

Diplomacy
Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs Barbara McDougall announced that despite the lifting of sanctions against South Africa by the European Union and the United States, Commonwealth countries, including Canada, would not lift sanctions until blacks achieved real political power.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Senator Paul Tsongas announced that he was withdrawing from the race for the 1992 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States, since he lacked the money to compete in the upcoming New York primary.

Britannica
A statement from Buckingham Palace revealed that the Duke and Duchess of York--Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson--would separate.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the nation’s trade deficit had narrowed to $5.77 billion in January.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Willem de Kooning, 92
. Dutch-born U.S. artist. Mr. de Kooning was an abstract expressionist painter who was a member of the New York School.

Michael de Guzman. Filipino geologist. Mr. de Guzman was employed by Calgary, Alberta-based Bre-X Minerals Ltd., which had recently announced the discovery of gold near Busang, Borneo. He reportedly jumped to hs death, or was pushed, from a helicopter near Busang. What remained of the body identified as Mr. de Guzman was found four days later, partially devoured by wild boars. Shortly thereafter, that the Busang ore samples had been salted with gold dust; Mr. de Guzman received some of the blame, and Bre-X collapsed into bankruptcy before the end of the year.

March 18, 2017

180 years ago
1837


Born on this date
Grover Cleveland
. 22nd President of the United States of America, 1885-1889; 24th President of the United States of America, 1893-1897. Mr. Cleveland, a Democrat, was Sheriff of Erie County, New York in the early 1870s, the only office he held prior to the 1880s. He had one of the fastest political rises in American history from 1881-1884; first being elected Mayor of Buffalo; then Governor of New York; and then being elected President of the United States in 1884. The 1884 presidential campaign was one of the nastiest in history; the Republican candidate, James G. Blaine, was accused of public dishonesty, while Mr. Cleveland, who had a reputation as an honest politician, was accused of fathering a child out of wedlock. Mr. Cleveland won an election that would have gone to Mr. Blaine if only 1,200 men in New York had voted the other way. Mr. Cleveland won the popular vote in that election and again in 1888, but Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison won the electoral vote to become President. The Democrats nominated Mr. Cleveland again in 1892, and he defeated Mr. Harrison in another close election, winning both the popular and electoral votes. Mr. Cleveland remains the only U.S. President to serve non-consecutive terms. He pursued policies that opposed public corruption and favoured business, but was unable to prevent or fix the Panic of 1893. Mr. Cleveland had a tumour removed from his mouth in 1893, resulting in the removal of part of his jaw and replacement with a rubber prosthesis; the details weren't revealed until 1917. Mr. Cleveland died of a heart attack on June 24, 1908 at the age of 71.

150 years ago
1867


Canadiana
The British Columbia legislative council unanimously approved Amor De Cosmos' resolution calling for "the admission of B.C. into Confederation on fair and equitable terms."

125 years ago
1892


Hockey
Lord Kilcoursie read a letter from Governor General Lord Stanley to a dinner of the Ottawa Amateur Athletic Club at the Russell Hotel:

March 18, 1892
I have for some time just been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion.

There does not appear to be any such outward and visible sign of championship at present, and considering the general interest which the matches now elicit, and the importance of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.

I am not quite certain that the present regulations governing the arrangement of matches are entirely of satisfaction, and it would be worth considering whether they could not be arranged so that each team would play once at home and once at the place where their opponents hail from.


Lord Kilcoursie told the gathering that "Captain Colville, who is at present in England, has been commissioned by the Governor to order the cup. It will be held here by trustees till the end of the next season, and then presented to the champions." The trophy became known as the Stanley Cup.

80 years ago
1937


War
Spanish Republican forces defeated Italian forces in the Battle of Guadalajara.

Disasters
About 300 or more people--mostly children--were killed, and at least 300 more injured in an explosion caused by a natural gas leak at London School in New London, Texas.

75 years ago
1942


War
Canadian forces established unified military commands in the Atlantic, Newfoundland, and Pacific areas.

Society
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order authorizing the War Relocation Authority, which was put in charge of interning Japanese-Americans.

Transportation
US Army Engineers started building the Alcan (Alaska) Highway to supply northwestern North America in case of Japanese invasion.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
William C. Durant, 85
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Durant founded the Flint Road Cart Company in 1886, co-founded the automotive firms General Motors in 1908 and Chevrolet in 1911, and owned the refrigerator firm Frigidaire. He founded Durant Motors in 1921, but lost heavily in the stock market crash of 1929 and the subsequent depression. Durant Motors went out of business in 1933, and Mr. Durant was bankrupt by 1936. He suffered a stroke in 1942, and spent his later years managing a bowling alley in Flint, Michigan, the city where he had begun his career.

60 years ago
1957


Defense
The U.K., U.S.A., U.S.S.R., France, and Canada took part in a disarmament conference in London.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Snoopy vs. the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Joe--Johnny Hallyday (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Cuore matto--Little Tony (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Dear Mrs. Applebee--David Garrick

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): This is My Song--Petula Clark (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Penny Lane--The Beatles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Penny Lane--The Beatles
2 Ruby Tuesday--The Rolling Stones
3 Happy Together--The Turtles
4 Sock it To Me--Baby!--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
5 Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye--The Casinos
6 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
7 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
8 Love is Here and Now You're Gone--The Supremes
9 My Cup Runneth Over--Ed Ames
10 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas

Singles entering the chart were Walkin' in the Sunshine by Roger Miller (#83); Oh That's Good, No That's Bad by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (#86); Don't You Care by the Buckinghams (#87); Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got by Jimmy Ruffin (#89); Friday on My Mind by the Easybeats (#93); Make Love to Me by Johnny Thunder and Ruby Winters (#96); The Beginning of Loneliness by Dionne Warwick (#97); and Postcard from Jamaica by the Sopwith "Camel" (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
2 Love is Here and Now You're Gone--The Supremes
3 Penny Lane--The Beatles
4 Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye--The Casinos
5 Epistle to Dippy--Donovan
6 Ruby Tuesday--The Rolling Stones
7 I've Been Lonely Too Long--The Young Rascals
8 Sock it To Me--Baby!--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
9 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
10 The Beat Goes On--Sonny and Cher

Singles entering the chart were A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You by the Monkees (#49); Bernadette by the Four Tops (#74); The Loser (With a Broken Heart) by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#75); Seventh Saint by Mel West (#81); Playground by Debi Lori Kaye (#82); Give Me a Reason to Stay by Bobby Curtola (#83); Wade in the Water by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#90); Detroit City by Tom Jones (#91); Tell Me to My Face by Keith (#92); I Dig You Baby by Jerry Butler (#93); Yellow Balloon by the Yellow Balloon (#94); Sweet Soul Music by Arthur Conley (#95); On a Carousel by the Hollies (#96); Don't You Care by the Buckinghams (#97); Matthew and Son by Cat Stevens (#98); It's a Happening Thing by the Peanut Butter Conspiracy (#99); and Just Like a Man by Margaret Whiting (#100).

Politics and government
Sierra Leonian Governor General Henry Lightfoot-Boston appointed Siaka Stevens, leader of the opposition All-People's Congress, as Prime Minister. The appointment came the day after parliamentary elections, but before the results were announced. Brigadier General David Lansana, commander of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces, declared the appointment illegal, and arrested both Mr. Lightfoot Boston and Mr. Stevens. Gen. Lansana was an ethnic Mende, while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba.

Environment
The Liberian-registered supertanker SS Torrey Canyon ran aground between Land's End and the Scilly Isles, leaking oil into the sea.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shenandoah--Jan Lindblad (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Mary Tyler Moore Show, on CBC
Tonight's episode: The Last Show

As the title indicates, this was the 168th and last episode of the series' seven-season run. This episode aired on March 19 in the United States on CBS. Despite the fact that this episode won an Emmy Award for "Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series," this blogger regarded it as one of the series' poorest episodes.

Died on this date
Marien Ngouabi, 38
. President of the People's Republic of the Congo, 1969-1977. Mr. Ngouabi took office on January 1, 1969, the day after the National Revolutionary Council (CNR) took power. He changed the name of the country from Congo Republic to People's Republic of the Congo, as Africa's first Marxist-Leninist state. Mr. Ngouabi was assassinated by an alleged suicide commando. A Military Committee of the Party (CMP) was named to head an interim government, with conservative Colonel Joachim Yhombi-Opango to serve as Head of State.

Carlos Pace, 32. Brazilian auto racing driver. Mr. Pace participated in 73 races on the Formula One circuit from 1972-1977, winning the Brazilian Grand Prix in 1975. He was killed in a plane crash, 13 days after finishing 13th in the South African Grand Prix.

Diplomacy
The United States government lifted a ban on travel by American citizens to Cuba, Cambodia, North Korea, and Vietnam.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Caravan of Love--The Housemartins (6th week at #1)

Edmonton’s top 30 (CHED)
1 Livin’ on a Prayer—Bon Jovi
2 The Final Countdown—Europe
3 Big Time—Peter Gabriel
4 Mandolin Rain—Bruce Hornsby and the Range
5 Nothing’s Gonna Stop Us Now—Starship
6 Let’s Wait Awhile—Janet Jackson
7 Don’t Dream it’s Over—Crowded House
8 Jacob’s Ladder—Huey Lewis and the News
9 Respect Yourself—Bruce Willis
10 Brand New Lover—Dead or Alive
11 I Wanna Go Back—Eddie Money
12 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight—Genesis
13 Will You Still Love Me?—Chicago
14 Lean on Me—Club Nouveau
15 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)—Aretha Franklin and George Michael
16 Somewhere Out There—Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
17 Fight for Your Right (To Party)—The Beastie Boys
18 C’est la Vie—Robbie Nevil
19 Let’s Go—Wang Chung
20 Ain’t No Cure for Love—Jennifer Warnes
21 Keep Your Hands to Yourself—Georgia Satellites
22 With or Without You—U2
23 Dancing with My Mirror—Corey Hart
24 In the Heat of the Night—Bryan Adams
25 I’ll Be All Right Without You—Journey
26 Come Go with Me—Expose
27 Sign ‘o’ the Times—Prince
28 You Got it All—The Jets
29 Wild Horses—Gino Vannelli
30 I Will Be There—Glass Tiger

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that corporate profits had risen 6.1% in the fourth quarter of 1986.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stockholm--Orup

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Lunch Stories

World events
White South Africans voted 68.6% in favour of political reforms to end apartheid and create a multi-racial government.

Diplomacy
A majority of the Finnish parliament voted to apply for membership in the European Community.

Politics and government
Texas billionaire Ross Perot announced that he would be an independent candidate for President of the United States in 1992 if his supporters were successful in getting his name in the ballot on all 50 states.

20 years ago
1997


Disasters
The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane broke off while en route from Stavropol, Russia to Trabzon, Turkey, causing the plane to crash, and killing all 50 people on board.